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  1. Animal diseases that are endemic like tsetse transmitted trypanosomosis cause the continuous expenditure of financial resources of livestock farmers and loss of productivity of livestock. Estimating the cost o...

    Authors: Daniel Kizza, Michael Ocaido, Anthony Mugisha, Rose Azuba, Sylvia Nalubwama, Sarah Nalule, Howard Onyuth, Simon Peter Musinguzi and Charles Waiswa
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:372
  2. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of COVID-19, has infected several animal species, including dogs, presumably via human-to-animal transmission. Most infected do...

    Authors: Miguel Padilla-Blanco, Santiago Vega, Luis Enjuanes, Alfonso Morey, Teresa Lorenzo, Clara Marín, Carmen Ivorra, Elisa Maiques, Vicente Rubio and Consuelo Rubio-Guerri
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:370
  3. Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) causes acute vomiting and diarrhea in piglets, leading to significant financial losses for the pig industry. Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is a...

    Authors: Xiao Cong, Yujun Zhu, Xinchao Liu, Yuexiao Lian, Bihong Huang, Yinzhu Luo, Youfang Gu, Miaoli Wu and Yue Shi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:369
  4. The current diagnosis of feline carpal injuries is based on radiographic examination including stress views and computed tomography; however, these techniques do not allow for direct evaluation of the carpal l...

    Authors: Rachel M. Basa, Kenneth A. Johnson and Juan M. Podadera
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:368
  5. Infectious necrotic hepatitis (INH) is typically a disease of ruminants caused by Clostridium novyi type B. Growth of the causative agent is supported by development of an anaerobic environment within the liver. ...

    Authors: Brie Trusiano, S. Michelle Todd, Sarah Barrett, Michael Ciepluch, Alexandra Fox, Diamond McClendon, Kevin K. Lahmers, Vanessa J. Oakes, Francisco Carvallo, Virginia Corrigan and Tessa E. LeCuyer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:366
  6. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are a powerful disinfectant, but little information is available on their potential use as a growth promoter and the safety margin of this. In this study, 480 1-day-old Cobb chicks...

    Authors: Asmaa F. Khafaga, Moustafa M. G. Fouda, Ali B. Alwan, Nader R. Abdelsalam, Ayman E. Taha, Mustafa S. Atta and Waleed M. Dosoky
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:365
  7. Selecting American mink (Neovison vison) for tolerance to Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) has gained popularity in recent years, but data on the outcomes of this activity are scant. The objectives of this stud...

    Authors: A. Hossain Farid, Irshad Hussain, Priyanka P. Rupasinghe, Jancy Stephen and Irin Arju
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:364
  8. It has been proposed that childhood vaccines in high-mortality populations may have substantial impacts on mortality rates that are not explained by the prevention of targeted diseases, nor conversely by typic...

    Authors: Darryn L. Knobel, Anne Conan, Felix N. Toka, Sintayehu M. Arega, Charles Byaruhanga, Eric Ogola, Erick M. O. Muok, Jan E. Crafford, Andrew L. Leisewitz, Melvyn Quan and Mary Anna Thrall
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:363
  9. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) is a major animal health hazard in many countries throughout the world, caused by bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1). The study’s goal was to evaluate the prevalence of BoHV-1 s...

    Authors: Abdelfattah Selim, Salma Shoulah, Roua A. Alsubki, Fatima M. Albohairy, Kotb A. Attia and Itoh Kimiko
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:362
  10. Few studies have molecularly characterized the potential zoonotic protozoa, Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in sheep and goats in China, therefore total 472 fecal samples were...

    Authors: Penglin Wang, Ling Zheng, Linke Liu, Fuchang Yu, Yichen Jian, Rongjun Wang, Sumei Zhang, Longxian Zhang, Changshen Ning and Fuchun Jian
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:361
  11. In camels, nasopharyngeal myiasis is caused by the larvae of Cephalopina titillator, which parasitize the tissues of nasal and paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx. C. titillator infestation adversely affects t...

    Authors: Huaibing Yao, Mengli Liu, Wanpeng Ma, Haitao Yue, Zhanqiang Su, Ruiqi Song, Qiang Ma, Ling Li, Zhuangyuan Wu, Yingjun Ma, Gangliang Chen, Baojiang Chen and Jie Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:360
  12. Serum Amyloid A (SAA) is a major acute phase protein in cats, increasing rapidly in response to various inflammatory diseases. An automated latex-enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay for human SAA (LZ-SAA, Eiken...

    Authors: Elspeth M. Waugh, Hayley Haining, James Harvie, Alison E. Ridyard and P. David Eckersall
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:359
  13. Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an economically crucial respiratory disease of poultry that affects the industry worldwide. Vaccination is the principal tool in the control of the disease outbreak. In an...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Saied, Magdy M. El-Mahdy, Mahmoud Bayoumi, Reem A. Soliman, Marwa. F. Elsayed, Ezz El-Din Sakr, Mostafa Bastami, Munir M. El-Safty and Mohamed Shaalan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:358
  14. Pregnancy, parturition, and the onset of lactation represent an enormous physiological and hormonal challenge to the homeostasis of dairy animals, being a risk for their health and reproduction. Thus, as a par...

    Authors: Navid Ghavipanje, Mohammad Hasan Fathi Nasri, Seyyed Homayoun Farhangfar, Seyyed Ehsan Ghiasi and Einar Vargas-Bello-Pérez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:357
  15. In recent years, researchers have become increasingly interested in developing natural feed additives that can stabilize ruminal pH and thus prevent or eliminate the risk of severe subacute rumen acidosis. Her...

    Authors: Mariam G. Ahmed, Adham A. Al-Sagheer, Samir Z. El-Zarkouny and Eman A. Elwakeel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:356
  16. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are described as promising non-invasive biomarkers for diagnostics and therapeutics. Human studies have shown that haemolysis occurring during blood collection or due to improper...

    Authors: Matias Aguilera-Rojas, Soroush Sharbati, Torsten Stein, Mario Candela Andrade, Barbara Kohn and Ralf Einspanier
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:355
  17. This study evaluated the modulatory effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) supplementations on the productive performance, blood biochemistry, carcass criteria, and meat quality of White New Zealand rab...

    Authors: Ahmed A. A. Abdel-Wareth, Shimaa A. Amer, Muhammad Mobashar and Hazem G. M. El-Sayed
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:354
  18. Respiratory diseases are among the most common and expensive to treat diseases in camels with a great economic impact on camel health, welfare, and production. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) has been prov...

    Authors: Turke Shawaf, Hans-Joachim Schuberth and Jamal Hussen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:353
  19. Tuberculosis (TB) due to Mycobacterium caprae is endemic in goat herds and free-ranging wild boars in Spain, causing infections in other livestock or wild animals to a lesser extent. TB infection in foxes is infr...

    Authors: Bernat Pérez de Val, Claudia Perea, Josep Estruch, Carlos Solano-Manrique, Carles Riera, Albert Sanz, Enric Vidal and Roser Velarde
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:352
  20. In people, the cardiovascular effects of obesity include systemic hypertension, cardiac remodelling and both systolic and diastolic dysfunction, whilst weight reduction can reverse myocardial remodelling and r...

    Authors: C. Partington, H. Hodgkiss-Geere, G. R. T. Woods, J. Dukes-McEwan, J. Flanagan, V. Biourge and A. J. German
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:351
  21. OvSynch is a hormonal protocol for synchronization of estrus and use of artificial insemination (AI) at an optimal time without adverse effects on the ovaries or uterus. This study investigated the use of noni...

    Authors: Heba A. Sharawy, AbdelRaouf O. Hegab, Engy F. Risha, Mohamed El-Adl, Walid T. Soliman, Mohamed A. Gohar, Reham A. Fahmy, Virginia M. Farag, Kazuhiko Imakawa, Fuller W. Bazer, Daniela James, Adel Zaghloul, Abdelnasser A. Abdalla, Mariam M. Rabie and Mohammed A. Elmetwally
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:350
  22. Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) is a positive-sense RNA virus of the family of the picornaviridæ that is responsible for one of the livestock diseases with the highest economic impact, the Foot-and-Mouth D...

    Authors: Jean Claude Udahemuka, Gabriel Aboge, George Obiero, Angélique Ingabire, Natasha Beeton, Evodie Uwibambe and Phiyani Lebea
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:349
  23. Atypical porcine pestivirus (APPV) is a neurotropic virus associated with congenital tremor type A-II. A few experimental studies also indicate an association between APPV and splay leg. The overarching aim of...

    Authors: Hedvig Stenberg, Stina Hellman, Lisa Lindström, Magdalena Jacobson, Caroline Fossum, Juliette Hayer and Maja Malmberg
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:348
  24. Cottonseed meal (CSM), a relatively rich source of protein and amino acids, is used as an inexpensive alternative to soybean meal (SBM) in poultry diets. However, the toxicity of free gossypol in CSM has been ...

    Authors: Jun Yu, Zhengfeng Yang, Haiming Yang and Zhiyue Wang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:347
  25. The viscoelastic coagulation monitor (VCM Vet) is a novel, portable device that provides a global assessment of hemostasis. The study aims were to evaluate serial viscoelastic analysis during the perianestheti...

    Authors: Wen H. Wang, Alex M. Lynch, Julie A. Balko, Daniel J. Duffy, James B. Robertson and Lysa P. Posner
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:346
  26. Bacteria deliver effector proteins into the host cell via a secretory system that can directly act on the target to cause disease. As an important pipeline structural protein of the type VI secretion system (T...

    Authors: Xiangjun Song, Zhe Chen, Ziqi Li, Xiaoru Wang, Manman Hou, Ying Shao, Jian Tu and Kezong Qi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:344
  27. Sheep pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA) is a contagious lung cancer of sheep caused by the Jaagsiekte retrovirus (JSRV). OPA typically has a serious economic impact worldwide. A vaccine has yet to be developed, e...

    Authors: Nuha Amin Mahmoud, Abdelmajeed M. Elshafei and Yassir A. Almofti
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:343
  28. The success of workplace clinical training (WCT) is important given that veterinary students are licensed to work independently upon graduation. Considering this, it is perhaps surprising that there is limited...

    Authors: Jennifer Routh, Sharmini Julita Paramasivam, Peter Cockcroft, Vishna Devi Nadarajah and Kamalan Jeevaratnam
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:340
  29. Bovine rotavirus A (BRVA) is considered to be the most common pathogen of severe diarrhea in cattle worldwide, which could lead to the death of newborn calves and cause the significant economic losses to the c...

    Authors: Yuelin Liu, Libing Liu, Jinfeng Wang, Xiaoxia Sun, Yaxin Gao, Wanzhe Yuan, Jianchang Wang and Ruiwen Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:339
  30. The conventional feeding management of horses is still characterized by high starch and low fibre diets, which can negatively affect horse’s gastrointestinal health. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare ...

    Authors: Elena Colombino, Federica Raspa, Maria Perotti, Domenico Bergero, Ingrid Vervuert, Emanuela Valle and Maria Teresa Capucchio
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:338
  31. Milk provides energy as well as the basic nutrients required by the body. In particular, milk is beneficial for bone growth and development in children. Based on scientific evidence, cattle milk is an excellen...

    Authors: Rajesh Kumar Pathak, Byeonghwi Lim, Do-Young Kim and Jun-Mo Kim
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:337
  32. Cryptosporidium species are zoonotic protozoan parasites responsible for gastroenteritis in various animals and humans. The diagnosis of Cryptosporidium presents many challenges. This research attempted to match ...

    Authors: Nadra-Elwgoud M. I. Abdou, Maha S. AlAzemi, Mohammed T. Al-Sayegh and Qais A. H. Majeed
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:336
  33. Toxoplasma is an obligate intracellular protozoan that causes an important zoonotic disease with a worldwide distribution. Felids are the definitive hosts of this parasite, while virtually all warm-blooded anima...

    Authors: Ru-Min Liu, Wei-Hsiang Huang, Shang-Lin Wang, Sin-Ling Wang, Pei-Yun Huang, Chen-Yeh Lien, Yen-Hsueh Lai, Pao-Jung Wang, Li-Hsin Wu and Albert Taiching Liao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:335
  34. Alpha-chloralose (AC) is a compound known to be toxic to various animal species and humans. In 2018 and 2019 an increase in suspected cases of AC poisoning in cats related to the use of AC as a rodenticide was...

    Authors: Ulrika Windahl, Annica Tevell Åberg, Fedor Kryuchkov, Sandra Lundgren, Cecilia Tegner, Kristoffer Dreimanis, Sanna Koivisto, Outi Simola, Morten Sandvik and Aksel Bernhoft
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:334
  35. Swine are considered a major source of foodborne salmonellosis, a public health issue further complicated by the circulation of multidrug-resistant Salmonella strains that threaten the safety of the food chain. T...

    Authors: Kendy Tzu-yun Teng, Marc Aerts, Stijn Jaspers, Maria Ugarte-Ruiz, Miguel A. Moreno, Jose Luis Saez, Soledad Collado, Cristina de Frutos, Lucas Dominguez and Julio Alvarez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:333
  36. Agriculture in general, and livestock production in particular, serve as a livelihood source for many people in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In many settings, lack of control of infectious diseases hampers livest...

    Authors: Francis Sena Nuvey, Jalil Arkoazi, Jan Hattendorf, Gloria Ivy Mensah, Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Günther Fink, Jakob Zinsstag and Bassirou Bonfoh
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:332
  37. Toxoplasma gondii infects almost all warm-blooded animals, and cats play a crucial role in the epidemiology of T. gondii as the definitive host. Despite sporadic reports on the seroprevalence of T. gondii in dome...

    Authors: Ningbo Xia, Nuo Ji, Longjiao Li, Yuan Huang, Congshan Yang, Xuefang Guo, Qinghong Guo, Bang Shen, Lihua Xiao and Yaoyu Feng
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:331
  38. Prevalence, morphology, and molecular characteristics of isopodiosis in the European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, in Egypt were assessed using light and electron microscopy and polymerase chain reaction targeti...

    Authors: Ebtsam Sayed Hassan Abdallah and Awatef Hamed Hamouda
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:330
  39. Cell free DNA, in the form of nucleosomes, is released into circulation during apoptosis and necrosis in a variety of diseases. They are small fragments of chromosomes that are composed of DNA wrapped around a...

    Authors: H. M. Wilson-Robles, T. Bygott, T. K. Kelly, T. M. Miller, P. Miller, M. Matsushita, J. Terrell, M. Bougoussa and T. Butera
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:329
  40. Osteochondrosis is a major cause of leg weakness in pigs. Selection against osteochondrosis is currently based on manual scoring of computed tomographic (CT) scans for the presence of osteochondrosis manifesta...

    Authors: Kristin Olstad, Lars Erik Gangsei and Jørgen Kongsro
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:328
  41. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has caused huge economic losses in the global swine industry. Frequent genetic variations in this virus cause difficulties in controlling and accurat...

    Authors: Go-Eun Shin, Ji-Young Park, Kyoung-Ki Lee, Mi-Kyeong Ko, Bok-Kyung Ku, Choi-Kyu Park and Hye-Young Jeoung
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:327
  42. Ultrasonography is one of the most important techniques that enable the detection and monitoring of pregnancy. One such study using this technique is the assessment of the hemodynamics of fetal and umbilical b...

    Authors: Angelika Brzozowska, Tomasz Stankiewicz, Barbara Błaszczyk, Pavitra Chundekkad, Jan Udała and Natalia Wojtasiak
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:326
  43. Over the past 10 years, inclusion body hepatitis outbreaks, essentially from commercial broiler flocks, have been detected in different geographic regions highlighting the wide distribution of FAdVs around the...

    Authors: Marwa M. Safwat, Al Shimaa R. Sayed, Marwa F. Ali Elsayed and Awad Abd El Hafez Ibrahim
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:325
  44. Flatfish live in a diverse marine ecosystem that is changing due to natural variations and anthropogenic influences. These changes can evoke a stress response mainly resulting in production of the glucocortico...

    Authors: Maaike Vercauteren, Bart Ampe, Lisa Devriese, Christel Palmyre Henri Moons, Annemie Decostere, Johan Aerts and Koen Chiers
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:324
  45. Neonatal calf diarrhea (NCD) is the leading cause of calf morbidity and mortality in beef cattle. Cow’s vaccination in last stage of pregnancy is one of the most important measures to mitigate the risk of NCD ...

    Authors: Filipe Aguera Pinheiro, Nathália Decaris, Viviana Parreño, Paulo Eduardo Brandão, Henderson Ayres and Viviani Gomes
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:323
  46. Bluetongue (BT) is an insect-borne, non-contagious viral disease which affects domestic ruminants including camels and is transmitted by Culicoides spp. Clinical symptoms of BT are typically seen in sheep, althou...

    Authors: Abdelfattah Selim, Roua A. Alsubki, Fatima M. Albohairy, Kotb A. Attia and Itoh Kimiko
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:322

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