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  1. The equine periodontium provides tooth support and lifelong tooth eruption on a remarkable scale. These functions require continuous tissue remodeling. It is assumed that multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells ...

    Authors: Niels Mensing, Hagen Gasse, Nina Hambruch, Jan-Dirk Haeger, Christiane Pfarrer and Carsten Staszyk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:42

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Clostridium difficile and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus are critical human pathogens and of increasing concern in food animals. Because of the apparent impact of age on prevalence of these organisms...

    Authors: J Scott Weese, Joyce Rousseau, Anne Deckert, Sheryl Gow and Richard J Reid-Smith

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:41

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Cardiac morphologic and functional changes consistent with cardiomyopathy have been reported in field cases of calves with accidental doxycycline overdosing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinicall...

    Authors: Mounir Brihoum, Frédéric Rollin, Daniel Desmecht, Johann Detilleux and Hélène Amory

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:40

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Calcium chloride solution is an established injectable sterilant in dogs and other mammals. With cat populations a continuing problem, we sought to explore its first use in cats. Six cats per group were inject...

    Authors: Kuladip Jana and Prabhat K Samanta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:39

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Papillomaviruses (PVs) are a group of small, non-encapsulated, species-specific DNA viruses that have been detected in a variety of mammalian and avian species including humans, canines and felines. PVs cause ...

    Authors: Katherine Mitsouras, Erica A Faulhaber, Gordon Hui, Janis O Joslin, Curtis Eng, Margaret C Barr and Kristopher JL Irizarry

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:38

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In many regions of the world, wild mammals act as reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis, a situation that prevents the eradication of bovine tuberculosis. In order to observe whether a strain isolated from a wild boar...

    Authors: Virginia Meikle, María V Bianco, Federico C Blanco, Andrea Gioffré, Sergio Garbaccio, Lucas Vagnoni, Julio Di Rienzo, Ana Canal, Fabiana Bigi and Angel Cataldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:37

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of diseases has generated renewed interest in recent times, as herbal preparations are increasingly being used in both human and animal healthcare systems. Diarrhoe...

    Authors: Nkechi V Offiah, Sunday Makama, Ishaku L Elisha, Micah S Makoshi, Jurbe G Gotep, Christiana J Dawurung, Olusola O Oladipo, Ann S Lohlum and David Shamaki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:36

    Content type: Research article

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  8. X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia is a disorder characterized by abnormal development of tissues and organs of ectodermal origin caused by mutations in the EDA gene. The bovine EDA gene encodes the ectodys...

    Authors: Maria Gargani, Alessio Valentini and Lorraine Pariset

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:35

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The grey partridge is an important game bird in Europe that has declined considerably over the last decades. The production and release of farm-bred birds can be threatened by infectious agents. The objective ...

    Authors: Frantisek Vitula, Lucie Peckova, Hana Bandouchova, Miroslav Pohanka, Ladislav Novotny, David Jira, Jiri Kral, Karel Ondracek, Jitka Osickova, Dagmar Zendulkova, Katerina Rosenbergova, Frantisek Treml and Jiri Pikula

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:34

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Malignant canine mammary tumors represent 50% of all neoplasms in female dogs. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are thought to be involved in tumor progressi...

    Authors: Luca Aresu, Mery Giantin, Emanuela Morello, Marta Vascellari, Massimo Castagnaro, Rosa Lopparelli, Vanessa Zancanella, Anna Granato, Spiridione Garbisa, Arianna Aricò, Alice Bradaschia, Franco Mutinelli and Mauro Dacasto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:33

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Peste des petits ruminants is an endemic disease of sheep and goats in Nigeria and vaccination has been the method of control but sporadic outbreaks have been reported. This study was carried out to characteri...

    Authors: Pam D Luka, Joseph Erume, Frank N Mwiine, Chrisostom Ayebazibwe and David Shamaki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:32

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The United Kingdom (UK) government has been recording the births, deaths, and movements of cattle for the last decade. Despite reservations about the accuracy of these data, they represent a large and valuable...

    Authors: Matthew C Vernon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:31

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In years past, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has been frequently detected in pigs in Europe, North America and Asia. Recent, yet sporadic studies have revealed a low occurrence of MRSA in Switzerland. In...

    Authors: Gudrun Overesch, Sabina Büttner, Alexandra Rossano and Vincent Perreten

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:30

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The epidemiological situation of ovine chlamydial infections in continental Europe, especially Germany is poorly characterised. Using the German state of Thuringia as a model example, the chlamydial sero- and ...

    Authors: Hannah Lenzko, Udo Moog, Klaus Henning, Robert Lederbach, Roland Diller, Christian Menge, Konrad Sachse and Lisa D Sprague

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:29

    Content type: Research article

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  15. There is considerable international research regarding the link between human demographics and pet ownership. In several international studies, pet ownership was associated with household demographics includin...

    Authors: Martin J Downes, Tracy A Clegg, Daniel M Collins, Guy McGrath and Simon J More

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:28

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by an intracellular parasite Leishmania donovani in the Indian subcontinent, is considered to be anthroponotic. The role of domestic animals in its transmission is still unclea...

    Authors: Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Debashis Ghosh, Md Gulam Musawwir Khan, Mohammad Faizul Islam, Dinesh Mondal, Makoto Itoh, Md Nurul Islam and Rashidul Haque

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:27

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Horses develop recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) that resembles human bronchial asthma. Differentiated primary equine bronchial epithelial cells (EBEC) in culture that closely mimic the airway cells in vivo woul...

    Authors: Getu Abraham, Claudia Zizzadoro, Johannes Kacza, Christin Ellenberger, Vanessa Abs, Jana Franke, Heinz-Adolf Schoon, Johannes Seeger, Yohannes Tesfaigzi and Fritz R Ungemach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:26

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The retina is part of the diencephalon in a peripheral location and may be involved in prion diseases. Retinal function and structural changes were assessed in naturally scrapie-affected red face Manech ewes p...

    Authors: Alain Regnier, Olivier Andreoletti, Olivier Albaric, Delphine Cayez Gruson, François Schelcher and Pierre-Louis Toutain

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:25

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Both O157 and non-O157 Shiga toxin - producing Escherichia coli (STECs) cause serious human disease outbreaks through the consumption of contaminated foods. Cattle are considered the main reservoir but it is uncl...

    Authors: Danica Baines, Stephanie Erb, Kelly Turkington, Gretchen Kuldau, Jean Juba, Luke Masson, Alberto Mazza and Ray Roberts

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:24

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 0.5 fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) and >0.95 FiO2 on pulmonary gas exchange, shunt fraction and oxygen delivery (DO2) in dorsally recumbent horses durin...

    Authors: John AE Hubbell, Turi K Aarnes, Richard M Bednarski, Phillip Lerche and William W Muir

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:23

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Complete transposition of the great arteries is a congenital cardiac malformation occasionally encountered in cattle and other species. The objective of the present report was to provide a detailed clinical, e...

    Authors: Walter Grünberg, Leonie WL van Bruggen, Susanne WF Eisenberg, Erik AWS Weerts and Alan Wolfe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:22

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Multiple congenital ocular anomalies (MCOA) syndrome is a hereditary congenital eye defect that was first described in Silver colored Rocky Mountain horses. The mutation causing this disease is located within ...

    Authors: Lisa S Andersson, Jeanette Axelsson, Richard R Dubielzig, Gabriella Lindgren and Björn Ekesten

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:21

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Interspecific recombinant viruses R1ΔgC and R2ΔgI were isolated after in vitro co-infection with BoHV-1 and BoHV-5, two closely related alphaherpesviruses that infect cattle. The genetic characterization of R1ΔgC...

    Authors: Maria P Del Medico Zajac, Sonia A Romera, María F Ladelfa, Fiorella Kotsias, Fernando Delgado, Julien Thiry, François Meurens, Günther Keil, Etienne Thiry and Benoît Muylkens

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:19

    Content type: Research article

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  24. From 2001-2003 monodon slow growth syndrome (MSGS) caused severe economic losses for Thai shrimp farmers who cultivated the native, giant tiger shrimp, and this led them to adopt exotic stocks of the domestica...

    Authors: Wattana Panphut, Saengchan Senapin, Siriporn Sriurairatana, Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul and Timothy W Flegel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:18

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Lyme disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex is an important endemic zoonosis whose distribution is closely related to the main ixodid tick vectors. In China, isolated cases of Lyme disease infe...

    Authors: Qingli Niu, Guiquan Guan, Jifei Yang, Yuguang Fu, Zongke Xu, Youquan Li, Miling Ma, Zhijie Liu, Junlong Liu, Aihong Liu, Qiaoyun Ren, Wayne Jorgensen, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:17

    Content type: Research article

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:56

  26. Anecdotal reports and a few scientific publications suggest that flyovers of helicopters at low altitude may elicit fear- or anxiety-related behavioral reactions in grazing feral and farm animals. We investiga...

    Authors: Franz Josef van der Staay, Martin Joosse, Henk van Dijk, Teun Schuurman and Jan van der Meulen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:16

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Azathioprine is used as an immunosuppressant in canine immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA), but this potentially toxic and carcinogenic drug has not been proven to be beneficial. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Christine J Piek, Willem Evert van Spil, Greet Junius and Aldo Dekker

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:15

    Content type: Research article

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  28. New and emerging diseases of livestock may impact animal welfare, trade and public health. Early detection of outbreaks can reduce the impact of these diseases by triggering control measures that limit the num...

    Authors: Kieran Hyder, Alberto Vidal-Diez, Joanna Lawes, A Robin Sayers, Ailsa Milnes, Linda Hoinville and Alasdair JC Cook

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:14

    Content type: Research article

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  29. It has become widely accepted that whenever animals are used in scientific procedures, the 3Rs principle of replacement, reduction and refinement described by William Russell and Rex Burch should be adhered to...

    Authors: Claire A Coulter, Paul A Flecknell, Matthew C Leach and Claire A Richardson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:12

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Primary diseases of the omasum are uncommon in goats, although the omasum may be involved in various gastrointestinal disorders. Examination of the caprine omasum via ultrasonography requires a good understand...

    Authors: Ueli Braun and Désirée Jacquat

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:11

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Since 2006, cases of haemorrhagic diathesis in young calves have been observed with a much higher incidence than previously known. The syndrome, now uniformly called Bovine Neonatal Pancytopenia (BNP), is char...

    Authors: Annette Friedrich, Mathias Büttner, Günter Rademacher, Wolfgang Klee, Bianca K Weber, Matthias Müller, Annette Carlin, Aryan Assad, Angela Hafner-Marx and Carola M Sauter-Louis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:10

    Content type: Research article

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  32. European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) are an invasive bird species known to cause damage to plant and animal agriculture. New evidence suggests starlings may also contribute to the maintenance and spread of disea...

    Authors: James C Carlson, Richard M Engeman, Doreene R Hyatt, Rickey L Gilliland, Thomas J DeLiberto, Larry Clark, Michael J Bodenchuk and George M Linz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:9

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5) is a member of the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae responsible for meningo-encephalitis in young cattle. The first case of bovine meningo-encephalitis associated with a herpesvirus infe...

    Authors: Silvina S Maidana, María F Ladelfa, Sandra E Pérez, Patricia M Lomónaco, María P Del Médico Zajac, Anselmo Odeón, Javier Blanco Viera, Gustavo Combessies, Norberto Fondevila, María Palacios, Julien Thiry, Benoît Muylkens, Etienne Thiry and Sonia A Romera

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:8

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Domestic goats (Capra hircus) are a natural and experimental host of scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy, the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) of sheep and cattle. Goats are also susceptib...

    Authors: Katherine I O'Rourke, Dongyue Zhuang, Thomas C Truscott, Huijan Yan and David A Schneider

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:7

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MR-CNS) are of increasing importance to animal and public health. In veterinary medicine and along the meat and milk production line, only limited data w...

    Authors: Helen Huber, Dominik Ziegler, Valentin Pflüger, Guido Vogel, Claudio Zweifel and Roger Stephan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:6

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Since Francisella noatunensis was first isolated from cultured Atlantic cod in 2004, it has emerged as a global fish pathogen causing disease in both warm and cold water species. Outbreaks of francisellosis occur...

    Authors: Øyvind J Brevik, Karl F Ottem and Are Nylund

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:5

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The in vivo diagnosis of glanders relies on the highly sensitive complement fixation test (CFT). Frequently observed false positive results are troublesome for veterinary authorities and cause financial losses...

    Authors: Mandy C Elschner, Holger C Scholz, Falk Melzer, Muhammad Saqib, Peggy Marten, Astrid Rassbach, Michael Dietzsch, Gernot Schmoock, Vania L de Assis Santana, Marcilia MA de Souza, Renate Wernery, Ulrich Wernery and Heinrich Neubauer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:4

    Content type: Methodology article

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  38. A 3-yr study examined whether prepartum treatment with casein hydrolyzate in combination with antibiotic, as routinely used in Israel for dry cow therapy, improved bacterial cure and increased milk yield in su...

    Authors: Gabriel Leitner, Shamay Jacoby and Nissim Silanikove

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:3

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Gastro-intestinal parasitism has been identified as a significant cause of disease in working equids in many countries. This randomized triple-blind trial was designed to assess the impact of an anthelmintic t...

    Authors: Michael A Crane, Khalid Khallaayoune, Claire Scantlebury and Robert M Christley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:1

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The systemic form of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD), also known as postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) was initially detected in the early 1990s. Starting in 2004, the Canadian swi...

    Authors: Zvonimir Poljak, Catherine E Dewey, Thomas Rosendal, Robert M Friendship, Beth Young and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:59

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The emergence of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD) was associated with high mortality in swine populations worldwide. Studies performed in different regions identified spatial, temporal, and spatio...

    Authors: Zvonimir Poljak, Catherine E Dewey, Thomas Rosendal, Robert M Friendship, Beth Young and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:58

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Serologic surveillance of Avian Influenza (AI) viruses is carried out by the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test using reference reagents. This method is recommended by animal health organizations as a stand...

    Authors: Magdalena Escorcia, Karol Carrillo-Sánchez, Santiago March-Mifsut, Joaquin Chapa, Eduardo Lucio and Gerardo M Nava

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:57

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Beef suckler farms (194 farms throughout 13 counties) were assessed once with housed cattle and once with cattle at grass using an animal welfare index (AWI). Twenty-three of the 194 farms were revisited a yea...

    Authors: Mickael Mazurek, Daniel J Prendiville, Mark A Crowe, Isabelle Veissier and Bernadette Earley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:55

    Content type: Research article

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  44. To study the role of African buffalos (Syncerus caffer) in the maintenance of foot-and-mouth disease in Uganda, serum samples were collected from 207 African buffalos, 21 impalas (Aepyceros melampus), 1 giraffe (

    Authors: Chrisostom Ayebazibwe, Frank N Mwiine, Kirsten Tjørnehøj, Sheila N Balinda, Vincent B Muwanika, Anna R Ademun Okurut, Graham J Belsham, Preben Normann, Hans R Siegismund and Soren Alexandersen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:54

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Various clinical protocols have been developed to aid in the clinical diagnosis of classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), which is confirmed by postmortem examinations based on vacuolation and accum...

    Authors: Timm Konold, A Robin Sayers, Amanda Sach, Gemma E Bone, Steven van Winden, Gerald AH Wells, Marion M Simmons, Michael J Stack, Angus Wear and Steve AC Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:53

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Chinchillas (Chinchilla laniger) are popular as pets and are often used as laboratory animals for various studies. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major infectious agent that causes otitis media, pneumonia, septicaem...

    Authors: Yasuko Hirakawa, Hiraku Sasaki, Eiichi Kawamoto, Hiroki Ishikawa, Tetsuya Matsumoto, Naoki Aoyama, Koh Kawasumi and Hiromi Amao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:52

    Content type: Research article

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