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  1. Few studies have molecularly characterized the potential zoonotic protozoa, Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in sheep and goats in China, therefore total 472 fecal samples were...

    Authors: Penglin Wang, Ling Zheng, Linke Liu, Fuchang Yu, Yichen Jian, Rongjun Wang, Sumei Zhang, Longxian Zhang, Changshen Ning and Fuchun Jian
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:361
  2. In camels, nasopharyngeal myiasis is caused by the larvae of Cephalopina titillator, which parasitize the tissues of nasal and paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx. C. titillator infestation adversely affects t...

    Authors: Huaibing Yao, Mengli Liu, Wanpeng Ma, Haitao Yue, Zhanqiang Su, Ruiqi Song, Qiang Ma, Ling Li, Zhuangyuan Wu, Yingjun Ma, Gangliang Chen, Baojiang Chen and Jie Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:360
  3. Serum Amyloid A (SAA) is a major acute phase protein in cats, increasing rapidly in response to various inflammatory diseases. An automated latex-enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay for human SAA (LZ-SAA, Eiken...

    Authors: Elspeth M. Waugh, Hayley Haining, James Harvie, Alison E. Ridyard and P. David Eckersall
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:359
  4. Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an economically crucial respiratory disease of poultry that affects the industry worldwide. Vaccination is the principal tool in the control of the disease outbreak. In an...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Saied, Magdy M. El-Mahdy, Mahmoud Bayoumi, Reem A. Soliman, Marwa. F. Elsayed, Ezz El-Din Sakr, Mostafa Bastami, Munir M. El-Safty and Mohamed Shaalan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:358
  5. Pregnancy, parturition, and the onset of lactation represent an enormous physiological and hormonal challenge to the homeostasis of dairy animals, being a risk for their health and reproduction. Thus, as a par...

    Authors: Navid Ghavipanje, Mohammad Hasan Fathi Nasri, Seyyed Homayoun Farhangfar, Seyyed Ehsan Ghiasi and Einar Vargas-Bello-Pérez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:357
  6. In recent years, researchers have become increasingly interested in developing natural feed additives that can stabilize ruminal pH and thus prevent or eliminate the risk of severe subacute rumen acidosis. Her...

    Authors: Mariam G. Ahmed, Adham A. Al-Sagheer, Samir Z. El-Zarkouny and Eman A. Elwakeel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:356
  7. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are described as promising non-invasive biomarkers for diagnostics and therapeutics. Human studies have shown that haemolysis occurring during blood collection or due to improper...

    Authors: Matias Aguilera-Rojas, Soroush Sharbati, Torsten Stein, Mario Candela Andrade, Barbara Kohn and Ralf Einspanier
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:355
  8. This study evaluated the modulatory effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) supplementations on the productive performance, blood biochemistry, carcass criteria, and meat quality of White New Zealand rab...

    Authors: Ahmed A. A. Abdel-Wareth, Shimaa A. Amer, Muhammad Mobashar and Hazem G. M. El-Sayed
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:354
  9. Respiratory diseases are among the most common and expensive to treat diseases in camels with a great economic impact on camel health, welfare, and production. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) has been prov...

    Authors: Turke Shawaf, Hans-Joachim Schuberth and Jamal Hussen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:353
  10. Tuberculosis (TB) due to Mycobacterium caprae is endemic in goat herds and free-ranging wild boars in Spain, causing infections in other livestock or wild animals to a lesser extent. TB infection in foxes is infr...

    Authors: Bernat Pérez de Val, Claudia Perea, Josep Estruch, Carlos Solano-Manrique, Carles Riera, Albert Sanz, Enric Vidal and Roser Velarde
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:352
  11. In people, the cardiovascular effects of obesity include systemic hypertension, cardiac remodelling and both systolic and diastolic dysfunction, whilst weight reduction can reverse myocardial remodelling and r...

    Authors: C. Partington, H. Hodgkiss-Geere, G. R. T. Woods, J. Dukes-McEwan, J. Flanagan, V. Biourge and A. J. German
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:351
  12. OvSynch is a hormonal protocol for synchronization of estrus and use of artificial insemination (AI) at an optimal time without adverse effects on the ovaries or uterus. This study investigated the use of noni...

    Authors: Heba A. Sharawy, AbdelRaouf O. Hegab, Engy F. Risha, Mohamed El-Adl, Walid T. Soliman, Mohamed A. Gohar, Reham A. Fahmy, Virginia M. Farag, Kazuhiko Imakawa, Fuller W. Bazer, Daniela James, Adel Zaghloul, Abdelnasser A. Abdalla, Mariam M. Rabie and Mohammed A. Elmetwally
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:350
  13. Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) is a positive-sense RNA virus of the family of the picornaviridæ that is responsible for one of the livestock diseases with the highest economic impact, the Foot-and-Mouth D...

    Authors: Jean Claude Udahemuka, Gabriel Aboge, George Obiero, Angélique Ingabire, Natasha Beeton, Evodie Uwibambe and Phiyani Lebea
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:349
  14. Atypical porcine pestivirus (APPV) is a neurotropic virus associated with congenital tremor type A-II. A few experimental studies also indicate an association between APPV and splay leg. The overarching aim of...

    Authors: Hedvig Stenberg, Stina Hellman, Lisa Lindström, Magdalena Jacobson, Caroline Fossum, Juliette Hayer and Maja Malmberg
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:348
  15. Cottonseed meal (CSM), a relatively rich source of protein and amino acids, is used as an inexpensive alternative to soybean meal (SBM) in poultry diets. However, the toxicity of free gossypol in CSM has been ...

    Authors: Jun Yu, Zhengfeng Yang, Haiming Yang and Zhiyue Wang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:347
  16. The viscoelastic coagulation monitor (VCM Vet) is a novel, portable device that provides a global assessment of hemostasis. The study aims were to evaluate serial viscoelastic analysis during the perianestheti...

    Authors: Wen H. Wang, Alex M. Lynch, Julie A. Balko, Daniel J. Duffy, James B. Robertson and Lysa P. Posner
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:346
  17. Bacteria deliver effector proteins into the host cell via a secretory system that can directly act on the target to cause disease. As an important pipeline structural protein of the type VI secretion system (T...

    Authors: Xiangjun Song, Zhe Chen, Ziqi Li, Xiaoru Wang, Manman Hou, Ying Shao, Jian Tu and Kezong Qi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:344
  18. Sheep pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA) is a contagious lung cancer of sheep caused by the Jaagsiekte retrovirus (JSRV). OPA typically has a serious economic impact worldwide. A vaccine has yet to be developed, e...

    Authors: Nuha Amin Mahmoud, Abdelmajeed M. Elshafei and Yassir A. Almofti
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:343
  19. The success of workplace clinical training (WCT) is important given that veterinary students are licensed to work independently upon graduation. Considering this, it is perhaps surprising that there is limited...

    Authors: Jennifer Routh, Sharmini Julita Paramasivam, Peter Cockcroft, Vishna Devi Nadarajah and Kamalan Jeevaratnam
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:340
  20. Bovine rotavirus A (BRVA) is considered to be the most common pathogen of severe diarrhea in cattle worldwide, which could lead to the death of newborn calves and cause the significant economic losses to the c...

    Authors: Yuelin Liu, Libing Liu, Jinfeng Wang, Xiaoxia Sun, Yaxin Gao, Wanzhe Yuan, Jianchang Wang and Ruiwen Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:339
  21. The conventional feeding management of horses is still characterized by high starch and low fibre diets, which can negatively affect horse’s gastrointestinal health. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare ...

    Authors: Elena Colombino, Federica Raspa, Maria Perotti, Domenico Bergero, Ingrid Vervuert, Emanuela Valle and Maria Teresa Capucchio
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:338
  22. Milk provides energy as well as the basic nutrients required by the body. In particular, milk is beneficial for bone growth and development in children. Based on scientific evidence, cattle milk is an excellen...

    Authors: Rajesh Kumar Pathak, Byeonghwi Lim, Do-Young Kim and Jun-Mo Kim
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:337
  23. Cryptosporidium species are zoonotic protozoan parasites responsible for gastroenteritis in various animals and humans. The diagnosis of Cryptosporidium presents many challenges. This research attempted to match ...

    Authors: Nadra-Elwgoud M. I. Abdou, Maha S. AlAzemi, Mohammed T. Al-Sayegh and Qais A. H. Majeed
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:336
  24. Toxoplasma is an obligate intracellular protozoan that causes an important zoonotic disease with a worldwide distribution. Felids are the definitive hosts of this parasite, while virtually all warm-blooded anima...

    Authors: Ru-Min Liu, Wei-Hsiang Huang, Shang-Lin Wang, Sin-Ling Wang, Pei-Yun Huang, Chen-Yeh Lien, Yen-Hsueh Lai, Pao-Jung Wang, Li-Hsin Wu and Albert Taiching Liao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:335
  25. Alpha-chloralose (AC) is a compound known to be toxic to various animal species and humans. In 2018 and 2019 an increase in suspected cases of AC poisoning in cats related to the use of AC as a rodenticide was...

    Authors: Ulrika Windahl, Annica Tevell Åberg, Fedor Kryuchkov, Sandra Lundgren, Cecilia Tegner, Kristoffer Dreimanis, Sanna Koivisto, Outi Simola, Morten Sandvik and Aksel Bernhoft
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:334
  26. Swine are considered a major source of foodborne salmonellosis, a public health issue further complicated by the circulation of multidrug-resistant Salmonella strains that threaten the safety of the food chain. T...

    Authors: Kendy Tzu-yun Teng, Marc Aerts, Stijn Jaspers, Maria Ugarte-Ruiz, Miguel A. Moreno, Jose Luis Saez, Soledad Collado, Cristina de Frutos, Lucas Dominguez and Julio Alvarez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:333
  27. Agriculture in general, and livestock production in particular, serve as a livelihood source for many people in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In many settings, lack of control of infectious diseases hampers livest...

    Authors: Francis Sena Nuvey, Jalil Arkoazi, Jan Hattendorf, Gloria Ivy Mensah, Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Günther Fink, Jakob Zinsstag and Bassirou Bonfoh
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:332
  28. Toxoplasma gondii infects almost all warm-blooded animals, and cats play a crucial role in the epidemiology of T. gondii as the definitive host. Despite sporadic reports on the seroprevalence of T. gondii in dome...

    Authors: Ningbo Xia, Nuo Ji, Longjiao Li, Yuan Huang, Congshan Yang, Xuefang Guo, Qinghong Guo, Bang Shen, Lihua Xiao and Yaoyu Feng
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:331
  29. Prevalence, morphology, and molecular characteristics of isopodiosis in the European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, in Egypt were assessed using light and electron microscopy and polymerase chain reaction targeti...

    Authors: Ebtsam Sayed Hassan Abdallah and Awatef Hamed Hamouda
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:330
  30. Cell free DNA, in the form of nucleosomes, is released into circulation during apoptosis and necrosis in a variety of diseases. They are small fragments of chromosomes that are composed of DNA wrapped around a...

    Authors: H. M. Wilson-Robles, T. Bygott, T. K. Kelly, T. M. Miller, P. Miller, M. Matsushita, J. Terrell, M. Bougoussa and T. Butera
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:329
  31. Osteochondrosis is a major cause of leg weakness in pigs. Selection against osteochondrosis is currently based on manual scoring of computed tomographic (CT) scans for the presence of osteochondrosis manifesta...

    Authors: Kristin Olstad, Lars Erik Gangsei and Jørgen Kongsro
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:328
  32. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has caused huge economic losses in the global swine industry. Frequent genetic variations in this virus cause difficulties in controlling and accurat...

    Authors: Go-Eun Shin, Ji-Young Park, Kyoung-Ki Lee, Mi-Kyeong Ko, Bok-Kyung Ku, Choi-Kyu Park and Hye-Young Jeoung
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:327
  33. Ultrasonography is one of the most important techniques that enable the detection and monitoring of pregnancy. One such study using this technique is the assessment of the hemodynamics of fetal and umbilical b...

    Authors: Angelika Brzozowska, Tomasz Stankiewicz, Barbara Błaszczyk, Pavitra Chundekkad, Jan Udała and Natalia Wojtasiak
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:326
  34. Over the past 10 years, inclusion body hepatitis outbreaks, essentially from commercial broiler flocks, have been detected in different geographic regions highlighting the wide distribution of FAdVs around the...

    Authors: Marwa M. Safwat, Al Shimaa R. Sayed, Marwa F. Ali Elsayed and Awad Abd El Hafez Ibrahim
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:325
  35. Flatfish live in a diverse marine ecosystem that is changing due to natural variations and anthropogenic influences. These changes can evoke a stress response mainly resulting in production of the glucocortico...

    Authors: Maaike Vercauteren, Bart Ampe, Lisa Devriese, Christel Palmyre Henri Moons, Annemie Decostere, Johan Aerts and Koen Chiers
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:324
  36. Neonatal calf diarrhea (NCD) is the leading cause of calf morbidity and mortality in beef cattle. Cow’s vaccination in last stage of pregnancy is one of the most important measures to mitigate the risk of NCD ...

    Authors: Filipe Aguera Pinheiro, Nathália Decaris, Viviana Parreño, Paulo Eduardo Brandão, Henderson Ayres and Viviani Gomes
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:323
  37. Bluetongue (BT) is an insect-borne, non-contagious viral disease which affects domestic ruminants including camels and is transmitted by Culicoides spp. Clinical symptoms of BT are typically seen in sheep, althou...

    Authors: Abdelfattah Selim, Roua A. Alsubki, Fatima M. Albohairy, Kotb A. Attia and Itoh Kimiko
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:322
  38. African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease and often lethal, which has significant economic consequences for the swine industry. Due to lacking of commercial vaccine, the preve...

    Authors: Angke Zhang, Shuya Wu, Xiaohong Duan, Huijun Zhao, Haoxin Dong, Jiahui Ren, Mingfang Zhang, Jiaji Li, Hong Duan and Gaiping Zhang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:321
  39. The application of plant extracts has received great interest for the treatment of bovine mastitis. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is a rich dietary flavonoid that has significant antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and...

    Authors: Manman Li, Guicong Lu, Xiao Ma, Ruihong Wang, Xihong Chen, Yongxiong Yu and Caode Jiang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:320
  40. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), a swine epidemic disease caused by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), is characterized by severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration and high mortality in piglets, and ...

    Authors: Kun Wang, Zhiqiang Hu, Mingyu Fan, Zhenwen Shao, Qiannan Yu and Xiaowen Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:319
  41. Good quality colostrum is characterized by high immunoglobulin concentration and low pathogen load. Some methods of pathogen reduction can decrease immunoglobulin concentration and potentially affect their fu...

    Authors: Billy I. Smith, Sarah V. Cady and Helen W. Aceto
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:318
  42. Bacterial corneal infections are common and potentially blinding diseases in all species. As antibiotic resistance is a growing concern, alternative treatment methods are an important focus of research. Photoa...

    Authors: Anja Suter, Sarah Schmitt, Ella Hübschke, Malwina Kowalska, Sonja Hartnack and Simon Pot
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:317
  43. Eccrine sweat glands (ESGs) and hair follicles (HFs) are the prominent skin appendages regulating human body temperature. C57BL/6 mice and Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats are the most commonly used model animals for ...

    Authors: Zixiu Chen, Junhong Zhao, Yongjing Yan, Lei Zhang, Lijie Du, Xiang Liu, Manxiu Cao, Cangyu Wang, Yue Tang and Haihong Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:316
  44. Heterotopic gastric mucosa has been scarcely reported in the veterinary literature. Its presence can be asymptomatic or associated with various clinical signs ranging from apathy, vomiting, to abdominal pain. ...

    Authors: Roxana Merca and Barbara Richter
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:315
  45. Natural feed supplements are gaining popularity in the animal production sector due to their safety and potential immunostimulatory properties, as well as the ban of some antibiotics and their negative residua...

    Authors: A. S. El-Hawy, Haidy G. Abdel-Rahman, M. F. El-Bassiony, Abeer Anwar, Marwa A. Hassan, A. A. S. Elnabtiti, Heba M. A. Abdelrazek and Samar Kamel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:314
  46. Arbas Cashmere goats are excellent domestic breeds with high yields of wool and cashmere. Their wool and cashmere can bring huge benefits to the livestock industry. Our studies intend to more fully understand ...

    Authors: Wei Yan, Fei Hao, Xiaoshu Zhe, Yingmin Wang and Dongjun Liu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:313
  47. The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of different doses of metal nanocomposite (MNc) (Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO) lower than its cytotoxic level in order to overcome or minimize the ochratoxin (OTA) adverse effect...

    Authors: Nagla F. Al Shap, Eman M. El. El-Sherbeny and Dalia M. A. El Masry
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:312

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