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  1. Content type: Research article

    Peyer’s patches (PPs) can be considered as the immune site of the intestine. Within PPs, Dendritic cells (DCs) can uptake antigens from the gut lumen by extending dendrites into epithelium, and process it and ...

    Authors: Chen Yuan, En Zhang, Lulu Huang, Jialu Wang and Qian Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:239

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  2. Content type: Guidelines

    For decades, the efficacy of interventions in clinical trials enrolling dogs with atopic dermatitis (AD) relied on heterogeneous evaluations of skin lesions and pruritus using unvalidated tools. Although some ...

    Authors: Thierry Olivry, Emmanuel Bensignor, Claude Favrot, Craig E. Griffin, Peter B. Hill, Ralf S. Mueller, Jon D. Plant and Hywel C. Williams

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:238

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Apoptosis plays an important role in the regulation of healthy tissue growth and development as well as in controlling the maintenance of homeostasis in exercising muscles. During an intensive physical effort,...

    Authors: K. Ropka-Molik, M. Stefaniuk-Szmukier, K. Piórkowska, T. Szmatoła and M. Bugno-Poniewierska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:237

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  4. Content type: Research article

    During peripartum period, dairy cows are highly susceptible to energy metabolism disorders such as fatty liver and ketosis. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) and fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), known ...

    Authors: Jianguo Wang, Xiaoyan Zhu, Guanghui She, Yezi Kong, Yazhou Guo, Zhe Wang, Guowen Liu and Baoyu Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:236

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  5. Content type: Case Report

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma has been uncommonly described in dogs. Several extranasal neoplasias have been reported to result hypertensive epistaxis. There are, however, no published case reports of extrana...

    Authors: Jung-Hyun Kim, Hee-Jin Kim, Sung-Jun Lee and Hun-Young Yoon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:235

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Fatness is an unwanted side effect of genetic selection in broiler chickens. In this study, we introduce mountain celery powder as a feed supplement to suppress lipogenesis and improve antioxidant status in br...

    Authors: Behnam Ahmadipour, Hossein Hassanpour and Fariborz Khajali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:234

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Canine breeds may be considered good animal models for the study of genetic predisposition to cancer, as they represent genetic clusters. From epidemiologic and case collection studies it emerges that some bre...

    Authors: Stefano Comazzi, Stefano Marelli, Marzia Cozzi, Rita Rizzi, Riccardo Finotello, Joaquim Henriques, Josep Pastor, Frederique Ponce, Carla Rohrer-Bley, Barbara C. Rütgen and Erik Teske

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:232

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cranial cruciate ligament rupture is the most frequent orthopedic disorder in human and animals. An array of surgical techniques have been described to stabilize the stifle joint in dogs, including intraarticu...

    Authors: Yauheni Zhalniarovich, Marta Mieszkowska, Paulina Przyborowska-Zhalniarovich, Joanna Głodek, Andrzej Sobolewski, Grzegorz Waluś and Zbigniew Adamiak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:231

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  9. Content type: Research article

    African horse sickness virus (AHSV) is an infectious non contagious insect-transmitted double-stranded (ds) RNA orbivirus of the family Reoviridae. AHSV causes an often fatal hemorrhagic infection with high morta...

    Authors: Siham T. Karamalla, Ahmed I. Gubran, Ibrahim A. Adam, Tamadur M. Abdalla, Reem O. Sinada, Eltahir M. Haroun and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:230

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the burden and predictors of canine E. coli urinary tract infections (UTI) and antimicrobial resistance among dogs presented at a veterinary teaching hospital in South Africa, 2007–2012.

    Authors: Daniel Nenene Qekwana, Lufuno Phophi, Vinny Naidoo, James Wabwire Oguttu and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:228

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal calf diarrhea is generally caused by infectious agents and is a very common disease in bovine practice, leading to substantial economic losses. Tannins are known for their astringent and anti-inflamma...

    Authors: F. Bonelli, L. Turini, G. Sarri, A. Serra, A. Buccioni and M. Mele

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:227

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  12. Content type: Methodology article

    Slaughter pigs are monitored for the presence of the zoonotic pathogen Salmonella, using both serology and bacteriology. ELISAs used to investigate pig herds are based on the detection of antibodies against compo...

    Authors: Fimme J. van der Wal, René P. Achterberg and Catharina B. M. Maassen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:226

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Protein concentration and quality in cat food can vary considerably, and the impact on feline urine composition and nutrient supply is of high practical relevance. In the present study, 6 canned diets with var...

    Authors: Nadine Paßlack, Barbara Kohn, Marcus G. Doherr and Jürgen Zentek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:225

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Echinococcosis and toxocarosis caused by the genus of Echinococcus and Toxocara spp. are among important helminthic diseases worldwide. Limited data on the prevalence of these parasites persuaded us to determine ...

    Authors: Molouk Beiromvand, Abdollah Rafiei, Elham Razmjou and Sharif Maraghi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:224

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Urea and creatinine in saliva have been reported to be possible markers of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans. The aim of this study was to assess if urea and creatinine could be measured in canine saliva,...

    Authors: Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Luis Pardo-Marin, Fernando Tecles, Juana Dolores Carrillo, Juan Diego Garcia-Martinez, Luis Bernal, Josep Pastor, José J. Cerón and Silvia Martinez-Subiela

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:223

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Dogs presenting with acute leptospirosis may present non-specific clinical and laboratory findings, and the definitive diagnosis may require additional confirmatory tests, including bacterial culture, for the ...

    Authors: Bruno Alonso Miotto, Barbara Furlan Tozzi, Manoela de Souza Penteado, Aline Gil Alves Guilloux, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Andrea Micke Moreno, Walter Lilenbaum and Mitika Kuribayashi Hagiwara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:222

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  17. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated whether the body condition score (BCS) and/or culture influences the quality of life (QoL) of dogs, as evaluated by the owner, and whether the BCS is influenced by feeding and exercise ...

    Authors: Nienke Endenburg, Sirikul Soontararak, Chalermpol Charoensuk and Hein A. van Lith

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:221

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Certified Swiss farmers are allowed to disbud their goat kids using a standard intramuscularly administered anaesthetic mixture. This mixture, containing xylazine and ketamine, is officially distributed with t...

    Authors: N. Wagmann, C. Spadavecchia, U. Morath-Huss, G. Schüpbach-Regula and P. Zanolari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:220

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress (OS) associated with an intense exercise may have a negative influence on equine health. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of endurance races on oxidative and antioxidative st...

    Authors: Nika Brkljača Bottegaro, Jelena Gotić, Jelena Šuran, Diana Brozić, Karla Klobučar, Krunoslav Bojanić and Zoran Vrbanac

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:216

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Cytokeratins with epitopes in common with those of alpha (acidic and basic) mammalian keratins have been immunohistochemically demonstrated in the epidermis of reptiles. However, there are no reports of immuno...

    Authors: Jorge Orós, María López-Yánez, Francisco Rodríguez, Pascual Calabuig and Pedro L. Castro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:219

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) can cause neurologic disease in young pigs, respiratory disease in older pigs and abortion or birth of mummified fetuses or stillborn neonates. The re-emergence of Aujeszky’s dis...

    Authors: Cun Liu, Yanhan Liu, Ye Tian, Xuehua Wei, Yue Zhang and Fulin Tian

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:218

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Chitosan was used as an alternative to promote the growth of weaned piglets. And low-molecular-weight chitosan (LC) is one of chitosan derivatives and maintain beneficial biological properties of chitoson. The...

    Authors: Shenglan Hu, Yu Wang, Xiaolu Wen, Li Wang, Zongyong Jiang and Chuntian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:215

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In sub-Saharan Africa, livestock transhumance represents a key adaptation strategy to environmental variability. In this context, seasonal livestock transhumance also plays an important role in driving the dyn...

    Authors: Paolo Motta, Thibaud Porphyre, Saidou M. Hamman, Kenton L. Morgan, Victor Ngu Ngwa, Vincent N. Tanya, Eran Raizman, Ian G. Handel and Barend Mark Bronsvoort

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:214

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Articular cartilage lacks a regenerative response. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are a source of pluripotent cells for cartilage regeneration. Their use, however, is associated with a risk of teratoma developmen...

    Authors: Susanna Pilichi, Stefano Rocca, Maria Dattena, Roy Ransom Pool, Laura Mara, Daniela Sanna, Gerolamo Masala, Maria Lucia Manunta, Simone Dore, Andrea Manunta and Eraldo Sanna Passino

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:213

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  25. Content type: Methodology article

    Stifle arthroscopy has been described to have high sensitivity and specificity in the evaluation of menisci in dogs, particularly for the medial meniscus. However, the visualization of menisci can be difficult...

    Authors: Gian Luca Rovesti, Veronica Devesa, Laura Bertorelli and Jesus Rodriguez-Quiros

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:212

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia. For control of the disease the detection of sub-clinically infected pigs is of major importance to avoid transmitting of sub...

    Authors: Doris Hoeltig, Florian Nietfeld, Katrin Strutzberg-Minder and Judith Rohde

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:211

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacillus casei (L. casei) is well known for its probiotic property in human and animals. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) polypeptide can effectively modulate host immune responses and have antimicrobial activity in vi...

    Authors: Han Zhou, Xuechun Li, Zongying Wang, Jiyuan Yin, Hongchao Tan, Li Wang, Xinyuan Qiao, Yanping Jiang, Wen Cui, Min Liu, Yijing Li, Yigang Xu and Lijie Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:206

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Common carp Cyprinus carpio is an important food fish in Central Europe, which in some regions is consumed as part of local tradition. The majority of carp are sold by small retailers and not processed in commerc...

    Authors: Karina Retter, Karl-Heinz Esser, Matthias Lüpke, John Hellmann, Dieter Steinhagen and Verena Jung-Schroers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:205

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  29. Content type: Methodology article

    Canine neutrophils release neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in response to lipopolysaccharide but NETs from clinical septic dogs had not been identified. The primary aim is to describe the methodology of ...

    Authors: Ronald H. L. Li, Lynelle R. Johnson, Casey Kohen and Fern Tablin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:210

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The cattle industry is one of the most important Brazilian agribusiness sectors and is a strong contributor to the national economy. Annually about 44.6 million calves are bred, which makes the optimal managem...

    Authors: Ingrid Bortolin Affonso Lux Hoppe, Andréa Souza Ramos de Medeiros, Clarice Weis Arns and Samir Issa Samara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:208

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Although the European Pet Food Industry Federation (FEDIAF) stated that labels must be accurate and provide detailed information on the ingredients, mislabeling of pet food has been documented by several autho...

    Authors: Rebecca Ricci, Daniele Conficoni, Giada Morelli, Carmen Losasso, Leonardo Alberghini, Valerio Giaccone, Antonia Ricci and Igino Andrighetto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:209

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Tembusu virus (TMUV) is a member of the genus Flavivirus. Outbreak of this virus infection in duck flocks was first observed in China in April 2010, causing severe egg drop and neurological signs in laying ducks....

    Authors: Lijiao Zhang, Zhanhong Li, Huan Jin, Xueying Hu and Jingliang Su

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:201

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Skin wound healing includes a system of biological processes, collectively restoring the integrity of the skin after injury. Healing by second intention refers to repair of large and deep wounds where the tiss...

    Authors: T. Martinello, C. Gomiero, A. Perazzi, I. Iacopetti, F. Gemignani, G. M. DeBenedictis, S. Ferro, M. Zuin, E. Martines, P. Brun, L. Maccatrozzo, K. Chiers, J. H. Spaas and M. Patruno

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:202

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Classical swine fever (CSF) is one of the most devastating and highly contagious viral diseases in the world. Since late 2014, outbreaks of a new sub-genotype 2.1d CSF virus (CSFV) had caused substantial econo...

    Authors: Hongliang Zhang, Chaoliang Leng, Zhijun Tian, Chunxiao Liu, Jiazeng Chen, Yun Bai, Zhen Li, Lirun Xiang, Hongyue Zhai, Qian Wang, Jinmei Peng, Tongqing An, Yunchao Kan, Lunguang Yao, Xufu Yang, Xuehui Cai…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:204

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  35. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to investigate the pathological changes and distribution of B. melitensis in the urinary tract of pregnant goats following acute experimental infection. Six Jamnapari crossbred does in th...

    Authors: M. Mazlina, S. Khairani-Bejo, H. Hazilawati, T. Tiagarahan, N. N. Shaqinah and M. Zamri-Saad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:203

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  36. Content type: Case Report

    The role of corynebacteria in canine and feline otitis has not been investigated in detail; however, members of this genus are increasingly recognized as pathogens of otitis in both human and veterinary medicine.

    Authors: Sonja Kittl, Isabelle Brodard, Lorenz Rychener, Jörg Jores, Petra Roosje and Stefanie Gobeli Brawand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:200

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  37. Content type: Case Report

    Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) became extinct over large areas of Britain during the post mediaeval period but following re-introductions from Europe during the 1800s and early 1900s the population started to rec...

    Authors: Victor R. Simpson and Damer P. Blake

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:198

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  38. Content type: Case Report

    To date, calvarial defects in dogs have traditionally been addressed with different types of implants including bone allograft, polymethylmethacrylate and titanium mesh secured with conventional metallic fixat...

    Authors: Pierre Langer, Cameron Black, Padraig Egan and Noel Fitzpatrick

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:199

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  39. Content type: Review

    Dogs with canine leishmaniosis (CanL) due to Leishmania infantum can show a wide spectrum of clinical and clinicopathological findings at the time of diagnosis. The aim of this paper is to describe the possible a...

    Authors: J. J. Ceron, L. Pardo-Marin, M. Caldin, T. Furlanello, L. Solano-Gallego, F. Tecles, L. Bernal, G. Baneth and S. Martinez-Subiela

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:196

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) internalization into bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMECs) is considered an important pathogenic mechanism for the establishment of mastitis. Given the interesting link between...

    Authors: Heng Wang, Chongliang Bi, Yinjie Wang, Jun Sun, Xia Meng and Jianji Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:197

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Although mustelids occur worldwide and include a wide range of species, little is known about the diseases affecting them. Mustelids have regularly been submitted for post mortem investigation in the framework...

    Authors: E. Akdesir, F. C. Origgi, J. Wimmershoff, J. Frey, C. F. Frey and M.-P. Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:195

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin are alkaloids with analgesic effects in humans and animals. When used locally, both of them minimalise pain sensation by defunctionalising nerve endings. According to the Federat...

    Authors: A. Zak, N. Siwinska, M. Slowikowska, H. Borowicz, P. Szpot, M. Zawadzki and A. Niedzwiedz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:193

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Inactivated and subunit bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) vaccines have shown limited protective efficacy. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a vaccine containing both inactivated BVDV (iBVDV) ...

    Authors: Yao-Chi Chung, Li-Ting Cheng, Jia-Yu Zhang, Yue-Jyun Wu, Shyh-Shyan Liu and Chun-Yen Chu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:194

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) is highly prevalent in cereals in moderate climates and therefore pigs are often exposed to a DON-contaminated diet. Pigs are highly susceptible to DON and intake of DON-cont...

    Authors: Annelies Michiels, Ioannis Arsenakis, Anneleen Matthijs, Filip Boyen, Geert Haesaert, Kris Audenaert, Mia Eeckhout, Siska Croubels, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:190

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Rabies is a severe epidemic in Guangxi province, China, with hundreds of deaths occurring each year. In the past six decades, rabies has emerged three times in Guangxi, and the province has reported the larges...

    Authors: Xian-Kai Wei, Xiao-Xia He, Yan Pan, Cheng Liu, Hai-Bo Tang, Yi-Zhi Zhong, Xiao-Ning Li, Jing-Jing Liang and Ting Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:188

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The Avian Influenza A (H5N1) virus is endemic in poultry in Egypt. The winter of 2014/2015 was particularly worrying as new clusters of HPAI A (H5N1) virus emerged, leading to an important number of AI A (H5N1...

    Authors: Jean Artois, Carla Ippoliti, Annamaria Conte, Madhur S. Dhingra, Pastor Alfonso, Abdelgawad El Tahawy, Ahmed Elbestawy, Hany F. Ellakany and Marius Gilbert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:187

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Levetiracetam can be used for seizure control alone or in combination with other antiepileptic medications. A previous study achieved the minimum targeted serum drug concentration after rectal administration o...

    Authors: Giulia Cagnotti, Rosangela Odore, Giulia Gardini, Stefano Amedeo, Iride Bertone, Giulia Guerriero, Laura Lentini, Elena Dappiano and Antonio D’Angelo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:189

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