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  1. Dehorning is a common practice involving calves on dairy operations in the United States. However, less than 20% of producers report using analgesics or anesthetics during dehorning. Administration of a system...

    Authors: Johann F Coetzee, Ruby A Mosher, Butch KuKanich, Ronette Gehring, Brad Robert, J Brandon Reinbold and Brad J White
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:153
  2. Brachycephalic dogs have unique upper respiratory anatomy with abnormal breathing patterns similar to those in humans with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The objective of this study was to evaluate t...

    Authors: Marta Planellas, Rafaela Cuenca, Maria-Dolores Tabar, Coralie Bertolani, Cyrill Poncet, Josep M Closa, Juan Lorente, Jose J Cerón and Josep Pastor
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:152
  3. Abattoir detected pathologies are of crucial importance to both pig production and food safety. Usually, more than one pathology coexist in a pig herd although it often remains unknown how these different path...

    Authors: Manuel J Sanchez-Vazquez, Mirjam Nielen, Sandra A Edwards, George J Gunn and Fraser I Lewis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:151
  4. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) are potential cellular sources of therapeutic stem cells. MSCs are a multipotent population of c...

    Authors: Hiroshi Takemitsu, Dongwei Zhao, Ichiro Yamamoto, Yasuji Harada, Masaki Michishita and Toshiro Arai
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:150
  5. The uncontrolled presence of African swine fever (ASF) in Russian Federation (RF) poses a serious risk to the whole European Union (EU) pig industry. Although trade of pigs and their products is banned since t...

    Authors: Lina Mur, Beatriz Martínez-López and José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:149
  6. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious disease mainly caused by Mycobacterium bovis. Although eradication is a priority for the European authorities, bTB remains active or even increasing in many count...

    Authors: Víctor Rodríguez-Prieto, Beatriz Martínez-López, José Ángel Barasona, Pelayo Acevedo, Beatriz Romero, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, Christian Gortázar, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno and Joaquín Vicente
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:148
  7. Recently, metabolic syndrome (MS) has gained attention in human metabolic medicine given its associations with development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Canine obesity is associated w...

    Authors: Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Jose J Ceron, Shelley L Holden, Daniel J Cuthbertson, Vincent Biourge, Penelope J Morris and Alexander J German
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:147
  8. The genetic diversity of Mycoplasma agalactiae (MA) isolates collected in Spain from goats in an area with contagious agalactia (CA) was assessed using a set of validated and new molecular typing methods. Validat...

    Authors: Christian De la Fe, Joaquín Amores, Florence Tardy, Eveline Sagne, Laurent-Xavier Nouvel and Christine Citti
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:146
  9. Development of a method for long-term labeling of cells is critical to elucidate transplanted cell fate and migration as well as the contribution to tissue regeneration. Silica nanoparticles have been recently...

    Authors: Sei-Myoung Han, Hee-Woo Lee, Dong-Ha Bhang, Kyoung-Won Seo and Hwa-Young Youn
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:145
  10. This study was carried out to investigate the status of brucellosis in cattle under various management systems in Adamawa, Kaduna and Kano states, northern Nigeria. Using multi-stage sampling, serum samples of...

    Authors: Hassan M Mai, Peter C Irons, Junaidu Kabir and Peter N Thompson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:144
  11. Mucosal epithelia, including those of the oviduct, secrete antimicrobial innate immune molecules (AIIMS). These have bactericidal/bacteriostatic functions against a variety of pathogens. Among the AIIMs, sheep...

    Authors: Shiyong Wen, Guifang Cao, Tuya Bao, LanLing Cheng, Haijun Li, Chenguang Du, Yong Tu, Qi Li, Ruizhen Jian and Pengwei Zhao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:143
  12. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow (BM-MSCs) and adipose tissue (AT-MSCs) are being applied to equine cell therapy. The physiological environment in which MSCs reside is hypoxic and does no...

    Authors: Beatriz Ranera, Ana Rosa Remacha, Samuel Álvarez-Arguedas, Antonio Romero, Francisco José Vázquez, Pilar Zaragoza, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel and Clementina Rodellar
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:142
  13. Ophthalmic antibiotic therapy in large animals is often used empirically because of the lack of pharmacokinetics studies. The purpose of the study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of topical tobramycin 0....

    Authors: Sarah L Czerwinski, Andrew W Lyon, Brian Skorobohach and Renaud Léguillette
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:141
  14. Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) can cause a variety of infections outside the gastrointestinal tract in humans and animals. Infections due to swine ExPECs have been occurring with increasing f...

    Authors: Yi Ding, Xibiao Tang, Ping Lu, Bin Wu, Zhuofei Xu, Wugang Liu, Ruixuan Zhang, Weicheng Bei, Huanchun Chen and Chen Tan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:140
  15. To compare the biomechanical in-vitro characteristics of limited-contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) and locking compression plate (LCP) constructs in an osteotomy gap model of femoral fracture in neona...

    Authors: Mona Hoerdemann, Philippe Gédet, Steven J Ferguson, Carola Sauter-Louis and Karl Nuss
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:139
  16. The rabbit is a common animal model for ophthalmic research, especially corneal research. Ocular structures grow rapidly during the early stages of life. It is unclear when the rabbit cornea becomes mature and...

    Authors: Andri K Riau, Neil YS Tan, Romesh I Angunawela, Hla M Htoon, Shyam S Chaurasia and Jodhbir S Mehta
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:138
  17. Lyme disease is a widespread cosmopolitan zoonosis caused by species belonging to the genus Borrelia. It is transmitted from animal reservoir hosts to humans through hard - ticks of genus Ixodes which are vectors...

    Authors: Călin M Gherman, Attila D Sándor, Zsuzsa Kalmár, Mihai Marinov and Andrei D Mihalca
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:137
  18. Longevity is the amount of time breeding females stay active in a herd by avoiding death or culling because of illness or reproductive failure. This is a trait of economic relevance in commercial small ruminan...

    Authors: Ashley N Pellerin and Richard Browning Jr
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:136
  19. Previous research programmes have described muscle biochemical traits and gene expression levels associated with beef tenderness. One of our results concerning the DNAJA1 gene (an Hsp40) was patented. This study ...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Hocquette, Carine Bernard-Capel, Veronique Vidal, Beline Jesson, Hubert Levéziel, Gilles Renand and Isabelle Cassar-Malek
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:135
  20. Sub-clinical mastitis limits milk production and represents an important barrier to profitable livestock economics worldwide. Milk production from cows in Nigeria is not at optimum levels in view of many facto...

    Authors: Aminu Shittu, Jamilu Abdullahi, Aliyu Jibril, Aminu A Mohammed and Folorunso O Fasina
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:134
  21. Bovine rotavirus (BRV) infection is common in young calves. This viral infection causes acute diarrhea leading to death. Rapid identification of infected calves is essential to control BRV successfully. Theref...

    Authors: Zhixun Xie, Qing Fan, Jiabo Liu, Yaoshan Pang, Xianwen Deng, Zhiqin Xie, Xie Liji and Mazhar I Khan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:133
  22. DNA vaccines offer several advantages over conventional vaccines in the development of effective vaccines against avian influenza virus (AIV). However, one of the limitations of the DNA vaccine in poultry is t...

    Authors: Kian-Lam Lim, Seyed Davoud Jazayeri, Swee Keong Yeap, Noorjahan Banu Mohamed Alitheen, Mohd Hair Bejo, Aini Ideris and Abdul Rahman Omar
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:132
  23. In the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, the majority of dairy herds are covered by disease recording systems, in general based on veterinary registration of diagnoses and treatments. Disea...

    Authors: Cecilia Wolff, Mari Espetvedt, Ann-Kristina Lind, Simo Rintakoski, Agneta Egenvall, Ann Lindberg and Ulf Emanuelson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:131
  24. Echocardiography and intra-cardiac dimensions have not previously been reported in adult camels despite its potential application for medical purpose. The aim of this study was to describe the results of a pro...

    Authors: Mohamed Tharwat, Fahd Al-Sobayil, Ahmed Ali and Sébastien Buczinski
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:130
  25. Corticosteroids are illegally used in several countries as growth promoters in veal calves and beef cattle, either alone or in association with sex steroids and β-agonists, especially at low dosages and primar...

    Authors: Marta Vascellari, Katia Capello, Annalisa Stefani, Giancarlo Biancotto, Letizia Moro, Roberto Stella, Giandomenico Pozza and Franco Mutinelli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:129
  26. Canine hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a malignant tumor with poor long-term prognosis due to development of metastasis despite aggressive treatment. The phosphatidyl-inositol-3 kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamyc...

    Authors: Atsuko Murai, Samah Abou Asa, Atsushi Kodama, Akihiro Hirata, Tokuma Yanai and Hiroki Sakai
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:128
  27. Enzyme treatment is the mainstay for management of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) in dogs. ‘Enteric-coated’ preparations have been developed to protect the enzyme from degradation in the stomach, but ...

    Authors: Aran Mas, Peter-John M Noble, Peter J Cripps, Daniel J Batchelor, Peter Graham and Alexander J German
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:127
  28. Disk-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (DA-CSM) is a multifactorial neurological disorder in which progressive caudal cervical spinal cord compression is mainly caused by one or more intervertebral disk p...

    Authors: Steven De Decker, Ingrid MVL Gielen, Luc Duchateau, Holger A Volk and Luc ML Van Ham
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:126
  29. Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) is a pathogen causing fatal illness in cats worldwide, and as such there is a high demand for products to protect against disease. The duration of immunity provided by an inactiva...

    Authors: Stephen Wilson, Juliet Greenslade, Gillian Saunders, Catherine Holcroft, Lynn Bruce, Andy Scobey, Tedd Childers, Gordon Sture and James Thompson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:125
  30. L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria is a metabolic repair deficiency characterized by elevated levels of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in urine, blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Neurological signs associated with the diseas...

    Authors: Fabiana HG Farias, Rong Zeng, Gary S Johnson, G D Shelton, Dominique Paquette and Dennis P O’Brien
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:124
  31. Infectious diseases in plants, animals and humans are often transmitted indirectly between hosts (or between groups of hosts), i.e. via some route through the environment instead of via direct contacts between...

    Authors: Bram AD van Bunnik, Thomas J Hagenaars, Nico M Bolder, Gonnie Nodelijk and Mart CM de Jong
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:123
  32. The progression of scrapie is known to be influenced by the amino acid polymorphisms of the host prion protein (PrP) gene. There is no breeding programme for TSE resistance in sheep in Finland, but a scrapie c...

    Authors: Maria Hautaniemi, Hannele Tapiovaara, Sirkka-Liisa Korpenfelt and Liisa Sihvonen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:122
  33. The clinical use of autologous platelet concentrates (also known as platelet-rich plasma) on the field of regenerative therapy, in the last decade has been the subject of several studies especially in equine m...

    Authors: Raul F Silva, Jorge U Carmona and Cleuza MF Rezende
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:121
  34. Equine rhinitis viruses A and B (ERAV and ERBV) are common equine respiratory viruses belonging to the family Picornaviridae. Sero-surveillance studies have shown that these two viral infections are prevalent in ...

    Authors: Zhengchun Lu, Peter J Timoney, Jena White and Udeni BR Balasuriya
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:120
  35. Follicle numbers and developing ovarian morphology, particularly with reference to the presence of interstitial tissue, are intimately linked within the ovary of the African elephant during the period spanning...

    Authors: Fiona J Stansfield, Johan O Nöthling and William R Allen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:119
  36. In mammals, the ovarian follicular reserve is highly variable between individuals and impacts strongly on ovarian function and fertility. Nowadays, the best endocrine marker of this reserve in human, mouse and...

    Authors: Belén Lahoz, José L Alabart, Danielle Monniaux, Pascal Mermillod and José Folch
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:118
  37. Chicken red blood cells (RBCs) are commonly used in hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests to measure hemagglutinating antibodies against influenza viruses. The use of horse RBCs in the HI test can reportedly ...

    Authors: Hendra Wibawa, Joerg Henning, Dessie Eri Waluyati, Tri Bhakti Usman, Sue Lowther, John Bingham, Akhmad Junaidi and Joanne Meers
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:117
  38. Due to the parallel increase of the number of free-ranging wild boar and domestic pigs reared outdoor, the risk that they interact has become higher. Contacts with wild boar can be the origin of disease outbre...

    Authors: Natacha Wu, Carlos Abril, Andreas Thomann, Eleonore Grosclaude, Marcus G Doherr, Patrick Boujon and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:116
  39. Within the last decade, macrophages have been shown to be capable of differentiating toward a classically activated phenotype (M1) with a high antimicrobial potential or an alternatively activated phenotype (M...

    Authors: Kamila Kyrova, Hana Stepanova, Ivan Rychlik, Martin Faldyna and Jiri Volf
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:115
  40. The Orf virus (ORFV), a zoonotic Parapoxvirus, causes pustular skin lesions in small ruminants (goat and sheep). Intriguingly, ORFV can repeatedly infect its host, despite the induction of a specific immunity....

    Authors: Jörg Rohde, Frederic Emschermann, Michael R Knittler and Hanns-Joachim Rziha
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:114
  41. An inherited basis for congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (EHPSS) has been demonstrated in several small dog breeds. If in general both portocaval and porto-azygous shunts occur in breeds predisposed...

    Authors: Lindsay Van den Bossche, Frank G van Steenbeek, Robert P Favier, Anne Kummeling, Peter AJ Leegwater and Jan Rothuizen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:112
  42. Few equations have been developed in veterinary medicine compared to human medicine to predict body composition. The present study was done to evaluate the influence of weight loss on biometry (BIO), bioimpeda...

    Authors: Naida C Borges, Ricardo S Vasconcellos, Aulus C Carciofi, Karina N V Gonçalves, Francisco J A Paula, Daniel E Faria Filho and Júlio C Canola
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:111
  43. One of the main aims of forensic investigation is the detection and location of people and substances of interest, such as missing people and illegal drugs. Dogs (Canis lupus var. familiaris) have had an importan...

    Authors: Samer Alasaad, Roberto Permunian, Francis Gakuya, Matthew Mutinda, Ramón C Soriguer and Luca Rossi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:110
  44. Contagious agalactia (CA) of sheep and goats caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae is a widely occurring economically important disease that is difficult to control. The ELISA is commonly used for the serological detec...

    Authors: François Poumarat, Dominique Le Grand, Patrice Gaurivaud, Emilie Gay, Myriam Chazel, Yvette Game and Dominique Bergonier
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:109
  45. Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) is one of the most economically important freshwater fish, but its production is often affected by diseases that cause serious economic losses. To date, no good breeding varie...

    Authors: Jin Chen, Cai Li, Rong Huang, Fukuan Du, Lanjie Liao, Zuoyan Zhu and Yaping Wang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:108
  46. Alterations in lipid metabolism occur when animals are exposed to different feeding systems. In the last few decades, the characterisation of genes involved in fat metabolism and technological advances have en...

    Authors: Elda Dervishi, Margalida Joy, Albina Sanz, Javier Alvarez-Rodriguez, Francisco Molino and Jorge H Calvo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:106
  47. Control of currently circulating re-assorted low-pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) H9N2 is a major concern for both animal and human health. Thus, an improved LPAI H9N2 vaccination strategy is needed to ind...

    Authors: Md Masudur Rahman, Erdenebileg Uyangaa, Young Woo Han, Seong Bum Kim, Jin Hyoung Kim, Jin Young Choi and Seong Kug Eo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:105
  48. This retrospective study describes the clinical and laboratory findings, treatment and outcome of 461 cattle with caecal dilatation.

    Authors: Ueli Braun, Christine Beckmann, Christian Gerspach, Michael Hässig, Evelyne Muggli, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer and Karl Nuss
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:75

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