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  1. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a coronavirus, is one of the most important poultry pathogens worldwide due to its multiple serotypes and poor cross-protection. Vaccination plays a vital role in controlling...

    Authors: Qi Wu, Zhixian Lin, Jinsen Wu, Kun Qian, Hongxia Shao, Jianqiang Ye and Aijian Qin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:51

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute hepatitis in humans worldwide and have high burden in the resource-limited countries. Better knowledge of the epidemiology of hepatitis in animals in Africa ca...

    Authors: Abdou Fatawou Modiyinji, Jean Joel Bigna, Sebastien Kenmoe, Fredy Brice N. Simo, Marie A. Amougou, Marie S. Ndangang, Moise Nola and Richard Njouom

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:50

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Borrelia burgdorferi is the spirochete that causes Lyme Borreliosis (LB), which is a zoonotic tick-borne disease of humans and domestic animals. Hard ticks are obligate haematophagous ectoparasites that serve as ...

    Authors: R. Elhelw, M. Elhariri, D. Hamza, M. Abuowarda, E. Ismael and H. Farag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:49

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Brucellosis is a serious zoonosis disease that frequently causes significant economic loss in animal husbandry and threatens human health. Therefore, we established a rapid, accurate, simple and sensitive fluo...

    Authors: Yufang Kong, Huiyu Wang, Shaoqiang Wu, Jizhou Lv, Lin Mei, Huifang Zhou, Xiangmei Lin and Xueqing Han

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:48

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Pancarpal arthrodesis is purported to limit supination and pronation of the feline antebrachium. The objective of this study was to investigate whether plate fixation of the radius to the carpus and metacarpus...

    Authors: Rachel M. Basa, Matthew J. Allen and Kenneth A. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:47

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The aim of this study is to evaluate additional findings which can be detected by post-contrast computed tomography (CCT) in relation to plain CT (PCT) findings in patients presented with head trauma. Medical ...

    Authors: Yasamin Vali, Ingrid Gielen, Sarang Soroori and Eberhard Ludewig

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:46

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Atrioventricular canal defect is a rare congenital disorder of the heart and describes the presence of an atrial septal defect, a variable presentation of ventricular septal alterations including ventricular s...

    Authors: Carlos F Agudelo, Vladimír Jekl, Karel Hauptman, Michal Crha and Meric Kocaturk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:45

    Content type: Case Report

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  8. Murine is the most abundantly used as laboratory animal models. There has been a tremendous amount of research including; their evolution, growth, physiology, disease modeling as well as genomic mapping. Rats ...

    Authors: Muhammad Joan Ailia, Yun-Kyong Jin, Hee-Kyoung Kim and Goo Jang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:44

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Transanal colonoscopy using the single-incision laparoscopic surgical port is routinely used in human patients but has not been described in veterinary literature. The purpose of this study was to describe a n...

    Authors: James Howard, Judith Bertran, Valerie Parker, Jenessa Winston and Adam J. Rudinsky

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:43

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (SP) and Staphylococcus aureus (SA) are common colonizers of companion animals, but they are also considered opportunistic pathogens, causing diseases of diverse severity. This stu...

    Authors: Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Carmen Simón, Sara Ceballos, Carmelo Ortega, Myriam Zarazaga, Carmen Torres and Elena Gómez-Sanz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:42

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite clinical importance and frequent occurrence of sinus disease, little is known about the size of paranasal sinuses and their communication in ponies and small horses. To examine the shape and volume of ...

    Authors: Lisa Köhler, Ellen Schulz-Kornas, Ingrid Vervuert, Claudia Gittel, Karsten Winter, Dagmar Berner and Kerstin Gerlach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:41

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In south China, goats are the major source of Brucellosis for human infection. However, there are few studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for goat brucellosis in south China. In this study, we conduc...

    Authors: Yin Li, Dan Tan, Shuang Xue, Chaojian Shen, Huajie Ning, Chang Cai and Zengzai Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:39

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Breed specific reference ranges for selected blood parameters are recommended for proper interpretation of blood tests, but there are only few reports dealing with ponies. The purpose of this study was to inve...

    Authors: Witkowska-Piłaszewicz Olga, Cywińska Anna, Michlik-Połczyńska Katarzyna, Czopowicz Michał, Strzelec Katarzyna, Biazik Anna, Parzeniecka-Jaworska Marta, Crisman Mark and Witkowski Lucjan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:38

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Klebsiella pneumoniae, an environmental pathogen causing mastitis in dairy cattle, is often resistant to antibiotics. K. pneumoniae was used as the host bacteria to support bacteriophage replication; 2 bacterioph...

    Authors: Yuxiang Shi, Wenpeng Zhao, Gang Liu, Tariq Ali, Peng Chen, Yongxia Liu, John P. Kastelic, Bo Han and Jian Gao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:37

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Vesicular stomatitis (VS) is an acute, highly contagious and economically important zoonotic disease caused by the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). There is a need for effective and safe stable recombinant va...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Xue, Zhaorong Yu, Hongyan Jin, Lin Liang, Jiayang Li, Xiaolu Li, Yong Wang, Shangjin Cui and Gang Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:36

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The present study aimed to collect pharmacokinetic data of a methadone continuous rate infusion (CRI) and to investigate its effect on mechanical and thermal nociceptive thresholds. Seven, 47 to 54 months old ...

    Authors: T. Amon, S. B. R. Kästner, M. Kietzmann and J. Tünsmeyer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:35

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Obesity is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and considered a risk factor for diabetes mellitus (DM) in cats. It has been proposed that homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR), which is the product of fas...

    Authors: Emma M. Strage, Charles J. Ley, Johannes Forkman, Malin Öhlund, Sarah Stadig, Anna Bergh and Cecilia Ley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:34

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing global health concern reducing options for therapy of infections and also for perioperative prophylaxis. Many Enterobacteriaceae cannot be treated anymore with thir...

    Authors: Kayode Fashae, Ines Engelmann, Stefan Monecke, Sascha D. Braun and Ralf Ehricht

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:33

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) neoplastic polyps in Jack Russell terriers (JRTs) has increased in Japan since the late 2000s. Recently, we demonstrated that JRTs with GI polyps harbor identical germli...

    Authors: Kyoko Yoshizaki, Akihiro Hirata, Hiroyuki Matsushita, Naohito Nishii, Mifumi Kawabe, Takashi Mori and Hiroki Sakai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:32

    Content type: Methodology article

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  20. The development of antimicrobial resistance is of global concern, and is commonly monitored by the analysis of certain bacteria. The aim of the present study was to study the antibiotic susceptibility in isola...

    Authors: K. Ikwap, E. Gertzell, I. Hansson, L. Dahlin, K. Selling, U. Magnusson, M. Dione and M. Jacobson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:31

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Doxorubicin (DOX) is widely used in both human and veterinary oncology although the onset of multidrug resistance (MDR) in neoplastic cells often leads to chemotherapy failure. Better understanding of the cell...

    Authors: Michela Levi, Roberta Salaroli, Federico Parenti, Raffaella De Maria, Augusta Zannoni, Chiara Bernardini, Cecilia Gola, Antonio Brocco, Asia Marangio, Cinzia Benazzi, Luisa Vera Muscatello, Barbara Brunetti, Monica Forni and Giuseppe Sarli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:30

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is in growing recognition as potential marker for cancer progression, differentiation and therapeutic intervention. No information is available about AQP4 expression in the normal canine bra...

    Authors: Patricia Álvarez, Ester Blasco, Martí Pumarola and Annette Wessmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:29

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cats can be carriers of infected arthropods and be infected with several vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) but there is limited knowledge about their pathogenic role in cats. This study aimed to assess the prevale...

    Authors: Thom Do, Ketsarin Kamyingkird, Wissanuwat Chimnoi and Tawin Inpankaew

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:28

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The development of sensitive and specific methods for detecting Toxoplasma gondii infection is critical for preventing and controlling toxoplasmosis in humans and other animals. Recently, various recombinant prot...

    Authors: Charoonluk Jirapattharasate, Ruenruetai Udonsom, Apichai Prachasuphap, Kodcharad Jongpitisub and Panadda Dhepakson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:27

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Osteoarthritis remains one of the greatest causes of morbidity and mortality in the equine population. The inability to detect pre-clinical changes in osteoarthritis has been a significant impediment to the de...

    Authors: Catarina Castanheira, Panagiotis Balaskas, Charlotte Falls, Yalda Ashraf-Kharaz, Peter Clegg, Kim Burke, Yongxiang Fang, Philip Dyer, Tim J. M. Welting and Mandy J. Peffers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:26

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Gut microbial compositional and functional variation can affect health and production performance of farm animals. Analysing metabolites in biological samples provides information on the basic mechanisms that ...

    Authors: Xiaoxing Ye, Liwen Zhou, Yao Zhang, Shuaishuai Xue, Qian Fu Gan and Shaoming Fang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:24

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The bactericidal activity of an antimicrobial drug is generally assessed by in vitro bacterial time-kill experiments which do not include any components of the immune system, even though the innate immunity, t...

    Authors: Elodie Anne Lallemand, Claudine Zemirline, Pierre-Louis Toutain, Alain Bousquet-Melou, Aude A. Ferran and Séverine Boullier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:23

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Hemagglutinin is a major surface protein in influenza A virus (IAV), and HA2 is relative conserved among different IAVs. It will be meaningful to identify broad-spectrum epitopes based on the HA2 protein.

    Authors: Qiuxia Wang, Zhihao Sun, Jingzhi Li, Tao Qin, Hongwei Ma, Sujuan Chen, Daxin Peng and Xiufan Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:22

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The black stork (Ciconia nigra Linnaeus, 1758) is a recognized endangered species in Europe and most of the specimens from the Western Palearctic region breed in the Iberian Peninsula. Available works regarding p...

    Authors: David W. Ramilo, Inês Caetano, Erica Brazio, Manuela Mira, Leonor Antunes, Isabel Pereira da Fonseca and Luís Cardoso

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:21

    Content type: Case Report

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  30. Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) is very resistant and highly contagious and infects domestic cats and other felids. FPV is particularly widespread among sheltered cats, and is associated with high morbidity a...

    Authors: Isaya Rosaria, Ciccarelli Stefano, Enache Daniela, Specchi Swan, Pesaresi Marco, Ferri Filippo, Porporato Federico, Auriemma Edoardo, Contiero Barbara, Luigi M Coppola and Zini Eric

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:20

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Helminthic infections, in particular those caused by gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN), are found worldwide and are among the most economically important diseases of goats. Anthelmintic resistance (AR) in GIN o...

    Authors: Marcin Mickiewicz, Michał Czopowicz, Agata Moroz, Adrian-Valentin Potărniche, Olga Szaluś-Jordanow, Marina Spinu, Paweł Górski, Iwona Markowska-Daniel, Marián Várady and Jarosław Kaba

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:19

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mycoplasma bovis causes mastitis, otitis, pneumonia and arthritis in cattle and is a major contributor to bovine respiratory disease complex. Around the year 2000, it emerged as a significant threat to the health...

    Authors: Karen B. Register, Margaret Parker, Kelly A. Patyk, Steven J. Sweeney, William D. Boatwright, Lee C. Jones, Murray Woodbury, David L. Hunter, John Treanor, Marshall Kohr, Robert G. Hamilton, Todd K. Shury and Pauline Nol

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:18

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is one of the crucial swine viral pathogens, caused porcine circovirus associated diseases (PCVAD). Shandong province is one of the most important pork producing areas and bear...

    Authors: Zicheng Ma, Mengda Liu, Zhaohu Liu, Fanliang Meng, Hongyu Wang, Longlong Cao, Yan Li, Qiulin Jiao, Zifeng Han and Sidang Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:17

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Endocrinopathic, or hyperinsulinaemia-associated laminitis (HAL) is a common and debilitating equine foot disease, and although no pharmacological treatments are registered, several are under development. To e...

    Authors: A. Meier, J. McGree, R. Klee, J. Preuß, D. Reiche, M. de Laat and M. Sillence

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:16

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Chronic renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activation in course of heart diseases contributes to cardiac remodeling and heart failure. Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is characterized by differ...

    Authors: Alberto Galizzi, Mara Bagardi, Angelica Stranieri, Anna Maria Zanaboni, Dario Malchiodi, Vitaliano Borromeo, Paola Giuseppina Brambilla and Chiara Locatelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:15

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Hibernation is a physiological and behavioural adaptation that permits survival during periods of reduced food availability and extreme environmental temperatures. This is achieved through cycles of metabolic ...

    Authors: Fredrik A. F. Markussen, Vebjørn J. Melum, Béatrice Bothorel, David G. Hazlerigg, Valérie Simonneaux and Shona H. Wood

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:14

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) causes a chronic infectious in the birds known as avian mycobacteriosis. Almost all species of the birds are susceptible to MAC which consists of two closely related species of m...

    Authors: Abdul Sattar, Zunita Zakaria, Jalila Abu, Saleha A. Aziz and Gabriel Rojas-Ponce

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:13

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Fecundity is important for farm blue fox (Vulpes lagopus), who with asthenospermia have be a problem in some of farms in China. A key symptom of asthenospermia is decreased sperm motility. The decreased secreting...

    Authors: Ping Wu, Tao-lin Liu, Ling-ling Li, Zhi-ping Liu, Li-hong Tian and Zhi-jun Hou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:12

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Laminitis is a common and serve disease which caused by inflammation and pathological changes of the laminar junction. However, the pathologic mechanism remains unclear. In this study we aimed to investigate c...

    Authors: Maimaiti Tuniyazi, Junying He, Jian Guo, Shuang Li, Naisheng Zhang, Xiaoyu Hu and Yunhe Fu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:11

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Chickens are major sources of human nutrition worldwide, but the chicken intestinal microbiota can be a source of bacterial infection. The microbiota has potential to regulate the colonization of pathogens by ...

    Authors: Nachiko Takeshita, Takayasu Watanabe, Kasumi Ishida-Kuroki and Tsutomu Sekizaki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:10

    Content type: Research article

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  41. A new domestic cat hepadnavirus (DCH, family Hepadnaviridae) was first reported from whole blood samples of domestic cats in Australia in 2018, and from cat serum samples in Italy in 2019. The pathogenesis of DCH...

    Authors: Khanmani Anpuanandam, Gayathri Thevi Selvarajah, Mandy Mun Kei Choy, Shing Wei Ng, Kiven Kumar, Razana Mohd Ali, Sujey Kumar Rajendran, Kok Lian Ho and Wen Siang Tan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:9

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Inflammatory diseases of reproductive tract in bitches are a common problem in veterinary practice. The inflammation can lead to serious health problems. Research to determine the correlation between the healt...

    Authors: Edyta Golińska, Natalia Sowińska, Anna Tomusiak-Plebanek, Marlena Szydło, Natalia Witka, Joanna Lenarczyk and Magdalena Strus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:8

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Periodontal disease is the most common oral disease of dogs worldwide and results from a complex interplay between plaque bacteria, the host and environmental factors. Recent studies have enhanced our understa...

    Authors: C. Wallis, L. Milella, A. Colyer, C. O’Flynn, S. Harris and L. J. Holcombe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:7

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Actinobaculum suis is a bacterium known to cause infections of the urogenital tract of sows. Infection can occur through close contact to boars, who frequently carry the pathogen in their preputial diverticulum b...

    Authors: Mirjam Arnold, Olivia Richard, Corinne Gurtner, Heiko Nathues and Alexander Grahofer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:6

    Content type: Case Report

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  45. Swine influenza A virus (IAV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) are considered key viral pathogens involved in the porcine respiratory disease complex. Concerning the effect of on...

    Authors: Hanna Turlewicz-Podbielska, Ewelina Czyżewska-Dors and Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:5

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Leporacarus gibbus is a highly specific acarian parasitizing in rabbits, with a proven zoonotic potential. While the majority of cases of L. gibbus infestation are asymptomatic, several cases of pruritic cutaneou...

    Authors: Mirabela Oana Dumitrache, Adriana Györke, Gianluca D’Amico and Viorica Mircean

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:4

    Content type: Case Report

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  47. An association between equine gastrointestinal disease causing colic signs and changes in faecal bacterial microbiota has been identified. The reasons for these changes and their clinical relevance has not bee...

    Authors: Jaclyn A. Willette, Dipti Pitta, Nagaraju Indugu, Bonnie Vecchiarelli, Meagan L. Hennessy, Tamara Dobbie and Louise L. Southwood

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:3

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The increasing threat of bacterial resistance promotes the need for antibiotic stewardship programs to foster responsible antimicrobial use. Therefore, guidelines for prudent use supported by an online steward...

    Authors: Alina Hubbuch, Ruth Peter, Barbara Willi, Sonja Hartnack, Cedric Müntener, Hanspeter Naegeli and Christian Gerspach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:2

    Content type: Research article

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