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  1. Elucidating the histological characteristics of normal vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is important for understanding mechanisms of development, disease etiology and the remodeling and/or regeneration pro...

    Authors: Noriko Isayama, Goki Matsumura and Kenji Yamazaki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:54
  2. Osteochondral autograft transfer (OAT) aims at restoring normal articular cartilage surface geometry and articular contact mechanics. To date, no studies have evaluated the contact mechanics of the canine stif...

    Authors: Christina J Choate, Stanley E Kim, Caleb C Hudson, David Spreng and Antonio Pozzi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:53
  3. The identity of herpesviruses isolated in Europe from domestic pigeons (Columbid herpesvirus-1 - CoHV-1) as well as falcons and owls remains unknown. All these herpesviruses are antigenically and genetically r...

    Authors: Grzegorz J Woźniakowski, Elżbieta Samorek-Salamonowicz, Piotr Szymański, Piotr Wencel and Marek Houszka
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:52
  4. Infectious ovine epididymitis results in substantial economic losses worldwide due to reproductive failure and culling of breeders. The most common causative agents of these infections are Brucella ovis, Actinoba...

    Authors: Valéria S Moustacas, Teane MA Silva, Luciana F Costa, Mariana N Xavier, Custódio A Carvalho Jr, Érica A Costa, Tatiane A Paixão and Renato L Santos
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:51
  5. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stifle joints of little spotted cats in captivity using radiographic and CT studies. The hypothesis was that these animals would have meniscal mineralisation that coul...

    Authors: Sheila C Rahal, Mauricio G Fillipi, Maria J Mamprim, Hugo S Oliveira, Carlos R Teixeira, Rodrigo HF Teixeira and Frederico OB Monteiro
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:50
  6. Heifers can calve down with intramammary infections (IMI) and udder damage. This will have a negative impact on their longevity, future milk yield and financial return. Co-housed pre-weaned calves that are fed...

    Authors: Inge-Marié Petzer, Joanne Karzis, Maia Lesosky, Johanna C Watermeyer and Renette Badenhorst
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:49
  7. Medetomidine-ketamine (MK) and dexmedetomidine-ketamine (DK) are widely used to provide general anaesthesia in laboratory animals, but have not been compared directly in many of these species, including rodent...

    Authors: Wesley M Burnside, Paul A Flecknell, Angus I Cameron and Aurélie A Thomas
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:48
  8. Despite the importance of abnormalities in lipoprotein metabolism in clinical canine medicine, the fact that most previously used methods for lipoprotein profiling are rather laborious and time-consuming has b...

    Authors: Panagiotis G Xenoulis, Paul J Cammarata, Rosemary L Walzem, Ronald D Macfarlane, Jan S Suchodolski and Jörg M Steiner
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:47
  9. In many parts of the developing world, pigs are kept under low-input systems where they roam freely to scavenge food. These systems allow poor farmers the opportunity to enter into livestock keeping without la...

    Authors: Lian F Thomas, William A de Glanville, Elizabeth A Cook and Eric M Fèvre
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:46
  10. This paper describes liver cirrhosis in 35 fallow deer infected with the giant liver fluke, as well as the distribution, origin, and role of myofibroblasts in its development.

    Authors: Darko Marinković, Vladimir Kukolj, Sanja Aleksić-Kovačević, Milijan Jovanović and Milijana Knežević
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:45
  11. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is an acquired disorder characterized by the activation of intravascular coagulation and excessive fibrin formation. It always occurs in association with other clin...

    Authors: Carla O Honse, Fabiano B Figueiredo, Nayro Xde Alencar, Maria de Fátima Madeira, Isabella DF Gremião and Tânia MP Schubach
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:43
  12. Robenacoxib is a novel and highly selective inhibitor of COX-2 in dogs and cats and because of its acidic nature is regarded as being tissue-selective. Thirty four dogs with stifle osteoarthritis secondary to ...

    Authors: David Bennett, Peter David Eckersall, Mary Waterston, Veronica Marchetti, Alessandra Rota, Eilidh McCulloch and Silvia Sbrana
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:42
  13. The causative agent of canine babesiosis is the protozoan Babesia canis, transmitted by the tick Dermacentor reticulatus within France. While the parasite can be found everywhere in France however cases of infect...

    Authors: Lénaïg Halos, Isabelle Lebert, Isabelle Chao, Gwenaël Vourc’h, Christian Ducrot, David Abrial, Jean-François Ravier and Jacques Guillot
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:41
  14. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is the preferred diagnostic tool to evaluate internal disorders of many joints in humans; however, the usefulness of MR imaging in the context of osteoarthritis, and joint disea...

    Authors: Vladimir Galindo-Zamora, Peter Dziallas, Davina C Ludwig, Ingo Nolte and Patrick Wefstaedt
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:40
  15. The tissue growth necessary to achieve a complete or partial restitution ad integrum as a result of injury to soft tissue and/or hard times in reptiles is variable and often needs long time in relation to the ...

    Authors: Salvatore Rinaldi, Maddalena Iannaccone, Gian Enrico Magi, Emanuela Costantini, Alessandro Castagna, Eraldo Sanna Passino, Margherita Maioli and Vania Fontani
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:39
  16. Helminthiasis is a major limitation to the livestock industry in Africa. Haemonchus contortus is the singular most important helminth responsible for major economic losses in small ruminants. The high cost of ant...

    Authors: Mathew Adamu, Vinasan Naidoo and Jacobus N Eloff
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:38
  17. Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue has the potential to preserve female germ cells of endangered mammals. In the present study, a freezing protocol successfully used for human tissue, was adapted for preservin...

    Authors: Caterina Wiedemann, Jennifer Zahmel and Katarina Jewgenow
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:37
  18. Active and passive surveillance for avian influenza virus (AIV) and Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is widespread in commercial poultry worldwide, therefore optimization of sample collection and transport would ...

    Authors: Erica Spackman, Janice C Pedersen, Enid T McKinley and Jack Gelb Jr
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:35
  19. Laterality defects are rare in cattle and usually manifest as asplenia orpolysplenia syndrome. These syndromes may be associated with situs ambiguus,which is a dislocation of some but not all internal organs. ...

    Authors: Alois Boos, Hans Geyer, Urs Müller, Jeanne Peter, Tanja Schmid, Christian Gerspach, Matteo Previtali, Maja Rütten, Titus Sydler, Colin C Schwarzwald, Elisabeth M Schraner and Ueli Braun
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:34
  20. Persistent infection of Penaeus stylirostris densovirus (PstDNV) (also called IHHNV) and its non-infectious inserts in the black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon (P. monodon) genome are commonly found without appare...

    Authors: Sudkhate Molthathong, Sarocha Jitrakorn, Yutthana Joyjinda, Chuenchit Boonchird, Boonsirm Witchayachamnarnkul, Pattira Pongtippatee, Timothy Flegel and Vanvimon Saksmerprome
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:33
  21. Pradofloxacin, a newly developed 8-cyano-fluoroquinolone, show enhanced activity against Gram-positive organisms and anaerobes to treat canine and feline bacterial infections. The purpose of this cross-over st...

    Authors: Gregor Hauschild, Karl Rohn, Eva Engelhardt, Martin Sager, Jendrik Hardes and Georg Gosheger
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:32
  22. The mechanisms that differentiate rabies infections into furious and paralytic forms remain undetermined. There are no neuropathological features in human brains that distinguish furious and paralytic rabies. ...

    Authors: Shanop Shuangshoti, Nischol Thepa, Pornchai Phukpattaranont, Akanitt Jittmittraphap, Nirun Intarut, Veera Tepsumethanon, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Paul Scott Thorner and Thiravat Hemachudha
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:31
  23. In this study, we characterised the microbiota present in the faeces of 15- and 46-week-old egg laying hens before and after tetracycline or streptomycin therapy. In the first experiment, the layers were subje...

    Authors: Petra Videnska, Marcela Faldynova, Helena Juricova, Vladimir Babak, Frantisek Sisak, Hana Havlickova and Ivan Rychlik
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:30
  24. There is no information on the effects of the breed, gender and age on the cellular content and growth factor (GF) release from equine pure-platelet rich plasma (P-PRP) and pure-platelet rich gel (P-PRG). The ...

    Authors: Carlos E Giraldo, Catalina López, María E Álvarez, Ismael J Samudio, Marta Prades and Jorge U Carmona
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:29
  25. Treatment of subclinical mastitis during lactation can have both direct (individual animal level) and indirect (population level) effects. With a few exceptions, prior research has focused on evaluating the di...

    Authors: John W Barlow, Ruth N Zadoks and Ynte H Schukken
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:28
  26. Several oral ivermectin (IVM) formulations for use in sheep are available in the pharmaceutical veterinary market in different countries. All of them are indicated at the same dose rate to treat the gastrointe...

    Authors: Gonzalo Suárez, Luis Alvarez, Daniel Castells, Oscar Correa, Pietro Fagiolino and Carlos Lanusse
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:27
  27. To assess the effectiveness of emergency vaccination for reducing the contact-induced infection and pathological damage caused by the highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HPPR...

    Authors: Xiao Li, Li Qiu, Zengqi Yang, Ruiyi Dang and Xinglong Wang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:26
  28. Serum samples from 630 milk sheep, in 33 dairy flocks representative of the southern area of the Tuscany region, were tested for the presence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii using an indirect immunofluorescenc...

    Authors: Beniamino T Cenci-Goga, Antonio Ciampelli, Paola Sechi, Fabrizia Veronesi, Iolanda Moretta, Valentina Cambiotti and Peter N Thompson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:25
  29. Dogs are commonly affected by hyperglycemic conditions. Hyperglycemia compromises the immune response and favors bacterial infections; however, reports on the effects of glucose on neutrophil oxidative metabol...

    Authors: Anelise M Bosco, Breno FM de Almeida, Priscila P Pereira, Luis G Narciso, Valéria MF Lima and Paulo C Ciarlini
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:24
  30. Steroid Responsive Meningitis-Arteritis (SRMA) is a common cause of inflammation of the canine central nervous system (CNS). To investigate if transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and ...

    Authors: Arianna Maiolini, Meike Otten, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein, Regina Carlson and Andrea Tipold
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:23
  31. Having considered how bioavailable aluminium (Al) may affect ecological systems and animals living there, especially cattle, and in search for a preventive dietary treatment against Al toxicity, we aimed to te...

    Authors: Yosra Belaïd-Nouira, Hayfa Bakhta, Zohra Haouas, Imen Flehi-Slim, Fadoua Neffati, Mohamed Fadhel Najjar and Hassen Ben Cheikh
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:22
  32. Anaesthesia in rabbits is associated with a high mortality rate, compared to that in cats and dogs. Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with drugs that provide cardiovascular stability and are rapidly metabol...

    Authors: Patricia Hedenqvist, Anna Edner, Åsa Fahlman and Marianne Jensen-Waern
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:21
  33. Betanodaviruses are the causative agents of Viral Encephalopathy and Retinopathy (VER). To date, more than 50 species have proved to be susceptible and among them, those found in genus Epinephelus are highly repr...

    Authors: Niccolò Vendramin, Pierpaolo Patarnello, Anna Toffan, Valentina Panzarin, Elisabetta Cappellozza, Perla Tedesco, Antonio Terlizzi, Calogero Terregino and Giovanni Cattoli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:20
  34. Accurate diagnosis is pertinent to any disease control programme. If Eastern Africa is to work towards control of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) using the Progressive Control Pathway for FMD (PCP-FMD) as a tool,...

    Authors: Alice Namatovu, Sabenzia Nabalayo Wekesa, Kirsten Tjørnehøj, Moses Tefula Dhikusooka, Vincent B Muwanika, Hans Redlef Siegsmund and Chrisostom Ayebazibwe
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:19
  35. Bovine neonatal pancytopenia (BNP) is a disease syndrome in newborn calves of up to four weeks of age, first observed in southern Germany in 2006. By now, cases have been reported in several countries around t...

    Authors: Kerstin N Euler, Stefanie M Hauck, Marius Ueffing and Cornelia A Deeg
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:18
  36. The Maedi-Visna (MV) lentivirus causes two slowly progressive eventually fatal diseases of sheep, Maedi, a progressive interstitial pneumonia, and Visna, a progressive demyelinating disease of the central nerv...

    Authors: Margrét Gudnadóttir, Andreas Demosthenous and Theophanis Hadjisavvas
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:16
  37. Osteosarcoma (OS) affects over 8000 dogs/year in the United States. The disease usually arises in the appendicular skeleton and metastasizes to the lung. Dogs with localized appendicular disease benefit from l...

    Authors: Kevin Marley, Stuart C Helfand, Wade A Edris, John E Mata, Alix I Gitelman, Jan Medlock and Bernard Séguin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:15
  38. Swine influenza (SI) is an acute respiratory disease caused by swine influenza virus (SIV). Swine influenza is generally characterized by acute onset of fever and respiratory symptoms. The most frequent compli...

    Authors: Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól, Iwona Markowska-Daniel, Krzysztof Kwit, Katarzyna Stępniewska and Zygmunt Pejsak
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:14
  39. Dogslife is the first large-scale internet-based longitudinal study of canine health. The study has been designed to examine how environmental and genetic factors influence the health and development of a birt...

    Authors: Dylan N Clements, Ian G Handel, Erica Rose, Damon Querry, Carys A Pugh, William ER Ollier, Kenton L Morgan, Lorna J Kennedy, Jeffery Sampson, Kim M Summers and B Mark C de Bronsvoort
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:13
  40. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the most common heart disease in Doberman Pinschers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs playing important roles in gene regulation. Different miRNA expression patterns...

    Authors: Carola Steudemann, Stefan Bauersachs, Karin Weber and Gerhard Wess
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:12
  41. Lead, a serious threat for raptors, can hamper the success of their conservation. This study reports on experience with accidental lead intoxication and responses to chelation therapy in captive Cinereous (Aegypi...

    Authors: Jiri Pikula, Pavlina Hajkova, Hana Bandouchova, Ivana Bednarova, Vojtech Adam, Miroslava Beklova, Jiri Kral, Karel Ondracek, Jitka Osickova, Miroslav Pohanka, Jana Sedlackova, Hana Skochova, Jakub Sobotka, Frantisek Treml and Rene Kizek
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:11
  42. Parasite peptidases have been actively studied as vaccine candidates or drug targets for prevention or treatment of parasitic diseases because of their important roles for survival and/or invasion in the host....

    Authors: Jung Soo Seo, Eun Ji Jeon, Sung Hee Jung, Myoung Ae Park, Jin Woo Kim, Ki Hong Kim, Sung Ho Woo and Eun Hye Lee
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:10
  43. Prions, the causative agents of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, are notoriously difficult to inactivate. Current decontamination recommendations by the World Health Organization include prolonge...

    Authors: Jodi D Smith, Eric M Nicholson, Gregory H Foster and Justin J Greenlee
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:8
  44. Massive industrial production of engineered nanoparticles poses questions about health risks to living beings. In order to understand the underlying mechanisms, we studied the effects of TiO2 and ZnO agglomerated...

    Authors: Metka Šimundić, Barbara Drašler, Vid Šuštar, Jernej Zupanc, Roman Štukelj, Darko Makovec, Deniz Erdogmus, Henry Hägerstrand, Damjana Drobne and Veronika Kralj-Iglič
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:7
  45. Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) is a gammaherpesvirus, belonging to Rhadinovirus genus, with no clear association with disease. However, there is increasing evidence of its secondary pathogenic role in cases of ...

    Authors: Valentina Franceschi, Antonio Capocefalo, Sandro Cavirani and Gaetano Donofrio
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:6
  46. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is often used to test wildlife samples for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection. However, commercially available kits are only validated for use wi...

    Authors: Mathieu Pruvot, Taya L Forde, Jillian Steele, Susan J Kutz, Jeroen De Buck, Frank van der Meer and Karin Orsel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:5

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