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  1. Morphometric study of the bony elements of the appendicular skeleton in the ostrich was fully described and identified. The appendicular skeleton included the bones of the pectoral girdle, the wing, the pelvic...

    Authors: Menna Allah M. Kassem, Reem R. Tahon, Karim M. Khalil and Medhat A. El-Ayat
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:109
  2. Colibacillosis is one of the broilers’ most dominant bacterial diseases, either as a primary or a secondary infection. As E. coli antimicrobial drug resistance is rising; there is a need to develop new approaches...

    Authors: Fawzia A. El-Shenawy, Eman M. El. El-Sherbeny and Samr Kassem
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:108
  3. Drastic climatic changes threaten animal productivity and prolificacy, whose adaptability is governed by its pheno- and genotypic traits. This study was aimed at investigating the effect of coat color on the a...

    Authors: Hossam R. El-Sherbiny, Nesrein M. Hashem and Elshymaa A. Abdelnaby
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:107
  4. In modern times, horses are utilized not only for labour and transportation purposes but also for recreational activities such as competition and pleasure riding. In these various pursuits, the role of vision ...

    Authors: Corradini Ignacio, López-Murcia María del Mar, Barba Marta, Zebarjadian Sina, Rodilla Vicent and Mayordomo-Febrer Aloma
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:106
  5. We developed a MARC-145 cell culture and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) vaccine production using a novel CelCradle bioreactor. CelCradle is a packed-bed bioreactor capable of both batch a...

    Authors: Hwi-Yeon Choi, Jong-Chul Choi, Yeong-Lim Kang, So-Hyeun Ahn, Sang-Won Lee, Seung-Yong Park, Chang-Seon Song, In-Soo Choi and Joong-Bok Lee
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:105

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:115

  6. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of locking plugs and the biomechanical properties of a 3.5 mm 8-hole polyaxial locking plate in a fracture gap model. Our hypothesis was that locking ...

    Authors: Joni Viitanen, Robert Quinn, Matthew Allen, Bart J. G. Broeckx, Tomasz Bartkowiak and Georg Haimel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:104
  7. Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) propagates in chickens' gastrointestinal surfaces and is transmitted to humans, causing food poisoning. Oral supplementation with natural nanoparticles can overcome the harsh gastroint...

    Authors: Adel Attia M. Ahmad, Gamal A. Elmowalid, Ahmed E. Abdelhamid, Alaa Abed Elrazak Mohammad and Ashraf M. O. Abdelwahab
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:103
  8. To determine the influence of two intraoperative pain management protocols on the need for additional opioids in patients receiving an epidural and periarticular liposomal bupivacaine (PLB) vs. PLB alone in th...

    Authors: Jessie Scaglione and Jacqueline Carver
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:102
  9. Testicular tumours are common in dogs and, among them, interstitial cell tumours, seminomas and sustentacular cell tumours are the most reported. Mesenchymal testicular tumours are rarely reported in humans as...

    Authors: Rafał Ciaputa, Eleonora Brambilla, Francesco Godizzi, Stanisław Dzimira, Kacper Żebrowski, Małgorzata Kandefer-Gola, Marcin Nowak and Valeria Grieco
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:101
  10. Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is a Gram-positive bacteria that infects pigs causing meningitis, arthritis, pneumonia, or endocarditis. This increases the mortality in pig farms deriving in severe economic losses. ...

    Authors: María José López-Martínez, Mario Andre S. Ornelas, Roxana Elena Amarie, Edgar Garcia Manzanilla, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Fernando Tecles, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Damián Escribano, Antonio González-Bulnes, José Joaquín Cerón, Marina López-Arjona and Alberto Muñoz-Prieto
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:100
  11. The present study aimed to investigate possible influences of body weight and sex on adrenal gland size in endocrinologically healthy dogs. Possible factors influencing the adrenal size are discussed in relati...

    Authors: Gerrit Büttelmann, Lisa Katharina Harder, Ingo Nolte and Patrick Wefstaedt
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:99
  12. Neonatal calf diarrhea (NCD) is typically treated with antibiotics, while long-term application of antibiotics induces drug resistance and antibiotic residues, ultimately decreasing feed efficiency. Pueraria poly...

    Authors: Liuhong Shen, Yu Shen, Liuchao You, Yue Zhang, Zhetong Su, Guangneng Peng, Jun-liang Deng, Zhijun Zhong, Shumin Yu, Xiaolan Zong, Xiaofeng Wu, Yingkun Zhu and Suizhong Cao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:98
  13. Oxytocin has traditionally been known for its physiological effects on muscle contraction associated with birth and lactation, but in the last years is widely used as a biomarker of “positive experiences” in p...

    Authors: Marina López-Arjona, María Botía, Silvia Martínez-Subiela and José Joaquín Cerón
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:96
  14. Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a vector-borne pathogen that mainly affects ruminants. Schmallenberg disease has never been described in southern Italy, although this geographic area displays climatic features su...

    Authors: Gianmarco Ferrara, Kerstin Wernike, Giuseppe Iovane, Ugo Pagnini and Serena Montagnaro
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:95
  15. Ilicis chinensis folium extract (ICFE) is a powder extracted and processed with Ilex chinensis Sims (ICS) which has numerous bioactivities and is conventionally used in traditional Chinese medicine. Nonetheless, ...

    Authors: Yingjie Zhong, Liang Li, Wujun Chen, Dongming Xing and Xiaolin Wu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:94
  16. Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease is one of the most common causes of lameness in dogs. The extracapsular stabilization (ECS) utilizing bone anchors and monofilament nylon leader was an alternative treat...

    Authors: Wei-Ru Hsu, Cheng-Chung Lin, Cheng-Yuan Sun and Ching-Ho Wu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:93
  17. According to reports, the majority of domesticated species exhibited uterine torsion. It was occasionally noted as a cause of dystocia in buffaloes. The uterus might twist more frequently late in pregnancy bec...

    Authors: Arafat Khalphallah, Enas Elmeligy, Taher Al-Daek, Hassan A. Hussein, Ragab H. Mohamed, Mahmoud S. Sabra, Asem Mohammed Zakaria, Marwa I. Khalifa, Haitham H. Mohammed, Khaled. A. Khesruf and Rezk Said Ghallab
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:92
  18. Intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH) is one of the most common causes of spinal cord injury (SCI) in dogs. As a result of acute SCI, a complex inflammatory response occurs in the spinal cord. Th17 cells (Th17...

    Authors: M. Wesolowski, P. Can, K. Warzecha, F. Freise, R. Carlson, J. Neßler and A. Tipold
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:90

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:114

  19. This research was designed to evaluate the effects of therapeutic ultrasound waves on ovarian germinal tissue and inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL1β, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)), acute pha...

    Authors: Arian Rajabi, Asghar Mogheiseh, Saeed Nazifi, MohammadSaeed Ahrari-Khafi, AmirReza Dehghanian, Nasser Vesal and Amin Bigham-Sadegh
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:88
  20. Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) is one of the pathogens that leads to a growing and persistent threat in pigs. Thus, the development of serological detection methods for PCV-2 is of great necessity for clinical d...

    Authors: Yanwei Li, Pingping Yu, Yaxuan Bao, Yuwen Ren, Shaowei Zhao and Xuexian Zhang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:87
  21. Male pseudohermaphroditism is a developmental anomaly wherein animals are genetically and gonadally male, but their internal and/or external genitalia resemble those of females. In cattle, pseudohermaphroditis...

    Authors: Hiromi Kusaka, Makoto Sugiyama, Satoshi Kameshima, Takehiko Kakizaki, Yasunori Suzuki, Ryo Ando, Hiroshi Miura, Motohiro Kikuchi, Hiroaki Kawaguchi and Minoru Sakaguchi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:86
  22. The characterization of staphylococcal species that colonize pets is important to maintain animal health and to minimize the risk of transmission to owners. Here, the prevalence of Staphylococcus spp. and methici...

    Authors: Marta Miszczak, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Anna Wzorek, Andrzej Gamian, Krzysztof Rypuła and Karolina Bierowiec
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:85
  23. Confinement of cattle imposes spatial restrictions and predisposes to aversive social encounters that can lead to contusions, wounds, pain, stress, fright, and reduced productivity. Although endogenous testost...

    Authors: Caique Marques Marcelino, Pedro Henrique Esteves Trindade, Henry David Mogollón García, Antonio Guilherme Roncada Pupulim, Cyntia Ludovico Martins, Guilherme Rizzoto, Francisco Teixeira-Neto, Fernanda Macitelli, John Patrick Kastelic and João Carlos Pinheiro Ferreira
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:84
  24. South Africa has two types of animal farming systems, being the commercial industry and subsistence farming in more rural areas, with commercial farmers having more access to veterinary services. To cater for ...

    Authors: M. S. Gulwako, J. M. Mokoele, Y. B. Ngoshe and V. Naidoo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:83
  25. An important aspect in the microbiology of the reproductive system of small animals is the potential occurrence of probiotic bacteria, such as lactic acid bacteria (LAB) of the genus Lactobacillus. The presence o...

    Authors: Golińska Edyta, Sowińska Natalia, Szydło Marlena, Witka Natalia, Lenarczyk Joanna, Zbigniew Arent and Strus Magdalena
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:82
  26. The objective of this study was to synthesize and characterize pharmaceutical characteristics of florfenicol sustained-release granules (FSRGs) in vitro and in vivo. FSRGs were synthesized using monostearate, ...

    Authors: Wei-cong Yang, Zi-yao Liu, Yun-xiao Zhang, Yang Yu, Yue Shen, Ying Xu and Xian-hui Huang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:81
  27. Exploring the association of diet and indoor and outdoor environments on the gut microbiome of red-crowned cranes. We investigated the microbiome profile of the 24 fecal samples collected from nine cranes from...

    Authors: Wei Xu, Nan Xu, Qingzheng Zhang, Keyi Tang, Ying Zhu, Rong Chen, Xinyi Zhao, Wentao Ye, Changhu Lu and Hongyi Liu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:80
  28. Miniature Dachshunds have a high prevalence of neurological and musculoskeletal diseases potentially affecting their balance. The postural stability of dogs in quiet standing is an indicator of postural contro...

    Authors: Aliah F. Shaheen, Daniela Lins, Thais Toledo and Constanza B. Gómez Álvarez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:79
  29. The main aim of this report was to investigate and compare the response of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and ferritin, two positive acute phase proteins (APPs) which usually show an increase in inflammatory p...

    Authors: Jose J Ceron, Luis Pardo-Marin, Anna Wdowiak, Andrea Zoia, Marco Wochnik, Marek Szczubiał, Mariola Bochniarz, Fernando Tecles, Silvia Martinez-Subiela, Asta Tvarijonaviciute and Roman Dąbrowski
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:78
  30. Pyometra is a common infectious condition, especially in elderly bitches. In addition to an infected uterus, dogs may have concurrent urinary tract infection (UTI). The preferred treatment is surgical removal ...

    Authors: Anna Ylhäinen, Sari Mölsä, Thomas Grönthal, Jouni Junnila, Merja Rantala, Outi Laitinen-Vapaavuori and Katariina Thomson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:77
  31. In dogs, the most frequently reported mycosis associated with Aspergillus spp. are respiratory infections. Systemic aspergillosis is uncommon, with reported cases been associated with several Aspergillus species....

    Authors: Raquel Abreu, António Martinho, Rute Noiva, Hugo Pissarra, João Cota, Eva Cunha, Luís Tavares and Manuela Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:76
  32. Difference in breed, nutrition status and climate in which animals are managed result in differences in response to reproductive hormones. Fertility rate to artificial insemination is very low in Ethiopian Bor...

    Authors: Tilaye Demissie Ayanie, Alebachew Tilahun Wassie, Ebisa Merga Kebede, Tefera Yilma Mekonnen, Tamrat Degefa Geleto and Alemayehu Lemma Biru
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:75
  33. The European bison (Bison bonasus) is a near threatened species and requires health monitoring. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of antibodies to pathogens known to cause respiratory a...

    Authors: Anna Didkowska, Daniel Klich, Magdalena Nowak, Marlena Wojciechowska, Kinga Prolejko, Ewelina Kwiecień, Magdalena Rzewuska, Wanda Olech and Krzysztof Anusz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:74
  34. Authors: Eliana Pintus, Abigail F. Chinn, Martin Kadlec, Francisco Alberto García-Vázquez, Pavel Novy, John B. Matson and José Luis Ros-Santaella
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:73

    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:52

  35. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses a major threat to global health. Understanding how antimicrobials are used on dairy farms and stakeholder beliefs relating to their use is essential to ensure responsible a...

    Authors: Elena Borelli, Kathryn Ellis, Martin Tomlinson and Emily Hotchkiss
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:72
  36. Authors: Eliana Pintus, Abigail F. Chinn, Martin Kadlec, Francisco Alberto García‑Vázquez, Pavel Novy, John B. Matson and José Luis Ros‑Santaella
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:71

    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:52

  37. Rye intake has been associated with beneficial effects on health in human interventions, possibly due to dietary fiber in rye. In dogs, few studies have explored the effects on health of dietary fiber in gener...

    Authors: Hanna Palmqvist, Sara Ringmark, Katja Höglund, Erik Pelve, Torbjörn Lundh and Johan Dicksved
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:70
  38. Escherichia fergusonii is a common conditionally pathogenic bacterium that infects humans and animals. E. fergusonii has been reported to cause diarrhea, respiratory disease, and septicemia, but it is rarely repo...

    Authors: Fuyu An, Kai Wang, Shichao Wei, Hongmei Yan, Xuelin Xu, Jinqian Xu, Song Sun, Jiejian Zou, Fanghui Hou and Yan Hua
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:69
  39. Lymphatic neoplasia may occur in various types, such as lymphoma, lymphosarcoma, lympholeukemia, and plasmacytoid leukemia. Lymphoma, defined as a malignant tumour of lymphoid tissue, has been found in a numbe...

    Authors: Hooman Rahmati-Holasoo, Sara Shokrpoor, Amin Marandi, Niyousha Torjani and Hosseinali Ebrahimzadeh Mousavi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:67
  40. Plasmodium, Haemoproteus and Leucocytozoon are three mainly studied blood parasites known to cause malarial and pseudomalarial infections in avian worldwide. Although Sarawak is a biodiversity hotspot, molecular...

    Authors: Vaenessa Noni and Cheng Siang Tan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:66
  41. Nannochloropsis oculata (N. oculata) is a marine microalga containing bioactive compounds and a high omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 PUFAs). Therefore, it is very promising for nutraceutical and the funct...

    Authors: Eman Zahran, Samia Elbahnaswy, Fatma Ahmed, Iman Ibrahim, Asmaa A. Khaled and Elsayed A. Eldessouki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:65
  42. The use of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) is emerging as an efficacious and safe treatment for many infectious and non-infectious inflammatory diseases in human and veterinary medicine. Such use could be do...

    Authors: Iftach Schouten, Andrés Bernys-Karolys, Peleg Schneider, Tal Dror, Lior Ofer, Chen Shimoni, Einat Nissim-Eliraz, Nahum Y. Shpigel and Sharon Schlesinger
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:64
  43. Bloodstream infections are a matter of concern in small animal veterinary practice. Few reports are avaiable, especially regarding the role of opportunistic bacteria in becoming infectious. This report aims to...

    Authors: Raffaele Scarpellini, Massimo Giunti, Alessandra Pontiero, Federica Savini, Erika Esposito and Silvia Piva
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:63
  44. Recently, an increasing number of ichthyophthiriasis outbreaks has been reported, leading to high economic losses in fisheries and aquaculture. Although several strategies, including chemotherapeutics and immu...

    Authors: Mona Saleh, Abdel-Azeem S. Abdel-Baki, Mohamed A. Dkhil, Mansour El-Matbouli and Saleh Al-Quraishy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:62
  45. Canine distemper virus (CDV) is one of the most contagious and lethal viruses known to the Canidae, with a very broad and expanding host range. Autophagy serves as a fundamental stabilizing response against patho...

    Authors: Fei Chen, Zijing Guo, Rui Zhang, Zhixiong Zhang, Bo Hu, Ling Bai, Shuaiyang Zhao, Yongshu Wu, Zhidong Zhang and Yanmin Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2023 19:60

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