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  1. Mass vaccinations of domestic dogs have been shown to effectively control canine rabies and hence human exposure to rabies. Knowledge of dog population demography is essential for planning effective rabies vac...

    Authors: Alena S Gsell, Darryn L Knobel, Sarah Cleaveland, Rudovick R Kazwala, Penelope Vounatsou and Jakob Zinsstag
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:236
  2. Taenia solium is an important zoonosis in many developing countries. Cysticercosis poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to the pig production industry. Due to scarcity of data on the ep...

    Authors: Eric E Eshitera, Samuel M Githigia, Philip Kitala, Lian F Thomas, Eric M Fèvre, Leslie JS Harrison, Evalyn W Mwihia, Richard O Otieno, Fred Ojiambo and Ndichu Maingi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:234
  3. Psittacosis, an avian disease caused by Chlamydophila psittaci, can manifest as an acute, protracted, or chronic illness, but can also be asymptomatic. C. psittaci can persist in the host for months to years, oft...

    Authors: Tomasz Piasecki, Klaudia Chrząstek and Alina Wieliczko
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:233
  4. Inadequate nutrition in utero may retard foetal growth and alter physiological development of offspring. This study investigated the effects of low and high protein diets fed to primiparous German Landrace sows t...

    Authors: Margret Tuchscherer, Winfried Otten, Ellen Kanitz, Maria Gräbner, Armin Tuchscherer, Olaf Bellmann, Charlotte Rehfeldt and Cornelia C Metges
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:232
  5. The nutrition and health of horses is closely tied to their gastrointestinal microflora. Gut bacteria break down plant structural carbohydrates and produce volatile fatty acids, which are a major source of ene...

    Authors: Samantha M Steelman, Bhanu P Chowdhary, Scot Dowd, Jan Suchodolski and Jan E Janečka
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:231
  6. Adelmidrol is a semisynthetic derivative of azelaic acid and analogue of the anti-inflammatory compound palmitoylethanolamide (PEA). Based upon its physicochemical properties, adelmidrol is suitable for topica...

    Authors: Santiago Cerrato, Pilar Brazis, Maria Federica della Valle, Alda Miolo and Anna Puigdemont
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:230
  7. Orf is a zoonotic and epitheliotrophic contagious disease that mainly affects sheep, goats, wild ruminants, and humans with a worldwide distribution. To date, there is little information on the characterizatio...

    Authors: Wei Li, Zhangyong Ning, Wenbo Hao, Deguang Song, Feng Gao, Kui Zhao, Xiaoqing Liao, Ming Li, Daniel L Rock and Shuhong Luo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:229
  8. Piglet isosporosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases in modern pig production. To prevent clinical disease, prophylactic treatment of piglets with toltrazuril (BAYCOX® 5%, Bayer HealthCare, Animal H...

    Authors: Vasilis Skampardonis, Smaragda Sotiraki, Polychronis Kostoulas and Leonidas Leontides
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:228
  9. The recognition of functional muscular disorders, (e.g. channelopathies like Myotonia) is rising in veterinary neurology. Morphologic (e.g. histology) and even genetic based studies in these diseases are not a...

    Authors: Henning Christian Schenk, Klaus Krampfl, Wolfgang Baumgärtner and Andrea Tipold
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:227
  10. The EU Regulation No 2160/2003 imposes a reduction in the prevalence of Salmonella in pigs. The efficiency of control programmes for Salmonella in pigs, reported among the EU Member States, varies and definitive ...

    Authors: Carla Correia-Gomes, Theodoros Economou, Denisa Mendonça, Madalena Vieira-Pinto and João Niza-Ribeiro
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:226
  11. Surgical site infections (SSIs) caused by biofilm-forming methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) have emerged as the most common hospital-acquired infections in companion animals. No methods...

    Authors: Matthew DiCicco, Suresh Neethirajan, Ameet Singh and J Scott Weese
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:225
  12. This study aimed at determining the extent of tick infestations in extensively grazed cattle and assess the efficacy of Ecotix® acaricide (2.5% high cis cypermethrin) in Mvomero district in Tanzania. A total of 1...

    Authors: Nonga Hezron E, Muwonge Adrian and Mdegela Robinson H
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:224
  13. Protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) is a method that facilitates the detection of prions from many sources of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). Sheep scrapie represents a unique diversi...

    Authors: Leigh Thorne, Thomas Holder, Andrew Ramsay, Jane Edwards, Maged Mohamed Taema, Otto Windl, Ben Charles Maddison, Kevin Christopher Gough and Linda Ann Terry
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:223
  14. Vitamin A is essential for normal growth, development, reproduction, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, immune function and vision. Hypovitaminosis A can lead to a series of pathological damage in anima...

    Authors: Xiuyuan He, Yongtao Li, Meng Li, Guangmin Jia, Haiju Dong, Yanru Zhang, Cong He, Chuanqing Wang, Lixin Deng and Yurong Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:222
  15. In Zambia, the presence of bovine tuberculosis in both wild and domestic animals has long been acknowledged and mutual transmission between them has been predicted without any direct evidence. Elucidation of t...

    Authors: Mudenda B Hang’ombe, Musso Munyeme, Chie Nakajima, Yukari Fukushima, Haruka Suzuki, Wigganson Matandiko, Akihiro Ishii, Aaron S Mweene and Yasuhiko Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:221
  16. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the molecular phenotype of the primary mammary tumor and its related lymph node metastasis in the dog to develop prognostic-predictive models and targeted ...

    Authors: Germana Beha, Barbara Brunetti, Pietro Asproni, Luisa Vera Muscatello, Francesca Millanta, Alessandro Poli, Giuseppe Sarli and Cinzia Benazzi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:219
  17. Bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs) types 1 and 2 are the only known papillomaviruses able to jump the species. In fact, BPVs 1/2 induce neoplasia in their natural bovine host but infection is also associated to ne...

    Authors: Gennaro Altamura, Maria Strazzullo, Annunziata Corteggio, Romina Francioso, Franco Roperto, Maurizio D'Esposito and Giuseppe Borzacchiello
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:218
  18. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is of major concern to the swine industry; infection with the virus can lead to production losses, morbidity, and mortality within swine operations. Biosecu...

    Authors: Kate Bottoms, Zvonimir Poljak, Cate Dewey, Rob Deardon, Derald Holtkamp and Robert Friendship
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:217
  19. Chemokines play multiple roles in the development and progression in a variety of tumors. Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 7 (CXCL7) has been found associated with pro-inflammatory responses, but its role in can...

    Authors: Hsin-Chien Chiang, Yu-Shan Wang, Chung-Hsi Chou, Albert Taiching Liao, Rea-Min Chu and Chen-Si Lin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:216
  20. Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia is a neurological disease complex with high prevalence in cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCS). The natural progression of this disease with time has not been d...

    Authors: Colin J Driver, Luisa De Risio, Sarah Hamilton, Clare Rusbridge, Ruth Dennis, Imelda M McGonnell and Holger A Volk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:215
  21. Glanders is a contagious and fatal zoonotic disease of solipeds caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia (B.) mallei. Although regulations call for culling of diseased animals, certain situations e.g. w...

    Authors: Muhammad Saqib, Ghulam Muhammad, Abeera Naureen, Muhammad H Hussain, M Nadeem Asi, M Khalid Mansoor, Mehdi Toufeer, Iahtasham Khan, Heinrich Neubauer and Lisa D Sprague
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:214
  22. In Europe, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to the clonal complex (CC) 398 has become an important pathogen in horses, circulating in equine clinics and causing both colonization and i...

    Authors: Annelies Van den Eede, Ann Martens, Isabelle Feryn, Wannes Vanderhaeghen, Urszula Lipinska, Frank Gasthuys, Patrick Butaye, Freddy Haesebrouck and Katleen Hermans
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:213
  23. There are not reported regarding the protocols for obtaining platelet concentrates (PC) in cats for medical purposes. The objectives of this study were: 1) to describe a manual method for producing two kinds o...

    Authors: Raul F Silva, María E Álvarez, Diana L Ríos, Catalina López, Jorge U Carmona and Cleuza MF Rezende
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:212
  24. Hematologic and biochemical data are needed to characterize the health status of animal populations over time to determine the habitat quality and captivity conditions. Blood components and the chemical entiti...

    Authors: Julia Marchal, Olène Dorieux, Laurine Haro, Fabienne Aujard and Martine Perret
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:211
  25. The poultry industry due to intensive methods of farming is burdened with losses from numerous infectious agents, of which one is the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. In a preliminary study, the extracts of Loxostyl...

    Authors: Mohammed M Suleiman, Neil Duncan, Jacobus N Eloff and Vinny Naidoo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:210
  26. Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a recently described population of immune cells that significantly contribute to the immunosuppression seen in cancer patients. MDSCs are one of the most important ...

    Authors: Matthew Sherger, William Kisseberth, Cheryl London, Susan Olivo-Marston and Tracey L Papenfuss
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:209
  27. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a major pathogen of swine worldwide. Emergence in 2006 of a novel highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) isolate in China necessitated a comparative i...

    Authors: Laura C Miller, Damarius Fleming, Andrew Arbogast, Darrell O Bayles, Baoqing Guo, Kelly M Lager, Jamie N Henningson, Sarah N Schlink, Han-Chun Yang, Kay S Faaberg and Marcus E Kehrli Jr
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:208
  28. Erythrocyte pyruvate kinase deficiency (PK deficiency) is an inherited hemolytic anemia that has been documented in the Abyssinian and Somali breeds as well as random bred domestic shorthair cats. The disease ...

    Authors: Robert A Grahn, Jennifer C Grahn, Maria CT Penedo, Chris R Helps and Leslie A Lyons
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:207
  29. In this methodology article a thermal threshold testing device designed to test nociception in cats was assessed in six dogs. The purpose of this study was to investigate baseline reproducibility of thermal th...

    Authors: Marina Verena Hoffmann, Sabine Beate Rita Kästner, Manfred Kietzmann and Sabine Kramer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:206
  30. The use of growth-promoters in beef cattle, despite the EU ban, remains a frequent practice. The use of transcriptomic markers has already proposed to identify indirect evidence of anabolic hormone treatment. ...

    Authors: Sara Pegolo, Guglielmo Gallina, Clara Montesissa, Francesca Capolongo, Serena Ferraresso, Caterina Pellizzari, Lisa Poppi, Massimo Castagnaro and Luca Bargelloni
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:205
  31. In the frame of an eradication program for bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) in Swiss livestock, the question was raised whether free-ranging wildlife could threaten the success of this sanitary measure. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Hanspeter Stalder, Corinne Hug and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:204
  32. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic lineages and the incidence of antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants of nasal Staphylococcus aureus isolates of healthy donkeys destined to food ...

    Authors: Haythem Gharsa, Rym Ben Sallem, Karim Ben Slama, Elena Gómez-Sanz, Carmen Lozano, Ahlem Jouini, Naouel Klibi, Myriam Zarazaga, Abdellatif Boudabous and Carmen Torres
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:203
  33. Congenital hereditary sensorineural deafness (CHSD) occurs in many dog breeds, including Australian Cattle Dogs. In some breeds, CHSD is associated with a lack of cochlear melanocytes in the stria vascularis, ...

    Authors: Susan F Sommerlad, John M Morton, Mekonnen Haile-Mariam, Isobel Johnstone, Jennifer M Seddon and Caroline A O’Leary
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:202
  34. Salmonellosis in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves is a widespread disease characterized by severe gastrointestinal lesions, profuse diarrhea and severe dehydration, occasionally exhibiting a systemic course...

    Authors: Giorgia Borriello, Maria G Lucibelli, Michele Pesciaroli, Maria R Carullo, Caterina Graziani, Serena Ammendola, Andrea Battistoni, Danilo Ercolini, Paolo Pasquali and Giorgio Galiero
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:201
  35. Comparatively little is known about the prevalence or the molecular characteristics of the zoonotic pathogen E. coli O157:H7 in the sheep reservoir. To investigate this and determine the host specificity of subcl...

    Authors: Robert Söderlund, Ingela Hedenström, Anna Nilsson, Erik Eriksson and Anna Aspán
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:200
  36. Milkability is a complex trait that is characterized by milk flow traits including average milk flow rate, maximum milk flow rate and total milking time. Milkability has long been recognized as an economically...

    Authors: Kent A Gray, Christian Maltecca, Alessandro Bagnato, Marlies Dolezal, Attilio Rossoni, Antonia B Samore and Joseph P Cassady
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:199
  37. The study was designed to investigate correlation between histological findings of Lawsonia intracellularis in porcine cases of diarrhoea and the quantitative detection of Lawsonia intracellularis in faeces. A to...

    Authors: Ken Steen Pedersen, Marie Ståhl, Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes, Øystein Angen, Jens Peter Nielsen and Tim K Jensen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:198
  38. While emerging diseases are affecting many populations of amphibians, some populations are resistant. Determining the relative contributions of factors influencing disease resistance is critical for effective ...

    Authors: Douglas C Woodhams, Laurent Bigler and Rachel Marschang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:197
  39. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is important to host recognition of invading gram-positive microbes. In goats, these microbes can cause serious mastitis, anthrax, tetanus, and other problems. Transgenic goats cons...

    Authors: Shoulong Deng, Kun Yu, Baolu Zhang, Yuchang Yao, Yufeng Liu, Haijuan He, Hongtao Zhang, Maosheng Cui, Juncai Fu, Zhengxing Lian and Ning Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:196
  40. Components of the extracellular matrix have been studied in an attempt to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the biological behaviour of tumours. The presence of the proteoglycan versican has been strongly a...

    Authors: Karine A Damasceno, Angélica C Bertagnolli, Alessandra Estrela-Lima, Lorena GR Ribeiro, Bruna S Rabelo, Cecília B Campos, André LB Barros and Geovanni D Cassali
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:195
  41. The objective of the present study was to elucidate the humoral and cellular immune response mechanisms by which a reformulated inactivated chimeric PCV1-2 vaccine reduces the PCV2 viremia. Forty PCV2 seronega...

    Authors: Hwi Won Seo, Yeonsu Oh, Kiwon Han, Changhoon Park and Chanhee Chae
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:194
  42. Sapoviruses are single stranded positive sense RNA viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae. The virus is detected in different species including the human and the porcine species as an enteric pathogen caus...

    Authors: Axel Mauroy, Wim H M Van der Poel, Renate Hakze-Van der Honing, Christine Thys and Etienne Thiry
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:193
  43. Animal disease monitoring and surveillance are crucial for ensuring the health of animals, humans and the environment. Many studies have investigated the utility of monitoring syndromes associated with data fr...

    Authors: Terri L O’Sullivan, Robert M Friendship, David L Pearl, Beverly McEwen and Catherine E Dewey
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:192
  44. Most countries carrying out campaigns of bovine tuberculosis (TB) eradication impose a ban on the use of mycobacterial vaccines in cattle. However, vaccination against paratuberculosis (PTB) in goats is often ...

    Authors: Bernat Pérez de Val, Miquel Nofrarías, Sergio López-Soria, Joseba M Garrido, H Martin Vordermeier, Bernardo Villarreal-Ramos, Maite Martín, Eugenia Puentes, Ramón A Juste and Mariano Domingo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:191
  45. Pulsed wave (PW) Doppler echocardiography has become a routine non invasive cardiac diagnostic tool in most species. However, evaluation of intracardiac blood flow requires reference values, which are poorly d...

    Authors: Aurélia A Leroux, Frédéric Farnir, Marie L Moonen, Charlotte F Sandersen, Stefan Deleuze and Hélène Amory
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:190
  46. Ebolaviruses induce lethal viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) in humans and non-human primates, with the exceptions of Reston virus (RESTV), which is not pathogenic for humans. In human VHF cases, extensive analy...

    Authors: Satoshi Taniguchi, Yusuke Sayama, Noriyo Nagata, Tetsuro Ikegami, Mary E Miranda, Shumpei Watanabe, Itoe Iizuka, Shuetsu Fukushi, Tetsuya Mizutani, Yoshiyuki Ishii, Masayuki Saijo, Hiroomi Akashi, Yasuhiro Yoshikawa, Shigeru Kyuwa and Shigeru Morikawa
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:189
  47. More and more countries hold databases on cattle movements. The primary purpose of the registration of cattle movements is to provide data for quick tracing of contagious animals in case of disease outbreaks a...

    Authors: Henriëtte Brouwer, Chris J M Bartels, Arjan Stegeman and Gerdien van Schaik
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:188
  48. Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is worldwide distributed and highly endemic in Argentina. Among the strategies to prevent BLV dissemination, a control plan based on the selective segregation of animals according t...

    Authors: Gerónimo Gutiérrez, Hugo Carignano, Irene Alvarez, Cecilia Martínez, Natalia Porta, Romina Politzki, Mariela Gammella, Marina Lomonaco, Norberto Fondevila, Mario Poli and Karina Trono
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:187
  49. Bovine congenital pseudomyotonia (PMT) is an impairment of muscle relaxation induced by exercise preventing animals from performing rapid movements. Forms of recessively inherited PMT have been described in di...

    Authors: Leonardo Murgiano, Roberta Sacchetto, Stefania Testoni, Tiziano Dorotea, Francesco Mascarello, Rocco Liguori, Arcangelo Gentile and Cord Drögemüller
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:186

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