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  1. African animal trypanosomosis remains the major constraint of livestock production and livelihood of pastoral communities in Cameroon. Despite several decades of vector and parasite control efforts, it has not...

    Authors: Archile Paguem, Babette Abanda, Dieudonné Ndjonka, Judith Sophie Weber, Sen Claudine Henriette Ngomtcho, Kingsley Tanyi Manchang, Mamoudou Adoulmoumini, Albert Eisenbarth, Alfons Renz, Sørge Kelm and Mbunkah Daniel Achukwi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:344

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Ultrasonography (US) is the recommended imaging technique to evaluate jugular veins. This prospective randomized clinical study was designed to collect a series of B-mode US measurements of manually distended ...

    Authors: Maria Pia Pasolini, Giuseppe Spinella, Chiara Del Prete, Simona Valentini, Pierpaolo Coluccia, Luigi Auletta, Michele Greco and Leonardo Meomartino

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:343

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of a trivalent vaccine mixture and compare it to the respective monovalent vaccines against Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), and p...

    Authors: Taehwan Oh, Kee Hwan Park, Siyeon Yang, Jiwoon Jeong, Ikjae Kang, Changhoon Park and Chanhee Chae

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:342

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Poor hygiene of housing induces a systemic inflammatory response. Because inflammation and oxidative stress are processes that can sustain each other, the ways pigs are able to activate their antioxidant defen...

    Authors: K. Sierżant, M-H. Perruchot, E. Merlot, N. Le Floc’h and F. Gondret

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:341

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Afghanistan with serotypes O, A and Asia 1 being prevalent. A retrospective study of data collected through passive surveillance of outbreaks of FMD in Afghanistan fr...

    Authors: Arash Osmani, Ian Duncan Robertson, Ihab Habib and Ahmad Arash Aslami

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:340

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is a cell-mediated immune defense mechanism in which effector immune cells actively lyse antibody-coated target cells. The ADCC of tumor cells is employed in...

    Authors: Yoseop Kim, Soo-Hyeon Lee, Cheol-Jung Kim, Je-Jung Lee, Dohyeon Yu, Soomin Ahn, Dong-Jun Shin and Sang-Ki Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:339

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The potential for an exotic disease incursion is a significant concern for the United Kingdom (UK) equine industry. Horse owners’ perceptions of, and attitudes towards, exotic diseases can influence decisions ...

    Authors: Kelsey L. Spence, Jacqueline M. Cardwell, Josh Slater and Sarah M. Rosanowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:338

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Flea bite is considered to be the main cause of allergic dermatitis in cats. There is a need for treatments able to control clinical signs of allergic dermatitis associated with flea bite in cats.

    Authors: Amaury Briand, Noelle Cochet-Faivre, Pascal Prélaud, Rob Armstrong and Céline Hubinois

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:337

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The recognition of illegal administration of synthetic corticosteroids in animal husbandry has been recently challenged by the case of prednisolone, whose occasional presence in the urine of bovines under stro...

    Authors: Pierluigi Capra, Marta Leporati, Carlo Nebbia, Stefano Gatto, Alberto Attucci, Gandolfo Barbarino and Marco Vincenti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:336

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Current guidelines recommend parvovirus revaccination of adult dogs no more frequently than every 3 years. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dogs showing protective serum antibody titres...

    Authors: Ada Rota, Andrea Dogliero, Elvira Muratore, Paola Pregel, Angela Del Carro and Loretta Masoero

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:335

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In developed nations, pet ownership is common within families. Both physical and psychological health benefits may result from owning a pet during childhood and adolescence. However, it is difficult to determi...

    Authors: Rebecca Purewal, Robert Christley, Katarzyna Kordas, Carol Joinson, Kerstin Meints, Nancy Gee and Carri Westgarth

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:334

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Haemonchosis is one of the most economically important parasitic diseases affecting small ruminants all over the world. Chemotherapeutic control has several shortcomings (limited anthelmintic arsenal, frequent...

    Authors: María Elena González-Sánchez, Melissa Ndombasi-Bokuy, Montserrat Cuquerella and José María Alunda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:333

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Both diabetes mellitus (DM) and obesity are common in cats. The adipokines leptin, adiponectin, resistin and omentin are thought to have important roles in human obesity and glucose homeostasis; however, their...

    Authors: Maggie C. Williams, Chantal J. McMillan, Elisabeth R. Snead, Kanae Takada and Prasanth K. Chelikani

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:332

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Dogs that have clinical leishmaniosis (ClinL), caused by the parasite Leishmania infantum, are commonly co-infected with other pathogens, especially vector-borne pathogens (VBP). A recent PCR-based study found th...

    Authors: Charalampos Attipa, Laia Solano-Gallego, Christian M. Leutenegger, Kostas Papasouliotis, Francesca Soutter, Jörg Balzer, Scott Carver, Jesse S. Buch and Séverine Tasker

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:331

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Non-specific immunotherapeutics have been evaluated previously in dogs, primarily for cancer treatment. However, there remains a need for a more broadly targeted, general purpose immunotherapeutic capable of a...

    Authors: William Wheat, Lyndah Chow, Alana Kuzmik, Sirikul Soontararak, Jade Kurihara, Michael Lappin and Steven Dow

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:330

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Equine water treadmills (WTs) are growing in popularity because they are believed to allow for high resistance, low impact exercise. However, little is known about the effect of water height on limb loading. T...

    Authors: Persephone Greco-Otto, Michael Baggaley, W. B. Edwards and Renaud Léguillette

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:329

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Cysteamine was coated to cover its odor and maintain the stability. However, coated cysteamine (CC) has not been clearly evaluated for its effects on the gastrointestinal mucosa status. We hypothesize that the...

    Authors: Hongnan Liu, Miaomiao Bai, Bie Tan, Kang Xu, Rong Yu, Ruilin Huang and Yulong Yin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:328

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the primary pathogen of porcine enzootic pneumonia, which has been associated with economic losses due to reduced daily weight gain and feed efficiency. Although it ...

    Authors: Honglei Ding, Yaoqin Zhou and Haoju Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:327

    Content type: Methodology article

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  19. The YouTube channel “TiHoVideos” was created by the University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation (TiHo) to enable easy, public access to the university’s instructional videos as an additional support...

    Authors: Lina R. Müller, Andrea Tipold, Jan P. Ehlers and Elisabeth Schaper

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:326

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Estrogens are essential for the development and proper function of several hormone-dependent organs. There are, however, several lines of evidence associating estrogens with mammary carcinogenesis. A marked in...

    Authors: Ana Canadas-Sousa, Marta Santos, Bárbara Leal, Rui Medeiros and Patrícia Dias-Pereira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:325

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Transport stress not only causes physiological changes but also induces behavioral responses, including anxiety-like and depression-like behavioral responses in animals. The neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNO...

    Authors: Jia Wang, Jiao Li, Mingyuan Yu, Yuying Wang and Yunfei Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:323

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is a newly emerging circovirus that might be associated with porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome, reproductive failure, and cardiac and multisystemic inflammation. To a...

    Authors: Jun Ji, Xin Xu, Xueyu Wang, Kejing Zuo, Zhili Li, Chaoliang Leng, Yunchao Kan, Lunguang Yao and Yingzuo Bi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:322

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Peak reverse torque (PRT) is a valid method to evaluate implants’ secondary stability in the healing bone. The secondary stability is achieved by the implant over time and it has been positively correlated wit...

    Authors: Remigiusz M. Grzeskowiak, Carrie Wheeler, Elizabeth Taylor, James Lillich, James Roush, Alexandru S. Biris and David E. Anderson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:321

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Getah virus (GETV) is a neglected mosquito-borne Alphavirus that causes pyrexia, body rash, and leg oedema in horses and foetal death and reproductive disorders in pigs. Infected animals may play a critical role ...

    Authors: Hao Liu, Xu Zhang, Li-Xia Li, Ning Shi, Xiu-tao Sun, Quan Liu, Ning-Yi Jin and Xing-kui Si

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:320

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) regulate bacterial gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. STnc640 is a type of sRNA that was identified in Salmonella Typhimurium.

    Authors: Xia Meng, Xianchen Meng, Jinqiu Wang, Heng Wang, Chunhong Zhu, Jie Ni and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:319

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), an enveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus from the Flaviviridae family, is a globally distributed bovine pathogen. BVDV infection in cattle, despite having a wid...

    Authors: Joanna Małaczewska, Edyta Kaczorek-Łukowska, Roman Wójcik and Andrzej Krzysztof Siwicki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:318

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Newcastle disease (ND), which is caused by infections of poultry species with virulent strains of Avian orthoavulavirus-1, also known as avian paramyxovirus 1 (APMV-1), and formerly known as Newcastle disease ...

    Authors: Salman L. Butt, Veridiana Maria Brianezi Dignani Moura, Leonardo Susta, Patti J. Miller, Jessica M. Hutcheson, Stivalis Cardenas-Garcia, Corrie C. Brown, Franklin D. West, Claudio L. Afonso and James B. Stanton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:317

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Canine distemper (CD) is an acute infectious disease with high morbidity rates caused by a highly contagious pathogen (Canine Morbillivirus, also known as canine distemper virus, CDV). CDV can infect a broad r...

    Authors: Xianghong Xue, Yelei Zhu, Lina Yan, Gary Wong, Peilu Sun, Xuexing Zheng and Xianzhu Xia

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:316

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Postbiotics have been established as potential feed additive to be used in monogastric such as poultry and swine to enhance health and growth performance. However, information on the postbiotics as feed additi...

    Authors: Wan Ibrahim Izuddin, Teck Chwen Loh, Anjas Asmara Samsudin, Hooi Ling Foo, Ali Merzza Humam and Nurhazirah Shazali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:315

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Malarone® is a drug used for the treatment of malaria in humans. This drug is also particularly effective in the treatment of canine Babesia gibsoni infections. Malarone® is rarely used in dogs, and its adverse e...

    Authors: Hyeong-Il Choi, Hui-Yeon Ko, In-Sik Shin and Ha-Jung Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:314

    Content type: Case Report

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  31. Bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV) causes fever and muscle stiffness in cattle, resulting in negative economic impact for cattle and dairy farms. During the manufacturing process of inactivated vaccine for vi...

    Authors: Li-Ting Cheng, Yu-Jing Zeng, Chun-Yen Chu and Hsian-Yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:313

    Content type: Methodology article

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  32. Salmonella is generally considered as a human pathogen causing typhoid fever and gastrointestinal infections called salmonellosis, with S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium strains as the main causative agents. Salm...

    Authors: Bartłomiej Dudek, Marta Książczyk, Eva Krzyżewska, Klaudia Rogala, Maciej Kuczkowski, Anna Woźniak-Biel, Kamila Korzekwa, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Radosław Ratajszczak, Alina Wieliczko, Jacek Rybka and Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:312

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Farm disinfectants are widely used in primary production, but questions have been raised if their use can select for antimicrobial resistance. The present study examined the use of disinfectants in poultry and...

    Authors: Helder Maertens, Koen De Reu, Evelyne Meyer, Els Van Coillie and Jeroen Dewulf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:310

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are an important tool in the management of canine osteoarthritis, with the most recent introduction into the category being grapiprant, a piprant that selectively...

    Authors: Andrea García de Salazar Alcalá, Lucile Gioda, Alia Dehman and Frederic Beugnet

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:309

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:347

  35. Enterocytozoon bieneusi has been increasingly reported to infect domestic animals and humans, with human infections primarily reported as zoonotic in origin. The aim of the present study was to determine the pres...

    Authors: Ruenruetai Udonsom, Rapeepun Prasertbun, Aongart Mahittikorn, Rachatawan Chiabchalard, Chantira Sutthikornchai, Attakorn Palasuwan and Supaluk Popruk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:308

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The split spinal cord malformation (SSCM) is an uncommon congenital malformation of the vertebral canal in which parts of the spinal cord are longitudinally duplicated. In SSCM Type I, each spinal cord has its...

    Authors: Lara Górriz-Martín, Jasmin Neßler, Iris Voelker, Sina Reinartz, Andrea Tipold, Ottmar Distl, Andreas Beineke, Juergen Rehage and Maike Heppelmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:307

    Content type: Case Report

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  37. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a promising renal biomarker, can exists as a monomer, a dimer and/or in a NGAL/matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) complex form when associated with different ...

    Authors: Po-Han Wu, Wei-Li Hsu, Pei-Shiue Jason Tsai, Vin-Cent Wu, Han-Ju Tsai and Ya-Jane Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:306

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is an emerging circovirus species, that has been reported in major pig-raising countries including the United States, China, South Korea, Brazil, Spain, and Poland.

    Authors: Huanan Wang, Xiangnan Liu, Fanwen Zeng, Tongyuan Zhang, Yuexiao Lian, Miaoli Wu, Li Xiao, Yujun Zhu, Yu Zhang, Meili Chen, Ren Huang, Manlin Luo, Feng Cong and Pengju Guo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:305

    Content type: Methodology article

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  39. Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic infectious disease that is transmitted in various ways and causes great harm to humans and animals. The brucellosis pathogen is Brucella, which mainly resides in macrophage cel...

    Authors: Lu-Lu Wang, Xiao-Feng Chen, Pan Hu, Shi-Ying Lu, Bao-Quan Fu, Yan-Song Li, Fei-Fei Zhai, Dan-Di Ju, Shi-Jun Zhang, Yi-Ming Shui, Jiang Chang, Xiao-Long Ma, Bing Su, Yu Zhou, Zeng-Shan Liu and Hong-Lin Ren

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:304

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has typically a non-immune mediated origin in cats and immune-complex glomerulonephritis (ICGN) is scarcely described. Aims of this study were to characterize ICGN by light and ele...

    Authors: Francesco Rossi, Luca Aresu, Valeria Martini, Davide Trez, Rossella Zanetti, Luigi Michele Coppola, Filippo Ferri and Eric Zini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:303

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Parallel in vitro and in vivo experiments were designed to evaluate promising chemotherapeutic alternatives for controlling haemonchosis in ruminants. In vitro anthelmintic activities (egg hatch test – EHT; la...

    Authors: Dominika Mravčáková, Zora Váradyová, Anna Kopčáková, Klaudia Čobanová, Ľubomíra Grešáková, Svetlana Kišidayová, Michal Babják, Michaela Urda Dolinská, Emília Dvorožňáková, Alžbeta Königová, Jaroslav Vadlejch, Adam Cieslak, Sylwester Ślusarczyk and Marián Várady

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:302

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Sub-Saharan African market is highly affected by counterfeit veterinary drugs. Though these counterfeit and non-compliance of drugs can induce adverse effects during their utilization, there is no monitoring s...

    Authors: Mohamed Moctar Mouliom Mouiche, Badou Zaki Ndouoya Njingou, Frédéric Moffo, Serge Eugene Mpouam, Jean Marc Kameni Feussom and Julius Awah-Ndukum

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:301

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Canine pneumovirus (CPV) is a pathogen that causes respiratory disease in dogs, and recent outbreaks in shelters in America and Europe have been reported. However, based on published data and documents, the id...

    Authors: Chutchai Piewbang and Somporn Techangamsuwan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:300

    Content type: Research article

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  44. PRRSV is an infectious illness causing lung injury and abortion in sows. Cells apoptosis in the interface between the endometrium and fetal placenta is a crucial factor causing abortion. Previous study confirm...

    Authors: Kang Zhang, Houshen Li, Shasha Dong, Ying Liu, Dong Wang, Haichang Liu, Feng Su, Lijiang Ge and Yunliang Jiang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:299

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Dietary structure in ruminants is closely connected with the composition of gastrointestinal microbiota. Merging study has shown that dietary induced SARA causes the alteration of microbial community in the ce...

    Authors: Guangjun Chang, Huanmin Zhang, Yan Wang, Nana Ma, Roy Animesh Chandra, Gengping Ye, Su Zhuang, Weiyun Zhu and Xiangzhen Shen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:298

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Raising cattle on pastures is known to be beneficial for animal welfare and cost reduction. However, grazing is associated with the risk of contracting tick-borne diseases, such as theileriosis. Here, the effi...

    Authors: Jinho Park, Jeong-Byoung Chae, Suhee Kim, Do-Hyeon Yu, Hyeon-Cheol Kim, Bae-Keun Park, Joon-Seok Chae and Kyoung-Seong Choi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:297

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Cervical vertebral stenotic myelopathy (CVSM) remains one of the most important abnormalities of the cervical spine resulting in neurological deficits in horses. The aim of the following study was to compare t...

    Authors: Magdalena Szklarz, Anna Lipinska, Malwina Slowikowska, Artur Niedzwiedz, Krzysztof Marycz and Maciej Janeczek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:296

    Content type: Case Report

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  48. Magnetic resonance imaging using gadoxetic acid, a hepatocyte-specific contrast agent, is one of the most useful MRI techniques used to diagnose liver tumours in humans. During the hepato-biliary phase, there ...

    Authors: Pola Borusewicz, Ewa Stańczyk, Krzysztof Kubiak, Jolanta Spużak, Kamila Glińska-Suchocka, Marcin Jankowski, Piotr Sławuta, Dominika Kubiak-Nowak and Przemysław Podgórski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:293

    Content type: Research article

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