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  1. Mycoplasma species have been associated with economically important diseases affecting ruminants worldwide and include contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) and conta...

    Authors: Alannah S. Deeney, Rachael Collins and Anne M. Ridley
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:325
  2. The cells of the entire body, including the skeletal system, especially of young animals, may derive from the bone marrow in which they multiply. Therefore, it is important to assess whether the diet and quali...

    Authors: Katarzyna Tajchman, Aleksandra Ukalska-Jaruga, Marek Bogdaszewski, Monika Pecio and Pawel Janiszewski
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:324
  3. Angiostrongylus vasorum (Nematoda, Metastrongyloidea) is a vascular nematode that resides in the pulmonary arteries and the right side of the heart of a wide variety of carnivores, with an indirect life cycle usi...

    Authors: Georgiana Deak, Eduardo Berriatua and Andrei Daniel Mihalca
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:323
  4. Coronaviruses (CoVs) have long been known to cause infection in domestic and free-living birds and mammals including humans. The zoonotic origin of SARS-CoV-2 and the biological properties of CoVs, including a...

    Authors: Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól, Hanna Turlewicz-Podbielska, Maciej Gogulski, Jakub J. Ruszkowski, Magdalena Kubiak, Anna Kuriga, Przemysław Barket and Marek Postrzech
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:322
  5. Bovine mastitis is an important cause of economic loss in dairy farms. Streptococcus uberis is among the most frequently isolated bacterial species isolated from cows with mastitis. The aim of this study was to p...

    Authors: Nathália Cristina Cirone Silva, Yongqiang Yang, Marjory Xavier Rodrigues, Tiago Tomazi and Rodrigo Carvalho Bicalho
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:321
  6. Urothelial carcinoma (UC) accounts for > 90% of canine tumors occurring in the urinary bladder. Toceranib phosphate (TOC) is a multi-target receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor that exhibits activity again...

    Authors: Daniela I. Korec, Darian S. Louke, Justin T. Breitbach, Jennifer A. Geisler, Brian D. Husbands and Joelle M. Fenger
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:320
  7. Lobular dissecting hepatitis (LDH) is a rare form of canine liver cirrhosis that may be accompanied by portal hypertension in American Cocker Spaniels. In human patients with liver cirrhosis, portal vein throm...

    Authors: Yumi Sakamoto, Keita Sato, Chieko Ishikawa, Yumiko Kagawa, Tomohiro Nakayama and Manabu Sakai
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:319
  8. Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) infection can cause reproductive failure in sows and acute myocarditis and sudden death in piglets. It has caused huge economic losses to the global pig industry and that is w...

    Authors: Jiangang Zheng, Yinlan Xu, Ajab Khan, Panpan Sun, Yaogui Sun, Kuohai Fan, Wei Yin, Shaoyu Wang, Hongquan Li and Na Sun
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:318
  9. Corynebacterium urealyticum urinary tract infections can result in a rarely reported condition called encrusting cystitis whereby plaque lesions form on and within the urinary bladder mucosa. Chronic lower urinar...

    Authors: Ryan F. Peiffer, Carly Iulo, Tessa LeCuyer and Timothy Bolton
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:317
  10. Thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) catalyzes the initial phosphorylation of thymidine in the salvage pathway synthesis of dTTP, an essential building block of DNA. TK1 is a cytosolic enzyme with its highest level during...

    Authors: Liya Wang, Hanan Sharif, Sara Saellström, Henrik Rönnberg and Staffan Eriksson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:316
  11. Metformin hydrochloride is a biguanide derivative that has been widely used to treat type 2 diabetes in humans. In veterinary medicine, metformin has shown increasing potential for diabetes treatment in differ...

    Authors: Sihem Bouriche, Angela Alonso-García, Carlos M. Cárceles-Rodríguez, Farouk Rezgui and Emilio Fernández-Varón
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:315
  12. Production, marketability and consumer preference of red tilapia often depends upon the intensity of coloration. Hence, new approaches to develop coloration are now geared to improve market acceptability and p...

    Authors: Khristina G. Judan Cruz, Ervee P. Landingin, Maureen B. Gajeton, Somar Israel D. Fernando and Kozo Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:314
  13. Antimicrobial resistance and presence of zoonotic enteropathogens in shelter dogs pose a public health risk to shelter workers and potential adopters alike. In this study we investigated the prevalence of zoon...

    Authors: Ashutosh Verma, Kimberly Carney, Marina Taylor, Kaitlyn Amsler, Joey Morgan, Karen Gruszynski, Erdal Erol, Craig Carter, Stephan Locke, Ashton Callipare and Devendra H. Shah
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:313
  14. This experiment tested the impact of the combined supplementation of glycerol monolaurate (GLM) and oregano essential oil (EO) to broiler diets. Growth performance, metabolic response, immune status, apparent ...

    Authors: Shimaa A. Amer, Samar A. Tolba, Dina M. M. AlSadek, Doaa M. Abdel Fattah, Aziza M. Hassan and Abdallah E. Metwally
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:312
  15. Metabolic profile evaluation is a tool widely used in ruminant nutrition as metabolic cues that relate nutrition to physiology. Metabolic and hormonal traits change during pre-partum and lactation according to...

    Authors: Matheus Fellipe de Lana Ferreira, Luciana Navajas Rennó, Isabela Iria Rodrigues, Edenio Detmann, Mário Fonseca Paulino, Sebastião de Campos Valadares Filho, Hudson Caio Martins, Samira Silveira Moreira and Daniela Silveria de Lana
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:311
  16. Pimobendan is a widely used medication for the treatment of dogs with congestive heart failure (CHF) and preclinical degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) with cardiomegaly. The benefit of a treatment in do...

    Authors: Stephanie Klein, Ingo Nolte, Katja Rumstedt, Maximiliane Sehn, Jonathan Friedemann Raue, Franziska Weiner, Julia Sophie Treese, Martin Beyerbach and Jan-Peter Bach
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:310
  17. This paper presents the first described case of laparoscopy-assisted prepubic urethrostomy and laparoscopic resection of a tumor of the distal part of the urethra in a female dog as a palliative treatment.

    Authors: Przemysław Prządka, Bartłomiej Liszka, Sonia Lachowska, Stanisław Dzimira, Rafał Ciaputa, Joanna Tunikowska, Łukasz Juźwiak, Paweł Kucharski, Julia Rudno-Rudzińska and Zdzisław Kiełbowicz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:309
  18. PCV3 is a pathogen associated with porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS)-like clinical signs, reproductive failure, and cardiac and multiorgan inflammation, which was newly identified in 2016 in s...

    Authors: Tongtong Wang, Wenqiong Chai, Yonghui Wang, Wenqiang Liu, Zetong Huang, Li Chen, Ruihong Guo, Yuting Dong, Mengyuan Liu, Qiankun Zheng, Guiqin Liu, Changfa Wang, Wen-Ping Guo, Sidang Liu and Liangliang Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:308
  19. Two experiments were conducted to compare the growth-promoting (experiment 1), protective, and immunostimulatory effects (experiment 2) of salinomycin, probiotic, a vitamin-selenium complex, and Ferulago angulata

    Authors: Zahra Nooreh, Kamran Taherpour, Hossein Ali Ghasemi, Mohammad Akbari Gharaei and Hassan Shirzadi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:307
  20. Animal movement is considered the most significant factor in the transmission of infectious diseases in livestock. A better understanding of its effects would help provide a more reliable estimation of the dis...

    Authors: Yoshinori Murato, Yoko Hayama, Yumiko Shimizu, Kotaro Sawai, Emi Yamaguchi and Takehisa Yamamoto
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:305
  21. Total fresh cassava root (FCR) production was 275 million tonnes in 2018 which equals 61.1 % of the total production, and Thailand produced 10.7 % FCR of the total production. FCR is one of the main energy sou...

    Authors: Phussorn Sumadong, Anusorn Cherdthong, Sarong So and Metha Wanapat
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:304
  22. Interferon regulatory factor 2 (IRF2) is an important transcription factor, which can regulate the IFN response and plays a role in antiviral innate immunity in teleost.

    Authors: Hua Li, Xinping Chen, Yaoyao Zhu, Rongrong Liu, Linlin Zheng, Shijuan Shan, Fumiao Zhang, Liguo An and Guiwen Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:303
  23. Diseases of the central nervous system are a well-recognized cause of morbidity and mortality in equine. Collection and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) give information about the type and stage of degene...

    Authors: Mohammed A. H. Abdelhakiem and Hussein Awad Hussein
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:302
  24. Wenzhou virus (WENV), a newly discovered mammarenavirus in rodents, is associated with fever and respiratory symptoms in humans. This study was aimed to detect and characterize the emerging virus in rodents in...

    Authors: Nina Wang, Lichao Yang, Guohui Li, Xu Zhang, Jianwei Shao, Jun Ma, Shouyi Chen and Quan Liu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:301
  25. Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) is an infectious disease induced by the Capripoxvirus, causing epidemics in Turkey and several countries worldwide and inducing significant economic losses. Although this disease occur...

    Authors: Burak Mat, Mehmet Saltuk Arikan, Ahmet Cumhur Akin, Mustafa Bahadır Çevrimli, Harun Yonar and Mustafa Agah Tekindal
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:300
  26. Avoidance of unnecessary antimicrobial administration is a key tenet of antimicrobial stewardship; knowing the optimal duration of therapy obviates over-treatment. However, little research has been performed t...

    Authors: Fergus Allerton, Koen B. Pouwels, Julien Bazelle, Sarah Caddy, Andria Cauvin, Luisa De Risio, James Swann, James Warland and Andrew Kent
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:299
  27. Canine elbow dysplasia (CED) is a complex developmental skeletal disorder associated with a number of pathological conditions within the cubital joint. Because CED is a heritable disease, it is important to id...

    Authors: Mateusz Hebel, Wojciech K. Panek, Jakub J. Ruszkowski, Maria Nabzdyk, Dariusz Niedzielski, Katarzyna C. Pituch, Aaron M. Jackson, Maciej Kiełbowicz and Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:296
  28. Furosemide, a diuretic that acts on the loop of Henle, is commonly used to treat congestive heart failure in veterinary medicine. Some owners have difficulty in administering oral tablet medication to animal p...

    Authors: Suk-Kyu Koh, Jong-Woo Jeong, Seo-In Choi, Rae Man Kim, Tae-Sung Koo, Kwan Hyung Cho and Kyoung-Won Seo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:295
  29. Worldwide, veterinary practitioners and students are reported to be at higher risk of suicide, burnout, and depression compared to other occupational groups. The aim of the current study was to apply text mini...

    Authors: Marta Brscic, Barbara Contiero, Alessandro Schianchi and Cristina Marogna
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:294
  30. There is little objective information concerning the effect of steam-flaked grains on foal’s growth performance and faecal microbiota. To determine the effects of steam-flaked grains on foal’s growth performan...

    Authors: Xiao Bin Li, Xin Xin Huang, Chang Jiang Zang, Chen Ma, Kai Xu Chen, Guo Dong Zhao, Qian Li, Xuan Yue Li, Wen Jie Zhang and Kai Lun Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:293
  31. Specific studies on the epidemiology of necrotic enteritis in turkeys are absent in the literature. Necrotic enteritis is common in turkeys and a leading cause of use of therapeutic antibiotics. This study des...

    Authors: Magne Kaldhusdal, Eystein Skjerve, Magne Kjerulf Hansen, Inger Sofie Hamnes, Bruce David, Skjalg Arne Hanssen and Atle Løvland
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:292
  32. Shelters and similar facilities with a high concentration and fluctuation of animals often have problems with various infections, which are usually difficult to solve in such environments and are very expensiv...

    Authors: Martina Načeradská, Michaela Fridrichová, Martina Frühauf Kolářová and Tereza Krejčová
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:290
  33. UTP-glucose-1-phosphoryl transferase (UGPase) catalyzes the synthesis of UDP-glucose, which is essential for generating the glycogen needed for the synthesis of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and capsular ...

    Authors: Yucheng Zhou, Zhaoyang Bu, Jing Qian, Yuening Cheng, Lianjiang Qiao, Sen Yang, Shipeng Cheng, Xinglong Wang, Linzhu Ren and Yanling Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:289
  34. Lifestyle factors such as hair length, the frequency of ear cleaning and bathing, age, cat rearing, and sex may contribute to opportunistic yeast infections in the external ear canal of cats. This study aimed ...

    Authors: Sara Niae, Chompoonek Yurayart, Naris Thengchaisri and Panpicha Sattasathuchana
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:288
  35. Lactating dairy cows are the greatest livestock contributor of methane, a major global greenhouse gas (GHG). However, good feeding management with adequate mineral intake can offers an effective approach to ma...

    Authors: Ľubomíra Grešáková, Monika Holodová, Małgorzata Szumacher-Strabel, Haihao Huang, Piotr Ślósarz, Janusz Wojtczak, Natalia Sowińska and Adam Cieślak
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:287
  36. Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) and the Palyam serogroup viruses (PALV) have led to significant economic losses associated with livestock production globally. A rapid, sensitive and specific method...

    Authors: Zhuo-ran Li, Zhen-xing Yang, Zhan-hong Li, Xiang Gao, Zhong-yan Hu, Heng Yang and De-fang Liao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:286
  37. Recent advances in laparoscopy both in human and veterinary medicine have looked at means of being less invasive by using single-port access surgery as opposed to multiport access surgery. The glove port has g...

    Authors: Ulrike Strohmeier, Gilles Dupré, Barbara Bockstahler, Alexander Tichy and Lea Liehmann
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:285
  38. In urban settings, the presence of a high density of the human population and contact with domestic and/or stray animals such as dogs and cats can be risk factors for the transmission of zoonotic protozoa para...

    Authors: Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Edilu Jorga Sarba, Getachew Kebebew Tola, Solomon Shiferaw Endalew, Lencho Megersa Marami, Asaminew Tesfaye Melkamsew, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti and Maria Vitale
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:284
  39. This study was conducted to estimate the impacts of using varied feeding regimens with or without protease supplementation on the growth performance, apparent amino acid ileal digestibility (AID%), economic ef...

    Authors: Shimaa A. Amer, Rasha R. Beheiry, Doaa M. Abdel Fattah, Elshimaa M. Roushdy, Fardos A. M. Hassan, Tamer Ahmed Ismail, Noha M. A. Zaitoun, Azza M. A. Abo-Elmaaty and Abdallah E. Metwally
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:283
  40. The present study explored the viability of bovine milk macrophages, their intracellular production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS), and their phagocytosis of Staphylococcus aureus, as well as the ...

    Authors: Vitória M. Silva, Marina T. Souza, Maiara G. Blagitz, Fernando N. Souza, Camila F. Batista, Alexandre J. Alves, Artur C. C. Fernandes, Eduardo M. R. Sanchez, Carla M. Ordinola-Ramirez, Luciana da Costa and Alice M. M. P. Della Libera
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:282
  41. The oviduct of a hen provides a conducive environment for egg formation, which needs a large amount of mineral elements from the blood via trans-epithelial permeability. Eggshell is the calcified layer on the ...

    Authors: A. I. Muhammad, A. M. Dalia, T. C. Loh, H. Akit and A. A. Samsudin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:281
  42. Fourteen-years after the last Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus (RVFV) outbreak, Somalia still suffers from preventable transboundary diseases. The tradition of unheated milk consumption and handling of aborted ma...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Hassan-Kadle, Aamir M. Osman, Mohamed A. Shair, Omar M. Abdi, Abdulkarim A. Yusuf, Abdalla M. Ibrahim and Rafael F. C. Vieira
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:280
  43. C. psittaci has recently emerged as an equine abortigenic pathogen causing significant losses to the Australian Thoroughbred industry, while Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) is a well-recognized abortigenic agent. Di...

    Authors: Martina Jelocnik, Sharon Nyari, Susan Anstey, Nicole Playford, Tamieka A. Fraser, Keith Mitchell, Anna Blishen, Nina M. Pollak, Joan Carrick, Catherine Chicken and Cheryl Jenkins
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:279
  44. Abattoir data are under-used for surveillance. Nationwide surveillance could benefit from using data on meat inspection findings, but several limitations need to be overcome. At the producer level, interpretat...

    Authors: S. N. Buzdugan, P. Alarcon, B. Huntington, J. Rushton, D. P. Blake and J. Guitian
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:278
  45. Enterovirus G (EV-G) causes subclinical infections and is occasionally associated with diarrhea in pigs. In this study, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of EV-G in pigs from 73 pig farms in 20 provinces o...

    Authors: Taveesak Janetanakit, Supassama Chaiyawong, Kamonpan Charoenkul, Ratanaporn Tangwangvivat, Ekkapat Chamsai, Kitikhun Udom, Waleemas Jairak and Alongkorn Amonsin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:277
  46. Nucleosomes consist of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer core like beads on a string so that DNA can be condensed as chromatin into chromosomes. Diseases such as cancer or inflammation lead to cell death wh...

    Authors: Christopher Dolan, Tasha Miller, Jarvis Jill, Jason Terrell, Theresa Kathleen Kelly, Thomas Bygott and Heather Wilson-Robles
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:276

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