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  1. Health and growth of pigs are affected by the hygiene of housing. Lower growth performance observed in poor hygiene of housing conditions is explained by reduced feed intake and metabolic changes caused by the...

    Authors: N. Le Floc’h, F. Gondret and R. Resmond

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Benign juvenile idiopathic epilepsy has been described in humans but rarely in animals. The objectives of the study were to describe the clinical signs, clinical data, imaging findings, genetic examinations, t...

    Authors: Juan J. Mínguez, Yasmin El Bouyafrouri, José A. Godoy, Antonio Rivas, Jesús Fernández, Victoria Asensio, Rodrigo Serra, María J. Perez-Aspa and Valentina Lorenzo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:165

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Since 2011, numerous highly virulent and antigenic variant viral strains have been reported in pigs that were vaccinated against the swine pseudorabies virus. These infections have led to substantial economic ...

    Authors: Wenhui Li, Dijing Zhuang, Hong Li, Mengpo Zhao, Erpeng Zhu, Baoming Xie, Jinding Chen and Mingqiu Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:164

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Renal lymphoma in dogs is rare and has a poor prognosis. Granular lymphocyte morphology is rarely reported in canine renal lymphoma. Mild to moderate polycythemia is reported in a number of canine renal lympho...

    Authors: Sara Kotb, Carolina Allende, T. William O’Neill, Krista Bruckner, Helio DeMorais, Jana Gordon, Kaitlin Curran, Duncan S. Russell, Susanne M. Stieger-Vanegas and Jennifer L. Johns

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:163

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. Leishmania parasites express various essential proteins in different growth phases (logarithmic/stationary) and forms (promastigote/amastigote). Targeting the genes encoding such proteins paves the way for contro...

    Authors: Mohammad Javad Abbaszadeh Afshar, Samira Elikaee, Reza Saberi, Sina Mohtasebi and Mehdi Mohebali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:162

    Content type: Research article

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  6. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Julia Rivero, Ángela María García-Sánchez, Antonio Zurita, Cristina Cutillas and Rocío Callejón

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:160

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:445

  7. Immunoglobulins (Igs) distributed among systemic immune tissues and mucosal immune tissues play important roles in protecting teleosts from infections in the pathogen-rich aquatic environment. Teleost IgZ/IgT ...

    Authors: Fumiao Zhang, Mojin Li, Cui Lv, Guangcai Wei, Chang Wang, Yimeng Wang, Liguo An and Guiwen Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:159

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The ability of a high level of dietary Arthrospira platensis, individually or in combination with two exogenous carbohydrate-degrading enzymes (lysozyme and Rovabio®), to improve systemic antioxidant potential an...

    Authors: Marta Sofia Morgado dos Santos Madeira, Paula Alexandra Antunes Brás Lopes, Cátia Falcão Martins, José Miguel Pestana Assunção, Cristina Maria Riscado Pereira Mateus Alfaia, Rui Manuel Amaro Pinto and José António Mestre Prates

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:158

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Prior to the first recorded outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) in Uganda, in March 2016, earlier studies done until the 1970’s indicated the presence of the RVF virus (RVFV) in the country, without any record...

    Authors: Deo B. Ndumu, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Edward Miller, Jesca Nakayima, Robert Downing, Stephen Balinandi, Fred Monje, Dan Tumusiime, Mary Nanfuka, Natascha Meunier, Eugene Arinaitwe, Chris Rutebarika, Eugene Kidega, Jackson Kyondo, Rose Ademun, Kariuki M. Njenga…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:157

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The type 2 highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) has spread throughout countries of southeast Asia, where it has caused severe economic losses. Even countries present...

    Authors: Hiroshi Iseki, Kenji Kawashima, Tomoyuki Shibahara and Masaji Mase

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:156

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Vertebrate hosts limit the availability of iron to microbial pathogens in order to nutritionally starve the invaders. The impact of iron deficiency induced by the iron chelator deferoxamine mesylate (DFO) was ...

    Authors: Rodrigo Díaz, José Troncoso, Eva Jakob and Stanko Skugor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:155

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with high morbidity and mortality in dogs, but diagnosis may be impaired due the insensitivity of routine renal function biomarkers to detect earlier or milder forms of ...

    Authors: Hannah J. Harjen, Tove V. Nicolaysen, Tale Negard, Hege Lund, Bente K. Sævik, Kristin P. Anfinsen, Elena R. Moldal, Karin E. Zimmer and Runa Rørtveit

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:154

    Content type: Research article

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  13. T-2 toxin is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium species that is highly toxic to animals. Recent studies have indicated that Selenomethionine (SeMet) have protective effect against mycotoxins-induced toxicity. Th...

    Authors: Yumei Liu, Haojie Wang, Mengyu Zhang, Jiajia Wang, Zhixiang Zhang, Yuqin Wang, Yingying Sun and Ziqiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:153

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Selenium (Se) has been recognized as an essential micronutrient for nearly all forms of life. In recent decades, broiler responses to dietary Se supplemental levels and sources have received considerable atten...

    Authors: Pedro Righetti Arnaut, Gabriel da Silva Viana, Lucimauro da Fonseca, Warley Junior Alves, Jorge Cunha Lima Muniz, James Eugene Pettigrew, Fabyano Fonseca e Silva, Horácio Santiago Rostagno and Melissa Izabel Hannas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:151

    Content type: Research article

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  15. PCV3 is a member of the Circovirus family, associated with disease and mortality in pigs. It is not clear whether PCV3 putatively causes clinical symptoms and disease. In the present case, we reported a gilt i...

    Authors: Diana S. Vargas-Bermúdez, Mayra A. Vargas-Pinto, José Darío Mogollón and Jairo Jaime

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:150

    Content type: Case Report

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  16. Topical ophthalmic atropine sulfate is an important part of the treatment protocol in equine uveitis. Frequent administration of topical atropine may cause decreased intestinal motility and colic in horses due...

    Authors: L. Ström, F. Dalin, M. Domberg, C. Stenlund, U. Bondesson, M. Hedeland, P-L Toutain and C. Ekstrand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:149

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Although the pathogenic effect of members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in susceptible hosts is well known, differences in clinical signs and pathological findings observed in infected animals have be...

    Authors: Alberto Gomez-Buendia, Beatriz Romero, Javier Bezos, Francisco Lozano, Lucía de Juan and Julio Alvarez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:148

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Canine malignant melanoma is highly aggressive and generally chemoresistant. Toceranib is a kinase inhibitor drug that inhibits several tyrosine kinases including the proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase KI...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Tani, Ryo Miyamoto, Syunya Noguchi, Sena Kurita, Tomokazu Nagashima, Masaki Michishita, Naoko Yayoshi, Kyoichi Tamura and Makoto Bonkobara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:147

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. Canine cervical spondylomyelopathy can be separated into osseous and disc-associated (DA-CSM) forms. Our aim was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (using a high-field scanner) and neurological finding...

    Authors: Marília de Albuquerque Bonelli, Luciana Bignardi de Soares Brisola Casimiro da Costa and Ronaldo Casimiro da Costa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:145

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The authors report a case of keratinized squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in a 14-year-old dog with extensive cranial bone invasion. To our knowledge, this is the first description of such a case of cranial kerat...

    Authors: Anna Łojszczyk, Wojciech Łopuszyński, Mateusz Szadkowski, Maciej Orzelski and Piotr Twardowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:144

    Content type: Case Report

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  21. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Rosaria Isaya, Stefano Ciccarelli, Daniela Enache, Swan Specchi, Marco Pesaresi, Filippo Ferri, Federico Porporato, Edoardo Auriemma, Barbara Contiero, Luigi M. Coppola and Eric Zini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:143

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:20

  22. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Juan Carlos Cartagena-Albertus, Antoaneta Moise, Sergio Moya-García, Nora Cámara-Fernández and Jose Alberto Montoya-Alonso

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:142

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:204

  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Olga Witkowska-Piłaszewicz, Anna Cywińska, Katarzyna Michlik-Połczyńska, Michał Czopowicz, Katarzyna Strzelec, Anna Biazik, Marta Parzeniecka-Jaworska, Mark Crisman and Lucjan Witkowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:141

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:38

  24. The possible use of oxytocin in saliva as an indicator of positive emotions in bovine species has been poorly investigated. In the present study, two new assays (one using a monoclonal antibody and the other u...

    Authors: Marina López-Arjona, Eva Mainau, Elena Navarro, María Dolores Contreras-Aguilar, Damián Escribano, Sandra V. Mateo, Xavier Manteca, José Joaquín Cerón and Silvia Martínez-Subiela

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:140

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is one of the principal causes of economic loss to the livestock industry because of its morbidity and mortality of food-producing animals and condemnation of important visceral orga...

    Authors: Shahid Niaz Khan, Rehman Ali, Sanaullah Khan, Sadia Norin, Muhammad Rooman, Noor Ul Akbar, Taj Ali Khan, Sumbal Haleem, Murad Ali Khan and Ijaz Ali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:139

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Intrasynovial deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) injuries occur frequently and are often implicated in cases of navicular disease with poor outcomes and reinjuries. Cell-based approaches to tendon healing are g...

    Authors: Vivian G. Quam, Nadine N. Altmann, Matthew T. Brokken and Sushmitha S. Durgam

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:138

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), is a worldwide disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis). The success of bTB eradication and control programs is based on early detection and the removal of reactors from a herd ...

    Authors: Paulo Alex Machado Carneiro, Eliomar de Moura Sousa, Rinaldo Batista Viana, Bruno Moura Monteiro, Aline do Socorro Lima Kzam, Damazio Campos de Souza, Anderson Silva Coelho, José Dantas Ribeiro Filho, Ricardo Spacagna Jordao, Maria Regina Madruga Tavares and John B. Kaneene

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:137

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae) is a contagious pathogen of bovine mastitis. It has financial implications for the dairy cattle industry in certain areas of the world. Since antimicrobial resistance incr...

    Authors: Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz, Ahmed M. Ammar, El-sayed Y. M. El-Naenaeey, Hend M. El Damaty, Asmaa A. Elazazy, Ahmed A. Hefny, Asmaa Shaker and Ibrahim E. Eldesoukey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:136

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Salmonella spp. represent a significant zoonotic concern to pregnant owners as infection can cause septic abortions and post-partum illness. Enteric salmonellosis is well documented in canines however urinary sal...

    Authors: John N. Hertzer, Madeline Fujishiro, Sara D. Lawhon and Kate E. Creevy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:135

    Content type: Case Report

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  30. Reproduction is a basic prerequisite to efficient livestock production. Reproductive performance depends on the normal structure and function of genital organs. A cross-sectional study was conducted from Novem...

    Authors: Aynalem Mandefro Getahun, Gemechu Chala Hunderra, Tadesse Gidey Gebrezihar, Bulto Giro Boru, Natnael Teshager Desta and Tilaye Demissie Ayana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:134

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella spp. In Nepal, the presence of brucellosis in small ruminants, namely sheep and goats, has impacted farmers’ livelihood and the food safety of consumers. A cro...

    Authors: Tulsi Ram Gompo, Rubina Shah, Ishwari Tiwari and Yam Bahadur Gurung

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:132

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Transmission of antimicrobial resistant and virulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) from animal to human has been considered as a public health concern. This study aimed to determine the phylogenetic background and p...

    Authors: Pouya Reshadi, Fatemeh Heydari, Reza Ghanbarpour, Mahboube Bagheri, Maziar Jajarmi, Mohadese Amiri, Hesam Alizade, Mahdi Askari Badouei, Shademan Sahraei and Nasrin Adib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:131

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) is a rare malignant breast tumor and a variant form of invasive ductal carcinoma that is an aggressive neoplasm of the human breast and canine mammary gland. The import...

    Authors: Michele A. Rodrigues, Andre L. Caldeira-Brant, Dawidson A. Gomes, Tatiany L. Silveira, Hélio Chiarini-Garcia and Geovanni D. Cassali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:130

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Diagnosis of canine bacterial pneumonia relies on airway lavage to confirm septic, suppurative inflammation, and a positive bacterial culture. Considering risks of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collectio...

    Authors: A. I. Vientós-Plotts, A. C. Ericsson, H. Rindt and C. R. Reinero

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:129

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Morbilliviruses are categorized under the family of Paramyxoviridae and have been associated with severe diseases, such as Peste des petits ruminants, canine distemper and measles with evidence of high morbidity ...

    Authors: Siti Tasnim Makhtar, Sheau Wei Tan, Nur Amalina Nasruddin, Nor Azlina Abdul Aziz, Abdul Rahman Omar and Farina Mustaffa-Kamal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:128

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Cryopreservation is an efficient way to store spermatozoa and is closely associated with the quality of sperm after the freeze-thaw process. During freeze-thaw cycling, excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) ...

    Authors: Bin Zhang, Yan Wang, Caihong Wu, Shulei Qiu, Xiaolan Chen, Bingyan Cai and Huimei Xie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:127

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A novel Brucella strain closely related to Brucella (B.) melitensis biovar (bv) 3 was found in Croatian cattle during testing within a brucellosis eradication programme.

    Authors: Silvio Spicic, Maja Zdelar-Tuk, Claire Ponsart, Rene S. Hendriksen, Irena Reil, Guillaume Girault, Pimlapas Leekitcharoenphon, Vesna Rukavina, Martina Rubin, Luca Freddi and Sanja Duvnjak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:126

    Content type: Case Report

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  38. The rehabilitation of injured wildlife and their subsequent release into the wild is a humane act as well as important in wildlife conservation. However, little is known about the animals’ fate after release. ...

    Authors: Dong-Hyuk Jeong, Kwangsik Jang, Jeong-Jin Yang, Joo-Yeul Choi, Seung-Hyo Lim, Seong-Chan Yeon, Kyung Mi Shim, Se Eun Kim and Seong Soo Kang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:125

    Content type: Case Report

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  39. Influenza viruses are a continuous threat to avian and mammalian species, causing epidemics and pandemics. After the circulation of H5N1 in 2006, 2015, and 2016 in Iraq, an H5N8 influenza virus emerged in dome...

    Authors: Nahla Muhammad Saeed, Peshnyar Muhammad Atta Rashid and Hiewa Othman Dyary

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:124

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Immunization of pigs with an inactivated Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccine (bacterin) generates hyperimmune serum that contains high concentrations of anti-M. hyopneumoniae IgG. Commercially available IgG-ELISA ki...

    Authors: Yaqin Tian, Zuobo Xu, Yukang Wen, Mei Yang, Yaru Ning, Zhaodi Wang and Honglei Ding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:123

    Content type: Methodology article

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  41. The intramuscular injection of ketamine and azaperone was proposed as a suitable anaesthesia for male suckling piglets for surgical castration. However, this can be opposed by massive defensive movements, hypo...

    Authors: Sabrina Becker, Anna Maier, Saskia Peters, Kathrin Büttner and Gerald Reiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:122

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Glycogen in skeletal muscle is a major source of energy during exercise and an important determinant of endurance capacity, so that its measurement may provide a meaningful marker of athletes’ preparation and ...

    Authors: Sarah A. Tabozzi, Giovanni Stancari, Enrica Zucca, Michela Tajoli, Luca Stucchi, Claudio L. Lafortuna and Francesco Ferrucci

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:121

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The aim of this study was to establish precision-cut bovine udder slices (PCBUS) as an in-vitro-model to investigate pathophysiological processes in the early phase of mastitis in order to have the possibility...

    Authors: Viviane Filor, Monique Petry, Jessica Meißner and Manfred Kietzmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:120

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Inflammation is believed to influence human colorectal carcinogenesis and may have an impact on prognosis and survival. The mucosal immunophenotype in dogs with colorectal cancer is poorly described.

    Authors: Kristin M. V. Herstad, Gjermund Gunnes, Runa Rørtveit, Øyvor Kolbjørnsen, Linh Tran and Ellen Skancke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Anaplasma are obligate intracellular bacteria and aetiological agents of tick-borne diseases of both veterinary and medical interest. The genus Anaplasma comprises six species: Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma cent...

    Authors: Łukasz Adaszek, Anna Wilczyńska, Jerzy Ziętek, Marcin Kalinowski, Oliwier Teodorowski, Dagmara Winiarczyk, Maciej Skrzypczak and Stanisław Winiarczyk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:118

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  46. At present, the process of inspection and quarantine starts with sampling at the customs port, continues with transporting the samples to the central laboratory for inspection experiments, and ends with the in...

    Authors: Yan Jiang, Shan Jiang, Yue Wu, Bin Zhou, Kaimin Wang, Luyan Jiang, Yunfeng Long, Gan Chen and Dexin Zeng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:117

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

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