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  1. Mechanisms of fetal death following maternal PRRSV2 infection remain uncharacterized, although hypoxia from umbilical cord lesions and/or placental detachment due to apoptosis are hypothesized. We performed tw...

    Authors: Carolina M. Malgarin, Fiona Moser, J. Alex Pasternak, Glenn Hamonic, Susan E. Detmer, Daniel J. MacPhee and John C. S. Harding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:182

    Content type: Research

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  2. As one of the most common surgeries performed in veterinary medicine, ovariohysterectomy (OHE) can induce oxidative stress in dogs. The antioxidant properties of melatonin have been confirmed in various studie...

    Authors: Sina Salavati, Asghar Mogheiseh, Saeed Nazifi, Atefeh Amiri and Behrooz Nikahval

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:181

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In dogs, thermal imaging has been documented only recently, but a growing interest in this modality has led to studies using thermography to assess pathologies in the canine hip, stifle, elbow, intervertebral ...

    Authors: J. C. Alves, A. Santos, P. Jorge, C. Lavrador and L. Miguel Carreira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:180

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The varroa mite is one of the main causes of honey bee mortality. An important mechanism by which honey bees increase their resistance against this mite is the expression of suppressed mite reproduction. This ...

    Authors: David Claeys Boúúaert, Mario Van Poucke, Lina De Smet, Wim Verbeke, Dirk C. de Graaf and Luc Peelman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:179

    Content type: Methodology article

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  5. Hypocalcemia has detrimental effects on health and performance of dairy cows. As hypocalcemic cows show reduced feed intake, we hypothesized that cows with reduced combined rumination and eating time (CRET) ma...

    Authors: Pablo Pinedo, Diego Manríquez, Nicolas Marotta, Giuliano Mongiello, Carlos Risco, Leen Leenaerts, Hans Bothe and Juan Velez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:178

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), especially methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), is considered a common zoonotic pathogen, causing severe infections. The objective of this study was to investigat...

    Authors: Ting Gan, Gang Shu, Hualin Fu, Qigui Yan, Wei Zhang, Huaqiao Tang, Lizi Yin, Ling Zhao and Juchun Lin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:177

    Content type: Research

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  7. Inflammation and oxidative stress can contribute to the development and progression of heart failure. This study aimed to investigate the association between inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in dogs w...

    Authors: Alenka Nemec Svete, Barbara Verk, Nina Čebulj-Kadunc, Janez Salobir, Vida Rezar and Aleksandra Domanjko Petrič

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:176

    Content type: Research

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  8. Ischaemic postconditioning (IPoC) refers to brief periods of reocclusion of blood supply following an ischaemic event. This has been shown to ameliorate ischaemia reperfusion injury in different tissues, and i...

    Authors: Nicole Verhaar, Nicole de Buhr, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein, Christiane Pfarrer, Gemma Mazzuoli-Weber, Henri Schulte and Sabine Kästner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:175

    Content type: Research

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  9. Cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra complex (CEH-P) is one of the most common uteropathies in bitches. In diseases with mild or obscure clinical signs and normal uterine size, a diagnosis based on a clinic...

    Authors: Magdalena Woźna-Wysocka, Marta Rybska, Beata Błaszak, Bartłomiej M. Jaśkowski, Magdalena Kulus and Jędrzej M. Jaśkowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:174

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Enlargement of the prostate is associated with prostatic diseases in dogs, and an estimation of prostatic size is a central part in the diagnostic workup. Ultrasonography is often the method of choice, but bio...

    Authors: Bodil S. Holst, Sofia Carlin, Virginie Fouriez-Lablée, Sofia Hanås, Sofie Ödling, Liss-Marie Langborg, S. J. Kumari A. Ubhayasekera, Jonas Bergquist, Jesper Rydén, Elin Holmroos and Kerstin Hansson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:173

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Canine distemper virus (CDV) is an enveloped negative-strand RNA virus that exhibits a high mutation rate and continuously expands the range of hosts. Notably, CDV has infected giant panda with spill over from...

    Authors: Pei Huang, Yue Yu, Xianyong Meng, Tiecheng Wang, Feihu Yan, Entao Li, Zhikang Shi, Hongbin He, Songtao Yang, Xianzhu Xia, Jianzhong Wang and Na Feng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:172

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a known co-morbidity in West Highland white terriers (WHWTs) affected with canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (CIPF). The pulmonary vein-to-right pulmonary artery ratio (PV/PA)...

    Authors: Elodie Roels, Aline Fastrès, Anne-Christine Merveille, Géraldine Bolen, Erik Teske, Cécile Clercx and Kathleen Mc Entee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:171

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen of cattle worldwide. Many different clinical manifestations of infection can occur, including respiratory disease, arthritis, and mastitis, causing heavy losses to beef a...

    Authors: Aric J. McDaniel and Rachel J. Derscheid

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:170

    Content type: Research article

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  14. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Raad Askar, Elin Fredriksson, Elin Manell, Mikael Hedeland, Ulf Bondesson, Simon Bate, Lena Olsén and Patricia Hedenqvist

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:169

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:436

  15. Equine infectious anemia (EIA) is a viral disease, caused by the Equine Infectious Anemia virus (EIAV) belonging to the Retroviridae family, genus Lentivirus. Horses (or equids) infected with EIAV are lifelong ca...

    Authors: Diana Lupulovic, Sara Savić, Delphine Gaudaire, Nicolas Berthet, Živoslav Grgić, Kazimir Matović, Alexandre Deshiere and Aymeric Hans

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:168

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Equine small intestinal resection and anastomosis is a procedure where optimizing speed, without compromising integrity, is advantageous. There are a range of different needle holders available, but little is ...

    Authors: Kate Averay, Gaby van Galen, Michael Ward and Denis Verwilghen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:167

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Health and growth of pigs are affected by the hygiene of housing. Lower growth performance observed in poor hygiene of housing conditions is explained by reduced feed intake and metabolic changes caused by the...

    Authors: N. Le Floc’h, F. Gondret and R. Resmond

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:166

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Benign juvenile idiopathic epilepsy has been described in humans but rarely in animals. The objectives of the study were to describe the clinical signs, clinical data, imaging findings, genetic examinations, t...

    Authors: Juan J. Mínguez, Yasmin El Bouyafrouri, José A. Godoy, Antonio Rivas, Jesús Fernández, Victoria Asensio, Rodrigo Serra, María J. Perez-Aspa and Valentina Lorenzo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:165

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Since 2011, numerous highly virulent and antigenic variant viral strains have been reported in pigs that were vaccinated against the swine pseudorabies virus. These infections have led to substantial economic ...

    Authors: Wenhui Li, Dijing Zhuang, Hong Li, Mengpo Zhao, Erpeng Zhu, Baoming Xie, Jinding Chen and Mingqiu Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:164

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Renal lymphoma in dogs is rare and has a poor prognosis. Granular lymphocyte morphology is rarely reported in canine renal lymphoma. Mild to moderate polycythemia is reported in a number of canine renal lympho...

    Authors: Sara Kotb, Carolina Allende, T. William O’Neill, Krista Bruckner, Helio DeMorais, Jana Gordon, Kaitlin Curran, Duncan S. Russell, Susanne M. Stieger-Vanegas and Jennifer L. Johns

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:163

    Content type: Case Report

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  21. Leishmania parasites express various essential proteins in different growth phases (logarithmic/stationary) and forms (promastigote/amastigote). Targeting the genes encoding such proteins paves the way for contro...

    Authors: Mohammad Javad Abbaszadeh Afshar, Samira Elikaee, Reza Saberi, Sina Mohtasebi and Mehdi Mohebali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:162

    Content type: Research article

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  22. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Julia Rivero, Ángela María García-Sánchez, Antonio Zurita, Cristina Cutillas and Rocío Callejón

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:160

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:445

  23. Immunoglobulins (Igs) distributed among systemic immune tissues and mucosal immune tissues play important roles in protecting teleosts from infections in the pathogen-rich aquatic environment. Teleost IgZ/IgT ...

    Authors: Fumiao Zhang, Mojin Li, Cui Lv, Guangcai Wei, Chang Wang, Yimeng Wang, Liguo An and Guiwen Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:159

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The ability of a high level of dietary Arthrospira platensis, individually or in combination with two exogenous carbohydrate-degrading enzymes (lysozyme and Rovabio®), to improve systemic antioxidant potential an...

    Authors: Marta Sofia Morgado dos Santos Madeira, Paula Alexandra Antunes Brás Lopes, Cátia Falcão Martins, José Miguel Pestana Assunção, Cristina Maria Riscado Pereira Mateus Alfaia, Rui Manuel Amaro Pinto and José António Mestre Prates

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:158

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Prior to the first recorded outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) in Uganda, in March 2016, earlier studies done until the 1970’s indicated the presence of the RVF virus (RVFV) in the country, without any record...

    Authors: Deo B. Ndumu, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Edward Miller, Jesca Nakayima, Robert Downing, Stephen Balinandi, Fred Monje, Dan Tumusiime, Mary Nanfuka, Natascha Meunier, Eugene Arinaitwe, Chris Rutebarika, Eugene Kidega, Jackson Kyondo, Rose Ademun, Kariuki M. Njenga…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:157

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The type 2 highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) has spread throughout countries of southeast Asia, where it has caused severe economic losses. Even countries present...

    Authors: Hiroshi Iseki, Kenji Kawashima, Tomoyuki Shibahara and Masaji Mase

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:156

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Vertebrate hosts limit the availability of iron to microbial pathogens in order to nutritionally starve the invaders. The impact of iron deficiency induced by the iron chelator deferoxamine mesylate (DFO) was ...

    Authors: Rodrigo Díaz, José Troncoso, Eva Jakob and Stanko Skugor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:155

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with high morbidity and mortality in dogs, but diagnosis may be impaired due the insensitivity of routine renal function biomarkers to detect earlier or milder forms of ...

    Authors: Hannah J. Harjen, Tove V. Nicolaysen, Tale Negard, Hege Lund, Bente K. Sævik, Kristin P. Anfinsen, Elena R. Moldal, Karin E. Zimmer and Runa Rørtveit

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:154

    Content type: Research article

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  29. T-2 toxin is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium species that is highly toxic to animals. Recent studies have indicated that Selenomethionine (SeMet) have protective effect against mycotoxins-induced toxicity. Th...

    Authors: Yumei Liu, Haojie Wang, Mengyu Zhang, Jiajia Wang, Zhixiang Zhang, Yuqin Wang, Yingying Sun and Ziqiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:153

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Selenium (Se) has been recognized as an essential micronutrient for nearly all forms of life. In recent decades, broiler responses to dietary Se supplemental levels and sources have received considerable atten...

    Authors: Pedro Righetti Arnaut, Gabriel da Silva Viana, Lucimauro da Fonseca, Warley Junior Alves, Jorge Cunha Lima Muniz, James Eugene Pettigrew, Fabyano Fonseca e Silva, Horácio Santiago Rostagno and Melissa Izabel Hannas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:151

    Content type: Research article

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  31. PCV3 is a member of the Circovirus family, associated with disease and mortality in pigs. It is not clear whether PCV3 putatively causes clinical symptoms and disease. In the present case, we reported a gilt i...

    Authors: Diana S. Vargas-Bermúdez, Mayra A. Vargas-Pinto, José Darío Mogollón and Jairo Jaime

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:150

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. Topical ophthalmic atropine sulfate is an important part of the treatment protocol in equine uveitis. Frequent administration of topical atropine may cause decreased intestinal motility and colic in horses due...

    Authors: L. Ström, F. Dalin, M. Domberg, C. Stenlund, U. Bondesson, M. Hedeland, P-L Toutain and C. Ekstrand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:149

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Although the pathogenic effect of members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in susceptible hosts is well known, differences in clinical signs and pathological findings observed in infected animals have be...

    Authors: Alberto Gomez-Buendia, Beatriz Romero, Javier Bezos, Francisco Lozano, Lucía de Juan and Julio Alvarez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:148

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Canine malignant melanoma is highly aggressive and generally chemoresistant. Toceranib is a kinase inhibitor drug that inhibits several tyrosine kinases including the proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase KI...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Tani, Ryo Miyamoto, Syunya Noguchi, Sena Kurita, Tomokazu Nagashima, Masaki Michishita, Naoko Yayoshi, Kyoichi Tamura and Makoto Bonkobara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:147

    Content type: Case Report

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  35. Canine cervical spondylomyelopathy can be separated into osseous and disc-associated (DA-CSM) forms. Our aim was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (using a high-field scanner) and neurological finding...

    Authors: Marília de Albuquerque Bonelli, Luciana Bignardi de Soares Brisola Casimiro da Costa and Ronaldo Casimiro da Costa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:145

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The authors report a case of keratinized squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in a 14-year-old dog with extensive cranial bone invasion. To our knowledge, this is the first description of such a case of cranial kerat...

    Authors: Anna Łojszczyk, Wojciech Łopuszyński, Mateusz Szadkowski, Maciej Orzelski and Piotr Twardowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:144

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  37. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Rosaria Isaya, Stefano Ciccarelli, Daniela Enache, Swan Specchi, Marco Pesaresi, Filippo Ferri, Federico Porporato, Edoardo Auriemma, Barbara Contiero, Luigi M. Coppola and Eric Zini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:143

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:20

  38. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Juan Carlos Cartagena-Albertus, Antoaneta Moise, Sergio Moya-García, Nora Cámara-Fernández and Jose Alberto Montoya-Alonso

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:142

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:204

  39. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Olga Witkowska-Piłaszewicz, Anna Cywińska, Katarzyna Michlik-Połczyńska, Michał Czopowicz, Katarzyna Strzelec, Anna Biazik, Marta Parzeniecka-Jaworska, Mark Crisman and Lucjan Witkowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:141

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:38

  40. The possible use of oxytocin in saliva as an indicator of positive emotions in bovine species has been poorly investigated. In the present study, two new assays (one using a monoclonal antibody and the other u...

    Authors: Marina López-Arjona, Eva Mainau, Elena Navarro, María Dolores Contreras-Aguilar, Damián Escribano, Sandra V. Mateo, Xavier Manteca, José Joaquín Cerón and Silvia Martínez-Subiela

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:140

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is one of the principal causes of economic loss to the livestock industry because of its morbidity and mortality of food-producing animals and condemnation of important visceral orga...

    Authors: Shahid Niaz Khan, Rehman Ali, Sanaullah Khan, Sadia Norin, Muhammad Rooman, Noor Ul Akbar, Taj Ali Khan, Sumbal Haleem, Murad Ali Khan and Ijaz Ali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Intrasynovial deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) injuries occur frequently and are often implicated in cases of navicular disease with poor outcomes and reinjuries. Cell-based approaches to tendon healing are g...

    Authors: Vivian G. Quam, Nadine N. Altmann, Matthew T. Brokken and Sushmitha S. Durgam

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:138

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), is a worldwide disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis). The success of bTB eradication and control programs is based on early detection and the removal of reactors from a herd ...

    Authors: Paulo Alex Machado Carneiro, Eliomar de Moura Sousa, Rinaldo Batista Viana, Bruno Moura Monteiro, Aline do Socorro Lima Kzam, Damazio Campos de Souza, Anderson Silva Coelho, José Dantas Ribeiro Filho, Ricardo Spacagna Jordao, Maria Regina Madruga Tavares and John B. Kaneene

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:137

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae) is a contagious pathogen of bovine mastitis. It has financial implications for the dairy cattle industry in certain areas of the world. Since antimicrobial resistance incr...

    Authors: Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz, Ahmed M. Ammar, El-sayed Y. M. El-Naenaeey, Hend M. El Damaty, Asmaa A. Elazazy, Ahmed A. Hefny, Asmaa Shaker and Ibrahim E. Eldesoukey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Salmonella spp. represent a significant zoonotic concern to pregnant owners as infection can cause septic abortions and post-partum illness. Enteric salmonellosis is well documented in canines however urinary sal...

    Authors: John N. Hertzer, Madeline Fujishiro, Sara D. Lawhon and Kate E. Creevy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:135

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  46. Reproduction is a basic prerequisite to efficient livestock production. Reproductive performance depends on the normal structure and function of genital organs. A cross-sectional study was conducted from Novem...

    Authors: Aynalem Mandefro Getahun, Gemechu Chala Hunderra, Tadesse Gidey Gebrezihar, Bulto Giro Boru, Natnael Teshager Desta and Tilaye Demissie Ayana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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