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  1. PCV3 is a pathogen associated with porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS)-like clinical signs, reproductive failure, and cardiac and multiorgan inflammation, which was newly identified in 2016 in s...

    Authors: Tongtong Wang, Wenqiong Chai, Yonghui Wang, Wenqiang Liu, Zetong Huang, Li Chen, Ruihong Guo, Yuting Dong, Mengyuan Liu, Qiankun Zheng, Guiqin Liu, Changfa Wang, Wen-Ping Guo, Sidang Liu and Liangliang Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:308

    Content type: Research

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  2. Two experiments were conducted to compare the growth-promoting (experiment 1), protective, and immunostimulatory effects (experiment 2) of salinomycin, probiotic, a vitamin-selenium complex, and Ferulago angulata

    Authors: Zahra Nooreh, Kamran Taherpour, Hossein Ali Ghasemi, Mohammad Akbari Gharaei and Hassan Shirzadi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:307

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Animal movement is considered the most significant factor in the transmission of infectious diseases in livestock. A better understanding of its effects would help provide a more reliable estimation of the dis...

    Authors: Yoshinori Murato, Yoko Hayama, Yumiko Shimizu, Kotaro Sawai, Emi Yamaguchi and Takehisa Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:305

    Content type: Research

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  4. Total fresh cassava root (FCR) production was 275 million tonnes in 2018 which equals 61.1 % of the total production, and Thailand produced 10.7 % FCR of the total production. FCR is one of the main energy sou...

    Authors: Phussorn Sumadong, Anusorn Cherdthong, Sarong So and Metha Wanapat

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:304

    Content type: Research

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  5. Interferon regulatory factor 2 (IRF2) is an important transcription factor, which can regulate the IFN response and plays a role in antiviral innate immunity in teleost.

    Authors: Hua Li, Xinping Chen, Yaoyao Zhu, Rongrong Liu, Linlin Zheng, Shijuan Shan, Fumiao Zhang, Liguo An and Guiwen Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:303

    Content type: Research

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  6. Diseases of the central nervous system are a well-recognized cause of morbidity and mortality in equine. Collection and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) give information about the type and stage of degene...

    Authors: Mohammed A. H. Abdelhakiem and Hussein Awad Hussein

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:302

    Content type: Research

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  7. Wenzhou virus (WENV), a newly discovered mammarenavirus in rodents, is associated with fever and respiratory symptoms in humans. This study was aimed to detect and characterize the emerging virus in rodents in...

    Authors: Nina Wang, Lichao Yang, Guohui Li, Xu Zhang, Jianwei Shao, Jun Ma, Shouyi Chen and Quan Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:301

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) is an infectious disease induced by the Capripoxvirus, causing epidemics in Turkey and several countries worldwide and inducing significant economic losses. Although this disease occur...

    Authors: Burak Mat, Mehmet Saltuk Arikan, Ahmet Cumhur Akin, Mustafa Bahadır Çevrimli, Harun Yonar and Mustafa Agah Tekindal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:300

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Avoidance of unnecessary antimicrobial administration is a key tenet of antimicrobial stewardship; knowing the optimal duration of therapy obviates over-treatment. However, little research has been performed t...

    Authors: Fergus Allerton, Koen B. Pouwels, Julien Bazelle, Sarah Caddy, Andria Cauvin, Luisa De Risio, James Swann, James Warland and Andrew Kent

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:299

    Content type: Study Protocol

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  10. Canine elbow dysplasia (CED) is a complex developmental skeletal disorder associated with a number of pathological conditions within the cubital joint. Because CED is a heritable disease, it is important to id...

    Authors: Mateusz Hebel, Wojciech K. Panek, Jakub J. Ruszkowski, Maria Nabzdyk, Dariusz Niedzielski, Katarzyna C. Pituch, Aaron M. Jackson, Maciej Kiełbowicz and Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:296

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Furosemide, a diuretic that acts on the loop of Henle, is commonly used to treat congestive heart failure in veterinary medicine. Some owners have difficulty in administering oral tablet medication to animal p...

    Authors: Suk-Kyu Koh, Jong-Woo Jeong, Seo-In Choi, Rae Man Kim, Tae-Sung Koo, Kwan Hyung Cho and Kyoung-Won Seo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:295

    Content type: Research

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  12. Worldwide, veterinary practitioners and students are reported to be at higher risk of suicide, burnout, and depression compared to other occupational groups. The aim of the current study was to apply text mini...

    Authors: Marta Brscic, Barbara Contiero, Alessandro Schianchi and Cristina Marogna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:294

    Content type: Research

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  13. There is little objective information concerning the effect of steam-flaked grains on foal’s growth performance and faecal microbiota. To determine the effects of steam-flaked grains on foal’s growth performan...

    Authors: Xiao Bin Li, Xin Xin Huang, Chang Jiang Zang, Chen Ma, Kai Xu Chen, Guo Dong Zhao, Qian Li, Xuan Yue Li, Wen Jie Zhang and Kai Lun Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:293

    Content type: Research

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  14. Specific studies on the epidemiology of necrotic enteritis in turkeys are absent in the literature. Necrotic enteritis is common in turkeys and a leading cause of use of therapeutic antibiotics. This study des...

    Authors: Magne Kaldhusdal, Eystein Skjerve, Magne Kjerulf Hansen, Inger Sofie Hamnes, Bruce David, Skjalg Arne Hanssen and Atle Løvland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:292

    Content type: Research

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  15. Shelters and similar facilities with a high concentration and fluctuation of animals often have problems with various infections, which are usually difficult to solve in such environments and are very expensiv...

    Authors: Martina Načeradská, Michaela Fridrichová, Martina Frühauf Kolářová and Tereza Krejčová

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:290

    Content type: Research

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  16. UTP-glucose-1-phosphoryl transferase (UGPase) catalyzes the synthesis of UDP-glucose, which is essential for generating the glycogen needed for the synthesis of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and capsular ...

    Authors: Yucheng Zhou, Zhaoyang Bu, Jing Qian, Yuening Cheng, Lianjiang Qiao, Sen Yang, Shipeng Cheng, Xinglong Wang, Linzhu Ren and Yanling Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:289

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Lifestyle factors such as hair length, the frequency of ear cleaning and bathing, age, cat rearing, and sex may contribute to opportunistic yeast infections in the external ear canal of cats. This study aimed ...

    Authors: Sara Niae, Chompoonek Yurayart, Naris Thengchaisri and Panpicha Sattasathuchana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:288

    Content type: Research

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  18. Lactating dairy cows are the greatest livestock contributor of methane, a major global greenhouse gas (GHG). However, good feeding management with adequate mineral intake can offers an effective approach to ma...

    Authors: Ľubomíra Grešáková, Monika Holodová, Małgorzata Szumacher-Strabel, Haihao Huang, Piotr Ślósarz, Janusz Wojtczak, Natalia Sowińska and Adam Cieślak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:287

    Content type: Research

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  19. Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) and the Palyam serogroup viruses (PALV) have led to significant economic losses associated with livestock production globally. A rapid, sensitive and specific method...

    Authors: Zhuo-ran Li, Zhen-xing Yang, Zhan-hong Li, Xiang Gao, Zhong-yan Hu, Heng Yang and De-fang Liao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:286

    Content type: Methodology article

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  20. Recent advances in laparoscopy both in human and veterinary medicine have looked at means of being less invasive by using single-port access surgery as opposed to multiport access surgery. The glove port has g...

    Authors: Ulrike Strohmeier, Gilles Dupré, Barbara Bockstahler, Alexander Tichy and Lea Liehmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:285

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In urban settings, the presence of a high density of the human population and contact with domestic and/or stray animals such as dogs and cats can be risk factors for the transmission of zoonotic protozoa para...

    Authors: Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Edilu Jorga Sarba, Getachew Kebebew Tola, Solomon Shiferaw Endalew, Lencho Megersa Marami, Asaminew Tesfaye Melkamsew, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti and Maria Vitale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:284

    Content type: Research

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  22. This study was conducted to estimate the impacts of using varied feeding regimens with or without protease supplementation on the growth performance, apparent amino acid ileal digestibility (AID%), economic ef...

    Authors: Shimaa A. Amer, Rasha R. Beheiry, Doaa M. Abdel Fattah, Elshimaa M. Roushdy, Fardos A. M. Hassan, Tamer Ahmed Ismail, Noha M. A. Zaitoun, Azza M. A. Abo-Elmaaty and Abdallah E. Metwally

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:283

    Content type: Research

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  23. The present study explored the viability of bovine milk macrophages, their intracellular production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS), and their phagocytosis of Staphylococcus aureus, as well as the ...

    Authors: Vitória M. Silva, Marina T. Souza, Maiara G. Blagitz, Fernando N. Souza, Camila F. Batista, Alexandre J. Alves, Artur C. C. Fernandes, Eduardo M. R. Sanchez, Carla M. Ordinola-Ramirez, Luciana da Costa and Alice M. M. P. Della Libera

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:282

    Content type: Research

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  24. The oviduct of a hen provides a conducive environment for egg formation, which needs a large amount of mineral elements from the blood via trans-epithelial permeability. Eggshell is the calcified layer on the ...

    Authors: A. I. Muhammad, A. M. Dalia, T. C. Loh, H. Akit and A. A. Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:281

    Content type: Research

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  25. Fourteen-years after the last Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus (RVFV) outbreak, Somalia still suffers from preventable transboundary diseases. The tradition of unheated milk consumption and handling of aborted ma...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Hassan-Kadle, Aamir M. Osman, Mohamed A. Shair, Omar M. Abdi, Abdulkarim A. Yusuf, Abdalla M. Ibrahim and Rafael F. C. Vieira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:280

    Content type: Research

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  26. C. psittaci has recently emerged as an equine abortigenic pathogen causing significant losses to the Australian Thoroughbred industry, while Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) is a well-recognized abortigenic agent. Di...

    Authors: Martina Jelocnik, Sharon Nyari, Susan Anstey, Nicole Playford, Tamieka A. Fraser, Keith Mitchell, Anna Blishen, Nina M. Pollak, Joan Carrick, Catherine Chicken and Cheryl Jenkins

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:279

    Content type: Methodology article

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  27. Abattoir data are under-used for surveillance. Nationwide surveillance could benefit from using data on meat inspection findings, but several limitations need to be overcome. At the producer level, interpretat...

    Authors: S. N. Buzdugan, P. Alarcon, B. Huntington, J. Rushton, D. P. Blake and J. Guitian

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:278

    Content type: Research

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  28. Enterovirus G (EV-G) causes subclinical infections and is occasionally associated with diarrhea in pigs. In this study, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of EV-G in pigs from 73 pig farms in 20 provinces o...

    Authors: Taveesak Janetanakit, Supassama Chaiyawong, Kamonpan Charoenkul, Ratanaporn Tangwangvivat, Ekkapat Chamsai, Kitikhun Udom, Waleemas Jairak and Alongkorn Amonsin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:277

    Content type: Research

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  29. Nucleosomes consist of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer core like beads on a string so that DNA can be condensed as chromatin into chromosomes. Diseases such as cancer or inflammation lead to cell death wh...

    Authors: Christopher Dolan, Tasha Miller, Jarvis Jill, Jason Terrell, Theresa Kathleen Kelly, Thomas Bygott and Heather Wilson-Robles

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:276

    Content type: Research

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  30. Myrislignan is a natural product from Myristica sp. with diverse pharmacological activities. Recently, the anti-Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) activity of myrislignan has been proposed, and in vivo studies of its ...

    Authors: Jili Zhang, Hongfei Si, Jichao Sun, Kun Lv, Biqing Yan, Bing Li, Xuzheng Zhou and Jiyu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:275

    Content type: Research

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  31. Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is a common myocardial disease in cats, characterized by diastolic dysfunction and atrial enlargement without myocardial hypertrophy. Especially, endomyocardial form of RCM, on...

    Authors: Takahiro Saito, Ryohei Suzuki, Yunosuke Yuchi, Takahiro Teshima, Hirotaka Matsumoto and Hidekazu Koyama

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:274

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. Porcine sapelovirus (PSV) infection can lead severe polioencephalomyelitis with high morbidity and mortality, which result in significant economic losses. Infection with the PSV is believed to be common yet limit...

    Authors: Taotao Yang, Lingqian Zhang, Yingmei Lu, Minhong Guo, Zhibang Zhang and Anqi Lin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:273

    Content type: Research

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  33. Exosomes, internal proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids coated by phospholipid bilayer membranes, are one type of small extracellular vesicles, which can mediate cell-cell communication. In recent years, exosom...

    Authors: Dongsheng Li, Huina Luo, Huimin Ruan, Zhisheng Chen, Shengfeng Chen, Bingyun Wang and Yong Xie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:272

    Content type: Research article

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  34. During contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), the features of the regions of interest (ROI) can affect the value of the perfusion-related parameters obtained from a time intensity curve (TIC). In veterinary medi...

    Authors: Simona Morabito, Simona Di Pietro, Luca Cicero, Annastella Falcone, Luigi Liotta, Rosalia Crupi, Giovanni Cassata and Francesco Macrì

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:271

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) principles were proposed in 2016 to set a path towards reusability of research datasets. In this systematic review, we assessed the FAIRness of datasets...

    Authors: Anne Meyer, Céline Faverjon, Miel Hostens, Arjan Stegeman and Angus Cameron

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:270

    Content type: Research

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  36. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease of livestock worldwide. Russia is a big agricultural country with a wide geographical area where FMD outbreaks have become an obstacle for the develo...

    Authors: Jianying Wang, Jiahui Chen, Shuwen Zhang, Yanting Ding, Minjia Wang, Hui Zhang, Ruirui Liang, Qin Chen and Bing Niu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:268

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Vaccination plays an important role in feline healthcare as it is the most effective measure for prevention against feline infectious diseases. Therefore, it is important to know owners’ opinion towards cats’ ...

    Authors: Joel Fernando Soares Filipe, Stefania Lauzi, Lucrezia Pina and Paola Dall’Ara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:267

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Humoral immunity plays an important role in the prevention of canine distemper. Anti-CD virus (CDV) antibody has strong antiviral activity and is widely used in the treatment of CD. However, with the increase ...

    Authors: Jianlou Zhang, Dan Cui, Yuzhu Zuo, Zhiqiang Zheng, Fengyang Wu, Wenyan Li, Yonghong Zhang, Shanshan Huo, Nan Li, Lanhui Li, Yueqiang Guan and Fei Zhong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:266

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Blood biochemistry and reference intervals help to differentiate between healthy and ill dogs as well as to provide information for the prognosis, evaluation, and monitoring; however, these intervals are often...

    Authors: Ana Luisa Montoya Navarrete, Teódulo Quezada Tristán, Samuel Lozano Santillán, Raúl Ortiz Martínez, Arturo Gerardo Valdivia Flores, Lizbeth Martínez Martínez and María Carolina De Luna López

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:265

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Equine grass sickness (EGS) has been reported in several European and extra-European countries. Despite this, no scientific paper about clinical cases of EGS in Italy has been published. EGS is a disease affec...

    Authors: Laus Fulvio, Corsalini Jacopo, Mandara Maria Teresa, Bazzano Marilena, Bertoletti Alice and Gialletti Rodolfo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:264

    Content type: Case Report

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  41. Escherichia coli is a bacterial species widely distributed among mammals and avian species, and also a member of the normal intestinal microbiota. However, some E. coli strains of different pathotypes can cause d...

    Authors: András Adorján, Ákos Thuma, László Könyves and István Tóth

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:263

    Content type: Research

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  42. Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) impact both human and veterinary medicine and pose special public health challenges. The main bacterial vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) of importance in veterinary medicine include Anap...

    Authors: Elton J. R. Vasconcelos, Chayan Roy, Joseph A. Geiger, Kristina M. Oney, Melody Koo, Songyang Ren, Brian B. Oakley and Pedro Paulo V. P. Diniz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:262

    Content type: Methodology article

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  43. Bovine Respiratory Syncytial virus (BRSV) and Bovine Parainfluenza 3 virus (BPIV3) are closely related viruses involved in and both important pathogens within bovine respiratory disease (BRD), a major cause of...

    Authors: Birgit Makoschey and Anna Catharina Berge

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:261

    Content type: Review

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  44. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection can cause severe reproductive failure in sows and respiratory distress in pigs of all ages, leading to major economic losses. To date, ther...

    Authors: Xin-xin Chen, Xinyu Zhou, Tengda Guo, Songlin Qiao, Zhenhua Guo, Rui Li, Qianyue Jin, Xiaofei Hu, Guangxu Xing, Ruiguang Deng, Bo Wan and Gaiping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:260

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Infectious bursal disease (IBD), also known as Gumboro disease, is a viral infection that causes mortality and immunosuppression in chickens (Gallus gallus). VP2 and VP3 are the major structural viral capsid comp...

    Authors: Ana Paula Gori Palka, Tatiana Reichert Assunção de Matos, Claudemir de Souza, Danilo Santos Eugênio, Marco Aurélio Krieger, Stenio Perdigão Fragoso and Daniela Parada Pavoni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:259

    Content type: Research article

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