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  1. Several cases of human infection caused by verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157:H7 in Sweden have been connected with cattle farm visits. Between 1996 and 2002, 18 farms were classified as the source ...

    Authors: Anna Aspán and Erik Eriksson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:7
  2. Domestic dogs and cats are very well known to develop chronic hepatic diseases, including hepatic lipidosis and cirrhosis. Ultrasonographic examination is extensively used to detect them. However, there are st...

    Authors: Andréia S Lessa, Bruno D Paredes, Juliana V Dias, Adriana B Carvalho, Luiz Fernando Quintanilha, Christina M Takiya, Bernardo R Tura, Guilherme FM Rezende, Antonio C Campos de Carvalho, Célia MC Resende and Regina CS Goldenberg
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:6
  3. Human breast cancer is classified by gene expression profile into subtypes consisting of two hormone (oestrogen and/or progesterone) receptor-positive types (luminal-like A and luminal-like B) and three hormon...

    Authors: Francesco Sassi, Cinzia Benazzi, Gastone Castellani and Giuseppe Sarli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:5
  4. A major determinant of influenza infection is the presence of virus receptors on susceptible host cells to which the viral haemagglutinin is able to bind. Avian viruses preferentially bind to sialic acid α2,3-...

    Authors: Rahul K Nelli, Suresh V Kuchipudi, Gavin A White, Belinda Baquero Perez, Stephen P Dunham and Kin-Chow Chang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:4
  5. Q fever, a worldwide zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii, is endemic in northern Spain where it has been reported as responsible for large series of human pneumonia cases and domestic ruminants' reproduc...

    Authors: Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Ianire Astobiza, Jesús F Barandika, Ana Hurtado, Raquel Atxaerandio, Ramón A Juste and Ana L García-Pérez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:3
  6. The efficacy of a single dose of an inactivated bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) - Parainfluenaza type 3 (PI3) - Mannheimia haemolytica (Mh) combination vaccine, in calves positive for maternal antibodie...

    Authors: Mirjam TW van der Sluijs, Eva M Kuhn and Birgit Makoschey
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:2
  7. Although several attempts have been made to control enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL) at the local level, a nationwide control program has not been implemented in Japan, except for passive surveillance. Effective...

    Authors: Sota Kobayashi, Toshiyuki Tsutsui, Takehisa Yamamoto, Yoko Hayama, Ken-ichiro Kameyama, Misako Konishi and Kenji Murakami
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:1
  8. The use of Duddingtonia flagrans as a tool for the biological control of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) is a promising alternative to anthelmintics. The chlamydospores of D. flagrans are orally dosed and their ...

    Authors: Nadia F Ojeda-Robertos, Juan FJ Torres-Acosta, Armín J Ayala-Burgos, Carlos A Sandoval-Castro, Rosa O Valero-Coss and Pedro Mendoza-de-Gives
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:46
  9. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a dominant causative agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), a multifactorial disease complex with putative immunosuppressive characteristics. Little is ...

    Authors: Esther Steiner, Carole Balmelli, Heidi Gerber, Artur Summerfield and Kenneth McCullough
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:45
  10. Recent studies on geographic distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis in Europe show that it has a wider range than previously thought. It is unclear, however, if the wider distribution is due to its recent sp...

    Authors: Pietro Calderini, Marta Magi, Simona Gabrielli, Alberto Brozzi, Susanna Kumlien, Goffredo Grifoni, Albertina Iori and Gabriella Cancrini
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:44
  11. Biofilm has been shown to be one way for Salmonella to persist in the feed factory environment. Matrix components, such as fimbriae and cellulose, have been suggested to play an important role in the survival of

    Authors: Lene K Vestby, Trond Møretrø, Simon Ballance, Solveig Langsrud and Live L Nesse
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:43
  12. In parts of Great Britain and Ireland, Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) constitute a reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis infection and a potential source of infection for cattle. In vitro diagnostic tests for live bad...

    Authors: Mark A Chambers, Sue Waterhouse, Konstantin Lyashchenko, Richard Delahay, Robin Sayers and R Glyn Hewinson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:42
  13. Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection is one of the main constraints to sheep production both in temperate and tropical countries. Economic losses caused by GIN are related to decreased production, treatme...

    Authors: Giuseppe Cringoli, Vincenzo Veneziano, Laura Mezzino, Mariaelena Morgoglione, Saverio Pennacchio, Laura Rinaldi and Vincenzo Salamina
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:41
  14. Cancer is a major cause of death in domestic animals. Furthermore, many forms of pet neoplasm resemble that of their human counterparts in biologic behaviour, pathologic expression, and recognised risk factors.

    Authors: Marta Vascellari, Elisa Baioni, Giuseppe Ru, Antonio Carminato and Franco Mutinelli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:39
  15. Although the epidemiology of scrapie has been broadly understood for many years, attempts to introduce voluntary or compulsory controls to eradicate the disease have frequently failed. Lack of precision in def...

    Authors: Glenda Dexter, Sue C Tongue, Lindsay Heasman, Susan J Bellworthy, Andrew Davis, S Jo Moore, Marion M Simmons, A Robin Sayers, Hugh A Simmons and Danny Matthews
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:38
  16. Giardia duodenalis is a ubiquitous protozoan parasite that has emerged as a significant opportunistic human pathogen. G. duodenalis may have a deleterious effect on animal growth and performance, therefore its po...

    Authors: Bruce R Hoar, Robert R Paul, Jennifer Siembieda, Maria das Gracas C Pereira and Edward R Atwill
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:37
  17. Histopathological examinations of brains from healthy pigs have revealed localised vacuolar changes, predominantly in the rostral colliculus, that are similar to the neuropil vacuolation featured in the transm...

    Authors: Timm Konold, John Spiropoulos, Melanie J Chaplin, Leigh Thorne, Yvonne I Spencer, Gerald AH Wells and Steve AC Hawkins
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:35
  18. The Age-Period-Cohort (APC) analysis is routinely used for time trend analysis of cancer incidence or mortality rates, but in veterinary epidemiology, there are still only a few examples of this application. A...

    Authors: Carole Sala and Giuseppe Ru
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:34
  19. Previous studies suggest that the spatial distribution of classical sheep scrapie in Great Britain is uneven and that certain flock characteristics may be associated with occurrence of the disease. However, th...

    Authors: Kim B Stevens, Victor J Del Río Vilas and Javier Guitián
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:33
  20. The internationally mandatory complement fixation test (CFT) for testing of equine sera for the absence of glanders has repeatedly led to discrepant results. Not only do "false positive" sera pose a problem fo...

    Authors: Lisa D Sprague, Reena Zachariah, Heinrich Neubauer, Renate Wernery, Maria Joseph, Holger C Scholz and Ulrich Wernery
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:32
  21. In a cross sectional study of 88 indoor and outdoor English pig farms, the prevalence of foot and limb lesions in 2843 preweaning piglets aged 1–4 weeks from 304 litters was recorded. The environmental risks f...

    Authors: Amy L KilBride, Claire E Gillman, Pete Ossent and Laura E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:31
  22. Lesions on sows' limbs and bodies are an abnormality that might impact on their welfare. The prevalence of and risks for limb and body lesions on lactating sows on commercial English pig farms were investigate...

    Authors: Amy L KilBride, Claire E Gillman and Laura E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:30
  23. Several cases of myopathies have been observed in the horse Norman Cob breed. Muscle histology examinations revealed that some families suffer from a polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM). It is assumed that ...

    Authors: Eric Barrey, Elodie Mucher, Nicolas Jeansoule, Thibaut Larcher, Lydie Guigand, Bérénice Herszberg, Stéphane Chaffaux, Gérard Guérin, Xavier Mata, Philippe Benech, Marielle Canale, Olivier Alibert, Péguy Maltere and Xavier Gidrol
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:29
  24. The laboratory mouse is commonly used as a sophisticated model in biomedical research. However, experiments requiring major surgery frequently lead to serious postoperative complications and death, particularl...

    Authors: Beat Schuler, Andreas Rettich, Johannes Vogel, Max Gassmann and Margarete Arras
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:28
  25. In dogs in the western world neoplasia constitutes the most frequently diagnosed cause of death. Although there appear to be similarities between canine and human cancers, rather little is known about the cyto...

    Authors: Jesús Aguirre-Hernández, Bruce S Milne, Chris Queen, Patricia CM O'Brien, Tess Hoather, Sean Haugland, Malcolm A Ferguson-Smith, Jane M Dobson and David R Sargan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:27
  26. The cause of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic in the United Kingdom (UK) was the inclusion of contaminated meat and bone meal in the protein rations fed to cattle. Those rations were not res...

    Authors: Stuart Martin, Martin Jeffrey, Lorenzo González, Sílvia Sisó, Hugh W Reid, Philip Steele, Mark P Dagleish, Michael J Stack, Melanie J Chaplin and Aru Balachandran
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:26
  27. To study the ability of tepoxalin, a dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) and its active metabolite to reduce the catabolic response of cartilage to cytokine stimulation in an in vitro mo...

    Authors: Lisa Macrory, Anne Vaughan-Thomas, Peter D Clegg and John F Innes
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:25
  28. Previous studies have provided some evidence of a possible association between cancer and metallothioneins. Whether this relates to an exposure to carcinogenic metals remains unclear.

    Authors: André FS Amaral, Teresa Cymbron, Fátima Gärtner, Manuela Lima and Armindo S Rodrigues
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:24
  29. This paper explores the spatial distribution of sampling within the active surveillance of sheep scrapie in Great Britain. We investigated the geographic distribution of the birth holdings of sheep sampled for...

    Authors: Colin PD Birch, Ambrose C Chikukwa, Kieran Hyder and Victor J Del Rio Vilas
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:23
  30. Control of brucellosis in livestock, wildlife and humans depends on the reliability of the methods used for detection and identification of bacteria. In the present study, we describe the evaluation of the rec...

    Authors: Vladimira Hinić, Isabelle Brodard, Andreas Thomann, Milena Holub, Raymond Miserez and Carlos Abril
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:22
  31. Rabies is a widespread disease in African domestic dogs and a serious public health problem in developing countries. Canine rabies became established in Africa during the 20th century, coinciding with ecologic...

    Authors: Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Jhon H Rasambainarivo, Soloherilala Raharimanana, Hary Rakotonandrasana, Marie-Perle Andriamiarisoa, Fidilalao A Rakalomanana and Vincent Richard
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:21
  32. Feed contaminated with Salmonella spp. constitutes a risk of Salmonella infections in animals, and subsequently in the consumers of animal products. Salmonella are occasionally isolated from the feed factory envi...

    Authors: Lene K Vestby, Trond Møretrø, Solveig Langsrud, Even Heir and Live L Nesse
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:20
  33. Since 1954, there have been in excess of 800 cases of rabies as a result of European Bat Lyssaviruses types 1 and 2 (EBLV-1, EBLV-2) infection, mainly in Serotine and Myotis bats respectively. These viruses have ...

    Authors: Florence Cliquet, Evelyne Picard-Meyer, Jacques Barrat, Sharon M Brookes, Derek M Healy, Marine Wasniewski, Estelle Litaize, Mélanie Biarnais, Linda Johnson and Anthony R Fooks
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:19
  34. Data on the long-term outcome of B. burgdorferi infections in adult dogs are sparse. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether Bernese Mountain dogs with serological evidence of natural B. burgdorfe...

    Authors: Bernhard Gerber, Katharina Haug, Simone Eichenberger, Claudia E Reusch and Max M Wittenbrink
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:18
  35. The public health threat represented by a potential circulation of bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent in sheep population has led European animal health authorities to launch large screening and genetic se...

    Authors: Benoit Durand, Marie-José Martinez, Didier Calavas and Christian Ducrot
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:16
  36. In order to identify priorities for building integrated surveillance systems that effectively model and predict human risk of zoonotic diseases, there is a need for improved understanding of the practical opti...

    Authors: Matthew Scotch, Lynda Odofin and Peter Rabinowitz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:15
  37. Bacterial lung infections are a major cause of economic losses in the pig industry; they are responsible for approximately 50% of the antibiotics used in pigs and, therefore, also present an increasing concern...

    Authors: Doris Hoeltig, Isabel Hennig-Pauka, Kerstin Thies, Thomas Rehm, Martin Beyerbach, Katrin Strutzberg-Minder, Gerald F Gerlach and Karl-Heinz Waldmann
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:14
  38. In pigs little is known about the role of innate immune defence in bacterial infections of the respiratory tract, despite their major role in pig production. In the present study we characterized and compared in ...

    Authors: Laurentiu Benga, Doris Hoeltig, Thomas Rehm, Hermann-Josef Rothkoetter, Reinhard Pabst and Peter Valentin-Weigand
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:13
  39. Two domestic shorthair cats presenting with progressive hind-limb ataxia and increased aggressiveness were necropsied and a post mortem diagnosis of Feline Spongiform Encephalopathy (FSE) was made. A wide spec...

    Authors: Monika M Hilbe, Guido G Soldati, Kati K Zlinszky, Sabina S Wunderlin and Felix F Ehrensperger
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:11
  40. Colic could be accompanied by changes in the morphology and physiology of organs and tissues, such as the intestine. This process might be, at least in part, due to the accumulation of oxidative damage induced...

    Authors: Gonzalo Marañón, William Manley, Patricia Cayado, Cruz García, Mercedes Sánchez de la Muela and Elena Vara
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:10
  41. In order to study the sites of uptake and mechanisms of dissemination of scrapie prions in the natural host under controlled conditions, lambs aged 14 days and homozygous for the VRQ allele of the PrP gene wer...

    Authors: Stephen J Ryder, Glenda E Dexter, Lindsay Heasman, Richard Warner and S Jo Moore
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:9
  42. In the wake of the epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy the British government established a flock of sheep from which scrapie-free animals are supplied to laboratories for research. Three breeds of sh...

    Authors: Hugh A Simmons, Marion M Simmons, Yvonne I Spencer, Melanie J Chaplin, Gill Povey, Andrew Davis, Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Nora Hunter, Danny Matthews and Anthony E Wrathall
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:8
  43. Worldwide, hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is observed in pigs and transmission to humans is implied. To be able to estimate public health risks from e.g. contact with pigs or consumption of pork products, the...

    Authors: Martijn Bouwknegt, Saskia A Rutjes, Chantal BEM Reusken, Norbert Stockhofe-Zurwieden, Klaas Frankena, Mart CM de Jong, Ana Maria de Roda Husman and Wim HM van der Poel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:7
  44. Bovine herpesvirus type-1 (BHV-1) is an important pathogen of cattle that presents with a variety of clinical signs, including the upper respiratory tract infection infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR). A s...

    Authors: Kerry A Woodbine, Graham F Medley, Stephen J Moore, Ana M Ramirez-Villaescusa, Sam Mason and Laura E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:5
  45. Bovine Tuberculosis is prevalent in Algeria despite governmental attempts to control the disease. The objective of this study was to conduct, for the first time, molecular characterization of a population samp...

    Authors: Naima Sahraoui, Borna Müller, Djamel Guetarni, Fadéla Boulahbal, Djamel Yala, Rachid Ouzrout, Stefan Berg, Noel H Smith and Jakob Zinsstag
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:4

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