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  1. There have been an increasing number of infections in fish associated with different species of Chryseobacterium, being considered potentially emerging pathogens. Nevertheless the knowledge of the diversity of sp...

    Authors: Leydis Zamora, Ana I Vela, Mª Angel Palacios, Lucas Domínguez and José Francisco Fernández-Garayzábal
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:77
  2. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a viral disease that has a major economic impact for the swine industry. Its control is mostly directed towards preventing its spread which requires a be...

    Authors: Marie-Ève Lambert, Julie Arsenault, Zvonimir Poljak and Sylvie D’Allaire
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:76
  3. Cattle with L-type (L-BSE) and H-type (H-BSE) atypical Bovine Spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) were identified in 2003 in Italy and France respectively before being identified in other countries worldwide. As o...

    Authors: Carole Sala, Eric Morignat, Nadia Oussaïd, Emilie Gay, David Abrial, Christian Ducrot and Didier Calavas
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:74
  4. Using novel small-molecular inhibitors, we explored the feasibility of the class I PI3K/Akt/mTORC1 signaling pathway as a therapeutic target in canine oncology either by using pathway inhibitors alone, in comb...

    Authors: Yu-Ting Chen, Karen AL Tan, Lisa Y Pang and David J Argyle
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:73
  5. Mammary tumors represent the most common neoplastic disease in female dogs. Recently, the promoting role of prolactin (PRL) in the development of human breast carcinoma has been shown. Possible proliferative, ...

    Authors: Erika Michel, Stefanie K Feldmann, Mariusz P Kowalewski, Carla Rohrer Bley, Alois Boos, Franco Guscetti and Iris M Reichler
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:72
  6. Flubendazole (FLBZ) is a poor water solubility broad-spectrum BZD methylcarbamate anthelmintic compound. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are usually used to increase aqueous solubility of poor hydrosoluble compounds. The ...

    Authors: Laura Ceballos, Laura Moreno, Juan J Torrado, Carlos Lanusse and Luis Alvarez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:71
  7. Physiology of the exocrine pancreas has been well studied in domestic and in laboratory animals as well as in humans. However, it remains quite unknown in wildlife mammals. Roe deer and cattle (including calf)...

    Authors: Paul Guilloteau, Francesca Vitari, Valérie Metzinger-Le Meuth, Laurence Le Normand, Véronique Romé, Gérard Savary, Luc Delaby, Cinzia Domeneghini and Jean Morisset
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:70
  8. Salmonella spp. and oxyurids are among the most prevalent bacterial and parasitic agents in reptiles. These organisms are routinely isolated in healthy tortoises, although heavy infections may cause significant p...

    Authors: Ludovico Dipineto, Michele Capasso, Maria Paola Maurelli, Tamara Pasqualina Russo, Paola Pepe, Giovanni Capone, Alessandro Fioretti, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:69
  9. Brucella ovis causes an infectious disease responsible for infertility and subsequent economic losses in sheep production. The standard serological test to detect B. ovis infection in rams is the complement fixat...

    Authors: Anne Praud, Jean-Luc Champion, Yannick Corde, Antoine Drapeau, Laurence Meyer and Bruno Garin-Bastuji
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:68
  10. Toceranib phosphate (Palladia) has a reported objective response rate of 25% in both canine apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma (AGASACA) and thyroid carcinoma (TC), with stable disease occurring in an addi...

    Authors: Bridget K Urie, Duncan S Russell, William C Kisseberth and Cheryl A London
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:67
  11. The applications of proteomic strategies to ovine medicine remain limited. The definition of serum proteome may be a good tool to identify useful protein biomarkers for recognising sub-clinical conditions and ...

    Authors: Elisabetta Chiaradia, Luca Avellini, Micaela Tartaglia, Alberto Gaiti, Ingo Just, Fausto Scoppetta, Zoltan Czentnar and Andreas Pich
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:66
  12. A scoring scale with five ordinal categories is used for visual diagnosis of footrot in sheep and to study its epidemiology and control. More recently a 4 point ordinal scale has been used by researchers to sc...

    Authors: Alessandro Foddai, Laura E Green, Sam A Mason and Jasmeet Kaler
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:65
  13. Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO, also known as equine heaves) is an inflammatory condition caused by exposure of susceptible horses to organic dusts in hay. The immunological processes responsible for the de...

    Authors: Marie Toussaint, Laurence Fievez, Christophe J Desmet, Dimitri Pirottin, Frédéric Farnir, Fabrice Bureau and Pierre Lekeux
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:64
  14. We investigated several adjuvants for their effects on the humoral immune response in both mice and cattle using the central domain of congopain (C2), the major cysteine protease of Trypanosoma congolense, as a m...

    Authors: John Kateregga, George W Lubega, Erik B Lindblad, Edith Authié, Theresa Helen Taillefer Coetzer and Alain François Vincent Boulangé
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:63
  15. Feline Panleukopenia (FPL) is a serious disease of cats that can be prevented by vaccination. Kittens are routinely vaccinated repeatedly during their first months of life. By this time maternally derived anti...

    Authors: Verena Jakel, Klaus Cussler, Kay M Hanschmann, Uwe Truyen, Matthias König, Elisabeth Kamphuis and Karin Duchow
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:62
  16. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical, haematological and biochemical responses to autologous blood transfusion and the feasibility of this practice in sheep. Thus, we used eight male, 8 months old sheep, ...

    Authors: Rejane Santos Sousa, Dowglish Ferreira Chaves, Raimundo Alves Barrêto-Júnior, Isadora Karolina Freitas Sousa, Herbert Sousa Soares, Isabella Oliveira Barros, Antonio Humberto Hamad Minervino and Enrico Lippi Ortolani
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:61
  17. In equine dentistry periodontal diseases, especially periapical inflammation, are frequently occurring problems. Anachoresis is believed to be the most common cause for the development of such disorders. Never...

    Authors: Vanessa Cordes, Matthias Lüpke, Moritz Gardemin, Hermann Seifert and Carsten Staszyk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:60
  18. Infection with Coxiella burnetii, the cause of Q-fever, has never been detected in Norwegian animals. Recognising the increasing prevalence of the infection in neighbouring countries, the aim of the study was to ...

    Authors: Annette H Kampen, Petter Hopp, Gry M Grøneng, Ingrid Melkild, Anne Margrete Urdahl, Ann-Charlotte Karlsson and Jorun Tharaldsen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:59
  19. Since the detection of MRSA CC398 in pigs in 2004, it has emerged in livestock worldwide. MRSA CC398 has been found in people in contact with livestock and thus has become a public health issue. Data from a la...

    Authors: Els M Broens, Carmen Espinosa-Gongora, Elisabeth AM Graat, Nadia Vendrig, Peter J Van Der Wolf, Luca Guardabassi, Patrick Butaye, Jens Peter Nielsen, Mart CM De Jong and Arjen W Van De Giessen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:58
  20. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is the most economically important and highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals worldwide. Control of the disease has been mainly based on large-scale vaccinations with w...

    Authors: Pinghua Li, Xingwen Bai, Pu Sun, Dong Li, Zengjun Lu, Yimei Cao, Yuanfang Fu, Huifang Bao, Yingli Chen, Baoxia Xie and Zaixin Liu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:57
  21. Tick-borne haemoparasites Babesia vogeli and Anaplasma platys are common among the free-roaming canine populations associated with Aboriginal communities in Australia, whilst the prevalence of haemoplasmas, which...

    Authors: Emily N Barker, Debra A Langton, Chris R Helps, Graeme Brown, Richard Malik, Susan E Shaw and Séverine Tasker
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:55
  22. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are a type of stem cell used in the treatment of atherosclerosis, vascular injury and regeneration. At present, most of the EPCs studied are from human and mouse, whereas the...

    Authors: Chunyu Bai, Lingling Hou, Minghai Zhang, Yabin Pu, Weijun Guan and Yuehui Ma
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:54
  23. Radiology and computed tomography are the most commonly available diagnostic tools for the diagnosis of pathologies affecting the head and skull in veterinary practice. Nevertheless, accurate interpretation of...

    Authors: Tommaso Banzato, Paolo Selleri, Irene A Veladiano, Andrea Martin, Emanuele Zanetti and Alessandro Zotti
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:53
  24. The importance of infections caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in animals and humans has gained considerable recognition during the past few years. In the developed world, where pig production is ex...

    Authors: Adrian Muwonge, Clovice Kankya, Tone B Johansen, Berit Djønne, Jacques Godfroid, Demelash Biffa, Vigdis Edvardsen and Eystein Skjerve
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:52
  25. The continuing expansion of high incidence areas of bovine Tuberculosis (bTB) in Great Britain (GB) raises a number of questions concerning the determinants of infection at the herd level that are driving spre...

    Authors: Paul R Bessell, Richard Orton, Piran C L White, Mike R Hutchings and Rowland R Kao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:51
  26. Retraction, atrophy and fatty infiltration are signs subsequent to chronic rotator cuff tendon tears. They are associated with an increased pennation angle and a shortening of the muscle fibers in series. Thes...

    Authors: Matthias A Zumstein, Eric Frey, Brigitte von Rechenberg, Robert Frigg, Christian Gerber and Dominik C Meyer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:50
  27. Johne’s disease is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) and it is one of the most important diseases in cattle worldwide. Several laboratory tests for Map detection are available; however, ...

    Authors: Katarina Logar, Rok Kopinč, Petra Bandelj, Jože Starič, Aleš Lapanje and Matjaž Ocepek
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:49
  28. Dehorning is common in the cattle industry, and there is a need for research evaluating pain mitigation techniques. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of oral meloxicam, a non-steroidal a...

    Authors: Miles E Theurer, Brad J White, Johann F Coetzee, Lily N Edwards, Ruby A Mosher and Charley A Cull
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:48
  29. In pigs, diseases of the respiratory tract like pleuropneumonia due to Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) infection have led to high economic losses for decades. Further research on disease pathogenesis, patho...

    Authors: Carsten Brauer, Isabel Hennig-Pauka, Doris Hoeltig, Falk FR Buettner, Martin Beyerbach, Hagen Gasse, Gerald-F Gerlach and Karl-H Waldmann
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:47
  30. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), the natural antibiotics bestowed upon all forms of life, consist of small molecular weight proteins with a broad spectrum antimicrobial activity against a variety of pathogenic m...

    Authors: Jareeporn Ruangsri, Jorge M O Fernandes, Jan H W M Rombout, Monica F Brinchmann and Viswanath Kiron
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:46
  31. The pyrethroid class of insecticides, including deltamethrin, is being used as substitutes for organochlorines and organophosphates in pest-control programs because of their low environmental persistence and t...

    Authors: Kamal A Amin and Khalid S Hashem
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:45
  32. Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP), caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides, is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa. The current live vaccine T1/44 has limited efficacy and occasionally leads to severe s...

    Authors: Flavio Sacchini, Mirella Luciani, Romolo Salini, Massimo Scacchia, Attilio Pini, Rossella Lelli, Jan Naessens, Jane Poole and Joerg Jores
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:44
  33. Robust demographic information is important to understanding the risk of introduction and spread of exotic diseases as well as the development of effective disease control strategies, but is often based on dat...

    Authors: Lisa A Boden, Tim DH Parkin, Julia Yates, Dominic Mellor and Rowland R Kao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:43
  34. The United States control program for classical ovine scrapie is based in part on the finding that infection is typically spread through exposure to shed placentas from infected ewes. Transmission from goats t...

    Authors: Katherine I O’Rourke, David A Schneider, Terry R Spraker, Rohana P Dassanayake, Margaret A Highland, Dongyue Zhuang and Thomas C Truscott
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:42
  35. The objective of the study was to evaluate the gene expression of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, IL-1 receptor antagonist [ra] and serum amyloid A (

    Authors: Mette Christoffersen, Elizabeth Woodward, Anders M Bojesen, Stine Jacobsen, Morten R Petersen, Mats HT Troedsson and Henrik Lehn-Jensen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:41
  36. There is increasing evidence suggesting that development of progressive canine cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture involves a gradual degeneration of the CCL itself, initiated by a combination of factors, ...

    Authors: Simone Forterre, Andreas Zurbriggen and David Spreng
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:40
  37. Widespread in the environment, Staphylococcus spp. infect animals and humans as normal flora or pathogens. By extending our recent report of multi-drug resistant (MDR) S. aureus in dairy goats, this study investi...

    Authors: Chishih Chu, Changyou Yu, Yanhaui Lee and Yaochi Su
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:39
  38. The presence of indistinguishable strains of Clostridium difficile in humans, food animals and food, as well as the apparent emergence of the food-animal-associated ribotype 078/toxinotype V as a cause of communi...

    Authors: Marcio C Costa, Richard Reid-Smith, Sheryl Gow, Sherry J Hannon, Calvin Booker, Joyce Rousseau, Katharine M Benedict, Paul S Morley and J Scott Weese
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:38
  39. Detection of respiratory viruses in veterinary species has traditionally relied on virus detection by isolation or immunofluorescence and/or detection of circulating antibody using ELISA or serum neutralising ...

    Authors: Leenadevi Thonur, Madeleine Maley, Janice Gilray, Tara Crook, Ellie Laming, Dylan Turnbull, Mintu Nath and Kim Willoughby
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:37
  40. A novel, bead-based flow cytometric assay was developed for simultaneous determination of antibody responses against Toxoplasma gondii and Trichinella spiralis in pig serum. This high throughput screening assay c...

    Authors: Gertie CAM Bokken, Aldert A Bergwerff and Frans van Knapen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:36
  41. It is supposed that fibroblasts present in tumour microenvironment increase cancer invasiveness and its ability to metastasize but the mechanisms have not been clearly defined yet. Thus, the current study was ...

    Authors: Magdalena Król, Karol M Pawłowski, Katarzyna Szyszko, Henryk Maciejewski, Izabella Dolka, Elisabetta Manuali, Michał Jank and Tomasz Motyl
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:35
  42. Methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius strains (MRSP) are reported with increasing frequency in bacterial cultures from dogs. The objectives of this study were to determine whether MRSP could be found in dogs ...

    Authors: Ulrika Windahl, Elin Reimegård, Bodil Ström Holst, Agneta Egenvall, Liselotte Fernström, Mona Fredriksson, Gunilla Trowald-Wigh and Ulrika Grönlund Andersson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:34
  43. Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) are major causes of morbidity and mortality in domestic and wild felids. Despite the clinical importance of feline retroviruses and the gro...

    Authors: Faruku Bande, Siti Suri Arshad, Latiffah Hassan, Zunita Zakaria, Nurul Asyikin Sapian, Noor Alimah Rahman and Amer Alazawy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:33
  44. In veterinary medicine and animal husbandry, there is a need for tools allowing the early warning of diseases. Preferably, tests should be available that warn farmers and veterinarians during the incubation pe...

    Authors: Miriam GJ Koene, Han A Mulder, Norbert Stockhofe-Zurwieden, Leo Kruijt and Mari A Smits
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:32
  45. Cervical uterine epithelial cells maintain a physiological and pathogen-free milieu in the female mammalian reproductive tract and are involved in sperm-epithelium interaction. Easily accessible, differentiate...

    Authors: Katrin Miessen, Ralf Einspanier and Jennifer Schoen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:31
  46. Sarcoids are peculiar equine benign tumours. Their onset is associated with Bovine Papillomavirus type -1 or -2 (BPV-1/2) infection. Little is known about the molecular interplay between viral infection and ne...

    Authors: Maria Strazzullo, Annunziata Corteggio, Gennaro Altamura, Romina Francioso, Franco Roperto, Maurizio D'Esposito and Giuseppe Borzacchiello
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:30
  47. Waterfowl parvoviruses cause serious loss in geese and ducks production. Goose parvovirus (GPV) is infectious for geese and ducks while Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV) infects Muscovy ducks only. So far, for th...

    Authors: Grzegorz Woźniakowski, Elżbieta Samorek-Salamonowicz and Wojciech Kozdruń
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:29
  48. In rodents and pigs, it has shown that carnitine synthesis and uptake of carnitine into cells are regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARA), a transcription factor which is physiologica...

    Authors: Gloria Schlegel, Janine Keller, Frank Hirche, Stefanie Geißler, Frieder J Schwarz, Robert Ringseis, Gabriele I Stangl and Klaus Eder
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:28
  49. Mortality and morbidity are hardly documented in the white veal industry, despite high levels of antimicrobial drug use and resistance. The objective of the present study was to determine the causes and epidem...

    Authors: Bart Pardon, Koen De Bleecker, Miel Hostens, Jozefien Callens, Jeroen Dewulf and Piet Deprez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:26

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