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  1. Culling is a major cost for dairy farms but also an essential part in managing herd productivity. This study aimed to identify the culling rates of Estonian dairy cows, identify the farmers’ stated reasons and...

    Authors: Triin Rilanto, Kaari Reimus, Toomas Orro, Ulf Emanuelson, Arvo Viltrop and Kerli Mõtus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:173

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Swine dysentery (SD) is a diarrheal disease in fattening pigs that is caused by the strongly hemolytic species Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae, B. hampsonii and B. suanatina. As weakly hemolytic Brachyspira spp. ...

    Authors: Jessica Joerling, Hermann Willems, Christa Ewers and Werner Herbst

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:169

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Constitutive and inducible defenses protect the respiratory tract from bacterial infection. The objective of this study was to characterize the response to an aerosolized lysate of killed bacteria, as a basis ...

    Authors: Laura L. Bassel, Carmon Co, Alaina Macdonald, Laurel Sly, Erin E. McCandless, Joanne Hewson, Raksha Tiwari, Shayan Sharif, Laura Siracusa, Mary Ellen Clark and Jeff L. Caswell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:168

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Glaesserella parasuis, the causative agent of Glӓsser’s disease, is widespread in swine globally resulting in significant economic losses to the swine industry. Prevention of Glӓsser’s disease in pigs has been pl...

    Authors: Samantha J. Hau, Shi-Lu Luan, Crystal L. Loving, Tracy L. Nicholson, Jinhong Wang, Sarah E. Peters, David Seilly, Lucy A. Weinert, Paul R. Langford, Andrew N. Rycroft, Brendan W. Wren, Duncan J. Maskell, Alexander W. Tucker and Susan L. Brockmeier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:167

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV, Lagovirus europeus GI.1) induces a contagious and highly lethal hemorrhagic disease in rabbits. In 2010 a new genotype of lagovirus (GI.2), emerged in Europe, infecting ...

    Authors: Melanie Buehler, Sonja T. Jesse, Heike Kueck, Bastian Lange, Patricia Koenig, Wendy K. Jo, Albert Osterhaus and Andreas Beineke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:166

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. Johne’s disease (JD) is a chronic intestinal inflammatory disease caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection in ruminants. Since there are currently no effective vaccine or treatment op...

    Authors: Sanjay Mallikarjunappa, Flavio S. Schenkel, Luiz F. Brito, Nathalie Bissonnette, Filippo Miglior, Jacques Chesnais, Michael Lohuis, Kieran G. Meade and Niel A. Karrow

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:165

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV), Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) and Hepatitis E virus (HEV) are common and economically important viral disease causative agents detected in pig or...

    Authors: Jan Plut, Urska Jamnikar-Ciglenecki and Marina Stukelj

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:164

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Ureaplasma diversum is a pathogen found in the genital tract of cattle and associated with genital disorders such as infertility, placentitis, abortion, birth of weak calves, low sperm motility, seminal vesiculit...

    Authors: Yasmin M. F. S. Andrade, Manoel N. Santos-Junior, Izadora S. Rezende, Maysa S. Barbosa, Aline T. Amorim, Ícaro B. S. Silva, Ellunny C. Queiroz, Bruno L. Bastos, Guilherme B. Campos, Jorge Timenetsky and Lucas M. Marques

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:163

    Content type: Research article

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  9. At present, pig industry in China is faced with the complex situation of mixed infection caused by multiple pathogens. It is urgent to develop some new high-throughput molecular diagnosis assays to simultaneou...

    Authors: Yue Wu, Xudan Wu, Jing Chen, Jingfei Hu, Xiaobo Huang and Bin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:162

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Sperm hyperactive motility has previously been shown to influence litter size in pigs, but little is known about the underlying biological mechanisms. The aim of this study was to use RNA sequencing to investi...

    Authors: Maren van Son, Nina Hårdnes Tremoen, Ann Helen Gaustad, Dag Inge Våge, Teklu Tewoldebrhan Zeremichael, Frøydis Deinboll Myromslien and Eli Grindflek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:161

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Plague caused by Yersinia pestis is a highly infectious and potentially fatal zoonotic disease that can be spread by wild and domestic animals. In endemic areas of the northern hemisphere plague typically cycles ...

    Authors: Paula A. Schaffer, Connor S. Hershkowitz, Kristy L. Dowers, Jennifer L. Golchanour, Lauren J. Harris, Tawfik A. Aboellial, Paul S. Morley, Stephanie A. Brault, Kristy L. Pabilonia, Gary L. Mason, Jennifer A. House and Joshua B. Daniels

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:160

    Content type: Case Report

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  12. Vestibular dysfunction is relatively common in dogs, with a prevalence of 0.08% reported in primary veterinary care in the UK. There are several studies investigating how to differentiate between peripheral an...

    Authors: Rocio Orlandi, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana, Beatrice Carletti, Camilla Cooper, Josep Brocal, Sara Silva and Rita Gonçalves

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:159

    Content type: Research article

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  13. At this time, elimination diets followed by oral food challenges (OFCs) represent the “gold standard” for diagnosing skin-manifesting food allergies (FA) in dogs and cats. Regrettably, there is no clear consen...

    Authors: Thierry Olivry and Ralf S. Mueller

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:158

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Epidemiological investigations were carried out following detection of an outbreak of megaoesophagus in Victorian Police working dogs in early 2018 and an increase in the number of canine megaoesophagus cases ...

    Authors: M. Renwick, M. A. Stevenson, A. Wiethoelter and C. Mansfield

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:157

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Bovine neonatal pancytopenia (BNP) is a haemorrhagic disease of neonatal calves. BNP was first described in Germany in 2009, later on also in other European countries, and in New Zealand in 2011. The disease i...

    Authors: Carola M. Sauter-Louis, Christoph Staubach, Frederike Reichmann, Alexander Stoll, Günter Rademacher, Klaus Cussler, Max Bastian and Annette Pfitzner-Friedrich

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:155

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Buprenorphine is used for canine postoperative pain management. This study aimed to describe the pharmacokinetics and evaluate the analgesic efficacy of buprenorphine (Simbadol, 1.8 mg/mL) administered by diff...

    Authors: Paulo Vinicius Steagall, Hélène Louise Marcelle Ruel, Tomoyo Yasuda, Beatriz Paglerani Monteiro, Ryota Watanabe, Marina Cayetano Evangelista and Francis Beaudry

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:154

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Penguin interaction with gillnets has been extensively reported in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and is considered a major conservation threat. Among penguin species, Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanic...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Ewbank, Carlos Sacristán, Samira Costa-Silva, Marzia Antonelli, Janaina R. Lorenço, Guilherme A. Nogueira, Mariana B. Ebert, Cristiane K. M. Kolesnikovas and José Luiz Catão-Dias

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:153

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (also canine gastrointestinal hemorrhagic syndrome) is commonly associated with Clostridium perfringens, although in some cases the etiology remains unclear. This report describ...

    Authors: Paul Capewell, Angie Rupp, Manuel Fuentes, Michael McDonald and William Weir

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:152

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. Insulin dysregulation (ID) goes along with lasting or transient hyperinsulinemia able to trigger equine laminitis, a painful and crippling foot condition. Promoting weight loss through dietary changes and phys...

    Authors: Julien Delarocque, Florian Frers, Korinna Huber, Karsten Feige and Tobias Warnken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:151

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Arthroscopic surgery is described as a minimally invasive technique for diagnosis, exploration and treatment of joint disorders. It allows intraarticular structures to be assessed accurately, thereby improving...

    Authors: Mahmoud Fadul, Alois von Rotz, Maher Alsaaod, Reiichiro Sato and Adrian Steiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:150

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Bavaria, a large federal state in Germany, has been declared free from infections with Bovine Alphaherpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) in 2011. To maintain this status the cattle population is monitored for antibodies agai...

    Authors: Stefanie Singer, Bernd Hoffmann, Angela Hafner-Marx, Jürgen Christian, Friederike Forster, Katharina Schneider, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer and Antonie Neubauer-Juric

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:149

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Infection in the oviduct (salpingitis) is the most common bacterial infection in egg laying hens and is mainly caused by Escherichia coli. The disease is responsible for decreased animal welfare, considerable eco...

    Authors: Louise Ladefoged Poulsen, Egle Kudirkiene, Steffen Lynge Jørgensen, Steven Philip Djordjevic, Max Laurence Cummins, Jens Peter Christensen, Henrik Christensen, Magne Bisgaard and Ida Thøfner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:148

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In human medicine, extremely high CRP (C-reactive protein) concentrations > 100 mg/l are indicators of bacterial infection and the need of antibiotic treatment. Similar decision limits for septic pneumonia are...

    Authors: Sarah Hindenberg, Natali Bauer and Andreas Moritz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:147

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Sow endometritis is a common disease in pig breeding farms after artificial insemination, which leads to gray-green vaginal secretions and decreased conception rates. It is important to perform an etiologic di...

    Authors: Yawen Wang, Haiyong Guo, Yun Bai, Tanqing Li, Ruitao Xu, Tairan Sun, Jicheng Lu and Qinye Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:146

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Abortion is considered an important disease problem of small ruminants in Borana pastoral area. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of chlamydiosis, coxiellosis (Q...

    Authors: Asamenew Tesfaye, Mesfin Sahele, Teshale Sori, Chala Guyassa and Abebe Garoma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:145

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This study was performed to investigate the effect of Alpha-galactosidase (AlphaGal) supplementation with two energy levels on the growth performance, amino acid ileal digestibility coefficient “AID%,” economi...

    Authors: Shimaa A. Amer, Mohamed A. F. Naser, Ahmed A. A. Abdel-Wareth, Ahmed A. Saleh, Shafika A. M. Elsayed, Doaa M. Abdel fattah and Abdallah E. Metwally

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:144

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Administration of a competitive exclusion culture (CE culture) has the potential to induce protective effects in very young chicks against caecal colonisation by EEC (= extended-spectrum β-lactamases [ESBL] an...

    Authors: Ulrich Methner and Uwe Rösler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:143

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate, through videothermometry, the temperature variation in the hearts of rabbits, that underwent induced myocardial ischemia and reperfusion.

    Authors: Tomas Ottoni Barroso da Silva, Leonardo Waldstein de Moura Vidal, Paula Gebe Abreu Cabral, Matheus Roberto da Mota Costa, Silvia Marcela Ruiz Cadena, Marcelo Borges dos Santos Junior, Fernanda Antunes and André Lacerda de Abreu Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:142

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Perfusion-weighted imaging is only scarcely used in veterinary medicine. The exact reasons are unclear. One reason might be the typically high costs of the software packages for image analysis. In addition, a ...

    Authors: Antje Hartmann, Volkher B. Scholz and Ines E. Lautenschläger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:141

    Content type: Software

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  30. Disinfectants are frequently used in animal production to reduce or eliminate the load of infectious agents and parasites in buildings and equipment associated with the housing or transportation of animals. Th...

    Authors: H. Maertens, E. Van Coillie, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, N. Sleeckx, E. Meyer, J. Zoons, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:140

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Metaldehyde is a toxic pesticide used mainly as a molluscicide, responsible for intoxication and deaths in both humans and animals. Accidental exposure to metaldehyde in dogs is considered rare, but severe. Da...

    Authors: Ana Flávia Machado Botelho, Amanda Milhomem Donato Machado, Rayanne Henrique Santana da Silva, Amanda Carvalho Faria, Lucas Santos Machado, Heloa Santos, Sandro de Melo Braga, Bruno Benetti Junta Torres, Marina Pacheco Miguel, Andrea Rodrigues Chaves and Marília Martins Melo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:139

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. Salmonella enterica serovars are a major cause of foodborne illness and have a substantial impact on global human health. In Canada, Salmonella is commonly found on swine farms and the increasing concern about dr...

    Authors: Corinne H. Schut, Abdolvahab Farzan, Russell S. Fraser, Margaret H. Ainslie-Garcia, Robert M. Friendship and Brandon N. Lillie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:138

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Medical infrared thermal imaging (MITI) is a non-invasive imaging modality gaining popularity in the veterinary field. An infrared camera captures emission of heat and creates a color map in the form of a ther...

    Authors: M. Larkin, C. Loughin, D. Marino, C. Dewey, S. Umbaugh and J. Sackman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:137

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Mastitis is the most frequent diseases for transition cows. Identification of potential biomarkers for diagnosis of mastitis is important for its prevention. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate blood...

    Authors: Ruo-wei Guan, Di-ming Wang, Bei-bei Wang, Lu-yi Jiang and Jian-xin Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:136

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) is a highly contagious virus belonging to family Paramyxovirade, genus Morbillivirus and responsible for high morbidity and mortality in dogs worldwide. Infected domestic dogs can cau...

    Authors: Tshering Dorji, Tenzin Tenzin, Kuenga Tenzin, Dawa Tshering, Karma Rinzin, Waraphon Phimpraphai and Michel de Garine-Wichatitsky

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:135

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Dairy cows undergo dramatic changes in endocrine and metabolic status around parturition and in early lactation. Meeting the nutritional requirements of transition dairy cows is important for animal health, pr...

    Authors: Yasmin Gundelach, Beate Streuff, Monika Franczyk, Marta Kankofer and Martina Hoedemaker

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:134

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Brucellosis is an emerging yet neglected zoonosis that has been reported in Kenya. Epidemiological data on brucellosis in ruminants is readily accessible; however, reports on brucellosis in pigs remain limited...

    Authors: James Akoko, Roger Pelle, Velma Kivali, Esther Schelling, Gabriel Shirima, Eunice M. Machuka, Coletha Mathew, Eric M. Fèvre, Victoria Kyallo, Laura C. Falzon, AbdulHamid S. Lukambagire, Jo E. B. Halliday, Bassirou Bonfoh, Rudovick Kazwala and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:133

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Infections of small ruminants with trichostrongyloid nematodes often result in reduced productivity and may be detrimental to the host. Anthelmintic resistance (AR) against most anthelmintic drug classes is no...

    Authors: Barbara Hinney, Julia Schoiswohl, Lynsey Melville, Vahel J. Ameen, Walpurga Wille-Piazzai, Karl Bauer, Anja Joachim, Jürgen Krücken, Philip J. Skuce and Reinhild Krametter-Frötscher

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:132

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Over recent years, pet owners have started to demonstrate increased sensitivity toward their companion animals, which includes an increase in the attention paid towards their nutrition, seen as a way of safegu...

    Authors: Marica Vinassa, Diana Vergnano, Emanuela Valle, Marzia Giribaldi, Joana Nery, Liviana Prola, Domenico Bergero and Achille Schiavone

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:131

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Porcine Deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a newly emerging Coronavirus that was first identified in 2012 in Hong Kong, China. Since then, PDCoV has subsequently been reported worldwide, causing a high number of neonata...

    Authors: Xiang Gao, Xinsheng Liu, Yongguang Zhang, Yanming Wei and Yonglu Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:130

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Recombinant Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis) vaccine vector could be used to deliver heterologous antigens to prevent and control pig diseases. We have previously shown that a live-atte...

    Authors: Yu-an Li, Yunyun Chen, Yuan zhao Du, Weiwei Guo, Dianfeng Chu, Juan Fan, Xiaobo Wang, Matthew Bellefleur, Shifeng Wang and Huoying Shi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:129

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In view of the current swine fever outbreak and the government aspiration to increase the goat population, a need arises to control and prevent outbreaks of goat pox. Despite North Vietnam facing sporadic case...

    Authors: Trang Hong Pham, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Nor Yasmin Abd. Rahaman, Huong Lan Thi Lai, Lan Thi Nguyen, Khien Van Do and Mustapha M. Noordin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:128

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Multifocal spherical nonstaining cavities and gram-positive, rod-shaped, and endospore-forming bacteria were found in the liver of a sow that died suddenly. Clostridium novyi type B was identified and isolated fr...

    Authors: Chang-Gi Jeong, Byoung-Joo Seo, Salik Nazki, Byung Kwon Jung, Amina Khatun, Myeon-Sik Yang, Seung-Chai Kim, Sang-Hyun Noh, Jae-Ho Shin, Bumseok Kim and Won-Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:127

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Dal, and DEA 1, 4, 7 blood types, in a population of canine blood donors from Italy and Spain. Three hundred and twenty blood donor dogs receiving an an...

    Authors: Daniela Proverbio, George Lubas, Eva Spada, Anyela Andrea Medina Valentin, Luis Miguel Viñals Florez, Maria del Rosario Perlado Chamizo, Roberta Perego, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Elisabetta Ferro, Luciana Baggiani, Alessandra Gavazza and Marie-Claude Blais

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:126

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The microenvironment within solid malignant tumors, including feline mammary gland carcinomas (FMGCs), is commonly hypoxic, possibly due to the lack of functional blood vessels in rapidly proliferating neoplas...

    Authors: Bo Chen, Susanne Je-Han Lin, Wen-Ta Li, Hui-Wen Chang, Victor Fei Pang, Pei-Yi Chu, Chin-Cheng Lee, Hiroyuki Nakayama, Ching-Ho Wu and Chian-Ren Jeng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:125

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Carprofen and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are widely used in small animal clinical practice. Separation layers have been used during blood centrifugation to increase platelet yield. The objectives of this study...

    Authors: Jutarat Apakupakul, Panpicha Sattasathuchana, Phongsak Chanloinapha and Naris Thengchaisri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:124

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Buffalo milk is rich in various nutritional components and bioactive substances that provide more essential health benefits to human body. Recently, exosome identified in the breast milk has been reported as a...

    Authors: Zujing Chen, Yueqin Xie, Junyi Luo, Ting Chen, Qianyun Xi, Yongliang Zhang and Jiajie Sun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:123

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Classical scrapie susceptibility in sheep has been linked to three polymorphisms at codon 136, 154, and 171 in the prion protein gene (PRNP) whereas atypical scrapie susceptibility is related to polymorphisms at ...

    Authors: Eden Yitna Teferedegn, Yalcin Yaman and Cemal Un

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:122

    Content type: Research article

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  49. As colic and intestinal disorders are a major concern in horses, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of butyrate, known to have a diverse array of beneficial e...

    Authors: W. A. Wambacq, D. A. van Doorn, P. M. Rovers-Paap, R. Ducatelle, L. Vlaminck, M. Lourenço and M. Hesta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:121

    Content type: Research article

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