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  1. Molasses is a potential energy supplement; extensively used to improve growth performance, milk and meat characteristics in goats at relatively low concentrations of 5–40% of the diet. Few data are available c...

    Authors: Osman A. Osman, Nawal M. Elkhair and Khalid A. Abdoun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:411

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis (Cfv) is the pathogen responsible for Bovine Genital Campylobacteriosis (BGC), a venereal disease of cattle associated with impaired reproductive performance. Although severa...

    Authors: Marta Filipa Silva, Ana Duarte, Gonçalo Pereira, Luísa Mateus, Luís Lopes-da-Costa and Elisabete Silva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:410

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Meckel’s diverticula are a rare cause of small intestinal strangulation, diagnosed at laparotomy or necropsy. This congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract originates from a remnant of the vitelline du...

    Authors: E. Stas, L. Kranenburg, P. Witt, J. de Grauw, J. van den Brand, J. Ensink and H. Brommer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:409

    Content type: Case Report

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  4. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a serious viral disease of swine. At present, there are vaccines for the control of PRRSV infection, but the effect is not satisfactory. The recom...

    Authors: Jun Zhao, Ling Zhu, Lei Xu, Jianbo Huang, Xiangang Sun and Zhiwen Xu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:408

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Infection with bovine leukemia virus (BLV), the causative agent for enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL), is increasing in dairy farms of Japan. The tendency of tumor development following BLV infection in certain c...

    Authors: Yasuko Inagaki, Tomoko Kobayashi, Yoshihito Suda, Kazuya Kusama and Kazuhiko Imakawa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:407

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Calcinosis has been reported for a broad range of different animals. Causes for calcinosis include metabolic disorders due to kidney failure, intoxication with calcinogenic plants, or iatrogenic overdose of vi...

    Authors: Matthias Gerhard Wagener, Annika Lehmbecker, Melanie Bühler, Mirja Wilkens, Teresa Punsmann and Martin Ganter

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:406

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. Apart from the huge worldwide economic losses often occasioned by bovine coronavirus (BCoV) to the livestock industry, particularly with respect to cattle rearing, continuous surveillance of the virus in cattl...

    Authors: Vitus Burimuah, Augustina Sylverken, Michael Owusu, Philip El-Duah, Richmond Yeboah, Jones Lamptey, Yaw Oppong Frimpong, Olivia Agbenyega, Raphael Folitse, Ben Emikpe, William Tasiame, Eddie-Williams Owiredu, Samuel Oppong, Christopher Antwi, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie and Christian Drosten

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:405

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Disease prevention and control is a significant part in the ex-situ conservation of the endangered red panda (Ailurus fulgens), being bacterial infection is one of the most important health threats to the captive...

    Authors: Songrui Liu, Yunli Li, Chanjuan Yue, Dongsheng Zhang, Xiaoyan Su, Xia Yan, Kuixing Yang, Xin Chen, Guifu Zhuo, Tong Cai, Jiangfeng Liu, Xi Peng and Rong Hou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:404

    Content type: Case Report

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  9. Vitamin D deficiency and related metabolic bone diseases in pet rabbits have been intermittently debated. In human research, the parathyroid hormone concentration in relation to the 25-hydroxyvitamin D concent...

    Authors: J. Mäkitaipale, S. Sankari, H. Sievänen and O. Laitinen-Vapaavuori

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:403

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) is an antimicrobial activity center of lactoferrin, produced by hydrolysis from the N-terminal of lactoferrin. It was hypothesized that the intramolecular disulfide bond in Lfcin could af...

    Authors: Jie Pei, Lin Xiong, Min Chu, Xian Guo and Ping Yan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:401

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The excessive use of antibiotics in the livestock feed industry caused inevitable side effects of microbial resistance. Besides this residual antibiotics in animal-derived foodstuff imposed serious health prob...

    Authors: Miao Ye, Chunjie Wei, Anam Khalid, Qian Hu, Ru Yang, Binghong Dai, Hengwei Cheng and Zaigui Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:400

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) of the genus Mycoplasma are recognized as important bacteria that parasitize red blood cells, causing hemolytic anemia in many mammalian species, including cats. No inform...

    Authors: Mirela Imre, Cristina Văduva, Gheorghe Dărăbuș, Sorin Morariu, Viorel Herman, Judit Plutzer, Tijana Suici, Philippa J P Lait and Kálmán Imre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:399

    Content type: Research article

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  13. This case report describes the clinical signs of a calf with focal diplomyelia at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and histological findings of the affected spin...

    Authors: Gerlinde J. Wunderink, Ursula E. A. Bergwerff, Victoria R. Vos, Mark W. Delany, Dorien S. Willems and Peter R. Hut

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:398

    Content type: Case Report

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  14. Wounds cause structural and functional discontinuity of an organ. Wound healing, therefore, seeks to re-establish the normal morphology and functionality through intertwined stages of hemostasis, inflammation,...

    Authors: Daniel Kwesi Sia, Kwesi Boadu Mensah, Tony Opoku-Agyemang, Raphael D. Folitse and David Obiri Darko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:397

    Content type: Research article

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  15. There are limited options to diagnose acute kidney injury (AKI) in horses. Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is routinely used in human and small animal medicine. The aim of this study was to assess serum SDMA...

    Authors: Natalia Siwinska, Agnieszka Zak, Malwina Slowikowska, Artur Niedzwiedz and Urszula Paslawska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:396

    Content type: Research article

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  16. A selection of haematological and serum biochemical profile was first presented from the 81 samples of Chinese water deer (Hydropotes inermis). The deer health assessment database was initially established, espec...

    Authors: Dayi Nie, Jianfeng Gui, Na Zhao, Yi Lin, Haiming Tang, Feng Cai, Guoping Shen, Jiazhong Liu, Endi Zhang and Min Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:395

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Salmonella is a very important foodborne pathogen causing illness in humans. The emergence of drug-resistant strains also constitutes a serious worry to global health and livestock productivity. This study invest...

    Authors: Zunita Zakaria, Latiffah Hassan, Zawiyah Sharif, Norazah Ahmad, Rohaya Mohd Ali, Suraya Amir Husin, Nor Hazrin binti Abd Hazis, Nor Fitriah Mohamed Sohaimi, Shafini Abu Bakar and Bashiru Garba

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:393

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Early-life antibiotic administration is known to affect gut microbiota and host adiposity, but the effects of antibiotic exposure on skeletal muscle properties remain unknown. The present study evaluated the c...

    Authors: Honglin Yan, Bing Yu, Jeroen Degroote, Thomas Spranghers, Noémie Van Noten, Maryam Majdeddin, Mario Van Poucke, Luc Peelman, Jo De Vrieze, Nico Boon, Ingrid Gielen, Stefaan De Smet, Daiwen Chen and Joris Michiels

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:392

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the energy matrix values of the nonstarch polysaccharide- (NSP-) degrading enzymes, bioemulsifier (LYSOFORTE®), guanidinoacetic acid (CreAMINO®), or their combinati...

    Authors: Abdallah E. Metwally, Ahmed A. A. Abdel-Wareth, Ahmed A. Saleh and Shimaa A. Amer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:391

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) is a multifactorial immune-mediated disease that can lead to chronic pain, anorexia, and weight loss and has substantial health and welfare effects. Currently, the recom...

    Authors: Lisa A. Mestrinho, Rita Rosa, Patrícia Ramalho, Vasco Branco, Leonor Iglésias, Hugo Pissarra, Ana Duarte and Maria Niza

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:390

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Our aim was to investigate the incidence and prevalence of clinical mastitis, peracute mastitis, metabolic disorders, and peripartum disorders, and to examine factors affecting the prevalence of each disease i...

    Authors: Yuki Fukushima, Erina Kino, Aina Furutani, Tomoya Minamino, Yoko Mikurino, Yoichiro Horii, Kazuyuki Honkawa and Yosuke Sasaki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:389

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Identification of risk factors is crucial in Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) control especially in endemic countries. In Rwanda, almost all outbreaks of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) have started in Eastern...

    Authors: Jean Claude Udahemuka, Gabriel Oluga Aboge, George Ogello Obiero, Phiyani Justice Lebea, Joshua Orungo Onono and Massimo Paone

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:387

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Primary ureteral neoplasia in dogs is extremely rare. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the second documented case of a primary ureteral hemangiosarcoma. This case report describes the clinical an...

    Authors: Joseph A. Polit, Elisabeth V. Moore and Ember Epperson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:386

    Content type: Case Report

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  24. Q fever is a zoonotic disease, caused by Gram negative bacterium C. burnetii, which imparts significant socio-economic burden due to production and reproductive loss (abortion, stillbirth, and infertility) in rum...

    Authors: Feyissa Begna Deressa, David Onafruo Kal, Benti Deressa Gelalcha and Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:385

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Measurement of adenosine deaminase (ADA) can provide information about cell-mediated immunity. This report’s objective was to study the enzymatic activity of total ADA (tADA) and its isoenzymes ADA1 and ADA2 i...

    Authors: María Dolores Contreras-Aguilar, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Ingrida Monkeviciene, María Martín-Cuervo, Luis Guillermo González-Arostegui, Lorena Franco-Martínez, José Joaquín Cerón, Fernando Tecles and Damián Escribano

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:384

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Transmissible mink encephalopathy (TME) is a fatal neurologic disease of farmed mink. Evidence indicates that TME and L-BSE are similar and may be linked in some outbreaks of TME. We previously transmitted bov...

    Authors: Eric Cassmann, Sarah Jo Moore, Robyn Kokemuller, Anne Balkema-Buschmann, Martin Groschup, Eric Nicholson and Justin Greenlee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:383

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Knowledge of therapy-induced intestinal tract concentrations of antimicrobials allows for interpretation and prediction of antimicrobial resistance selection within the intestinal microbiota. This study descri...

    Authors: Joren De Smet, Filip Boyen, Siska Croubels, Geertrui Rasschaert, Freddy Haesebrouck, Robin Temmerman, Sofie Rutjens, Patrick De Backer and Mathias Devreese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:382

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Most vector-borne pathogens cause zoonotic diseases. These zoonoses often have wild animal reservoirs that play a significant role in disease epidemiology. However, pet animals have also been implicated in tra...

    Authors: J. Mack Fudge, Bailey Boyanowski, Bernie Page, Shuling Liu and Artem S. Rogovskyy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:381

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Anaplasmosis, an animal disease caused by rickettsial bacteria in the genus Anaplasma, is of considerable economic importance in livestock animals in many countries worldwide. The objectives of this study were to...

    Authors: Anh H. L. Nguyen, Sonthaya Tiawsirisup and Morakot Kaewthamasorn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:380

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Ureaplasma diversum has numerous virulence factors that contribute to pathogenesis in cattle, including Lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs). Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate in sili...

    Authors: Manoel Neres Santos Junior, Ronaldo Silva Santos, Wanderson Souza Neves, Janaina Marinho Fernandes, Bruna Carolina de Brito Guimarães, Maysa Santos Barbosa, Lucas Santana Coelho Silva, Camila Pacheco Gomes, Izadora Souza Rezende, Caline Novaes Teixeira Oliveira, Nayara Silva de Macêdo Neres, Guilherme Barreto Campos, Bruno Lopes Bastos, Jorge Timenetsky and Lucas Miranda Marques

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:379

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Reports of osteoblastic tumours are limited to a few case reports in veterinary medicine. Osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma has been accepted by the World Health Organization as an intermediate form between an o...

    Authors: Felix Giebels, Franck Forterre, Simona Vincenti, Urs Geissbuehler, Monika M. Welle, Roy Pool, Sabina Soldati and Arianna Maiolini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:378

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. The aetiology of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) in animals is still unknown. In humans, this pulmonary disorder is a rare autosomal recessive disorder triggered by a mutation in the gene SLC34A2, whic...

    Authors: Ana Canadas Sousa, Joana C. Santos, Clara Landolt, Catarina Gomes, Patrícia Dias-Pereira and Cláudia S. Baptista

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:376

    Content type: Case Report

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  33. Epizootic lymphangitis (EL), caused by Histoplasma capsulatum variety farciminosum (HCF) is a contagious, chronic disease of equines, characterized by development of nodular lesions in the lymph nodes, lymphatic ...

    Authors: Birhanu Hadush, Molla Michaelay, Habtamu Taddele Menghistu, Nigus Abebe, Abreha Tesfaye Genzebu, Habtom Kiros Bitsue, Berihun Afera, Bojia E. Duguma, Getachew Gugsa and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:375

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cryptorchidism is a condition that occurs when one or both testes fail to descend into the scrotum. It is a common congenital disorder, causing economic loss in pig production. However, there have been only li...

    Authors: Nathamon Yimpring, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Janthima Jaresitthikunchai, Narumon Phaonakrop, Sucheewin Krobthong and Gunnaporn Suriyaphol

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:373

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Few cases of scedosporiosis have been reported in animals, but the true prevalence is probably underestimated due to a lack of awareness. Scedosporiosis in dogs has often been associated with localized infecti...

    Authors: Giovanni Di Teodoro, Daniela Averaimo, Miria Primavera, Doriana Santoleri, Giorgia Giovannini, Antonio Cocco, Gabriella Di Francesco, Daniela Malatesta, Sabrina Defourny, Nicola D’Alterio, Valentina Curini, Marco Di Domenico and Antonio Petrini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:372

    Content type: Case Report

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  36. Baicalin, the main metabolic component of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has various pharmacological properties including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, anti-bactericidal and anti-viral. The pu...

    Authors: Fan Yang, Chun Feng, Yongxiu Yao, Aijian Qin, Hongxia Shao and Kun Qian

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:371

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In a laminitic horse, the maximal loading of the toe region occurs during the breakover phase. To date, no kinetic data demonstrates the effect of supportive orthopaedic therapy in horses with laminitis on bre...

    Authors: Mohamad Al Naem, Lutz-Ferdinand Litzke, Florian Geburek, Klaus Failing, Johanna Hoffmann and Michael Röcken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:370

    Content type: Research article

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  38. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly fatal viral hemorrhagic disease of domestic pigs that threatens livelihoods and food security. In Africa, ASF virus (ASFV) circulates in sylvatic (transmission between war...

    Authors: Clara M. Yona, Merijn Vanhee, Edgar Simulundu, Mariam Makange, Hans J. Nauwynck and Gerald Misinzo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:369

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Meperidine is a synthetic opioid that belongs to the phenylpiperidine class and is a weak mu receptor agonist. In horses there are a limited number of published studies describing the analgesic effects of syst...

    Authors: Briana D. Hamamoto-Hardman, Eugene P. Steffey, Daniel S. McKemie, Philip H. Kass and Heather K. Knych

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:368

    Content type: Research article

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  40. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jowita Samanta Niczyporuk, Wojciech Kozdruń, Hanna Czekaj, Natalia Styś-Fijoł and Karolina Piekarska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:367

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:58

  41. Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species are tick-borne pathogens of both veterinary and public health importance. The current status of these pathogens, including emerging species such as Ehrlichia minasensis and Anaplas...

    Authors: Shepelo Getrude Peter, Gabriel Oluga Aboge, Hellen Wambui Kariuki, Esther Gathoni Kanduma, Daniel Waweru Gakuya, Ndichu Maingi, Charles Matiku Mulei and Alfred Omwando Mainga

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:364

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The majority of animal tuberculosis (TB) cases reported in wildlife in Poland over the past 20 years have concerned the European bison inhabiting the Bieszczady Mountains in Southeast Poland: an area running a...

    Authors: Blanka Orłowska, Monika Krajewska-Wędzina, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Monika Kozińska, Sylwia Brzezińska, Anna Zabost, Anna Didkowska, Mirosław Welz, Stanisław Kaczor, Piotr Żmuda and Krzysztof Anusz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:362

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Epsilon toxin (ETX) causes a commonly fatal enterotoxemia in domestic animals. Also, ETX causes serious economic losses to animal husbandry. In this study, we selected several clones against ETX using repertoi...

    Authors: Maryam Alibeiki, Mehdi Golchin and Mohammad Tabatabaei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:361

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Free-range local chickens (FRLC) farming is an important activity in Tanzania, however, they have not been well-characterized. This study aimed to phenotypically characterize three Tanzanian FRLCs and to deter...

    Authors: James R. Mushi, Gaspar H. Chiwanga, Esinam N. Amuzu-Aweh, Muhammed Walugembe, Robert A. Max, Susan J. Lamont, Terra R. Kelly, Esther L. Mollel, Peter L. Msoffe, Jack Dekkers, Rodrigo Gallardo, Huaijun Zhou and Amandus P. Muhairwa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:360

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Clinical signs of traumatic reticuloperitonitis and abomasal ulcer are often similar making the disorders difficult to differentiate. The goal of our study was to compare the frequency of individual clinical s...

    Authors: Ueli Braun, Karl Nuss, Sonja Warislohner, Christina Reif, Carina Oschlies and Christian Gerspach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:359

    Content type: Research article

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