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  1. In a beef cattle facility an outbreak of abortions occurred over a 36-day period and included samples from two aborted (non-viable) fetuses and 21 post-abortion clinical cases. There are numerous etiologies, i...

    Authors: Katherine J. Whitman, James L. Bono, Michael L. Clawson, John D. Loy, Joseph M. Bosilevac, Terrance M. Arthur and Jeff D. Ondrak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:70

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Canine inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic gastrointestinal (GI) disorders of still largely unknown etiology. Canine IBD diagnosis is time-consuming and costly as other diseases with similar...

    Authors: Alexandros Ο. Konstantinidis, Dimitra Pardali, Katerina K. Adamama-Moraitou, Maria Gazouli, Chrysostomos I. Dovas, Evangelia Legaki, Georgia D. Brellou, Ioannis Savvas, Albert E. Jergens, Timoleon S. Rallis and Karin Allenspach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:69

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although astroviruses (AstV) have been detected in a variety of host species, there are only limited records of their occurrence in deer. One of the most important game species in Europe, due to its meat and a...

    Authors: Urska Jamnikar-Ciglenecki, Vita Civnik, Andrej Kirbis and Urska Kuhar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:68

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an infectious viral disease of cattle caused by a Capripoxvirus. LSD has substantial economic implications, with infection resulting in permanent damage to the skin of affected animals...

    Authors: Sylvester Ochwo, Kimberly VanderWaal, Christian Ndekezi, Joseph Nkamwesiga, Anna Munsey, Sarah Gift Witto, Noelina Nantima, Franklin Mayanja, Anna Rose Ademun Okurut, David Kalenzi Atuhaire and Frank Norbert Mwiine

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:66

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The presence of Anisakis larvae in fish represents a major public health concern. Effective risk management procedures should be applied to prevent heavily infected products from reaching the market. The aim of t...

    Authors: Giorgio Smaldone, Elvira Abollo, Raffaele Marrone, Cristian E. M. Bernardi, Claudia Chirollo, Aniello Anastasio and Santiago P. del Hierro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:65

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Gain-of-function mutations in KIT are driver events of oncogenesis in mast cell tumours (MCTs) affecting companion animals. Somatic mutations of KIT determine the constitutive activation of the tyrosine kinase...

    Authors: Fabio Gentilini, Maria Elena Turba, Claire Dally, Masamine Takanosu, Sena Kurita and Makoto Bonkobara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:64

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. Necrotic enteritis is a significant problem to the poultry industry globally and, in Norway up to 30% of Norwegian turkey grow-outs can be affected. However, despite an awareness that differences exist between...

    Authors: Simon P. Hardy, Sylvie L. Benestad, Inger Sofie Hamnes, Torfinn Moldal, Bruce David, John R. Barta, Jean-Michel Reperant and Magne Kaldhusdal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:63

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In human and different animal species, blood monocytes are classified based on their expression pattern of different monocytic markers into phenotypically and functionally different subsets. In the current stu...

    Authors: Jamal Hussen, Turke Shawaf, Abdullah I. A. Al-Mubarak, Naser Abdallah Al Humam, Faisal Almathen and Hans-Joachim Schuberth

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:62

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Brucellosis in Africa is caused by Brucella species transmitted through contaminated or contacts with infected animals or their carcasses. The disease reduces livestock production and reproduction performance ...

    Authors: Peter N. Lokamar, Moses A. Kutwah, Harrysone Atieli, Sussy Gumo and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:61

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Weaning is one of the most critical transition stages of the swine production cycle, as the piglet gut physiology and microbiome need to rapidly adapt to changes in diet and environmental conditions. Based on ...

    Authors: Prakash Poudel, Crystal L. Levesque, Ryan Samuel and Benoit St-Pierre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:60

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Working farm dogs are invaluable on New Zealand sheep and beef farms. To date no study describing farm dog population and health has included information about incidence of illness and injury, or risk factors ...

    Authors: Katja E. Isaksen, Lori Linney, Helen Williamson, Nick J. Cave, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Elizabeth J. Norman and Naomi Cogger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:59

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The present study on the role of strains of adenovirus in wildlife reservoirs, and their prevalence is under exploration. In several previous studies, the presence of adenovirus strains in wild birds has been ...

    Authors: Jowita Samanta Niczyporuk, Wojciech Kozdruń, Hanna Czekaj, Natalia Styś-Fijoł and Karolina Piekarska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:58

    Content type: Research article

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  13. PPV is one of the most important pathogens causing porcine reproductive disorder. It has been shown in clinical cases to be a commonly mixed infection with other important swine diseases which can aggravate th...

    Authors: Yue Wu, Xudan Wu, Jinxiu Hou, Xiongnan Chen, Xiaobo Huang and Bin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:57

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Two-dimensional speckle tracking (2DST) technique has been validated in numerous animal species, but neither studies of repeatability nor measurements after exercise or in animals with cardiac disease have bee...

    Authors: Aurélia A. Leroux, Marie Moonen, Frédéric Farnir, Stefan Deleuze, Charlotte Sandersen and Hélène Amory

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:56

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Porcilis® Ery+Parvo+Lepto is an octavalent inactivated ready-to-use vaccine that contains Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (Ery), porcine parvovirus (PPV), and six serogroups of Leptospira (Lepto). The efficacy of Po...

    Authors: Erwin van den Born, Paul P. M. van den Elzen, Emma van Kilsdonk, Mathieu J. H. Hoeijmakers and Ruud P. A. M. Segers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:55

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is an important clinical occurrence seen in common diseases, such as gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs or colic in horses. Limited data is available on the use of methyle...

    Authors: Juan Morgaz, Sergio Ventura, Pilar Muñoz-Rascón, Rocio Navarrete, José Pérez, María del Mar Granados, José Andrés Fernández-Sarmiento, Juan Manuel Domínguez, Verónica Molina, Rafael J. Gómez-Villamandos and Rafael Zafra

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:54

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The Chihuahua, the world’s smallest dog breed, is a popular breed in the UK today. The VetCompass™ Programme collates de-identified clinical records from primary-care veterinary practices in the UK for epidemi...

    Authors: Dan G. O’Neill, Rowena M. A. Packer, Meghan Lobb, David B. Church, Dave C. Brodbelt and Camilla Pegram

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:42

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The majority of infectious diseases of cultured fish is caused by bacteria. Rapid identification of bacterial pathogens is necessary for immediate management. The present study developed a custom Main Spectra ...

    Authors: Patharapol Piamsomboon, Janthima Jaresitthikunchai, Tran Quang Hung, Sittiruk Roytrakul and Janenuj Wongtavatchai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:52

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Porcine teschovirus (PTV) circulates among wild and domesticated pig populations without causing clinical disease, however neuroinvasive strains have caused high morbidity and mortality in the past. In recent ...

    Authors: Sandra Vreman, Nermin Caliskan, Frank Harders, Jan Boonstra, Klaas Peperkamp, Cynthia K. Y. Ho, Wikke Kuller and Jeroen Kortekaas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:51

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. Brucellosis is a zoonosis whose incidence is not declining worldwide despite the global effort to control the disease. Accurate and precise diagnosis is a crucial step in any prophylaxis program but single tes...

    Authors: Adriana Trotta, Mariarosaria Marinaro, Margie Cirilli, Alessio Sposato, Rosanna Adone, Matteo Beverelli, Domenico Buonavoglia and Marialaura Corrente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:50

    Content type: Methodology article

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  21. Uvaria chamae (Annonaceae), Phyllantus amarus (Phyllantaceae) and Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) are empirically alleged to be used as Beninese medicinal plants in the treatment of salmonellosis. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Boris Legba, Victorien Dougnon, Yossounon Chabi, Carène Gbaguidi, Alidah Aniambossou, Esther Deguenon, Jacques Dougnon, Marc Kpodekon and Lamine Baba-Moussa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:49

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Wild aquatic birds serve as the natural reservoir for avian influenza virus (AIV), a disease with significant implications for avian and mammalian health. Climate change is predicted to impact the dynamics of ...

    Authors: Megan Marie Lee, Veerle L. B. Jaspers, Geir Wing Gabrielsen, Bjørn Munro Jenssen, Tomasz Maciej Ciesielski, Åse-Karen Mortensen, Silje Strand Lundgren and Courtney A. Waugh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:48

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Necrotic enteritis, which is caused by Clostridium perfringens, has resulted in more than $2 billion losses in the poultry industry every year. Due to the ban of antibiotics in feed industry, alternatives like en...

    Authors: Tianyue Xu, Yan Chen, Longfei Yu, Jun Wang, Mingxing Huang and Nianhua Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:47

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Ticks and tick-borne diseases are increasingly recognized as a cause of disease in dogs worldwide. The epidemiology of ticks and tick-transmitted protozoa and bacteria has changed due to the spread of ticks to...

    Authors: Stefania Zanet, Elena Battisti, Paola Pepe, Lavinia Ciuca, Liliana Colombo, Anna Trisciuoglio, Ezio Ferroglio, Giuseppe Cringoli, Laura Rinaldi and Maria Paola Maurelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:46

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is an economically important pathogen in the swine industry worldwide. Vaccination remains the principal tool to control PCV2-associated diseases (PCVADs). Current vaccines do ...

    Authors: Xiangyu Liu, Yangkun Liu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Fan Zhang and Enqi Du

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:45

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Equine malignant melanoma (EMM) is a frequently occurring dermoepidermal tumor in grey horses. Currently available therapies are either challenging or inefficient. Betulinic acid (BA), a naturally occurring tr...

    Authors: Lisa A. Weber, Jessica Meißner, Julien Delarocque, Jutta Kalbitz, Karsten Feige, Manfred Kietzmann, Anne Michaelis, Reinhard Paschke, Julia Michael, Barbara Pratscher and Jessika-M. V. Cavalleri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:44

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) may be useful therapeutically in conditions with poor blood supply, such as distal limb wounds in the horse. Encapsulation of ECFCs into injectable hydrogel microsphere...

    Authors: Randolph L. Winter, Yuan Tian, Fred J. Caldwell, Wen J. Seeto, Jey W. Koehler, David A. Pascoe, Shirley Fan, Phillippe Gaillard, Elizabeth A. Lipke and Anne A. Wooldridge

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:43

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Ketosis is a metabolic disorder often triggered by anorexia in animals fed on high energy diets. Although mostly described in pregnant female guinea pigs, under the name of pregnancy toxicosis; there is limite...

    Authors: Nicole S. Schmid, Marcus Clauss, Udo Hetzel, Barbara Riond, Monika Bochmann and Jean-Michel Hatt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:41

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Renibacterium salmoninarum and Mycobacterium sp. are important bacterial pathogens of fish. R. salmoninarum is the causative agent of bacterial kidney disease, a Gram-positive bacterium mostly known for causing c...

    Authors: M. R. Delghandi, S. Menanteau-Ledouble, K. Waldner and M. El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:40

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In Ethiopia, the second most prioritized of the zoonotic diseases next to rabies is anthrax. About 50.6% of anthrax cases and 33.3% of deaths of livestock have been reported from Wag-Himra Zone, where appropri...

    Authors: Kibeb Seid, Atsede Mazengia Shiferaw, Nurhusien Nuru Yesuf, Terefe Derso and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Although significant efforts have been put into restituting the European bison (Bison bonasus) and increasing its population, it remains a globally endangered species and requires conservation. Protection program...

    Authors: Karolina Barszcz, Michał Polguj, Karolina Goździewska-Harłajczuk, Joanna Klećkowska-Nawrot, Katarzyna Olbrych, Robert Haładaj and Marta Kupczyńska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:38

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Since 2011, antibiotic usage has decreased continuously in livestock in Germany. Whether this is accompanied by a reduction in bacterial antimicrobial resistance has not been proven so far. In this study 3054 Esc...

    Authors: C. Moennighoff, N. Thomas, F. Nienhaus, M. Hartmann, A. Menrath, J. Merkel, H. Detlefsen, L. Kreienbrock and I. Hennig-Pauka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:37

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Haemonchus contortus (H. contortus) is one of the most important parasites that cause huge economic losses to small ruminant industry worldwide. Effective prognosis and treatment depend upon the early diagnosis o...

    Authors: Muhammad Ali-ul-Husnain Naqvi, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Muhammad Ali Memon, Muhammad Waqqas Hasan, Sana Zahra Naqvi, Shakeel Ahmed Lakho, Wen Chu, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:36

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Ectopic Cushing’s syndrome (ECS) associated with malignant tumors, such as small cell lung carcinoma, bronchial carcinoids, and pheochromocytoma, has been reported in human medicine. However, ECS related to ph...

    Authors: Sungin Lee, Aeri Lee, Suh-Hyun Chai, Seulji Lee, Oh-kyeong Kweon and Wan Hee Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:35

    Content type: Case Report

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  35. Campylobacter spp. are a major cause of bacterial food-borne diarrhoeal disease. This mainly arises through contamination of meat products during processing. For infection, Campylobacter spp. must adhere to epith...

    Authors: Maja Šikić Pogačar, Tomaž Langerholc, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, Sonja Smole Možina and Anja Klančnik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:34

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In dairy herds, mastitis causes detrimental economic losses. Genetic selection offers a sustainable tool to select animals with reduced susceptibility towards postpartum diseases. Studying underlying mechanism...

    Authors: L. Rohmeier, W. Petzl, M. Koy, T. Eickhoff, A. Hülsebusch, S. Jander, L. Macias, A. Heimes, S. Engelmann, M. Hoedemaker, H. M. Seyfert, C. Kühn, H. J. Schuberth, H. Zerbe and M. M. Meyerholz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:33

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Various intestinal morphological alterations have been reported in cultured fish fed diets with high contents of plant ingredients. Since 2000, salmon farmers have reported symptoms indicating an intestinal pr...

    Authors: Anne Kristine G. Hansen, Trond M. Kortner, Aleksei Krasnov, Ingemar Björkhem, Michael Penn and Åshild Krogdahl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:32

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Detection of D. immitis microfilaria (mf) is an important diagnostic skill in veterinary medicine and is critical to Day 1 veterinarians and technicians. Finding a supply of blood containing mf to teach the techn...

    Authors: Sidney A. Long, Jaylyn Rhinehart, Jessica Shrake and Antoinette E. Marsh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:31

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Dogs develop cancer spontaneously with age, with breed-specific risk underlying differences in genetics. Mammary tumors are reported as the most frequent neoplasia in intact female dogs. Their high prevalence ...

    Authors: Pauline Thumser-Henner, Katarzyna J. Nytko and Carla Rohrer Bley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:30

    Content type: Review

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  40. Phytotherapy is becoming a more and more common practice, not only for personal care but also for pet care. Nevertheless, we often have to deal with substances on which, in most cases, very little literature i...

    Authors: Alessandro Vetere, Mara Bertocchi, Igor Pelizzone, Emanuele Moggia, Chiara Travaglino, Mariangela Della Grotta, Silvia Casali, Sebastiano Gerosa, Laura Strada, Katia Filia, Jacopo Casalini, Enrico Parmigiani and Francesco Di Ianni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:29

    Content type: Case Report

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  41. This study is focused on the measurement of trace elements (zinc, copper, cadmium, lead and selenium) in the saliva of pigs in order to study their levels on different porcine pathological conditions in the fi...

    Authors: Jorge Sánchez, Miguel Montilla, Cándido Gutiérrez-Panizo, Juan Sotillo, Pablo Fuentes, Ana Montes and Ana María Gutiérrez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:27

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common cardiovascular cause of death in cats. Although the majority of cats remain asymptomatic, some may develop signs of chronic heart failure due to diastolic failure...

    Authors: Marcin Michałek, Aleksandra Tabiś, Urszula Pasławska and Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:26

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Platelets undergo structural, biochemical and functional alterations when stored, and platelet storage lesions reduce platelet function and half-life after transfusion. The objective of this study was to evalu...

    Authors: Camila Serina Lasta, Nicole Hlavac, Natália Aydos Marcondes, Magnus Larruscaim Dalmolin, Silvia Resende Terra, Luciana de Almeida Lacerda, Gustavo Adolpho Moreira Faulhaber and Félix Hilário Díaz González

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:25

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The epidermal growth factor receptors participate in the physiological processes such as regulation of morphogenesis, proliferation and cell migration, but when overexpressed or overactivated they may play an ...

    Authors: Emerson Soares Veloso, Ivy Nayra Nascimento Gonçalves, Tatiany Luiza Silveira, Fernando Soares Oliveira, Déborah Soares Vieira, Geovanni Dantas Cassali, Helen Lima Del Puerto and Enio Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:24

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Marek’s disease (MD) is caused by the oncogenic Marek’s disease virus (MDV), and is a highly contagious avian infection with a complex underlying pathology that involves lymphoproliferative neoplasm formation....

    Authors: Ke Ding, Zu-Hua Yu, Chuan Yu, Yan-Yan Jia, Lei He, Cheng-Shui Liao, Jing Li, Chun-Jie Zhang, Yin-Ju Li, Ting-Cai Wu, Xiang-Chao Cheng, Zi-Yu Zhou and Zu-Ling Yu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:23

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Ovine footrot caused by Dichelobacter nodosus (D nodosus) is an infectious disease affecting sheep worldwide. Switzerland plans a nationwide footrot eradication program, based on PCR-testing of interdigital swab ...

    Authors: A. F. Kraft, H. Strobel, J. Hilke, A. Steiner and P. Kuhnert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:21

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent colonizer of human and several animal species, including dairy cows. It is the most common cause of intramammary infections in dairy cows. Its public health importance increase...

    Authors: Alem Abrha Kalayu, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Shu-Hua Wang, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes and Tadesse Teferi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:20

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Epidural administration of morphine has been shown to be an effective analgesic strategy in horses; however, the possible occurrence of side effects limits its usage. In order to decrease their frequency, it i...

    Authors: Alessandro Mirra, Jasmin Birras, Sabina Diez Bernal and Claudia Spadavecchia

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:19

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on: