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  1. This paper explores the spatial distribution of sampling within the active surveillance of sheep scrapie in Great Britain. We investigated the geographic distribution of the birth holdings of sheep sampled for...

    Authors: Colin PD Birch, Ambrose C Chikukwa, Kieran Hyder and Victor J Del Rio Vilas
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:23
  2. Control of brucellosis in livestock, wildlife and humans depends on the reliability of the methods used for detection and identification of bacteria. In the present study, we describe the evaluation of the rec...

    Authors: Vladimira Hinić, Isabelle Brodard, Andreas Thomann, Milena Holub, Raymond Miserez and Carlos Abril
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:22
  3. Rabies is a widespread disease in African domestic dogs and a serious public health problem in developing countries. Canine rabies became established in Africa during the 20th century, coinciding with ecologic...

    Authors: Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Jhon H Rasambainarivo, Soloherilala Raharimanana, Hary Rakotonandrasana, Marie-Perle Andriamiarisoa, Fidilalao A Rakalomanana and Vincent Richard
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:21
  4. Feed contaminated with Salmonella spp. constitutes a risk of Salmonella infections in animals, and subsequently in the consumers of animal products. Salmonella are occasionally isolated from the feed factory envi...

    Authors: Lene K Vestby, Trond Møretrø, Solveig Langsrud, Even Heir and Live L Nesse
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:20
  5. Since 1954, there have been in excess of 800 cases of rabies as a result of European Bat Lyssaviruses types 1 and 2 (EBLV-1, EBLV-2) infection, mainly in Serotine and Myotis bats respectively. These viruses have ...

    Authors: Florence Cliquet, Evelyne Picard-Meyer, Jacques Barrat, Sharon M Brookes, Derek M Healy, Marine Wasniewski, Estelle Litaize, Mélanie Biarnais, Linda Johnson and Anthony R Fooks
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:19
  6. Data on the long-term outcome of B. burgdorferi infections in adult dogs are sparse. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether Bernese Mountain dogs with serological evidence of natural B. burgdorfe...

    Authors: Bernhard Gerber, Katharina Haug, Simone Eichenberger, Claudia E Reusch and Max M Wittenbrink
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:18
  7. The public health threat represented by a potential circulation of bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent in sheep population has led European animal health authorities to launch large screening and genetic se...

    Authors: Benoit Durand, Marie-José Martinez, Didier Calavas and Christian Ducrot
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:16
  8. In order to identify priorities for building integrated surveillance systems that effectively model and predict human risk of zoonotic diseases, there is a need for improved understanding of the practical opti...

    Authors: Matthew Scotch, Lynda Odofin and Peter Rabinowitz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:15
  9. Bacterial lung infections are a major cause of economic losses in the pig industry; they are responsible for approximately 50% of the antibiotics used in pigs and, therefore, also present an increasing concern...

    Authors: Doris Hoeltig, Isabel Hennig-Pauka, Kerstin Thies, Thomas Rehm, Martin Beyerbach, Katrin Strutzberg-Minder, Gerald F Gerlach and Karl-Heinz Waldmann
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:14
  10. In pigs little is known about the role of innate immune defence in bacterial infections of the respiratory tract, despite their major role in pig production. In the present study we characterized and compared in ...

    Authors: Laurentiu Benga, Doris Hoeltig, Thomas Rehm, Hermann-Josef Rothkoetter, Reinhard Pabst and Peter Valentin-Weigand
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:13
  11. Two domestic shorthair cats presenting with progressive hind-limb ataxia and increased aggressiveness were necropsied and a post mortem diagnosis of Feline Spongiform Encephalopathy (FSE) was made. A wide spec...

    Authors: Monika M Hilbe, Guido G Soldati, Kati K Zlinszky, Sabina S Wunderlin and Felix F Ehrensperger
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:11
  12. Colic could be accompanied by changes in the morphology and physiology of organs and tissues, such as the intestine. This process might be, at least in part, due to the accumulation of oxidative damage induced...

    Authors: Gonzalo Marañón, William Manley, Patricia Cayado, Cruz García, Mercedes Sánchez de la Muela and Elena Vara
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:10
  13. In order to study the sites of uptake and mechanisms of dissemination of scrapie prions in the natural host under controlled conditions, lambs aged 14 days and homozygous for the VRQ allele of the PrP gene wer...

    Authors: Stephen J Ryder, Glenda E Dexter, Lindsay Heasman, Richard Warner and S Jo Moore
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:9
  14. In the wake of the epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy the British government established a flock of sheep from which scrapie-free animals are supplied to laboratories for research. Three breeds of sh...

    Authors: Hugh A Simmons, Marion M Simmons, Yvonne I Spencer, Melanie J Chaplin, Gill Povey, Andrew Davis, Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Nora Hunter, Danny Matthews and Anthony E Wrathall
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:8
  15. Worldwide, hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is observed in pigs and transmission to humans is implied. To be able to estimate public health risks from e.g. contact with pigs or consumption of pork products, the...

    Authors: Martijn Bouwknegt, Saskia A Rutjes, Chantal BEM Reusken, Norbert Stockhofe-Zurwieden, Klaas Frankena, Mart CM de Jong, Ana Maria de Roda Husman and Wim HM van der Poel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:7
  16. Bovine herpesvirus type-1 (BHV-1) is an important pathogen of cattle that presents with a variety of clinical signs, including the upper respiratory tract infection infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR). A s...

    Authors: Kerry A Woodbine, Graham F Medley, Stephen J Moore, Ana M Ramirez-Villaescusa, Sam Mason and Laura E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:5
  17. Bovine Tuberculosis is prevalent in Algeria despite governmental attempts to control the disease. The objective of this study was to conduct, for the first time, molecular characterization of a population samp...

    Authors: Naima Sahraoui, Borna Müller, Djamel Guetarni, Fadéla Boulahbal, Djamel Yala, Rachid Ouzrout, Stefan Berg, Noel H Smith and Jakob Zinsstag
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:4
  18. Selective breeding programmes, based on prion protein (PrP) genotype, have been introduced throughout the European Union to reduce the risk of sheep transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). These prog...

    Authors: Simon Gubbins, Charlotte J Cook, Kieran Hyder, Kay Boulton, Carol Davis, Eurion Thomas, Will Haresign, Stephen C Bishop, Beatriz Villanueva and Rachel D Eglin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:3
  19. Listeria monocytogenes is among the most important foodborne bacterial pathogens due to the high mortality rate and severity of the infection. L. monocytogenes is a ubiquitous organism occasionally present in the...

    Authors: Jon I Esteban, Beatriz Oporto, Gorka Aduriz, Ramón A Juste and Ana Hurtado
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:2
  20. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an economically important and highly contagious viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed domestic and wild animals. Virus isolation and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...

    Authors: Tatiane A Paixão, Alcina V Carvalho Neta, Naimes O Paiva, Jorge R Reis, Meirivan S Barbosa, Claudia V Serra, René R Silva, Tammy R Beckham, Barbara M Martin, Neville P Clarke, L Garry Adams and Renato L Santos
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:53
  21. Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed...

    Authors: Daniela C Hadorn, Sabina Seric Haracic and Katharina DC Stärk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:52
  22. Pinnipeds, including many endangered and declining species, are inaccessible and difficult to monitor for extended periods using externally attached telemetry devices that are shed during the annual molt. Arch...

    Authors: Markus Horning, Martin Haulena, Pamela A Tuomi and Jo-Ann E Mellish
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:51
  23. The H5N1 strain of avian influenza virus has been involved in severe mortality in domestic poultry, and has also been found in different species of wildlife in Europe. The Basque Country avian influenza survei...

    Authors: M Barral, V Alvarez, RA Juste, I Agirre and I Inchausti
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:50
  24. Dogs are the most common pet animals worldwide. They may harbour a wide range of parasites with zoonotic potential, thus causing a health risk to humans. In Nigeria, epidemiological knowledge on these parasite...

    Authors: Uade Samuel Ugbomoiko, Liana Ariza and Jorg Heukelbach
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:49
  25. The between- and within-herd variability of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) antibodies were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 103 British pig herds conducted 2003–2004. Fif...

    Authors: Charlotte M Evans, Graham F Medley and Laura E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:48
  26. Rotavirus (RV), is a member of the Reoviridae family and an important etiological agent of acute viral gastroenteritis in the young. Rotaviruses have a wide host range infecting a broad range of animal species, h...

    Authors: Emily Mulherin, Jill Bryan, Marijke Beltman, Luke O'Grady, Eugene Pidgeon, Lucie Garon, Andrew Lloyd, John Bainbridge, Helen O'Shea, Paul Whyte and Séamus Fanning
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:46
  27. Visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil is caused by the protozoan Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi and it is transmitted by sandfly of the genus Lutzomyia. Dogs are an important domestic reservoir, and control of the tr...

    Authors: BLA Verçosa, CM Lemos, IL Mendonça, SMMS Silva, SM de Carvalho, H Goto and FAL Costa
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:45
  28. Vampire bats are important rabies virus vectors, causing critical problems in both the livestock industry and public health sector in Latin America. In order to assess the epidemiological characteristics of va...

    Authors: Yuki Kobayashi, Go Sato, Nobuyuki Mochizuki, Shinji Hirano, Takuya Itou, Adolorata AB Carvalho, Avelino Albas, Hamilton P Santos, Fumio H Ito and Takeo Sakai
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:44
  29. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains a significant problem in some parts of Spain largely because of contacts between cattle and wildlife reservoirs in extensive grazing systems. European Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is o...

    Authors: Olaia Aurtenetxe, Marta Barral, Joaquín Vicente, José de la Fuente, Christian Gortázar and Ramón A Juste
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:43
  30. The design of veterinary and public health surveillance systems has been improved by the ability to combine Geographical Information Systems (GIS), mathematical models and up to date epidemiological knowledge....

    Authors: V Racloz, G Venter, C Griot and KDC Stärk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:42
  31. Models of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) transmission have assumed a homogeneous landscape across which Euclidean distance is a suitable measure of the spatial dependency of transmission. This paper investigated...

    Authors: Paul R Bessell, Darren J Shaw, Nicholas J Savill and Mark EJ Woolhouse
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:40
  32. The syndrome of arachnomelia is an inherited malformation mainly of limbs, back and head in cattle. At present the arachnomelia syndrome has been well known mainly in Brown Swiss cattle. Nevertheless, the arac...

    Authors: Johannes Buitkamp, Bernhard Luntz, Reiner Emmerling, Horst-Dieter Reichenbach, Myriam Weppert, Benjamin Schade, Norbert Meier and Kay-Uwe Götz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:39
  33. The epidemic form of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is generally considered to have been caused by a single prion strain but at least two strain variants of cattle prion disorders have recently been re...

    Authors: Martin Jeffrey, Belinda Baquero Perez, Stuart Martin, Linda Terry and Lorenzo González
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:38
  34. The turbot (Scophthalmus maximus; Scophthalmidae; Pleuronectiformes) is a flatfish species of great relevance for marine aquaculture in Europe. In contrast to other cultured flatfish, very few genomic resources a...

    Authors: Belén G Pardo, Carlos Fernández, Adrián Millán, Carmen Bouza, Araceli Vázquez-López, Manuel Vera, José A Alvarez-Dios, Manuel Calaza, Antonio Gómez-Tato, María Vázquez, Santiago Cabaleiro, Beatriz Magariños, Manuel L Lemos, José M Leiro and Paulino Martínez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:37
  35. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are neurodegenerative diseases that affect several mammalian species. At least three factors related to the host prion protein are known to modulate susceptibil...

    Authors: Brian W Brunelle, Justin J Greenlee, Christopher M Seabury, Charles E Brown II and Eric M Nicholson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:36
  36. Neosporosis caused by the protozoan parasite Neospora caninum, is an economically important cause of abortion, stillbirth, low milk yield, reduced weight gain and premature culling in cattle. Consequently, a sero...

    Authors: Kerry A Woodbine, Graham F Medley, Stephen J Moore, Ana Ramirez-Villaescusa, Sam Mason and Laura E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:35
  37. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious viral disease of small ruminants in Africa and Asia. In 1999, probably the largest survey on PPR ever conducted in Africa was initiated in Ethiopia where 13 651...

    Authors: Agnès Waret-Szkuta, François Roger, David Chavernac, Laikemariam Yigezu, Geneviève Libeau, Dirk U Pfeiffer and Javier Guitián
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:34
  38. In August 2006 a major epidemic of bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV8) started off in North-West Europe. In the course of 2007 it became evident that BTV8 had survived the winter in North-West Europe, re-emerge...

    Authors: Armin RW Elbers, Johan Popma, Sandra Oosterwolde, Piet A van Rijn, Piet Vellema and Eugène MA van Rooij
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:33
  39. Canine cutaneous mast cell tumor (MCT) is a common neoplastic disease associated with a variable biologic behavior. Surgery remains the primary treatment for canine MCT; however, radiation therapy (RT) and che...

    Authors: Joshua D Webster, Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan, Douglas H Thamm, Elizabeth Hamilton and Matti Kiupel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:32
  40. Enteric Redmouth (ERM) disease also known as Yersiniosis is a contagious disease affecting salmonids, mainly rainbow trout. The causative agent is the gram-negative bacterium Yersinia ruckeri. The disease can be ...

    Authors: Mona Saleh, Hatem Soliman and Mansour El-Matbouli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:31
  41. Ingestion of the poisonous weed ragwort (Senecio jacobea) by horses leads to irreversible liver damage. The principal toxins of ragwort are the pyrrolizidine alkaloids that are rapidly metabolised to highly react...

    Authors: Rowan E Moore, Derek Knottenbelt, Jacqueline B Matthews, Robert J Beynon and Phillip D Whitfield
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:30
  42. Boar taint is the unpleasant odour and flavour of the meat of uncastrated male pigs that is primarily caused by high levels of androstenone and skatole in adipose tissue. Androstenone is a steroid and its leve...

    Authors: Maren Moe, Sigbjørn Lien, Christian Bendixen, Jakob Hedegaard, Henrik Hornshøj, Ingunn Berget, Theo HE Meuwissen and Eli Grindflek
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:29
  43. Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a viral disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) caused by ISA virus (ISAV), which belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. The virus is considered ...

    Authors: Marcos G Godoy, Alejandra Aedo, Molly JT Kibenge, David B Groman, Carmencita V Yason, Horts Grothusen, Angelica Lisperguer, Marlene Calbucura, Fernando Avendaño, Marcelo Imilán, Miguel Jarpa and Frederick SB Kibenge
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:28
  44. The commercial poultry industry in United Kingdom (UK) is worth an estimated £3.4 billion at retail value, producing over 174 million birds for consumption per year. An epidemic of any poultry disease with hig...

    Authors: Jennifer E Dent, Rowland R Kao, Istvan Z Kiss, Kieran Hyder and Mark Arnold
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:27

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