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  1. Idiopathic epilepsy is a common neurological condition in dogs. Previous research has focused on clinical aspects of seizure management in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy with little attention given to the emoti...

    Authors: Amy E. Pergande, Zoe Belshaw, Holger A. Volk and Rowena M. A. Packer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:443

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEv) is a flavivirus that circulates in a complex cycle involving small mammals as amplifying hosts and ticks as vectors and reservoirs. The current study aimed to investigate t...

    Authors: Médiha Khamassi Khbou, Rihab Romdhane, Asma Amina Foughali, Limam Sassi, Vanessa Suin, Mourad Rekik and M’hammed Benzarti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:441

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Real time RT-PCR (qPCR) is a useful and powerful tool for quantitative measurement of gene expression. The proper choice of internal standards such as reference genes is crucial for correct data evaluation. In...

    Authors: Marta Nowak, Selim Aslan and Mariusz P. Kowalewski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:440

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Mealworm beetle T. molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) (Linnaeus, 1758) is one of the most important cosmopolitan primary storage pests, scavenging on a variety of post-harvest grains and affecting the quality an...

    Authors: Remigiusz Gałęcki, Mirosław Mariusz Michalski, Karol Wierzchosławski and Tadeusz Bakuła

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:439

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Osteomyelitis is relatively frequent in young pigs and a few bacterial species have been postulated to be potential causative agents. Although Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae has been sporadically described ...

    Authors: Felix Giebels, Urs Geissbühler, Anna Oevermann, Alexander Grahofer, Philipp Olias, Peter Kuhnert, Arianna Maiolini and Veronika Maria Stein

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:438

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. We report the first case of canine Salmonella meningoencephalomyelitis and second case of canine Salmonella bacteriuria, as well as the first reported case of Salmonella enterica subspecies houtenae in a dog.

    Authors: Melissa N. Andruzzi, Mary L. Krath, Sara D. Lawhon and Beth Boudreau

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:437

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. Buprenorphine is one of the most used analgesics for postoperative pain in rabbits. The recommended dose in rabbits (0.01–0.05 mg/kg) is the same for intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM), and subcutaneous (SC)...

    Authors: Raad Askar, Elin Fredriksson, Elin Manell, Mikael Hedeland, Ulf Bondesson, Simon Bate, Lena Olsén and Patricia Hedenqvist

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:436

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Animal tuberculosis (TB) is distributed worldwide and has a wide range of wild and domestic reservoirs. Few studies concerning TB in camelids have been published in the last decade, particularly as regards Old...

    Authors: J. A. Infantes-Lorenzo, B. Romero, A. Rodríguez-Bertos, A. Roy, J. Ortega, L. de Juan, I. Moreno, M. Domínguez, L. Domínguez and J. Bezos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:435

    Content type: Case Report

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  9. The problem of transmission of intestinal microorganisms to tissues occurs when intestinal epithelial cells do not adhere tightly (tight junction), which is caused by improper nutrition, usually associated wit...

    Authors: Łukasz Wlazło, Wojciech Łopuszyński, Bożena Nowakowicz-Dębek, Mateusz Ossowski and Hanna Bis-Wencel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:434

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. Heart failure (HF) is associated with changes in inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers. This study aimed to evaluate the changes of a panel of inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in dogs with d...

    Authors: Camila Peres Rubio, Ahmet Saril, Meriç Kocaturk, Ryou Tanaka, Jorgen Koch, Jose Joaquin Ceron and Zeki Yilmaz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:433

    Content type: Research article

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  11. South Korea conducts annual national surveillance programs to detect avian influenza (AI) in domestic poultry, live bird markets, and wild birds. In March 2017, an AIV was isolated from fecal samples in an out...

    Authors: Young-Jae Si, Yu-Na Lee, Sun-Ha Cheon, Yu-Ri Park, Yoon-Gi Baek, Soo-Jeong Kye, Myoung-Heon Lee and Youn-Jeong Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:432

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Predatory attacks on horses can become a problem in some parts of the world, particularly when considering the recovering gray wolf populations. The issue studied was whether horses transformed by humans and p...

    Authors: Iwona Janczarek, Anna Stachurska, Witold Kędzierski, Anna Wiśniewska, Magdalena Ryżak and Agata Kozioł

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:431

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Individual heterogeneity in pathogen load can affect disease transmission dynamics; therefore, identifying intrinsic factors responsible for variation in pathogen load is necessary for determining which indivi...

    Authors: Amanda C. Dolinski, Mark D. Jankowski, Jeanne M. Fair and Jennifer C. Owen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:430

    Content type: Research article

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  14. African swine fever (ASF) is the most important disease to the pigs and cause serious economic losses to the countries with large-scale swine production. Vaccines are recognized as the most useful tool to prev...

    Authors: Zhenhua Guo, Kunpeng Li, Songlin Qiao, Xin-xin Chen, Ruiguang Deng and Gaiping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:428

    Content type: Research article

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  15. H9N2 Low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV) raises public health concerns and its eradication in poultry becomes even more important in preventing influenza. AJSAF is a purified active saponin fraction f...

    Authors: Hongxiang Sun, Liyan Fei, Binnian Zhu and Minghua Shi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:427

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This study aimed to determine if obese cats undergoing energy restriction for weight loss would meet the National Research Council’s (NRC) indispensable amino acid and vitamin recommendations when fed a purpos...

    Authors: Caitlin E. Grant, Anna K. Shoveller, Shauna Blois, Marica Bakovic, Gabrielle Monteith and Adronie Verbrugghe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:426

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most commonly diagnosed joint disease in veterinary medicine, with at least 80% of the cases of lameness and joint diseases in companion animals being classified as OA. Sporting and ...

    Authors: J. C. Alves, A. Santos, P. Jorge, C. Lavrador and L. Miguel Carreira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:425

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Poultry feed consists mainly of conventional grains and protein supplements, however, using treated unconventional agro-industrial by-products as replacements of corn soybean-based diet can minimize production...

    Authors: Hanan S. Al-Khalaifah, Sara. E Shahin, Anaam E. Omar, Haiam A. Mohammed, Hala. I Mahmoud and Doaa Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:424

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common parasitic infections in both humans and animals. It is a frequent cause of abortion and stillbirth in intermediate hosts, especially sheep and goats but rarely causes fa...

    Authors: Silvia Pavone, Silvia Crotti, Deborah Cruciani, Nicoletta D’Avino, Jacopo Zema, Simone Morelli, Marco Gobbi and Laura Madeo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:423

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is an antioxidant enzyme, whose activity decreases during the acute phase response in many species. Little is known about PON-1 and its role as a negative acute phase protein during septi...

    Authors: Donatella Scavone, Micaela Sgorbini, Alexandre S. Borges, José P. Oliveira-Filho, Valentina Vitale and Saverio Paltrinieri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:422

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Dermatophytosis in calves is a major public and veterinary health concern worldwide because of its zoonotic potential and associated economic losses in cattle farms. However, this condition has lacked adequate...

    Authors: Yasmine H. Tartor, Wafaa M. El-Neshwy, Abdallah M. A. Merwad, Mohamed F. Abo El-Maati, Rehab E. Mohamed, Hesham M. Dahshan and Hala I. Mahmoud

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:421

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The application of next-generation molecular, biochemical and immunological methods for developing new vaccines, antimicrobial compounds, probiotics and prebiotics for zoonotic infection control has been funda...

    Authors: José E. Belizário and Marcelo P. Sircili

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:420

    Content type: Debate

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  23. The problem of increasing resistance against conventional antibiotics has drawn people’s attention. Therefore, the development of novel antibacterial agents with effective and safe therapeutic effects is immin...

    Authors: Liangliang Chen, Tengfei Shen, Yongqing Liu, Jiangfei Zhou, Shuaibing Shi, Yang Wang, Zhanqin Zhao, Zhiling Yan, Chengshui Liao and Chen Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:419

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare presentation in dogs with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE). Rivaroxaban, an oral, selective, direct factor Xa inhibitor, has not been reported to be administrated for can...

    Authors: Yumi Sakamoto, Kumiko Ishigaki, Chieko Ishikawa, Tomohiro Nakayama, Kazushi Asano and Manabu Sakai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:418

    Content type: Case Report

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  25. Canine colostrum milk (CCM) is a specific secretion of the mammary gland that is fundamental for the survival of the newborn. CCM has many described components (immunoglobulins, proteins or fat), but its small...

    Authors: Antonio J. Villatoro, María del Carmen Martín-Astorga, Cristina Alcoholado and José Becerra

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:417

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Food animal veterinarians face commodity specific and urgent global challenges yet conditions preventing use of best available knowledge have been sparsely studied. The American Association of Swine Veterinari...

    Authors: Sheila Keay, Jan M. Sargeant, Annette O’Connor, Robert Friendship, Terri O’Sullivan and Zvonimir Poljak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:416

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) tumor suppressor gene is frequently lost in a variety of solid and hematopoietic malignancies in humans. Dysregulation of WWOX has been implicated as playing a ke...

    Authors: Rebecca Makii, Hanna Cook, Darian Louke, Justin Breitbach, Ryan Jennings, Christopher Premanandan, Eric M. Green and Joelle M. Fenger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:415

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Congenital goiter is a common thyroid metabolic disorder characterized by low levels of thyroid hormone, subsequent secretion of excess thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) from the pituitary gland, and compensat...

    Authors: Jinling Wang, Yulin Ding, Jirintai Sulijid, Li Zhao, Shoufeng Lu, Xiaoyu Wang and Yonghong Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:414

    Content type: Case Report

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  29. Rattus norvegicus and Suncus murinus are important reservoirs of zoonotic bacterial diseases. An understanding of the composition of gut and oropharynx bacteria in these animals is important for monitoring and pr...

    Authors: Wen-qiao He, Yi-quan Xiong, Jing Ge, Yan-xia Chen, Xue-jiao Chen, Xue-shan Zhong, Ze-jin Ou, Yu-han Gao, Ming-ji Cheng, Yun Mo, Yu-qi Wen, Min Qiu, Shu-ting Huo, Shao-wei Chen, Xue-yan Zheng, Huan He…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:413

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Radiotherapy (RT) is currently considered the treatment of choice for presumed canine intracranial gliomas. However, variable therapeutic responses are described, due to heterogeneous populations and different...

    Authors: M. Debreuque, P. De Fornel, I. David, F. Delisle, M. N. Ducerveau, P. Devauchelle and J. L. Thibaud

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:412

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Molasses is a potential energy supplement; extensively used to improve growth performance, milk and meat characteristics in goats at relatively low concentrations of 5–40% of the diet. Few data are available c...

    Authors: Osman A. Osman, Nawal M. Elkhair and Khalid A. Abdoun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:411

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis (Cfv) is the pathogen responsible for Bovine Genital Campylobacteriosis (BGC), a venereal disease of cattle associated with impaired reproductive performance. Although severa...

    Authors: Marta Filipa Silva, Ana Duarte, Gonçalo Pereira, Luísa Mateus, Luís Lopes-da-Costa and Elisabete Silva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:410

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Meckel’s diverticula are a rare cause of small intestinal strangulation, diagnosed at laparotomy or necropsy. This congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract originates from a remnant of the vitelline du...

    Authors: E. Stas, L. Kranenburg, P. Witt, J. de Grauw, J. van den Brand, J. Ensink and H. Brommer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:409

    Content type: Case Report

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  34. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a serious viral disease of swine. At present, there are vaccines for the control of PRRSV infection, but the effect is not satisfactory. The recom...

    Authors: Jun Zhao, Ling Zhu, Lei Xu, Jianbo Huang, Xiangang Sun and Zhiwen Xu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:408

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Infection with bovine leukemia virus (BLV), the causative agent for enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL), is increasing in dairy farms of Japan. The tendency of tumor development following BLV infection in certain c...

    Authors: Yasuko Inagaki, Tomoko Kobayashi, Yoshihito Suda, Kazuya Kusama and Kazuhiko Imakawa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:407

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Calcinosis has been reported for a broad range of different animals. Causes for calcinosis include metabolic disorders due to kidney failure, intoxication with calcinogenic plants, or iatrogenic overdose of vi...

    Authors: Matthias Gerhard Wagener, Annika Lehmbecker, Melanie Bühler, Mirja Wilkens, Teresa Punsmann and Martin Ganter

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:406

    Content type: Case Report

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  37. Apart from the huge worldwide economic losses often occasioned by bovine coronavirus (BCoV) to the livestock industry, particularly with respect to cattle rearing, continuous surveillance of the virus in cattl...

    Authors: Vitus Burimuah, Augustina Sylverken, Michael Owusu, Philip El-Duah, Richmond Yeboah, Jones Lamptey, Yaw Oppong Frimpong, Olivia Agbenyega, Raphael Folitse, Ben Emikpe, William Tasiame, Eddie-Williams Owiredu, Samuel Oppong, Christopher Antwi, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie and Christian Drosten

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:405

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Disease prevention and control is a significant part in the ex-situ conservation of the endangered red panda (Ailurus fulgens), being bacterial infection is one of the most important health threats to the captive...

    Authors: Songrui Liu, Yunli Li, Chanjuan Yue, Dongsheng Zhang, Xiaoyan Su, Xia Yan, Kuixing Yang, Xin Chen, Guifu Zhuo, Tong Cai, Jiangfeng Liu, Xi Peng and Rong Hou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:404

    Content type: Case Report

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  39. Vitamin D deficiency and related metabolic bone diseases in pet rabbits have been intermittently debated. In human research, the parathyroid hormone concentration in relation to the 25-hydroxyvitamin D concent...

    Authors: J. Mäkitaipale, S. Sankari, H. Sievänen and O. Laitinen-Vapaavuori

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:403

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) is an antimicrobial activity center of lactoferrin, produced by hydrolysis from the N-terminal of lactoferrin. It was hypothesized that the intramolecular disulfide bond in Lfcin could af...

    Authors: Jie Pei, Lin Xiong, Min Chu, Xian Guo and Ping Yan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:401

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The excessive use of antibiotics in the livestock feed industry caused inevitable side effects of microbial resistance. Besides this residual antibiotics in animal-derived foodstuff imposed serious health prob...

    Authors: Miao Ye, Chunjie Wei, Anam Khalid, Qian Hu, Ru Yang, Binghong Dai, Hengwei Cheng and Zaigui Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:400

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) of the genus Mycoplasma are recognized as important bacteria that parasitize red blood cells, causing hemolytic anemia in many mammalian species, including cats. No inform...

    Authors: Mirela Imre, Cristina Văduva, Gheorghe Dărăbuș, Sorin Morariu, Viorel Herman, Judit Plutzer, Tijana Suici, Philippa J P Lait and Kálmán Imre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:399

    Content type: Research article

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  43. This case report describes the clinical signs of a calf with focal diplomyelia at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and histological findings of the affected spin...

    Authors: Gerlinde J. Wunderink, Ursula E. A. Bergwerff, Victoria R. Vos, Mark W. Delany, Dorien S. Willems and Peter R. Hut

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:398

    Content type: Case Report

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  44. Wounds cause structural and functional discontinuity of an organ. Wound healing, therefore, seeks to re-establish the normal morphology and functionality through intertwined stages of hemostasis, inflammation,...

    Authors: Daniel Kwesi Sia, Kwesi Boadu Mensah, Tony Opoku-Agyemang, Raphael D. Folitse and David Obiri Darko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:397

    Content type: Research article

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  45. There are limited options to diagnose acute kidney injury (AKI) in horses. Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is routinely used in human and small animal medicine. The aim of this study was to assess serum SDMA...

    Authors: Natalia Siwinska, Agnieszka Zak, Malwina Slowikowska, Artur Niedzwiedz and Urszula Paslawska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:396

    Content type: Research article

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  46. A selection of haematological and serum biochemical profile was first presented from the 81 samples of Chinese water deer (Hydropotes inermis). The deer health assessment database was initially established, espec...

    Authors: Dayi Nie, Jianfeng Gui, Na Zhao, Yi Lin, Haiming Tang, Feng Cai, Guoping Shen, Jiazhong Liu, Endi Zhang and Min Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:395

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Salmonella is a very important foodborne pathogen causing illness in humans. The emergence of drug-resistant strains also constitutes a serious worry to global health and livestock productivity. This study invest...

    Authors: Zunita Zakaria, Latiffah Hassan, Zawiyah Sharif, Norazah Ahmad, Rohaya Mohd Ali, Suraya Amir Husin, Nor Hazrin binti Abd Hazis, Nor Fitriah Mohamed Sohaimi, Shafini Abu Bakar and Bashiru Garba

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:393

    Content type: Research article

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