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  1. Bovine Viral Diarrhea virus (BVDV) is one of important diseases of cattle worldwide causing economic losses to the cattle industry primarily due to increased premature culling and decreased reproductive perfor...

    Authors: Erdachew Yitagesu, Wendi Jackson, Nigatu Kebede, Woutrina Smith and Tsegaw Fentie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:87

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The discovery of the superbug mcr-1-positive Escherichia coli (MCRPEC) has drew greet attention. Swine-origin multi-drug resistant MCRPEC has been a potential threat to public health and safety. However, there we...

    Authors: Jingzhi Yuan, Xiaoye Wang, Dali Shi, Qiang Ge, Xingxing Song, Wen Hu, Deyuan Wei, Chenling Ge, Xun Li and Chuanhuo Hu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:86

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Lymphocytic neoplasms with frequent reactive lymphocytes are uncommonly reported in dogs, and can pose a diagnostic challenge. Different diagnostic modalities such as cytology, flow cytometry, histopathology, ...

    Authors: Gary Kwok Cheong Lee, Dorothee Bienzle, Stefan Matthias Keller, Mei-Hua Hwang, Nikos Darzentas, Haiyang Chang, Emily Rätsep, Rebecca Egan and Janet Beeler-Marfisi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:85

    Content type: Case Report

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  4. Osteosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal bone tumor. Although it is a common tumor in the appendicular skeleton of dogs and cats, it is rarely reported in birds. Retroviruses are usually associated with solid t...

    Authors: Jefferson Bruno Soares Oliveira, Ayisa Rodrigues de Oliveira, Daniel Oliveira dos Santos, Thaynara Parente de Carvalho, Larissa Giannini Alves Moreira, Herlandes Penha Tinoco, Carlyle Mendes Coelho, Hannah Luiza Gonsalves Coelho, Maria Clara de Paiva Zucherato, Sandra Yuliet Marín-Gómez, Camila Siqueira Costa, Nelson R. S. Martins and Renato Lima Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:84

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. Harmonized institutional processes and reviewer training are vital to maintain integrity and ethical rigor of the veterinary clinical research pipeline and are a prerequisite to future work that might establis...

    Authors: S. A. Moore, A. O’Kell, H. Borghese, R. Garabed, H. O’Meara and P. Baneux

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:83

    Content type: Guidelines

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  6. Respiratory diseases are among the most important factors affecting swine farm productivity in Canada. The objectives of this study were to investigate antibody responses to porcine reproductive and respirator...

    Authors: Elana Raaphorst, Abdolvahab Farzan, Robert M. Friendship and Brandon N. Lillie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:82

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Although dogs are a commonly owned companion animal in the UK, the species experiences many health problems that are predictable from demographic information. This study aimed to use anonymised veterinary clin...

    Authors: Dan G. O’Neill, Hannah James, Dave C. Brodbelt, David B. Church and Camilla Pegram

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:69

    Content type: Research article

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  8. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Rebecca Ricci, Daniele Conficoni, Giada Morelli, Carmen Losasso, Leonardo Alberghini, Valerio Giaccone, Antonia Ricci and Igino Andrighetto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:81

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:209

  9. Genotype S H9N2 viruses have become predominant in poultry in China since 2010. These viruses frequently donate their whole internal gene segments to other emerging influenza A subtypes such as the novel H7N9,...

    Authors: Xiuli Li, Min Gu, Xiaoquan Wang, Ruyi Gao, Xinxin Bu, Xiaoli Hao, Jing Ma, Jiao Hu, Shunlin Hu, Xiaowen Liu, Sujuan Chen, Daxin Peng, Xinan Jiao and Xiufan Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:80

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Livestock play an important role as reservoir of enteric pathogens and antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a health and economic concern worldwide. However, little is known regarding the transmission and maintenan...

    Authors: Johan Espunyes, Oscar Cabezón, Andrea Dias-Alves, Pol Miralles, Teresa Ayats and Marta Cerdà-Cuéllar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:79

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Proxies are mathematical calculations based on fasting glucose and/or insulin concentrations developed to allow prediction of insulin sensitivity (IS) and β-cell response. These proxies have not been evaluated...

    Authors: Sanna Lindåse, Katarina Nostell, Peter Bergsten, Anders Forslund and Johan Bröjer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:78

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In humans, the drug metabolizing enzyme CYP2D6 is highly polymorphic resulting in substantial differences in the metabolism of drugs including anti-arrhythmics, neuroleptics, and opioids. The objective of this...

    Authors: S. R. Gretler, C. J. Finno, P. H. Kass and H. K. Knych

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:77

    Content type: Research article

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  13. French bulldogs exhibit significantly larger femoral external rotation and abduction than other breeds. We were curious as to whether this peculiar leg kinematic affects patellar motion and/or might induce med...

    Authors: Silvia V. Lehmann, Emanuel Andrada, Roxana Taszus, Daniel Koch and Martin S. Fischer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:76

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Respiratory diseases are the second most common cause of illnesses in horses, their etiology can be viral, bacterial, immune-mediated, or mechanical (Racklyeft and Love DN, Aust Vet J 78:549–59, 2000; Austin e...

    Authors: Elisabetta Mondo, Riccardo Rinnovati, Alessandro Spadari, Federica Giacometti, Andrea Serraino, Federica Savini and Silvia Piva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:75

    Content type: Case Report

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  15. Marigold (Tagetes erecta L) accounts for over half of the world’s loose flower production, and marigold crop residue (MCR) are abundantly available and should be used as a forage. In this study, MCR from the last...

    Authors: Zhijiang Hou, Jianyong Liu, Ming Cai, Yanpei Liu, Lan Mu, Yuee Gao, Metha Wanapat and Bizhi Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:74

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Ureteral atresia is the congenital absence of a ureteral opening, resulting in a blind-ended ureter that fails to terminate at the urinary bladder. Consequently, severe hydroureter and hydronephrosis occur ips...

    Authors: Megan Zalek, Rohan Shah and Timothy Bolton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:73

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. Streptococcus suis is an important pathogen that causes severe diseases mostly in weaned piglets. Only available vaccines in the field are those composed of killed bacteria (bacterins) but data about their effect...

    Authors: Lorelei Corsaut, Léa Martelet, Guillaume Goyette-Desjardins, Guy Beauchamp, Martine Denicourt, Marcelo Gottschalk and Mariela Segura

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:72

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In dogs with atopic dermatitis, intradermal testing (IDT) or allergen specific IgE serological testing are routinely employed to identify causative allergens. These allergens can then be used for allergen-spec...

    Authors: N. Khantavee, C. Chanthick, A. Tungtrongchitr, N. Techakriengkrai, S. Suradhat, N. Sookrung, S. Roytrakul and N. Prapasarakul

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:71

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Among the 6–8 million animals that enter the rescue shelters every year, nearly 3–4 million (i.e., 50% of the incoming animals) are euthanized, and 10–25% of them are put to death specifically because of shelt...

    Authors: Janae Bradley and Suchithra Rajendran

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:70

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The effects of safflower oil and vitamin C (Vit. C) inclusion in broiler chicken diets on the growth performance, apparent ileal digestibility coefficient “AID%” of amino acids, intestinal histology, behavior,...

    Authors: Shimaa A. Amer, Wafaa A. M. Mohamed, Heba S. A. Gharib, Naif A. Al-Gabri, Ahmed Gouda, Mohamed Tharwat Elabbasy, Ghada I. Abd El-Rahman and Anaam E. Omar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:68

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Umbilical vein bacterial infections may cause liver abscesses during bacterial ascent. A single liver abscess can be surgically treated by marsupialization, but a risk of recurrence or non-healing remains. Mor...

    Authors: Reiichiro Sato, Kazutaka Yamada, Taiki Yokoyama, Koki Tanimoto, Shoko Takeuchi, Natsumi Tatsuzawa, Shiho Nakui, Hiroyuki Satoh, Mahmoud Fadul and Adrian Steiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:67

    Content type: Case Report

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  22. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is an important global viral pathogen of cattle and other ruminants. To survey the infection rate and genetic diversity of BVDV in western China, a total of 1234 serum sample...

    Authors: Lingling Chang, Yanping Qi, Dan Liu, Qian Du, Xiaomin Zhao and Dewen Tong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:66

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) is an enteric pathogen that affects Penaeus vannamei and Penaeus monodon shrimp in many SE Asian countries. In the western hemisphere, EHP was reported for the first time in 2016...

    Authors: L. F. Aranguren Caro, F. Alghamdi, K. De Belder, J. Lin, H. N. Mai, J. Millabas, Y. Alrehaili, A. Alazwari, S. Algetham and A. K. Dhar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:65

    Content type: Research article

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  24. H7 subtype avian influenza has caused great concern in the global poultry industry and public health. The conventional serological subtype-specific diagnostics is implemented by hemagglutination inhibition (HI...

    Authors: Yuan Li, Hongliu Ye, Meng Liu, Suquan Song, Jin Chen, Wangkun Cheng and Liping Yan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:64

    Content type: Methodology article

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  25. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious viral disease, recognised to affect animals in the order Artiodactyla. The disease is rarely fatal in adult animals, however high mortality is associated wit...

    Authors: Ryan A. Waters, Jemma Wadsworth, Valerie Mioulet, Andrew E. Shaw, Nick J. Knowles, Darab Abdollahi, Reza Hassanzadeh, Keith Sumption and Donald P. King

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:63

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. Increasing evidence suggests that nutritional manipulation of the commensal gut microbiota (GM) may play a key role in maintaining animal health and production in an era of reduced antimicrobial usage. Gastroi...

    Authors: Andrew R. Williams, Laura J. Myhill, Sophie Stolzenbach, Peter Nejsum, Helena Mejer, Dennis S. Nielsen and Stig M. Thamsborg

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:62

    Content type: Review

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  27. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a contagious viral disease of cattle caused by lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV). LSD has recently spread in Asia following outbreaks in the Middle East and Europe. The disease emerge...

    Authors: Shukes Chandra Badhy, Mohammad Golam Azam Chowdhury, Tirumala Bharani Kumar Settypalli, Giovanni Cattoli, Charles Euloge Lamien, Mohammad Aflak Uddin Fakir, Shamima Akter, Mozaffar Goni Osmani, Faisol Talukdar, Noorjahan Begum, Izhar Ahmed Khan, Md Bazlur Rashid and Mohammad Sadekuzzaman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:61

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CCDS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder found in senior dogs. Due to the lack of biological markers, CCDS is commonly underdiagnosed. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Sataporn Phochantachinda, Boonrat Chantong, Onrapak Reamtong and Duangthip Chatchaisak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:60

    Content type: Research article

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  29. It is difficult to examine mild to moderate feline intra-thoracic lymphadenopathy via and thoracic radiography. Despite previous information from computed tomographic (CT) images of intra-thoracic lymph nodes,...

    Authors: Ninlawan Thammasiri, Chutimon Thanaboonnipat, Nan Choisunirachon and Damri Darawiroj

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:59

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Infectious disease, particularly the fungal disease chytridiomycosis (caused by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis), is a primary cause of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide. The transdermal route, although...

    Authors: Victoria K. Llewelyn, Lee Berger and Beverley D. Glass

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:57

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:161

  31. Insulin dysregulation (ID) is a key risk factor for equine endocrinopathic laminitis, but in many cases ID can only be assessed accurately using dynamic tests. The identification of other biomarkers could prov...

    Authors: Julien Delarocque, Dania B. Reiche, Alexandra D. Meier, Tobias Warnken, Karsten Feige and Martin N. Sillence

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:56

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mandibular masses caused by inflammatory processes due to bacterial infections, most common with Actinomyces bovis, are well known in herbivors. This case represents a rare differential diagnosis to common inflam...

    Authors: Svenja Hartung, Kernt Köhler, Christiane Herden and Manfred Henrich

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:55

    Content type: Case Report

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  33. Repeat breeding is a critical reproductive disorder in cattle. The problem of repeat breeder cattle remains largely unmanageable due to a lack of informative biomarkers. Here, we utilized metabolomic profiling...

    Authors: Natsumi Funeshima, Ryotaro Miura, Taiga Katoh, Hikari Yaginuma, Takeshi Kitou, Itaru Yoshimura, Kunitoshi Konda, Seizo Hamano and Koumei Shirasuna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:54

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cats, being obligate carnivores, have unique dietary requirements for nutrients most commonly found in dietary ingredients of animal origin. As such, feeding a diet devoid of animal-derived ingredients has bee...

    Authors: Sarah A. S. Dodd, Cate Dewey, Deep Khosa and Adronie Verbrugghe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:53

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The present study aims the characterization of antibiotic resistance phenotypes and encoding genes in bacterial strains isolated from some Romanian aquatic fishery lowland salted lakes.

    Authors: Veronica Lazăr, Irina Gheorghe, Carmen Curutiu, Ioana Savin, Florica Marinescu, Violeta Corina Cristea, Dumitru Dobre, Gabriela Loredana Popa, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc and Mircea Ioan Popa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:52

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a coronavirus, is one of the most important poultry pathogens worldwide due to its multiple serotypes and poor cross-protection. Vaccination plays a vital role in controlling...

    Authors: Qi Wu, Zhixian Lin, Jinsen Wu, Kun Qian, Hongxia Shao, Jianqiang Ye and Aijian Qin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute hepatitis in humans worldwide and have high burden in the resource-limited countries. Better knowledge of the epidemiology of hepatitis in animals in Africa ca...

    Authors: Abdou Fatawou Modiyinji, Jean Joel Bigna, Sebastien Kenmoe, Fredy Brice N. Simo, Marie A. Amougou, Marie S. Ndangang, Moise Nola and Richard Njouom

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:50

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Borrelia burgdorferi is the spirochete that causes Lyme Borreliosis (LB), which is a zoonotic tick-borne disease of humans and domestic animals. Hard ticks are obligate haematophagous ectoparasites that serve as ...

    Authors: R. Elhelw, M. Elhariri, D. Hamza, M. Abuowarda, E. Ismael and H. Farag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:49

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Brucellosis is a serious zoonosis disease that frequently causes significant economic loss in animal husbandry and threatens human health. Therefore, we established a rapid, accurate, simple and sensitive fluo...

    Authors: Yufang Kong, Huiyu Wang, Shaoqiang Wu, Jizhou Lv, Lin Mei, Huifang Zhou, Xiangmei Lin and Xueqing Han

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:48

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pancarpal arthrodesis is purported to limit supination and pronation of the feline antebrachium. The objective of this study was to investigate whether plate fixation of the radius to the carpus and metacarpus...

    Authors: Rachel M. Basa, Matthew J. Allen and Kenneth A. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:47

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. The aim of this study is to evaluate additional findings which can be detected by post-contrast computed tomography (CCT) in relation to plain CT (PCT) findings in patients presented with head trauma. Medical ...

    Authors: Yasamin Vali, Ingrid Gielen, Sarang Soroori and Eberhard Ludewig

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:46

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Atrioventricular canal defect is a rare congenital disorder of the heart and describes the presence of an atrial septal defect, a variable presentation of ventricular septal alterations including ventricular s...

    Authors: Carlos F Agudelo, Vladimír Jekl, Karel Hauptman, Michal Crha and Meric Kocaturk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:45

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  43. Murine is the most abundantly used as laboratory animal models. There has been a tremendous amount of research including; their evolution, growth, physiology, disease modeling as well as genomic mapping. Rats ...

    Authors: Muhammad Joan Ailia, Yun-Kyong Jin, Hee-Kyoung Kim and Goo Jang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:44

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Transanal colonoscopy using the single-incision laparoscopic surgical port is routinely used in human patients but has not been described in veterinary literature. The purpose of this study was to describe a n...

    Authors: James Howard, Judith Bertran, Valerie Parker, Jenessa Winston and Adam J. Rudinsky

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:43

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (SP) and Staphylococcus aureus (SA) are common colonizers of companion animals, but they are also considered opportunistic pathogens, causing diseases of diverse severity. This stu...

    Authors: Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Carmen Simón, Sara Ceballos, Carmelo Ortega, Myriam Zarazaga, Carmen Torres and Elena Gómez-Sanz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:42

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Despite clinical importance and frequent occurrence of sinus disease, little is known about the size of paranasal sinuses and their communication in ponies and small horses. To examine the shape and volume of ...

    Authors: Lisa Köhler, Ellen Schulz-Kornas, Ingrid Vervuert, Claudia Gittel, Karsten Winter, Dagmar Berner and Kerstin Gerlach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:41

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. In south China, goats are the major source of Brucellosis for human infection. However, there are few studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for goat brucellosis in south China. In this study, we conduc...

    Authors: Yin Li, Dan Tan, Shuang Xue, Chaojian Shen, Huajie Ning, Chang Cai and Zengzai Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:39

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Breed specific reference ranges for selected blood parameters are recommended for proper interpretation of blood tests, but there are only few reports dealing with ponies. The purpose of this study was to inve...

    Authors: Olga Witkowska-Piłaszewicz, Anna Cywińska, Katarzyna Michlik-Połczyńska, Michał Czopowicz, Katarzyna Strzelec, Anna Biazik, Marta Parzeniecka-Jaworska, Mark Crisman and Lucjan Witkowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:141

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