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  1. Content type: Research article

    Influenza A virus (IAV) is an important pathogen in pigs that affects productivity and has important public health implications because of its zoonotic nature. Surveillance is central to the control of influen...

    Authors: Jorge Garrido-Mantilla, Julio Alvarez, Marie Culhane, Jayaveeramuthu Nirmala, Jean Paul Cano and Montserrat Torremorell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:61

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is a single-stranded, closed circular DNA virus, which causes porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS), multisystemic inflammation, and reproductive failure. The pres...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Wenchao Sun, Liang Cao, Min Zheng, Yilong Zhu, Wenjie Li, Cunxia Liu, Xinyu Zhuang, Jialiang Xing, Huijun Lu, Tingrong Luo and Ningyi Jin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:60

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Premilking udder preparation is essential for harvesting high-quality milk as gently, completely, and quickly as possible. The associations between characteristics such as teat-end shape and premilking stimula...

    Authors: Matthias Wieland, Jaclyn M. Melvin, Daryl V. Nydam and Paul D. Virkler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:58

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Equine laminitis is a complex disease that manifests as pain and lameness in the feet, often with debilitating consequences. There is a paucity of data that accounts for the multifactorial nature of laminitis ...

    Authors: D. Pollard, C. E. Wylie, K. L. P. Verheyen and J. R. Newton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:59

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Due to the routine use of dexamethasone (DEX) in veterinary and human medicine and its negative impact on the rate of wound healing and skeletal muscle condition, we decided to investigate the effect of DEX on...

    Authors: Iwona Otrocka-Domagała, Katarzyna Paździor-Czapula and Michał Gesek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:56

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Organophosphate pesticides-OP-, like malathion, can alter the normal functioning of neuro-endocrine systems (e.g., hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid-HPT- axis), and to interfere on the thyroidal homeostasis. Thro...

    Authors: Juan B. Ortiz-Delgado, Victoria Funes and Carmen Sarasquete

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:57

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most common diseases occurring in cats. It is characterized by renal fibrosis, which is strongly correlated with impairment of renal function. Since renal biopsy is n...

    Authors: Chutimon Thanaboonnipat, Saikaew Sutayatram, Chollada Buranakarl and Nan Choisunirachon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:54

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  8. Content type: Research article

    H1 receptor antagonists are commonly used for the treatment of allergic diseases. The aim of this study was to find out, if antihistaminic compounds like mepyramine have the ability to influence the activity of ....

    Authors: G. G. Bruer, P. Hagedorn, M. Kietzmann, A. F. Tohamy, V. Filor, E. Schultz, S. Mielke-Kuschow and J. Meissner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:55

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The first month of life possess significant challenges for dairy calves due to high susceptibility to digestive diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of prebiotic supplementation wit...

    Authors: Ana Velasquez-Munoz, Diego Manriquez, Sushil Paudyal, Hyungchul Han, Robert Callan, Elizabeth P. Ryan and Pablo Pinedo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:53

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  10. Content type: Case Report

    Primary corneal tumors are unusual in dogs although there has been a rise in the prevalence of canine corneal squamous cell carcinoma in the past decades due to different factors. Exposure to ultraviolet radia...

    Authors: López-Murcia María del Mar, Mayordomo-Febrer Aloma, Viana David, Mozos Elena and Ortega Joaquín

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:52

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Improper use of antimicrobials results in poor treatment and severe bacterial resistance. Breakpoints are routinely used in the clinical laboratory setting to guide clinical decision making. Therefore, the obj...

    Authors: Yuqi Yang, Yixin Zhang, Jiarui Li, Ping Cheng, Tianshi Xiao, Ishfaq Muhammad, Hongxiao Yu, Ruimeng Liu and Xiuying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:51

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Prostatic diseases are common and mostly associated with enlargement of the accessory gland. Thus, determining the prostate size has become a main criterion for evaluating prostate health status. Computed tomo...

    Authors: Katharina Haverkamp, Lisa Katharina Harder, Nora Sophie Marita Kuhnt, Matthias Lüpke, Ingo Nolte and Patrick Wefstaedt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:49

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a prion disease affecting members of the Cervidae family. PrPC primary structures play a key role in CWD susceptibility resulting in extended incubation periods and regulating the...

    Authors: Alicia Otero, Camilo Duque Velásquez, Chad Johnson, Allen Herbst, Rosa Bolea, Juan José Badiola, Judd Aiken and Debbie McKenzie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:50

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Dairy cows with metabolic disorder in peripartal period display high inflammatory levels. Adipose tissue is a major endocrine organ, which is closely related to systemic inflammation. Retinoic acid (RA), an ac...

    Authors: Qiushi Xu, Hongdou Jia, Li Ma, Guowen Liu, Chuang Xu, Ying Li, Xinwei Li and Xiaobing Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:48

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial lipopolysaccharide and interferon-γ stimulation of rodent macrophages in vitro induces up-regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase, whereas interleukin-4 stimulation results in increased activit...

    Authors: Heather Imrie and Diana J. L. Williams

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:45

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  16. Content type: Methodology article

    The Infection and Treatment Method (ITM) of vaccination is the only immunization procedure currently available to protect cattle against East Coast fever (ECF), a tick-transmitted disease responsible for losse...

    Authors: Ekta Patel, Stephen Mwaura, Giuseppe Di Giulio, Elizabeth A. J. Cook, Godelieve Lynen and Philip Toye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:46

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Severe outbreaks of bovine interdigital phlegmon (IP) have occurred recently in several free stall dairy herds in Finland. We studied the aetiology of IP in such herds, and the association of bacterial species...

    Authors: Miia Kontturi, Reijo Junni, Heli Simojoki, Erja Malinen, Eija Seuna, Kirstine Klitgaard, Minna Kujala-Wirth, Timo Soveri and Sinikka Pelkonen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:44

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Precise understanding of the dimensions of the vascular lumina is essential for accurate interpretation of cardiac vessels imaging. To the authors’ best knowledge, this is the first study focusing on the ultra...

    Authors: Natalia Siwinska, Marcin Michalek, Agnieszka Zak, Malwina Slowikowska, Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak, Artur Niedzwiedz and Urszula Paslawska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:43

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  19. Content type: Case Report

    In humans, transmission of bacteria causing fatal sepsis in the neonates through mother’s milk has been reported. In dogs, it is believed that bacteria from canine milk are not the primary cause of neonatal in...

    Authors: Maja Zakošek Pipan, Tanja Švara, Irena Zdovc, Bojan Papić, Jana Avberšek, Darja Kušar and Janko Mrkun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:41

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Mesenchymal stem cells are used for different therapeutic approaches, e.g. for osteoarthritis, lesions of the tendon as well as for bone defects. Current research on the mechanism of stem cells on the repair o...

    Authors: Michele Christian Klymiuk, Natalie Balz, Mohamed I. Elashry, Manuela Heimann, Sabine Wenisch and Stefan Arnhold

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:42

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Infection of the digestive track by gastro-intestinal pathogens results in the development of symptoms ranging from mild diarrhea to more severe clinical signs such as dysentery, severe dehydration and potenti...

    Authors: Caroline Ivanne Le Roy, Martin John Woodward, Richard John Ellis, Roberto Marcello La Ragione and Sandrine Paule Claus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:37

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Dogs with appendicular osteosarcoma (OSA) receiving standard amputation and adjuvant chemotherapy demonstrate variable outcome with treatment; however, additional biomarkers would be helpful for predicting the...

    Authors: Kazuki Heishima, Travis Meuten, Kyoko Yoshida, Takashi Mori and Douglas H. Thamm

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:39

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the greatest disease threats to animal husbandry worldwide. Though various vaccines against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) have been developed, vaccine effectiveness...

    Authors: Rui Zhao, Xiangyu Meng, Guiyan Jia, Yongzhong Yu and Bocui Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:38

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Suture materials and techniques are frequently evaluated in ex vivo studies by comparing tensile strengths. However, the direct measurement techniques to obtain the tensile forces in canine skin are not availa...

    Authors: Austin R. J. Downey, Jin Yan, Eric M. Zellner, Karl H. Kraus, Iris V. Rivero and Simon Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:40

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cancer is a significant health threat in cats. Chemoresistance is prevalent in solid tumors. The ionophore salinomycin has anti-cancer properties and may work synergistically with chemotherapeutics. The purpos...

    Authors: Lucia Borlle, Abdo Dergham, Zacharie Wund, Brittany Zumbo, Teresa Southard and Kelly R. Hume

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:36

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Tembusu virus (TMUV), classified in the genus Flavivirus, causes reduced egg production and neurological problems in poultry. Flavivirus replication depends on the host endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and induces ER s...

    Authors: Dongmin Zhao, Jing Yang, Kaikai Han, Qingtao Liu, Huili Wang, Yuzhuo Liu, Xinmei Huang, Lijiao Zhang and Yin Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:34

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Fascioliasis is a trematode zoonotic snail-borne disease of public health and economic importance. The disease causes liver damage and is hardly recognized by medical personnel hence, is rarely considered as t...

    Authors: Stanley S. Nyirenda, Matthews Sakala, Lennon Moonde, Edgar Kayesa, Paul Fandamu, Fredrick Banda and Yona Sinkala

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:33

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly effective pathogen that can cause death of new-born piglet, resulting in big economical loss in pig farming industry. For rapid detection of PEDV, a new immun...

    Authors: Hongfen Bian, Fei Xu, Yumin Jia, Lei Wang, Shengchao Deng, Aiqing Jia and Yong Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:32

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Canine parvovirus 2 (CPV-2) is one of the most common etiological agents that cause severe gastroenteritis in puppies. Early accurate diagnosis is important for infected dogs. In recent years, magnetic separat...

    Authors: Linlin Zhuang, Yongxin Ji, Peilong Tian, Kaixuan Wang, Chengkun Kou, Ning Gu and Yu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:30

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Vitrification is the safest method to cryopreserve oocytes, however the process alters mitochondrial function resulting from increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our aim was to alleviate ROS str...

    Authors: Elvira Matilla, Francisco Eduardo Martín-Cano, Lauro González-Fernández, Francisco Miguel Sánchez-Margallo, Ignacio Santiago Álvarez and Beatriz Macías-García

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:31

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Despite appropriate medical therapy, many horses with equine recurrent uveitis continue to suffer from recurrent bouts of inflammation. Surgical intervention via the pars plana vitrectomy or suprachoroidal cyc...

    Authors: Britta M. Fischer, Richard J. McMullen Jr, Sven Reese and Walter Brehm

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:29

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Cats can be infested with several ectoparasite species, especially Ctenocephalides felis and Otodectes cynotis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a single topical application of fluralaner aga...

    Authors: Antonio Bosco, Federico Leone, Rosachiara Vascone, Saverio Pennacchio, Lavinia Ciuca, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:28

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Producing graduates for a breadth of sectors is a priority for veterinary science programs. Undergraduate career intentions represent de-facto ‘outcome’ measures of admissions policy and curricula design, as i...

    Authors: A. M. Feakes, E. J. Palmer, K. R. Petrovski, D. A. Thomsen, J. H. Hyams, M. A. Cake, B. Webster and S. R. Barber

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:27

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes diarrhea in all ages of pigs with 50–100% mortality rates in neonatal piglets. In the United States, inactivated and subunit PEDV vaccines for pregnant sows are av...

    Authors: Chun-Ming Lin, Shristi Ghimire, Yixuan Hou, Patricia Boley, Stephanie N. Langel, Anastasia N. Vlasova, Linda J. Saif and Qiuhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:26

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Cats spontaneously develop invasive mammary carcinomas with high clinical aggressiveness, and are considered relevant animal models for human breast cancer. Bcl-2 is an anti-apoptotic pro-survival protein, who...

    Authors: Elie Dagher, Jérôme Abadie, Delphine Loussouarn, Dominique Fanuel, Mario Campone and Frédérique Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:25

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Laminitis is often associated with endocrinopathies that cause hyperinsulinemia and is also induced experimentally by hyperinsulinemia, suggesting that insulin initiates laminitis pathogenesis. Hyperinsulinemi...

    Authors: Lynne Cassimeris, Julie B. Engiles and Hannah Galantino-Homer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:24

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) is associated with gastrointestinal, respiratory and reproductive diseases of livestock across the world that causes continuous economic losses in the cattle industry. This v...

    Authors: Juan Quintero Barbosa, Adriana P. Corredor Figueroa, Sandra S. Salas, Hugo Camargo, Alfredo Sanchéz, Julio Tobón, Diego Ortiz, Eric Schachtebeck and Maria Fernanda Gutierrez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:23

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Caspases are a family of conserved intracellular cysteine-dependent aspartate-specific cysteine proteases that play important roles in regulating cell death and inflammation. Our previous study revealed the im...

    Authors: Shuo Li, Jiafang Li, Weijiao Peng, Gaixiang Hao and Jinsheng Sun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:20

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  39. Content type: Methodology article

    Computed tomography (CT) has been used to estimate body composition and determine tissue distribution in dogs, despite limited validation. This may introduce error into estimates of body composition studies an...

    Authors: R. B. S. Turner, G. Hepworth, K. Wilson, D. Tyrrell, F. R. Dunshea and C. S. Mansfield

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:21

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Surgical sterilization of stray dogs is the most widely used technique to control stray dog population. Although ovariectomy is an effective technique for elective sterilization of female dogs, most stray dog ...

    Authors: Kaustubh R. Dongaonkar, Sarita U. Gulavane, Veeraraghavan M. Chariar and Kiran R. Shelar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:19

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  41. Content type: Correction

    The original article [1] contained a minor error whereby Table 1 was typeset incorrectly.

    Authors: Xuhua Ran, Xiaohong Chen, Miaomiao Wang, Jiajia Cheng, Hongbo Ni, Xiao-Xuan Zhang and Xiaobo Wen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:18

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    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:393

  42. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus, a leading cause of mastitis in dairy cattle, causes severe mastitis and/or chronic persistent infections with detrimental effects on the cows’ wellbeing, lifespan and milk production. Despi...

    Authors: Lindert Benedictus, Lars Ravesloot, Kim Poppe, Ineke Daemen, Eveline Boerhout, Jos van Strijp, Femke Broere, Victor Rutten, Ad Koets and Susanne Eisenberg

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:15

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Canine generalised demodicosis is an inflammatory parasitic skin disease caused by an excessive proliferation of Demodex spp. Generalized demodicosis is a severe skin disease, that can be life threatening if not ...

    Authors: Roberta Perego, Eva Spada, Caterina Foppa and Daniela Proverbio

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:17

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Contagious ecthyma (CE) appears in the countries and regions containing goat and sheep farms, and it is considered a global epidemic. CE not only severely endangers the healthy development of the sheep and goa...

    Authors: Guangxiang Wang, Yanhua Wang, Jiaqi Kong, Yanmin Li, Jinyan Wu, Yan Chen, Xiangtao Liu, Youjun Shang and Zhidong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:13

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a highly virulent human pathogen with severe consequences following infection, which claims many lives worldwide. A suggested method for controlling this bacterium is the competitive e...

    Authors: Nasrin Askari and Reza Ghanbarpour

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:14

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  46. Content type: Case Report

    Successful clinical outcomes of faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection have been reported in humans and a marmoset. However, it has been unclear whether oral FMT was...

    Authors: Koji Sugita, Nanako Yanuma, Hikaru Ohno, Kaho Takahashi, Koji Kawano, Hidetoshi Morita and Keitaro Ohmori

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:11

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