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  1. The importance of infections caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in animals and humans has gained considerable recognition during the past few years. In the developed world, where pig production is ex...

    Authors: Adrian Muwonge, Clovice Kankya, Tone B Johansen, Berit Djønne, Jacques Godfroid, Demelash Biffa, Vigdis Edvardsen and Eystein Skjerve
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:52
  2. The continuing expansion of high incidence areas of bovine Tuberculosis (bTB) in Great Britain (GB) raises a number of questions concerning the determinants of infection at the herd level that are driving spre...

    Authors: Paul R Bessell, Richard Orton, Piran C L White, Mike R Hutchings and Rowland R Kao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:51
  3. Retraction, atrophy and fatty infiltration are signs subsequent to chronic rotator cuff tendon tears. They are associated with an increased pennation angle and a shortening of the muscle fibers in series. Thes...

    Authors: Matthias A Zumstein, Eric Frey, Brigitte von Rechenberg, Robert Frigg, Christian Gerber and Dominik C Meyer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:50
  4. Johne’s disease is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) and it is one of the most important diseases in cattle worldwide. Several laboratory tests for Map detection are available; however, ...

    Authors: Katarina Logar, Rok Kopinč, Petra Bandelj, Jože Starič, Aleš Lapanje and Matjaž Ocepek
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:49
  5. Dehorning is common in the cattle industry, and there is a need for research evaluating pain mitigation techniques. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of oral meloxicam, a non-steroidal a...

    Authors: Miles E Theurer, Brad J White, Johann F Coetzee, Lily N Edwards, Ruby A Mosher and Charley A Cull
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:48
  6. In pigs, diseases of the respiratory tract like pleuropneumonia due to Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) infection have led to high economic losses for decades. Further research on disease pathogenesis, patho...

    Authors: Carsten Brauer, Isabel Hennig-Pauka, Doris Hoeltig, Falk FR Buettner, Martin Beyerbach, Hagen Gasse, Gerald-F Gerlach and Karl-H Waldmann
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:47
  7. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), the natural antibiotics bestowed upon all forms of life, consist of small molecular weight proteins with a broad spectrum antimicrobial activity against a variety of pathogenic m...

    Authors: Jareeporn Ruangsri, Jorge M O Fernandes, Jan H W M Rombout, Monica F Brinchmann and Viswanath Kiron
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:46
  8. The pyrethroid class of insecticides, including deltamethrin, is being used as substitutes for organochlorines and organophosphates in pest-control programs because of their low environmental persistence and t...

    Authors: Kamal A Amin and Khalid S Hashem
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:45
  9. Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP), caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides, is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa. The current live vaccine T1/44 has limited efficacy and occasionally leads to severe s...

    Authors: Flavio Sacchini, Mirella Luciani, Romolo Salini, Massimo Scacchia, Attilio Pini, Rossella Lelli, Jan Naessens, Jane Poole and Joerg Jores
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:44
  10. Robust demographic information is important to understanding the risk of introduction and spread of exotic diseases as well as the development of effective disease control strategies, but is often based on dat...

    Authors: Lisa A Boden, Tim DH Parkin, Julia Yates, Dominic Mellor and Rowland R Kao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:43
  11. The United States control program for classical ovine scrapie is based in part on the finding that infection is typically spread through exposure to shed placentas from infected ewes. Transmission from goats t...

    Authors: Katherine I O’Rourke, David A Schneider, Terry R Spraker, Rohana P Dassanayake, Margaret A Highland, Dongyue Zhuang and Thomas C Truscott
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:42
  12. The objective of the study was to evaluate the gene expression of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, IL-1 receptor antagonist [ra] and serum amyloid A (

    Authors: Mette Christoffersen, Elizabeth Woodward, Anders M Bojesen, Stine Jacobsen, Morten R Petersen, Mats HT Troedsson and Henrik Lehn-Jensen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:41
  13. There is increasing evidence suggesting that development of progressive canine cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture involves a gradual degeneration of the CCL itself, initiated by a combination of factors, ...

    Authors: Simone Forterre, Andreas Zurbriggen and David Spreng
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:40
  14. Widespread in the environment, Staphylococcus spp. infect animals and humans as normal flora or pathogens. By extending our recent report of multi-drug resistant (MDR) S. aureus in dairy goats, this study investi...

    Authors: Chishih Chu, Changyou Yu, Yanhaui Lee and Yaochi Su
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:39
  15. The presence of indistinguishable strains of Clostridium difficile in humans, food animals and food, as well as the apparent emergence of the food-animal-associated ribotype 078/toxinotype V as a cause of communi...

    Authors: Marcio C Costa, Richard Reid-Smith, Sheryl Gow, Sherry J Hannon, Calvin Booker, Joyce Rousseau, Katharine M Benedict, Paul S Morley and J Scott Weese
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:38
  16. Detection of respiratory viruses in veterinary species has traditionally relied on virus detection by isolation or immunofluorescence and/or detection of circulating antibody using ELISA or serum neutralising ...

    Authors: Leenadevi Thonur, Madeleine Maley, Janice Gilray, Tara Crook, Ellie Laming, Dylan Turnbull, Mintu Nath and Kim Willoughby
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:37
  17. A novel, bead-based flow cytometric assay was developed for simultaneous determination of antibody responses against Toxoplasma gondii and Trichinella spiralis in pig serum. This high throughput screening assay c...

    Authors: Gertie CAM Bokken, Aldert A Bergwerff and Frans van Knapen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:36
  18. It is supposed that fibroblasts present in tumour microenvironment increase cancer invasiveness and its ability to metastasize but the mechanisms have not been clearly defined yet. Thus, the current study was ...

    Authors: Magdalena Król, Karol M Pawłowski, Katarzyna Szyszko, Henryk Maciejewski, Izabella Dolka, Elisabetta Manuali, Michał Jank and Tomasz Motyl
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:35
  19. Methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius strains (MRSP) are reported with increasing frequency in bacterial cultures from dogs. The objectives of this study were to determine whether MRSP could be found in dogs ...

    Authors: Ulrika Windahl, Elin Reimegård, Bodil Ström Holst, Agneta Egenvall, Liselotte Fernström, Mona Fredriksson, Gunilla Trowald-Wigh and Ulrika Grönlund Andersson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:34
  20. Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) are major causes of morbidity and mortality in domestic and wild felids. Despite the clinical importance of feline retroviruses and the gro...

    Authors: Faruku Bande, Siti Suri Arshad, Latiffah Hassan, Zunita Zakaria, Nurul Asyikin Sapian, Noor Alimah Rahman and Amer Alazawy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:33
  21. In veterinary medicine and animal husbandry, there is a need for tools allowing the early warning of diseases. Preferably, tests should be available that warn farmers and veterinarians during the incubation pe...

    Authors: Miriam GJ Koene, Han A Mulder, Norbert Stockhofe-Zurwieden, Leo Kruijt and Mari A Smits
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:32
  22. Cervical uterine epithelial cells maintain a physiological and pathogen-free milieu in the female mammalian reproductive tract and are involved in sperm-epithelium interaction. Easily accessible, differentiate...

    Authors: Katrin Miessen, Ralf Einspanier and Jennifer Schoen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:31
  23. Sarcoids are peculiar equine benign tumours. Their onset is associated with Bovine Papillomavirus type -1 or -2 (BPV-1/2) infection. Little is known about the molecular interplay between viral infection and ne...

    Authors: Maria Strazzullo, Annunziata Corteggio, Gennaro Altamura, Romina Francioso, Franco Roperto, Maurizio D'Esposito and Giuseppe Borzacchiello
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:30
  24. Waterfowl parvoviruses cause serious loss in geese and ducks production. Goose parvovirus (GPV) is infectious for geese and ducks while Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV) infects Muscovy ducks only. So far, for th...

    Authors: Grzegorz Woźniakowski, Elżbieta Samorek-Salamonowicz and Wojciech Kozdruń
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:29
  25. In rodents and pigs, it has shown that carnitine synthesis and uptake of carnitine into cells are regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARA), a transcription factor which is physiologica...

    Authors: Gloria Schlegel, Janine Keller, Frank Hirche, Stefanie Geißler, Frieder J Schwarz, Robert Ringseis, Gabriele I Stangl and Klaus Eder
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:28
  26. Mammary tumours frequently develop in female domestic cats being highly malignant in a large percentage of cases. Chemokines regulate many physiological and pathological processes including organogenesis, chem...

    Authors: Angelo Ferrari, Claudio Petterino, Alessandra Ratto, Chiara Campanella, Roberto Wurth, Stefano Thellung, Guendalina Vito, Federica Barbieri and Tullio Florio
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:27
  27. Mortality and morbidity are hardly documented in the white veal industry, despite high levels of antimicrobial drug use and resistance. The objective of the present study was to determine the causes and epidem...

    Authors: Bart Pardon, Koen De Bleecker, Miel Hostens, Jozefien Callens, Jeroen Dewulf and Piet Deprez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:26
  28. Yellow cattle and water buffalo are two of the most important natural hosts for Schistosoma japonicum in China. Previous observation has revealed that yellow cattle are more suited to the development of S. japoni...

    Authors: Jianmei Yang, Zhiqiang Fu, Xingang Feng, Yaojun Shi, Chunxiu Yuan, Jinming Liu, Yang Hong, Hao Li, Ke Lu and Jiaojiao Lin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:25
  29. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is the causative agent of enzootic pneumonia and is responsible for significant economic losses to the pig industry. To better understand the mode of action of a commercial, adjuvanted, i...

    Authors: Katleen Vranckx, Dominiek Maes, Silvana B Marchioro, Iris Villarreal, Koen Chiers, Frank Pasmans and Freddy Haesebrouck
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:24
  30. NLRC5 is a member of the CARD domain containing, nucleotide-binding oligomerization (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) family, which recognizes pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and initiates an innate imm...

    Authors: Ling Lian, Ceren Ciraci, Guobin Chang, Jingdong Hu and Susan J Lamont
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:23
  31. The majority of atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) cases so far identified worldwide have been detected by active surveillance. Consequently the volume and quality of material available for detail...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Gemma E Bone, Derek Clifford, Melanie J Chaplin, Saira Cawthraw, Michael J Stack and Marion M Simmons
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:22
  32. The impact of food animals as a possible reservoir for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae, and the dissemination of such strains into the food production chain need to be assesse...

    Authors: Nadine Geser, Roger Stephan and Herbert Hächler
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:21
  33. Although Morbillivirus and Toxoplasma gondii have emerged as important pathogens for several cetaceans populations over the last 20 years, they have never been identified together in a Mysticete. In particular, m...

    Authors: Sandro Mazzariol, Federica Marcer, Walter Mignone, Laura Serracca, Mariella Goria, Letizia Marsili, Giovanni Di Guardo and Cristina Casalone
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:20
  34. Changes in colostrum composition of Egyptian buffaloes and Holstein cows collected at calving, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 h and after 14 days of parturition were studied. Total solids, total protein, whey prot...

    Authors: Alaa M Abd El -Fattah, Fawzia HR Abd Rabo, Samia M EL-Dieb and Hany A El-Kashef
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:19
  35. African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the causative agent of African swine fever (ASF) that is the significant disease of domestic pigs. Several studies showed that ASFV can influence on porcine blood cells in v...

    Authors: Zaven Karalyan, Hovakim Zakaryan, Hranush Arzumanyan, Khachik Sargsyan, Henrik Voskanyan, Lina Hakobyan, Liana Abroyan, Aida Avetisyan and Elena Karalova
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:18
  36. The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to a unique group of proteins that includes the growth factor TGF-β. BMPs play important roles in cell differentiation, cell proliferation, and inhibition of cell ...

    Authors: Rose Eli Grassi Rici, Dayane Alcântara, Paula Fratini, Cristiane Valverde Wenceslau, Carlos Eduardo Ambrósio, Maria Angelica Miglino and Durvanei Augusto Maria
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:17
  37. Solid tumours comprise various cells, including cancer cells, resident stromal cells, migratory haemopoietic cells and other. These cells regulate tumour growth and metastasis. Macrophages constitute probably ...

    Authors: Magdalena Król, Karol M Pawłowski, Kinga Majchrzak, Małgorzata Gajewska, Alicja Majewska and Tomasz Motyl
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:16
  38. VP2 of chicken anemia virus (CAV) is a dual-specificity phosphatase required for virus infection, assembly and replication. The functions of the nuclear localization signal (NLS) and nuclear export signal (NES...

    Authors: Jai-Hong Cheng, Shyang-Chwen Sheu, Yi-Yang Lien, Meng-Shiunn Lee, His-Jien Chen, Wen-Hong Su and Meng-Shiou Lee
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:15
  39. Tolerability and efficacy of the intestinal phosphate binder Lantharenol® (lanthanum carbonate octahydrate) were tested in two prospective, randomized and negative controlled laboratory studies with healthy adult...

    Authors: Bernard H Schmidt, Ute Dribusch, Peet C Delport, Jürgen M Gropp and F Josef van der Staay
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:14
  40. Salivary mucocele is an accumulation of saliva in a single or multiloculated cavity lined by connective tissue that is contiguous to a salivary gland-duct complex and is the most common condition affecting the...

    Authors: Thaís R Fernandes, Fabrizio Grandi, Lidianne N Monteiro, Breno S Salgado, Rafael M Rocha and Noeme S Rocha
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:13
  41. No clinical trials have been conducted in India on the efficacy of parenteral antibacterials to treat footrot in sheep. In addition, there are no studies worldwide on the efficacy of parenteral antibacterials ...

    Authors: J Kaler, S A Wani, I Hussain, S A Beg, M Makhdoomi, Z A Kabli and L E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:12
  42. Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium (Maa) and Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis (Mah) are opportunistic pathogens that may infect several species, including humans and pigs. Mah is however more frequently isola...

    Authors: Angelika Agdestein, Tone B Johansen, Øyvor Kolbjørnsen, Anne Jørgensen, Berit Djønne and Ingrid Olsen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:11
  43. Available information suggests a mismatch between radiographic and orthopedic examination findings in cats with DJD. However, the extent of the discrepancy between clinical and radiographic signs of OA in comp...

    Authors: B Duncan X Lascelles, Yaa-Hui Dong, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Andrea Thomson, Simon Wheeler and Maria Correa
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:10
  44. Within the genera Chlamydia, the development of refined diagnostic techniques has allowed the identification of four species that are capable of infecting pigs. The epidemiology, clinical, and zoonotic impacts of...

    Authors: Stina Englund, Carl Hård af Segerstad, Frida Arnlund, Eva Westergren and Magdalena Jacobson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:9
  45. A central nervous system (CNS) disease outbreak caused by small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV) has triggered interest in Spain due to the rapid onset of clinical signs and relevant production losses. In a previo...

    Authors: Hugo Ramírez, Ramsés Reina, Luigi Bertolotti, Amaia Cenoz, Mirna-Margarita Hernández, Beatriz San Román, Idoia Glaria, Ximena de Andrés, Helena Crespo, Paula Jáuregui, Julio Benavides, Laura Polledo, Valentín Pérez, Juan F García-Marín, Sergio Rosati, Beatriz Amorena…
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:8
  46. The goal of this study was describing the temporal evolution of Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) contact prevalence among Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations under different management regimes and contact l...

    Authors: Mariana Boadella, Christian Gortázar, Joaquín Vicente and Francisco Ruiz-Fons
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:7
  47. The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) industry in Alaska began with animals imported from Siberia (Russia) in the 1890's. Cervid herpes virus 2 (CvHV2) is endemic in reindeer in Scandinavia. We sought to dete...

    Authors: Alina L Evans, Carlos G das Neves, Greg F Finstad, Kimberlee B Beckmen, Eystein Skjerve, Ingebjørg H Nymo and Morten Tryland
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:5
  48. In Brazil, coffee (Coffea arabica) husks are reused in several ways due to their abundance, including as stall bedding. However, field veterinarians have reported that horses become intoxicated after ingesting th...

    Authors: Diego Jose Z Delfiol, Jose P Oliveira-Filho, Fernanda L Casalecchi, Thatiane Kievitsbosch, Carlos A Hussni, Franklin Riet-Correa, João P Araujo-Jr and Alexandre S Borges
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:4
  49. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is the primary cause of enzootic pneumonia in pigs. Although vaccination is an important control tool, the results observed under field conditions are variable. This may be due to antigen...

    Authors: Iris Villarreal, Katleen Vranckx, Dries Calus, Frank Pasmans, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:2

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