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  1. Due to the increasing prevalence of equine non-infectious respiratory disease, the air contamination in equine housing (Stables A-C) and training facilities (indoor riding arenas A - C) was investigated. The a...

    Authors: Izabela Rodzyń, Katarzyna Karpińska, Hanna Bis-Wencel, Łukasz Wlazło, Mateusz Ossowski, Katarzyna Strzelec, Sebastian Jaguszewski and Bożena Nowakowicz-Dębek
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:78
  2. Varicellovirus equidalpha1 (formerly Equid alphaherpesvirus 1, EqAHV-1) is among the most important viruses responsible for respiratory disease outbreaks among horses throughout the world. No reports to date have...

    Authors: Panpan Tong, Enhui Yang, Bin Liu, Shuyao tian, Youtu Suo, JuanJuan Pan, Yueyi Dang, Nuerlan Palidan, Chenyang Jia, Ling Kuang and Jinxin Xie
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:77
  3. Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) causes severe economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to discover a novel bioactive antiviral agent for controlling NDV. Streptomyces misakiensis w...

    Authors: Rewan Abdelaziz, Yasmine H. Tartor, Ahmed B. Barakat, Gamal EL-Didamony, Marwa M. Gado, Mohamed Samir A. Zaki, Refaat A. Eid and Hanaa A. El-Samadony
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:76
  4. Staphylococcus aureus is a multi-host zoonotic pathogen causing human and livestock diseases. Dairy farms that make artisan cheese have distinctive concerns for S. aureus control. Antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) S....

    Authors: Ashma Chakrawarti, Christine L. Casey, Ariela Burk, Robert Mugabi, Amanda Ochoa and John W. Barlow
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:75
  5. Telocytes are modified interstitial cells that communicate with other types of cells, including stem cells. Stemness properties render them more susceptible to environmental conditions. The current morphologic...

    Authors: Diaa Massoud, Hanan H Abd-Elhafeez, Walaa F. A. Emeish, Maged Fouda, Fayez Shaldoum, Barakat M. Alrashdi, Mervat Hassan and Soha A Soliman
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:73
  6. Cranial closing wedge osteotomy (CCWO) is a functional stabilisation technique for cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) ruptures. This biomechanical study aimed to evaluate the influence of CCWO on the stability o...

    Authors: Masakazu Shimada, Chenxu Huang, Satoshi Yamakawa, Hiromichi Fujie, Sawako Murakami, Nobuo Kanno and Yasushi Hara
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:72
  7. Toxoplasma gondii causes lifelong infection in most definitive and intermediate hosts. Clinical cases of toxoplasmosis in captive cheetahs have been reported. However, there are few reports of viable T. gondii st...

    Authors: Niuping Zhu, Hongjie Ren, Liulu Yang, Gaohui Mao, Junbao Li, Chunlei Su and Yurong Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:71
  8. Mixed strongylid infections significantly impact equine health and performance. Traditional microscopy-based methods exhibit limitations in accurately identifying strongylid species. Nemabiome deep amplicon se...

    Authors: Mohamed H. Hamad, Sk Injamamul Islam, Wanarit Jitsamai, Teerapol Chinkangsadarn, Darm Naraporn, Suraseha Ouisuwan and Piyanan Taweethavonsawat
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:70
  9. Deciding which environmental enrichment is used in mouse caging is often subjective, with cost frequently prevailing over welfare benefits, including aggression and anxiety. While many devices introduced to en...

    Authors: Bret R. Tallent, L. Matthew Law and Jonathan Lifshitz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:69
  10. Sheep and goat production in Ethiopia is hindered by numerous substandard production systems and various diseases. Respiratory disease complexes (RDC) pose a significant threat to the productivity of these ani...

    Authors: Sisay Girma, Tesfaye Bekele, Samson Leta, Desiye Tesfaye Tegegne, Tilaye Demissie, Birhanu Hadush, Kassaye Aragaw, Takele Beyene Tufa, Teshale Sori Tolera and Ketema Tafess
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:68
  11. Yaks (Bos grunniens), prized for their ability to thrive in high-altitude environments, are indispensable livestock in the plateau region. Modifying their feeding systems holds significant promise for improvin...

    Authors: Xiaoming Ma, Xian Guo, La Yongfu, Tong Wang, Pengjia Bao, Min Chu, Xiaoyun Wu, Ping Yan and Chunnian Liang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:67
  12. Dirofilariasis is a vector-borne disease caused by parasitic nematodes of the genus Dirofilaria spp., considered an emerging concern in both veterinary and human medicine. Climate changes and human activities, su...

    Authors: Mateusz Pękacz, Katarzyna Basałaj, Martina Miterpáková, Zbigniew Rusiecki, Diana Stopka, Dominika Graczyk and Anna Zawistowska-Deniziak
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:66
  13. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic disease that results from infection with any member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Infected animals are typically diagnosed with tuberculin-based intradermal ski...

    Authors: Mohit Kumar, Tarun Kumar, Babu Lal Jangir, Mahavir Singh, Devan Arora, Yogesh Bangar, Andrew Conlan, Martin Vordermeier, Douwe Bakker, S. M. Byregowda, Sreenidhi Srinivasan, Vivek Kapur and Naresh Jindal
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:65
  14. The critically low hepatic iron stores of newborn piglets are considered to be a major cause of neonatal iron deficiency in modern breeds of domestic pig (Sus domestica). The main factor believed to contribute to...

    Authors: Zuzanna Kopeć, Rafał Mazgaj, Rafał Radosław Starzyński, Xiuying Wang, Jolanta Opiela, Zdzisław Smorąg, Barbara Gajda, Jakub Nicpoń, Małgorzata Lenartowicz, Magdalena Ogłuszka, Mikołaj Antoni Gralak and Paweł Lipiński
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:64
  15. The combined application of predatory fungi and antiparasitic drugs is a sustainable approach for the integrated control of animal gastrointestinal (GI) parasites. However, literature addressing the possible i...

    Authors: João Lozano, Eva Cunha, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Adolfo Paz-Silva and Manuela Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:63
  16. The wild boar (Sus scrofa) and the Apennine wolf (Canis lupus italicus) are two wild species that have both increased their presence in the Italian territory, albeit in varying numbers. They can be occasionally f...

    Authors: Filippo Maria Dini, Carmela Musto, Vincenzo Maria De Nigris, Enrica Bellinello, Maria Sampieri, Giuseppe Merialdi, Lorella Barca, Mauro Delogu and Roberta Galuppi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:62
  17. As the foal grows, the amount of breast milk produced by the donkey decreases. In such cases, early supplemental feeding is particularly important to meet the growth needs of the foal. Foals have an incomplete...

    Authors: Chao Li, Xuan Yue Li, Xiao Bin Li, Chen Ma, Hui Chen and Fan Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:61
  18. Yellow grub disease, caused by Clinostomum metacercaria, is an endemic zoonotic infection in freshwater fish, responsible for Halzoun syndrome transmitted through the consumption of raw infected fish. This study ...

    Authors: Olfat A. Mahdy, Sahar Z. Abdel-Maogood, Mohamed Abdelsalam and Mai A. Salem
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:60
  19. Placenta-specific protein 1 (PLAC1) is a small secreted protein considered to be a molecule with a significant role in the development of the placenta and the establishment of the mother-foetus interface. This...

    Authors: Monika Jamioł, Magdalena Sozoniuk, Jacek Wawrzykowski and Marta Kankofer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:59
  20. Staphylococcus spp and Microsporum canis are zoonotic microorganisms which can cause infections and systemic diseases. The bone infection is usually caused by invasion of pathogen through the hematologic route. M...

    Authors: Fernanda O. Soares, Isabel R. Rosado, Marcus V. C. Sousa, Carolyne F. Dumont, Joely F. F. Bittar, Ian Martin, Marcelo E. Beletti, Roberta T. Melo and Endrigo G. L. Alves
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:58
  21. The trend of using probiotic, prebiotic and their mixture as alternative feed additives which works as growth promoters in poultry diets to increase the productive performance and the immunity of the flock sti...

    Authors: Fayza M. Salem and A. A. Abd El-Dayem
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:56
  22. Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) is a well-known economic fish species that can thrive under the right environmental circumstances. The transport of live fish, either for food or as companion animals, present...

    Authors: Heba Naeim Sadek Hana, Rasha S. A. Abd El-Lateif, Mohamed Abd El Aziz Ahmed Abd El-Galil, Mohamed Abd Allah Mousa and Fatma Abo Zakaib Ali
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:55
  23. Free-living amoebae (FLA) are capable of inhabiting diverse reservoirs independently, without relying on a host organism, hence their designation as “free-living”. The majority of amoebae that infect freshwate...

    Authors: Hooman Rahmati-Holasoo, Maryam Niyyati, Marziye Fatemi, Fatemeh Mahdavi Abhari, Sara Shokrpoor, Alireza Nassiri and Amin Marandi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:54
  24. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a zoonotic pathogen widely distributed in animals and humans. It can cause diarrhea and even death in immunocompromised hosts. Approximately 800 internal transcribed spacer (ITS) genoty...

    Authors: Minghui Chen, Haidong Wang, Xinmiao Li, Yunan Guo, Ying Lu, Liping Zheng, Guoqing Liang, Yuzhen Sui, Bukang Wang, Hongyu Dai, Haiju Dong and Longxian Zhang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:53
  25. Tracheal collapse (TC), a common disease in dogs, is characterized by cough; however, little is known about the serum biomarkers that can objectively evaluate the severity of cough in canine TC. Furthermore, s...

    Authors: Da-Yeon Jung, Su-Min Park, Ga-Hyun Lim, Kyoung-Won Seo, Ye-In Oh and Hwa-Young Youn
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:52
  26. Respiratory tract diseases cause significant economic loss in beef cattle. This study aimed to determine whether the application of hyperimmune serum (HS) containing antibodies against selected antigens of Gra...

    Authors: Bajzert Joanna, Jawor Paulina, Baran Rafał and Stefaniak Tadeusz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:51
  27. Ticks and tick-borne diseases (TTBDs) are a significant threat to livestock production in sub-Saharan Africa. Transhumance pastoralism practiced in Karamoja region and other factors like cattle trade, communal...

    Authors: Patrick Etiang, Abubakar Musoba, David Nalumenya, Christian Ndekezi, Johnson Bbira, Sylvester Ochwo, Robert Tweyongyere and Dennis Muhanguzi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:50
  28. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) can cause localized or systemic infections, collectively known as avian colibacillosis, resulting in huge economic losses to poultry industry globally per year. In addition, increa...

    Authors: Hongyan Sun, Xinqi Cao, Sumayya, Yuyi Ma, Huan Li, Wei Han and Lujiang Qu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:49
  29. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a diagnostic method for the assessment of the lower respiratory airway health status in horses. Differential cell count and sometimes also total nucleated cell count (TNCC) are ...

    Authors: Sandra Lapsina, Barbara Riond, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann and Martina Stirn
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:48
  30. Researchers and pig veterinarians are interested in assessing pigs’ fecal consistency. This study developed a standardized protocol and scale for the cotton swab method, which is a way of assessing the fecal c...

    Authors: Esben Østergaard Eriksen, Martin Friis Sejersen and Ken Steen Pedersen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:47
  31. Intrauterine devices (IUD) are used in the veterinary practice as the non-pharmacological method of oestrus suppression in mares. When placed in the uterus, IUD create a physical contact with the endometrium t...

    Authors: Katarzyna Karolina Piotrowska-Tomala, Agnieszka Walentyna Jonczyk, Anna Szóstek-Mioduchowska, Takuo Hojo, Ewelina Żebrowska, Terttu Katila, Graca Ferreira-Dias and Dariusz Jan Skarzynski
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:46
  32. The red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) is renowned for its remarkable adaptations, yet much of its complex biology remains unknown. In this pioneering study, we utilized a combination of gross anatomy, ...

    Authors: Mohamed A. M. Alsafy, Nermin K. A. El-sharnobey, Samir A. A. El-Gendy, Mohamed A. Abumandour, Basma G. Hanafy, Samar M. Ez Elarab and Ahmed M. Rashwan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:45
  33. A multimodal approach for diagnostic tests under anesthesia is required to diagnose nasal cavity pathology (NP) reliably in dogs. Blood test results may provide clues to the suspected NP.

    Authors: Sarah Rösch, Julia Woitas, Stephan Neumann, Michaele Alef, Ingmar Kiefer and Gerhard Oechtering
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:44
  34. Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) is an acute febrile infectious disease caused by the bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), which has brought huge economic losses to the world's cattle industry. At present, commercia...

    Authors: Cunyuan Li, Jinming Yu, Yue Wang, Xiaoyue Li, Yaxin Li, Mingxuan An, Wei Ni, Kaiping Liu and Shengwei Hu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:43
  35. The aim of this study was to introduce a novel intraoral technique for performing mandibular nerve blocks in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius). In this study, 18 adult camel skulls of varying ages and breeds...

    Authors: Mohamed Marzok, Mohamed A. Nazih, Adel I. Almubarak, Zakriya Al Mohamad, Ibrahim A. Emam and Mohamed W. El-Sherif
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:42
  36. mcr-1-positive Escherichia coli has emerged as a significant threat to human health, veterinary health, and food safety in recent years. After the prohibition of colistin as a feed additive in animal husbandry in...

    Authors: Cai-Yue Mei, Yue Jiang, Qin-Chun Ma, Meng-Jun Lu, Han Wu, Zhen-Yu Wang, Xinan Jiao and Jing Wang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:40
  37. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by a bacterial pathogen belonging to the genus Brucella. It is one of the most frequent bacterial zoonoses globally but unfortunately, it is still considered as a neglecte...

    Authors: Mian Muhammad Awais, Gohar Khadim, Masood Akhtar, Muhammad Irfan Anwar, Abdul Sammad Ali Khan Shirwany, Ahmad Raza, Abdul Razzaq, Zahida Fatima, Muhammad Amjad Ali and Muhammad Sibtain Bhatti
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:39
  38. The purpose of this study was to characterize Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains isolated from wild black grouse (Lyrurus tetrix), carried out due to the crossing of hiking trails with wild bird habitats from the...

    Authors: Natalia Kwaśna, Maja Majewska, Magdalena Karwańska, Magdalena Siedlecka, Artur Pałucki and Tomasz Piasecki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:38
  39. Neospora caninum (N. caninum) has a broad intermediate host range and might cause multisystemic lesions in various species of animals. Dogs are both intermediate and definitive hosts of the parasite and play a cr...

    Authors: Hanna Turlewicz-Podbielska, Jakub Jędrzej Ruszkowski, Jarosław Wojciechowski and Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:37
  40. Capecitabine is an oral prodrug of the active metabolite 5-fluorouracil, which has been used effectively in human colorectal, head and neck, and mammary carcinomas. Capecitabine has several properties that mak...

    Authors: Sarah Wetzel, Janean Fidel, Dale Whittington and Nicolas F. Villarino
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:36
  41. Phytochemical compounds can modify the rumen microbiome and improve rumen fermentation. This study evaluated the impact of supplementation with tannin and an herbal mixture containing ginger (Zingiber officinale)...

    Authors: Alaa Emara Rabee, Moustafa Mohamed M. Ghandour, Ahmed Sallam, Eman A. Elwakeel, Rasha S. Mohammed, Ebrahim A. Sabra, Adel M. Abdel-Wahed, Disouky Mohamed Mourad, Amal Amin Hamed and Osama Raef Hafez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:35
  42. Heavy metals are one of the most toxic chemical pollutants of the environment. Their hazards not restricted to human but extend to animal productivity and reproductively. The present study aimed to assess the ...

    Authors: Asem Mohammed Zakaria, Yahia A. Amin, Haydi Mohamed Zakaria, Foad Farrag, Liana Fericean, Ioan Banatean-Dunea, Mohamed Abdo, Ahmed Hafez and Ragab Hassan Mohamed
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:34
  43. Enteric viruses are among the most prominent etiological agents of Runting-Stunting Syndrome (RSS). The Avian Nephritis Virus (ANV) is an astrovirus associated with enteric diseases in poultry, whose early dia...

    Authors: Anthony Loor-Giler, Sara Castillo-Reyes, Silvana Santander-Parra, Manuel Caza, Nikolaos C. Kyriakidis, Antonio J. Piantino Ferreira and Luis Nuñez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:33
  44. Animal trypanosomiasis is a major livestock problem due to its socioeconomic impacts in tropical countries. Currently used trypanocides are toxic, expensive, and the parasites have developed resistance to the ...

    Authors: Betelhem Sirak, Gizachew Kassahun Bizuneh, Peter Imming and Kaleab Asres
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:32
  45. Hemangiomas are a relatively common type of tumor in humans and animals. Various subtypes of hemangiomas have been described in the literature. The classification methods for hemangiomas differ between human a...

    Authors: Xianghe Wang, Xuelin Xu, Fuyu An, Zhengyu Ren, Yongzheng Li, Kai Wang and Yan Hua
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:31
  46. Fipronil (FPN) is a broad-spectrum pesticide and commonly known as low toxicity to vertebrates. However, increasing evidence suggests that exposure to FPN might induce unexpected adverse effects in the liver, ...

    Authors: Jui-Fang Kuo, Yin-Hua Cheng, Chun-Wei Tung and Chia-Chi Wang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:30
  47. Attempts to use dietary lysozyme (LYZ) as an alternative to antibiotics in broilers have been successful, but further research is needed for effective use. Here, we compared the differences between LYZ and avi...

    Authors: Mervat A. Abdel-Latif, Hatem S. Abd El-Hamid, Mohamed Emam, Ahmed. E. Noreldin, Yosra A. Helmy, Ali H. El-Far and Ahmed R. Elbestawy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2024 20:28

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