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  1. Feline pancreatitis (FP) is an important health problem of cats. Its diagnostics is based on the combination of quantification of serum pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (fPLI) and abdominal ultrasonography (...

    Authors: Magdalena Maria Krasztel, Michał Czopowicz, Olga Szaluś-Jordanow, Agata Moroz, Marcin Mickiewicz and Jarosław Kaba
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:383
  2. Malignant melanoma in dogs is considered to be largely resistant to conventional chemotherapy, although responses to carboplatin have been documented. Invasion and early metastasis are common features of certa...

    Authors: Sarah Bernard, Andrew C. Poon, Peyton M. Tam and Anthony J. Mutsaers
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:382
  3. Glycoproteins are important tear components that participate in the stability of the ocular surface. However, the glycopeptides that are present in the tears of wild animals have not yet been described. This w...

    Authors: Ana Cláudia Raposo, Carlito Lebrilla, Ricardo Wagner Portela, Gege Xu and Arianne Pontes Oriá
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:381
  4. In humans with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), specific thoracic computed tomographic (CT) features in the correct clinical context may be used in lieu of histologic examination. Cats develop an IPF-like ...

    Authors: Alba Stavri, Isabelle Masseau and Carol R. Reinero
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:380
  5. Quantitative bacterial culture (QBC) is the gold standard for diagnosing canine urinary tract infection. Current guidelines recommend QBC within 24 h of urine collection and that unpreserved urine is refrigera...

    Authors: M. Hedström, M. Møller, H. Patsekhina, P. Damborg, L. R. Jessen and T. M. Sørensen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:379
  6. Both human and veterinary cancer chemotherapy are undergoing a paradigm shift from a “one size fits all” approach to more personalized, patient-oriented treatment strategies. Personalized chemotherapy is depen...

    Authors: Kristine Walters, Alessia Stornetta, Foster Jacobs, Peter W. Villalta, Maria Razzoli, Marianne Grant, Beshay Zordoky, Alessandro Bartolomucci, Antonella Borgatti and Silvia Balbo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:378
  7. Gut microbes play an important role in the growth and development of fish. The Tibetan Plateau fish Glyptosternum maculatum is a unique species of sisorid catfish living in the river up to 4200 m altitude.

    Authors: Yingzi Pan, Zhichao Li, Jianshe Zhou, Qielu Wang, Huifen Xu and Zhenbo Mou
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:377
  8. This study aimed to measure the length of metacarpal and metatarsal bones in five Iranian sheep breeds and to correlate the length of the bones with ungula measurements. Thoracic and pelvic limbs of 2-year-old...

    Authors: Samaneh Azarpajouh, María Pia Munita and Julia Adriana Calderón Díaz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:376
  9. Fluazuron is a chitin synthesis inhibitor administered as a pour-on formulation in cattle for tick control. This study analyzes under endemic tick infestation, the incidence of the pour-on application pattern ...

    Authors: Gonzalo Suárez, Diego Robaina, Agustina Muela, Saporiti Tatiana, Florencia Puigvert, Silvana Alvariza and Lucia Pareja
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:375
  10. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals. As a transboundary animal disease, the prevention and control of FMD are important. This study was based on spatial m...

    Authors: Wang Haoran, Xiao Jianhua, Ouyang Maolin, Gao Hongyan, Bie Jia, Gao Li, Gao Xiang and Wang Hongbin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:374
  11. Saliva is being increasingly used as a sample for measuring biomarkers in several species and shows a high potential of use to detect and monitor stress. The weaning and grouping in dairy calves are a particul...

    Authors: Camila Peres Rubio, Damián Escribano, Eva Mainau, José Joaquin Cerón, Elena Navarro and Xavier Manteca
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:373
  12. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence and analyze the molecular characteristics based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) 2 region of the ribosomal RNA (RNA) gene of trichostrongylid ne...

    Authors: Hedayat Hosseinnezhad, Meysam Sharifdini, Keyhan Ashrafi, Zahra Atrkar Roushan, Hamed Mirjalali and Behnaz Rahmati
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:371
  13. The domestic chinchilla has been descended from Chinchilla lanigera (long-tailed Chinchilla) or Chinchilla chinchilla (short-tailed Chinchilla). Both species of chinchilla are currently listed as endangered by th...

    Authors: Alessandro Vetere, Mara Bertocchi, Emanuele Moggia, Igor Pelizzone and Francesco Di Ianni
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:370
  14. Sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. They are raised all over the world and produce a major scale of animal-based protein for human consumption and play an important role in agricultural econ...

    Authors: Leila Mohamadipoor Saadatabadi, Mohammadreza Mohammadabadi, Zeinab Amiri Ghanatsaman, Olena Babenko, Ruslana Stavetska, Oleksandr Kalashnik, Dmytro Kucher, Oleksandr Kochuk-Yashchenko and Hojjat Asadollahpour Nanaei
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:369
  15. The objective of this study was to evaluate tibial anatomical-mechanical axis angles (AMA-angles) and proximodistal and craniocaudal patellar positions following tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) and A...

    Authors: Laurent Guénégo, Aldo Vezzoni and Luca Vezzoni
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:368
  16. Diarrhea is one of the most common clinical symptoms in cats and can be caused by infectious pathogens and investigation of the prevalence, co-infection and seasonality of enteropathogens are not well-establis...

    Authors: Ye-In Oh, Kyoung-Won Seo, Do-Hyung Kim and Doo-Sung Cheon
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:367
  17. Despite the common use of topical ophthalmic corticosteroids in dogs, detailed reports on systemic and dermatologic adverse effects are limited.

    Authors: Katelin Quantz, Amanda L. Anderson, Christine D. Harman, Erica L. Noland, Jacquelyn M. Del Valle, Laurence M. Occelli, Jessica B. Burn, Simon M. Petersen-Jones, Daniel K. Langlois, Chris G. Pirie, Annette D. Petersen and András M. Komáromy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:366
  18. African trypanosomiasis, caused by protozoa of the genus Trypanosoma and transmitted by the tsetse fly, is a serious parasitic disease of humans and animals. Reliable data on the vector distribution, feeding pref...

    Authors: Robert Opiro, Robert Opoke, Harriet Angwech, Esther Nakafu, Francis A. Oloya, Geoffrey Openy, Moses Njahira, Mercy Macharia, Richard Echodu, Geoffrey M. Malinga and Elizabeth A. Opiyo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:365
  19. According to the differences of antigen and genetic composition, canine coronavirus (CCoV) consists of two genotypes, CCoV-I and CCoV-II. Since 2004, CCoVs with point mutations or deletions of NSPs are contrib...

    Authors: Zhige Tian, Qing Pan, Miaomiao Zheng, Ying Deng, Peng Guo, Feng Cong and Xiaoliang Hu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:364
  20. Tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) are of global importance, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where they represent a major constraint to livestock production. Their association with human disease is also increasingly...

    Authors: Tatenda Chiuya, Jandouwe Villinger, Daniel K. Masiga, Dickens O. Ondifu, Maurice K. Murungi, Lillian Wambua, Armanda D. S. Bastos, Eric M. Fèvre and Laura C. Falzon
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:363
  21. Sex preselection is a desired goal of the animal industry to improve production efficiency, depending on industry demand. In the porcine industry, there is a general preference for pork from female and surgica...

    Authors: Yoo-Jin Park, Dong-Ha Shin, Won-Ki Pang, Do-Yeal Ryu, Md Saidur Rahman, Elikanah Olusayo Adegoke and Myung-Geol Pang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:362
  22. Extrinsic and intrinsic factors have been shown to influence nasal microbiota (NM) in humans. Very few studies investigated the association between nasal microbiota and factors such as facial/body conformation...

    Authors: Emilie Vangrinsven, Aline Fastrès, Bernard Taminiau, Billen Frédéric, Georges Daube and Cécile Clercx
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:361

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:100

  23. Nursery farms that accept nursing and growing pre-weaned heifer calves from private dairy farms must work to prevent bovine respiratory disease (BRD). Knowledge of the BRD-associated risk factors related to ca...

    Authors: Emi Yamaguchi, Yoko Hayama, Yumiko Shimizu, Yoshinori Murato, Kotaro Sawai and Takehisa Yamamoto
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:360
  24. This study aimed to evaluate spexin as a novel blood marker and to describe the relationship of this peptide with selected biochemical metabolites measured during the transition period in dairy cows. Additiona...

    Authors: Robert Mikuła, Ewa Pruszyńska-Oszmałek, Marcin Pszczola, Justyna Rząsińska, Maciej Sassek, Krzysztof W. Nowak, Leszek Nogowski and Paweł A. Kołodziejski
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:359
  25. Homemade diets are a worldwide trend, and many recipes are currently available on websites but may not be considered balanced. This study aimed to evaluate if the number of ingredients, supplement, or vegetari...

    Authors: Vivian Pedrinelli, Rafael Vessecchi Amorim Zafalon, Roberta Bueno Ayres Rodrigues, Mariana Pamplona Perini, Renata Maria Consentino Conti, Júlio Cesar de Carvalho Balieiro and Márcio Antonio Brunetto
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:358
  26. Toxoplasma gondii is an important parasite that belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa, distributed globally, causing major health issues for a wide range of hosts, including humans, native and wild animals.

    Authors: Abdul Majid, Nisar Ahmad, Sumbal Haleem, Noor ul Akbar, Shehzad Zareen, Muhammad Taib, Sanaullah Khan, Rafiq Hussain and Sohail
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:357
  27. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most economically devastating diseases affecting the swine industry globally. Evaluation of antibody responses and neutralizing antibody titer...

    Authors: Jun Zhao, Rubo Zhang, Ling Zhu, Huidan Deng, Fengqing Li, Lei Xu, Jianbo Huan, Xiangang Sun and Zhiwen Xu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:355
  28. Canine atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common condition that often requires multimodal therapy. Including a diet in the multimodal management of AD may reduce medication doses, saving pet owners money and reducing...

    Authors: Miguel Sánchez de Santiago, José Luis González Arribas, Yolanda Moral Llamas, Iveta Becvarova and Hein Meyer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:354
  29. Postpartum dysgalactia syndrome (PDS) is associated with a significantly higher activation of the inflammatory and stress response at parturition than in the healthy sow. Therefore, reliable and possibly non-i...

    Authors: Marianne Kaiser, Jan Dahl, Stine Jacobsen, Magdalena Jacobson, Pia Haubro Andersen, Poul Bækbo, Damián Escribano, José Joaquín Cerón and Fernando Tecles
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:352
  30. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of increasing dosages of a commercial product composed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (YAM), with active metabolites, which are beta glucans, nucleotides, organic acids...

    Authors: Laura Fantucci de Oliveira Matheus, Larissa Wunsche Risolia, Mariane Ceschin Ernandes, Johnny Maciel de Souza, Patrícia Massae Oba, Thiago Henrique Annibale Vendramini, Vivian Pedrinelli, Lucas Ben Fiuza Henríquez, Cristina de Oliveira Massoco, Cristiana Fonseca Ferreira Pontieri and Marcio Antonio Brunetto
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:351
  31. Gentamicin (GM) is a low-cost, low-resistance antibiotic commonly used to treat gram-negative bacterial diseases. Cisplatin (Csp) is a platinum-derived anti-neoplastic agent. This experiment aimed to identify ...

    Authors: Tarek Kamal Abouzed, Eman Abd Elrahman Sherif, Mohamed El Sayed Barakat, Kadry Mohamed Sadek, Adil Aldhahrani, Nasr Elsayed Nasr, Ehab Eldomany, Khaled Khailo and Doaa Abdallha Dorghamm
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:350
  32. Herbal tea residue (HTR) is generally considered to be the waste of herbal tea beverage production while it still retains rich nutrients and active substances. The main aim of the present study was to investig...

    Authors: Xiaona Zhuang, Zujing Chen, Xiaohong Sun, Fangjun Li, Junyi Luo, Ting Chen, Qianyun Xi, Yongliang Zhang and Jiajie Sun
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:348
  33. Between 2018 and 2020, 989 clinical specimens from pigs showing clinical signs of a variety of swine diseases in 27 provinces in China were sampled and submitted for further testing. Nested PCR targeting the 1...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Yuanyuan Wang, Lu Gao, Yan Wang and Rong Wei
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:347
  34. Critically ill horses, such as horses with gastrointestinal (GI) disease, often suffer from hemostatic aberrations. Global hemostatic tests examining the initiation of coagulation, clot strength and fibrinolys...

    Authors: Marie Louise Honoré, Tina Holberg Pihl and Lise Nikolic Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:346
  35. The European bison is an endangered species, and as such it is extremely important to monitor herds for pathogens which can lead to reproductive failure. The aim of the present study was to determine the curre...

    Authors: Anna Didkowska, Daniel Klich, Anna Hapanowicz, Blanka Orłowska, Marta Gałązka, Magdalena Rzewuska, Wanda Olech and Krzysztof Anusz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:345
  36. The ewe lamb nutritional and physiological state interfere with the ovarian environment and fertility. The lack or excess of circulating nutrients reaching the ovary can change its gene expression. A protein d...

    Authors: Paula Suarez-Henriques, Camila de Miranda e Silva Chaves, Ricardo Cardoso-Leite, Danielle G. Gomes-Caldas, Luciana Morita-Katiki, Siu Mui Tsai and Helder Louvandini
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:344
  37. Prevotella histicola is a facultative oral pathogen that under certain conditions causes pathologies such as caries and periodontitis in humans. Prevotella spp. also colonize the oral cavity of horses and can ca...

    Authors: Silvio Kau, Michael D. Mansfeld, Alexandra Šoba, Timo Zwick and Carsten Staszyk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:343
  38. We implemented a longitudinal study to determine the incidence of Brucella infection in cattle, camels, sheep and goats that were being raised in a pastoral area in Isiolo County, Kenya. An initial cross-sectiona...

    Authors: Josiah Njeru, Daniel Nthiwa, James Akoko, Harry Oyas and Bernard Bett
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:342

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:194

  39. Coxiella burnetii is the etiological agent of Q fever, a zoonosis affecting many animal species including sheep and goats. The aims of this study were to evaluate the shedding of Coxiella burnetii in small rumin...

    Authors: Agnieszka Jodełko, Monika Szymańska-Czerwińska, Jolanta Grażyna Rola and Krzysztof Niemczuk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:341
  40. Cornea is a composite tissue exhibiting nonlinear and time-dependent mechanical properties. Corneal ulcers are one of the main pathologies that affect this tissue, disrupting its structural integrity and leadi...

    Authors: Chiara Giulia Fontanella, Emanuele Luigi Carniel, Livio Corain, Antonella Peruffo, Ilaria Iacopetti, Piero G. Pavan, Silvia Todros and Anna Perazzi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:340
  41. For horses requiring prolonged daily cephalic intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP), the use of a totally implantable catheter (TIC) could be indicated to reduce complications associated with frequent ve...

    Authors: Adriana Fernandes de Souza Garcia, Gesiane Ribeiro, Julia de Assis Arantes, Gustavo Morandini Reginato, Nathalia Villaca Xavier, Adriano Bonfim Carregaro, Thiago Jhonatha Fernandes Silva, Renan Grigoletto, Silvio Henrique de Freitas and Renata Gebara Sampaio Dória
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:339
  42. Rivoceranib, a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor, exhibits anti-tumour effects by selectively blocking vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) in cancer cells. Recently, the therapeutic effects of...

    Authors: Qiang Li, You-Seok Kim, Ju-Hyun An, Jin-Ah Kwon, Sang-Hyun Han, Woo-Jin Song and Hwa-Young Youn
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:338
  43. Goats are increasingly being kept as companion animals, thus their owners expect advanced medical care, including modern diagnostic imaging. Computed tomography (CT) is now widely used in veterinary medicine, ...

    Authors: Filip Pankowski, Bartłomiej Jan Bartyzel, Sławomir Paśko, Agata Moroz, Marcin Mickiewicz, Olga Szaluś-Jordanow and Joanna Bonecka
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:337
  44. In horses, the autoimmune disease vitiligo is characterized by the loss of melanocytes and results in patchy depigmentation of the skin around the eyes, muzzle and the perianal region. Vitiligo-like depigmenta...

    Authors: Thomas Druml, Gottfried Brem, Brandon Velie, Gabriella Lindgren, Michaela Horna, Anne Ricard and Gertrud Grilz-Seger
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:336
  45. N-acetyltransferase 13 (NAT13) is a probable catalytic component of the ARD1A-NARG1 complex possessing alpha (N-terminal) acetyltransferase activity.

    Authors: Yalan Tang, Kerou Zhou, Qingqing Guo, Cheng Chen, Jing Jia, Qinghong Guo, Ke Lu, Hao Li, Zhiqiang Fu, Jinming Liu, Jiaojiao Lin, Xingang Yu and Yang Hong
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:335
  46. Despite dental disease being a common health concern in alpacas, important dental pathology including apical infection, remains poorly understood. Treatment options are limited compared to veterinary dentistry...

    Authors: Kirsten Proost, Matthieu N. Boone, Ivàn Josipovic, Bart Pardon, Koen Chiers and Lieven Vlaminck
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:334

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