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  1. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhage in the spinal canal leads to further damage of the spinal cord influencing outcome in dogs with intervertebral disk (IVD) extrusion. The aim of the study was to evaluate blood degradation products a...

    Authors: Sophie Bittermann, Christof Schild, Eliane Marti, Jelena Mirkovitch, Daniela Schweizer and Diana Henke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:148

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Avian influenza (AI) is an infectious viral disease that affects several species and has zoonotic potential. Due to its associated health and economic repercussions, minimizing AI outbreaks is important. Howev...

    Authors: Amos Ssematimba, Kaitlyn M. St. Charles, Peter J. Bonney, Sasidhar Malladi, Marie Culhane, Timothy J. Goldsmith, David A. Halvorson and Carol J. Cardona

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:147

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Bilateral non-traumatic cranial cruciate disease is frequently seen in originally unilateral cruciate pathology. Untreated cranial cruciate ligament disease and concurrent meniscal lesions cause progressive os...

    Authors: Elke Van der Vekens, Evelien de Bakker, Evelien Bogaerts, Bart J. G. Broeckx, Richard Ducatelle, Kaatje Kromhout and Jimmy H. Saunders

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:146

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Biomarkers of oxidative stress in pigs have been measured in serum/plasma samples. However, blood collection in pigs can be highly stressful to the animals. Saliva is a biological fluid with several advantages...

    Authors: Camila Peres Rubio, Eva Mainau, José Joaquín Cerón, Maria Dolores Contreras-Aguilar, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Elena Navarro, Fernando Tecles, Xavier Manteca and Damian Escribano

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:144

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Novel Muscovy duck reovirus (N-MDRV), emerged in southeast China in 2002, which can infect a wide range of waterfowl and induces clinical signs and cytopathic effects that are distinct from those of classical ...

    Authors: Xue-Lian Zhang, Jian-Wei Shao, Xiao-Wen Li, Min-Min Mei, Jin-Yue Guo, Wen-Feng Li, Wen-Jing Huang, Shi-Hong Chi, Sheng Yuan, Zhi-Li Li and Shu-Jian Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:143

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  6. Content type: Research article

    There is paucity of data on the virulence of highly pathogenic (HP) avian influenza viruses (AIV) H7 in ducks compared to HPAIV H5. Here, the virulence of HPAIV H7N1 (designated H7N1-FPV34 and H7N1-It99) and H...

    Authors: David Scheibner, Claudia Blaurock, Thomas C. Mettenleiter and Elsayed M. Abdelwhab

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:142

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Canine parvovirus (CPV) and feline parvovirus (FPV) are causative agents of diarrhea in dogs and cats, which manifests as depression, vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, leucopenia, and diarrhea in young animal...

    Authors: Yaru Sun, Yuening Cheng, Peng Lin, Hewei Zhang, Li Yi, Mingwei Tong, Zhigang Cao, Shuang Li, Shipeng Cheng and Jianke Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:141

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  8. Content type: Case Report

    This report describes a case of a bronchiolar adenocarcinoma in a 6-year old alpaca mare. For the first time in an alpaca, neoplasia was classified by histopathology as a lepidic-predominant bronchiolar adenoc...

    Authors: Lara Moser, Kristel Kegler, Christina Precht and Patrik Zanolari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:139

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The limb center of pressure (COP) path measures and quantifies the load distribution within a limb in a still or moving subject. Under this premise, the aim of this study was to test whether data derived from ...

    Authors: Sergio López, José M. Vilar, Mónica Rubio, Joaquin J. Sopena, Elena Damiá, Déborah Chicharro, Angelo Santana and José M. Carrillo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:138

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Oclacitinib is a Janus kinase (JAK) 1 enzyme inhibitor and blocks JAK1-dependent cytokines and is used to control pruritus. Studies available in cats are very limited and as there is a potential role for oclac...

    Authors: Natália Lôres Lopes, Diefrey Ribeiro Campos, Marília Alves Machado, Mariana Silva Revoredo Alves, Manuela Silva Gomes de Souza, Cristiano Chaves Pessoa da Veiga, Alexandre Merlo, Fábio Barbour Scott and Julio Israel Fernandes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:137

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Feline hyperthyroidism, the most common endocrinopathy in older cats, provides a spontaneous model for human thyrotoxicosis. Human thyrotoxicosis is associated with redox unbalance, which may result in organ d...

    Authors: Alessia Candellone, Paola Gianella, Lara Ceccarelli, Graziella Raviri, Paola Badino, Silvia Roncone, Hans S. Kooistra and Giorgia Meineri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:136

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a major threat to the swine industry. It is caused by the PRRS virus (PRRSV). Determination and comparison of the nucleotide sequences of PRRSV strains p...

    Authors: Marie-Ève Lambert, Julie Arsenault, Benjamin Delisle, Pascal Audet, Zvonimir Poljak and Sylvie D’Allaire

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:135

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Duck viral hepatitis (DVH) is an acute disease of young ducklings with no effective veterinary drugs for treatment. Gynostemma pentaphyllum is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine that plays an important rol...

    Authors: Hongxu Du, Jingying Bai, Jinli Wang, Miao He, Wen Xiong, Wenjuan Yuan, Mingyu Qiao, Ke Ming, Yi Wu, Deyun Wang, Yuanliang Hu and Jiaguo Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:134

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Burkholderia mallei is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes glanders, a zoonotic disease, especially in equine populations (e.g. horses, donkeys, and mules). B. mallei usually grows slowly on most culture media,...

    Authors: Yuta Kinoshita, Ashley K. Cloutier, David A. Rozak, Md. S. R. Khan, Hidekazu Niwa, Eri Uchida-Fujii, Yoshinari Katayama and Apichai Tuanyok

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:133

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  15. Content type: Research article

    There is a critical need to develop appropriate on-farm euthanasia methods for poultry species. Euthanasia methods should affect the brain first causing insensibility, followed by cardiorespiratory arrest. Nec...

    Authors: Elein Hernandez, Fiona James, Stephanie Torrey, Tina Widowski, Karen Schwean-Lardner, Gabrielle Monteith and Patricia V. Turner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:132

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of most important zoonotic viruses, and it can infect a wide range of host species. Avian HEV has been identified as the aetiological agent of big liver and spleen disease or hep...

    Authors: Xue-Lian Zhang, Wen-Feng Li, Sheng Yuan, Jin-Yue Guo, Zhi-Li Li, Shi-Hong Chi, Wen-Jing Huang, Xiao-Wen Li, Shu-Jian Huang and Jian-Wei Shao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:131

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of bacterial pathogens is an emerging public health threat. This threat extends to pets as it also compromises our ability to treat their infections. Surveillance programs in the...

    Authors: Olgica Ceric, Gregory H. Tyson, Laura B. Goodman, Patrick K. Mitchell, Yan Zhang, Melanie Prarat, Jing Cui, Laura Peak, Joy Scaria, Linto Antony, Milton Thomas, Sarah M. Nemser, Renee Anderson, Anil J. Thachil, Rebecca J. Franklin-Guild, Durda Slavic…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:130

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular zoonotic parasite, infects all mammalian and birds. Understanding the prevalence of Toxoplasma in bird is important for evaluating the transmission of this parasite. No informa...

    Authors: Si-Yang Huang, Yi-Min Fan, Kai Chen, Qiu-Xia Yao and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:129

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Polymorphisms of the prion protein gene may influence scrapie susceptibility in small ruminants through modified protein conformation. At least 47 amino acid substitutions and 19 silent polymorphisms have been...

    Authors: Maria Vitale, Sergio Migliore, Berhanu Tilahun, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Marco Tolone, Ignazio Sammarco, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti and Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:128

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Laminitis is considered as one of the most important causes of hoof lameness in dairy cows, which can lead to enormous economic losses. However, the etiology and pathogenesis of laminitis have not been clarifi...

    Authors: Meng-Yue Tian, Jing-Hui Fan, Zhi-Wei Zhuang, Fei Dai, Cheng-Yu Wang, Hai-Ting Hou and Yu-Zhong Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:127

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In this research, using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we provide a thorough description of the standard appearance of a right tarsal joint in a Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris). CT ...

    Authors: Alberto Arencibia, Jorge Matos, Mario Encinoso, Francisco Gil, Alejandro Artiles, Francisco Martínez-Gomariz and José Maria Vázquez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:126

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) is considered the most important infectious cause of lameness in dairy cattle worldwide, but has only recently been observed in New Zealand. Although many studies have investiga...

    Authors: Dan Aaron Yang, M. Carolyn Gates, Kristina R. Müller and Richard A. Laven

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:125

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  23. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to survey the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and virulence-associated genes of Salmonella enterica recovered from broiler chickens and retail shops at El-Sharkia Province in Egypt. Salmone...

    Authors: Rasha Elkenany, Mona Mohieldin Elsayed, Amira I. Zakaria, Shimaa Abd- El-Salam El-sayed and Mohamed Abdo Rizk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:124

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  24. Content type: Research article

    MSCs secretome is under investigation as an alternative to whole-cell-based therapies, since it is enriched of bioactive molecules: growth factors, cytokines and chemokines. Taking into account the translation...

    Authors: Chiara Bernardini, Martina Bertocchi, Augusta Zannoni, Roberta Salaroli, Irvin Tubon, Giovanni Dothel, Mercedes Fernandez, Maria Laura Bacci, Laura Calzà and Monica Forni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:123

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  25. Content type: Case Report

    Rotheca glabrum (formerly known as Clerodendrum glabrum [Verbenaceae]) is used by local communities in the Limpopo Province of South Africa to control ticks on livestock and was selected from the database of the ...

    Authors: Kedibone Gloria Mawela, Dibungi Luseba, Solomon Magano and Jacobus Nicolaas Eloff

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:122

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Mutations in the N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) can cause degenerative polyneuropathy in humans, dogs, and rodents. In humans, this motor and sensory neuropathy is known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease ...

    Authors: Fredrik S. Skedsmo, Michael A. Tranulis, Arild Espenes, Kristian Prydz, Kaspar Matiasek, Gjermund Gunnes, Lene C. Hermansen and Karin H. Jäderlund

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:121

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The southern tamandua, Tamandua tetradactyla (Linnaeus, 1758), is the most common species of anteater. Even though much is known about its ecology, behavior, and parasites, there is very limited information about...

    Authors: Leonardo Cotts, Roberta V. Amaral, Maíra Laeta, Carlos A. Cunha-Filho and Ricardo Moratelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:120

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Pasteurella multocida is responsible for significant economic losses in pigs worldwide. In clinically diseased pigs, most P. multocida isolates are characterised as subspecies multocida, biovar 2 or 3 and capsula...

    Authors: Jongho Kim, Jong Wan Kim, Sang-Ik Oh, ByungJae So, Won-Il Kim and Ha-Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:119

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus 2-associated disease (PCVAD) is acknowledged as one of the most economically important diseases for the swine industry worldwide. The aim of this study was to characterize and determine the ...

    Authors: Jing Yao, Yanran Qin, Yue Zeng, Kang Ouyang, Ying Chen, Weijian Huang and Zuzhang Wei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:118

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a novel coronavirus that can cause diarrhea in nursing piglets. This study was aimed to investigate the roles of host differentially expressed genes on metabolic pathways in PD...

    Authors: Jiao L. Wu, Kai J. Mai, Di Li, Rui T. Wu, Zi X. Wu, Xiao Y. Tang, Qian N. Li, Yuan Sun, Tian Lan, Xiang B. Zhang and Jing Y. Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:117

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a major etiological agent of porcine epidemic diarrhea around the world. Point-of-care testing in the field is lacking owing to the requirement for a simple, robust fi...

    Authors: Xueyu Wang, Xin Xu, Wen Hu, Kejing Zuo, Zhili Li, Yunchao Kan, Lunguang Yao, Jun Ji and Yingzuo Bi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:116

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Our understanding of the biology of osteoblasts is important as they underpin bone remodelling, fracture healing and processes such as osseointegration. Osteoblasts isolated from human humeral samples display ...

    Authors: Richard L. Meeson, Inês P. Perpétuo, Kevin Parsons, Isabel R. Orriss, Mittal Shah, Andrew A. Pitsillides and Michael Doube

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:114

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  33. Content type: Case report

    In May 2017, 17 dogs in a German Shepherd breeding kennel in northern China developed respiratory clinical signs. The owner treated the dogs with an intravenous injection of Shuang-Huang-lian, a traditional Ch...

    Authors: Liwei Zhou, Haoran Sun, Shikai Song, Jinhua Liu, Zhaofei Xia, Yipeng Sun and Yanli Lyu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:113

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is a novel member of Flavivirus. The isolated and purified DTMUV strain XZ-2012 was used as a strain model, to intramuscularly inject the six-month egg-laying shelducks with the infecti...

    Authors: Xuejing Sun, Enxue Liu, Adeela Iqbal, Taozhi Wang, Xindong Wang, Abdul Haseeb, Nisar Ahmed, Ping Yang and Qiusheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:112

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  35. Content type: Research article

    PDCoV (Porcine Deltacoronavirus) is a novel porcine coronavirus that causes intestinal necrosis of piglets, thinning of the intestinal wall and severe villus atrophy in the small intestine. PDCoV is a highly c...

    Authors: Xiaoyu Tang, Tian Lan, Ruiting Wu, Zhihai Zhou, Yuqi Chen, Yuan Sun, Yaoyao Zheng and Jingyun Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:111

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  36. Content type: Methodology article

    Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is a common pathogen causing respiratory disease in cattle and a significant contributor to the bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex. BRSV is widely distributed ar...

    Authors: Zhankui Liu, Jianyou Li, Zeyu Liu, Jiawei Li, Zhijie Li, Chao Wang, Jianke Wang and Li Guo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:110

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In order to characterize the complete range of lesions, especially minimal, affecting mammary gland and viral antigen distribution and target cells using immunohistochemistry in naturally Visna/maedi (VM) 84 i...

    Authors: E. Gayo, L. Polledo, A. Magalde, A. Balseiro, M. J. García Iglesias, C. Pérez Martínez, S. Preziuso, G. Rossi and J. F. García Marín

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:109

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  38. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to examine the prevalence, serovars, and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates from broiler chickens in Kagoshima, Japan. A total of 192 flocks and 3071 samples were collected from broi...

    Authors: Vu Minh Duc, Yuko Nakamoto, Ayaka Fujiwara, Hajime Toyofuku, Takeshi Obi and Takehisa Chuma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:108

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a major emerging virus of porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD), which has brought huge economic losses to the global pig industry. Pigs are well known as the natura...

    Authors: Tao Song, Jianxiang Hao, Ran Zhang, Menghu Tang, Wenao Li, Weirong Hui, Qiyuan Fu, Chunfang Wang, Shuyang Xin, Shoucong Zhang, Ping Rui, Hai Ren and Zengjun Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:107

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in food-producing animals is a global public health issue. This study investigated AMR and virulence profiles of E. coli isolated from healthy chickens in Vietnam. E. coli were isol...

    Authors: Passoret Vounba, Julie Arsenault, Rianatou Bada-Alambédji and John Morris Fairbrother

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:106

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  41. Content type: Research article

    A previous study showed that prebiotics and synbiotics administered in ovo into the egg air cell on the 12th day of incubation enhance the growth and development of chickens. However, the influence of this proced...

    Authors: Tadeusz Stefaniak, Jan P. Madej, Stanisław Graczyk, Maria Siwek, Ewa Łukaszewicz, Artur Kowalczyk, Marcin Sieńczyk and Marek Bednarczyk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:105

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  42. Content type: Methodology article

    Usage of sexed semen that allows to choose the gender of the calves, is commonly practiced in livestock industry as a profitable breeding alternative, especially in dairy farming. The flow cytometric cell sort...

    Authors: Olavi Reinsalu, Ott Scheler, Ruth Mikelsaar, Aavo-Valdur Mikelsaar, Triin Hallap, Ülle Jaakma, Peeter Padrik, Ants Kavak, Andres Salumets and Ants Kurg

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:104

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Major viruses, including duck-origin avian influenza virus, duck-origin Newcastle disease virus, novel duck parvovirus, duck hepatitis A virus, duck Tembusu virus, fowl adenovirus, and duck enteritis virus, po...

    Authors: Ming Yao, Xiyu Zhang, Yunfei Gao, Suquan Song, Danning Xu and Liping Yan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:103

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  44. Content type: Case Report

    Polymelia is a congenital defect characterized by one or more supernumerary legs. The genetics and aetiology of this condition in cattle have not yet been thoroughly investigated even though several case repor...

    Authors: Ute Morath-Huss, Cord Drögemüller, Michael Stoffel, Christina Precht, Patrik Zanolari and Claudia Spadavecchia

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:102

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidium spp. are important zoonotic pathogens infecting a wide range of vertebrate hosts, and causing moderate to severe diarrhea in humans. Cryptosporidium infections are frequently reported in humans an...

    Authors: Shuangjian Zheng, Dongfang Li, Chunxiang Zhou, Sumei Zhang, Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Yuancai Chen, Jianying Huang, Changshen Ning, Gaiping Zhang and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:101

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Haemonchosis affects sheep husbandry and its treatment is often compromised due to the development of anthelminthic resistance. Plant-derived bioactive compounds have been studied as alternative to control Haemon...

    Authors: Suelen Mendonça Soares, Robert Domingues, Emanuelle Baldo Gaspar, Patrício Azevedo dos Santos, Kirley Marques Canuto, Alessandro Pelegrine Minho and Maria Isabel Botelho Vieira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:99

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus parasuis (HPS) is the causative agent of Glässer’s disease, characterized by arthritis, fibrinous polyserositis and meningitis, and resulting in worldwide economic losses in the swine industry. Baical...

    Authors: Chun Ye, Ruizhi Li, Lei Xu, Yinsheng Qiu, Shulin Fu, Yu Liu, Zhongyuan Wu, Yongqing Hou and Chien-An Andy Hu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:98

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