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  1. Content type: Research article

    Internal plate fixation and, more recently, locking plate fixation are commonly used in the repair of fractures in small animal surgery. This retrospective study reviewed the use of the String of Pearls lockin...

    Authors: Matthew R. Field, Ryan Butler, Robert W. Wills and Wilburn M. Maxwell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:386

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes diarrhea in humans, cows, and pigs. The gut microbiota underlies pathology of several infectious diseases yet the role of the gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of E...

    Authors: Peng Bin, Zhiyi Tang, Shaojuan Liu, Shuai Chen, Yaoyao Xia, Jiaqi Liu, Hucong Wu and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:385

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  3. Content type: Case Report

    An infestation of bot fly larvae causes myiasis which is known to cause respiratory symptoms in ruminants. There are reports of bot fly larvae in llamas, but to our knowledge there are no previous reports of n...

    Authors: Teresa Maria Punsmann, Lucie Marie Grimm, Carolin Reckmann, Cornelia Schwennen, Matthias Gerhard Wagener and Martin Ganter

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:384

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Gut health in poultry depends on the balance between the host, intestinal microbiota, intestinal microscopic features and diet. The effects of insect meal (a promising alternative protein source for poultry fe...

    Authors: Ilaria Biasato, Ilario Ferrocino, Elena Biasibetti, Elena Grego, Sihem Dabbou, Alessandra Sereno, Francesco Gai, Laura Gasco, Achille Schiavone, Luca Cocolin and Maria Teresa Capucchio

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:383

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  5. Content type: Case Report

    There is no specific therapy for cutaneous epitheliotropic T-cell lymphoma (CETL). The administration of retinoids in conjunction with interferon-α (IFN-α) in CETL has not been reported in dogs.

    Authors: Ga-Won Lee, Su-Bin Song, Min-Hee Kang and Hee-Myung Park

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:382

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one major cause of acute clinical hepatitis among humans throughout the world. In industrialized countries an increasing number of autochthonous HEV infections have been identified o...

    Authors: Lisa Dähnert, Martin Eiden, Josephine Schlosser, Christine Fast, Charlotte Schröder, Elke Lange, Albrecht Gröner, Wolfram Schäfer and Martin H. Groschup

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:381

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Currently, an in vitro immunogenicity screening system for the immunological assessment of potential porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine candidates is highly desired. Thus, in t...

    Authors: Nadeem Shabir, Amina Khatun, Salik Nazki, Suna Gu, Sang-Myoung Lee, Tai-Young Hur, Myoun-Sik Yang, Bumseok Kim and Won-Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:380

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The gastrointestinal tracts of animals are home to large, complex communities of microbes. The compositions of these communities ultimately reflect the coevolution of microorganisms with their animal host and ...

    Authors: Fengping He, Dan Liu, Le Zhang, Jiancheng Zhai, Yue Ma, Yanchun Xu, Guangshun Jiang, Ke Rong and Jianzhang Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:379

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Leishmania parasites cause visceral leishmaniasis (VL), an important infectious disease that is endemic to large parts of the world and often leads to epidemics. Sand flies are the primary transmission vector for...

    Authors: Shuai Han, Wei-Ping Wu, Kai Chen, Israyil Osman, Kaisar Kiyim, Jun Zhao, Yan-Yan Hou, Ying Wang, Li-Ying Wang and Can-Jun Zheng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:378

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Sarcocystis species are intracellular protozoan parasites that can pose a threat to animal health and food safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of infection with Sarcocystis infection i...

    Authors: Hui Dong, Ruijing Su, Yinghua Wang, Zongxi Tong, Longxian Zhang, Yurong Yang and Junjie Hu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:377

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The effect of soybean hull feeding on the disruption of colonic epithelium barrier function was investigated in goats fed a high-concentrate diet. Twenty-one Boer goats (live weight, 32.57 ± 2.26 kg; age, 1 ye...

    Authors: Kai Zhang, Yuanlu Tu, Lipeng Gao, Meijuan Meng and Yunfeng Bai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:376

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Periodontal disease (PD) is caused by the development of a microbial biofilm (dental plaque) in the periodontium, affecting approximately 80% of dogs. Several bacterial species present in the canine oral cavit...

    Authors: Eva Cunha, Tiago Trovão, Ana Pinheiro, Telmo Nunes, Raquel Santos, Jorge Moreira da Silva, Berta São Braz, Luís Tavares, Ana Salomé Veiga and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:375

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Systemic Escherichia coli infections cause early mortality of commercial broiler chickens. Although enrofloxacin has long been used in poultry, the in vivo pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship of ...

    Authors: Xia Xiao, Lijie Jiang, Weixuan Lan, Yongjia Jiang and Zhiqiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:374

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Plants of Allium spp., including garlic (A. sativum) and onions (A. cepa), are known to be oxidatively toxic to canine erythrocytes resulting in Heinz body hemolytic anemia in dogs. In humans, these plants have b...

    Authors: Osamu Yamato, Tadamitsu Tsuneyoshi, Mitsuyasu Ushijima, Hiroshi Jikihara and Akira Yabuki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:373

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Recently, pseudorabies (PR) outbreaks have been reported in a large number of swine herds vaccinated with the Bartha-K61 vaccine in China, the current pseudorabies virus (PRV) belonging to Genotype II is diffe...

    Authors: Zhicheng Liu, Chunhong Zhang, Haiyan Shen, Junying Sun and Jianfeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:372

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) can be controlled by either stamping out or vaccination, a choice which depends on both the economic importance of the livestock sector as well as the disease status. In FMD-free c...

    Authors: Yeong-Lim Kang, Ji-Yun Jeong, Hwi-Yeon Choi, Yanhong Zhang, Yumei Liu, Ho-Jong Lee, Jong-Chul Choi, So-Hyun Lee, Beom-Joo Lee, Sang-Won Lee, Joong-Bok Lee, Ki-hyun Cho and Seung-Yong Park

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:371

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  17. Content type: Case Report

    β-amyloid (Aβ) can accumulate in the brain of aged dogs, and within vessels walls, the disease is called cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). In humans, Alzheimer’s disease and CAA are strongly correlated with c...

    Authors: Laís Limeira Rodrigues, Leonardo Pereira Mesquita, Rafael Carneiro Costa, Raquel Gonçalves Gomes, Daniel Arrais Biihrer and Paulo César Maiorka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:370

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  18. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNAs can regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level through translational repression or target degradation. Our previous investigations examined the differential expression levels of chi-mi...

    Authors: Kaiwen Chen, Jinxing Hou, Yuxuan Song, Xiaochuan Zhang, Yuhan Liu, Gonghai Zhang, Kai Wen, Haidong Ma, Guang Li, Binyun Cao and Xiaopeng An

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:369

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In 2011, the teratogenic, insect-transmitted Schmallenberg virus (SBV) emerged at the German/Dutch border region and subsequently spread rapidly throughout the European continent. In cattle, one of the major t...

    Authors: Kerstin Wernike, Mark Holsteg, Kevin P. Szillat and Martin Beer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:368

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Prior to 2010, the lagoviruses that cause rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) in European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and European brown hare syndrome (EBHS) in hares (Lepus spp.) were generally genus-specific. ...

    Authors: Aleksija S. Neimanis, Harri Ahola, Ulrika Larsson Pettersson, Ana M. Lopes, Joana Abrantes, Siamak Zohari, Pedro J. Esteves and Dolores Gavier-Widén

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:367

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Pre-weaning milk replacer (MR) feeding program is a key factor affecting the health and welfare of lambs during their weaning. Weaning stress is well known as an inducement that negatively impacts the immune s...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Chong Li, Xiaolin Niu, Zhian Zhang, Fadi Li and Fei Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:366

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Osteosarcoma (OSA) is the most common bone cancer in canines. Both transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) and Hippo pathway mediators have important roles in bone development, stemness, and cancer progression....

    Authors: Anita K. Luu, Courtney R. Schott, Robert Jones, Andrew C. Poon, Brandon Golding, Roa’a Hamed, Benjamin Deheshi, Anthony Mutsaers, Geoffrey A. Wood and Alicia M. Viloria-Petit

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:365

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Assuming that part of Methionine (Met) is converted into Cystine (Cys), but ignoring the rates with which such phenomenon occurs may lead to an excessive supply of Met in poultry diets. Such inconvenient could...

    Authors: Letícia G. Pacheco, Nilva K. Sakomura, Rafael M. Suzuki, Juliano C. P. Dorigam, Gabriel S. Viana, Jaap Van Milgen and Juliana C. Denadai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:364

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Chicken erythrocytes are involved in immunity through binding of toll-like receptors (TLRs) with their ligands to activate downstream signaling and lead to cytokine production in erythrocytes. Some avian β-def...

    Authors: Sheng Niu, Ali Raza Jahejo, Fa-jie Jia, Xin Li, Guan-bao Ning, Ding Zhang, Hai-li Ma, Wei-fang Hao, Wen-wei Gao, Yu-jun Zhao, Shi-min Gao, Gui-lan Li, Jian-hui Li, Fang Yan, Rong-kun Gao, Yu-hai Bi…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:363

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  25. Content type: Case Report

    Listeria (L.) monocytogenes as the causative agent of listeriosis in humans and different animal species, has its reservoir in the environment. It can be found in the gut and faeces of healthy pigs, but under cer...

    Authors: Heiko Stein, Beatrix Stessl, Rene Brunthaler, Igor Loncaric, Herbert Weissenböck, Ursula Ruczizka, Andrea Ladinig and Lukas Schwarz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:362

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Diminazene diaceturate (DA) and isometamidium chloride hydrochloride (ISM) are with homidium bromide, the main molecules used to treat African Animal Trypanosomosis (AAT). These drugs can be purchased from off...

    Authors: Zakaria Bengaly, Sèna Hervé Vitouley, Martin Bienvenu Somda, André Zongo, Assiongbon Têko-Agbo, Giuliano Cecchi, Yahaya Adam, Issa Sidibé, Balé Bayala, Adrien Marie Gaston Belem, Jan Van Den Abbeele and Vincent Delespaux

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:361

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis has previously been diagnosed in warthogs and infection can be highly prevalent (> 30%) in endemic areas. Thus, warthogs could potentially be an important s...

    Authors: Eduard O. Roos, Francisco Olea-Popelka, Peter Buss, Guy A. Hausler, Robin Warren, Paul D. van Helden, Sven D. C. Parsons, Lin-Mari de Klerk-Lorist and Michele A. Miller

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:360

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  28. Content type: Methodology article

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) caused by foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is one of the most highly infectious diseases in livestock, and leads to huge economic losses. Early diagnosis and rapid differentiati...

    Authors: Hongmei Wang, Peili Hou, Guimin Zhao, Li Yu, Yu-wei Gao and Hongbin He

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:359

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  29. Content type: Research article

    H9N2 avian influenza virus is endemic in Egyptian poultry flocks. The role of the live viral vaccines such as LaSota in exaggeration of the clinical picture of H9N2 infection under field conditions is signific...

    Authors: Hany F. Ellakany, Ahmed R. Gado, Ahmed R. Elbestawy, Hatem S. Abd El-Hamid, Hafez M. Hafez, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack, Ayman A. Swelum, Abdullah Al-Owaimer and Islam M. Saadeldin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:358

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is a major poultry pathogen which causes severe economic losses in all the productive sectors. The prevalence of MS in European countries has increased in the last few years, leading to g...

    Authors: M. L. Moronato, M. Cecchinato, G. Facchetti, M. Mainenti, F. Gobbo and S. Catania

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:357

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  31. Content type: Research article

    A doxorubicin (DOX)-based chemotherapy protocol, CHOP, is the most effective treatment for canine high-grade B-cell lymphoma; however, the cost and time requirements associated with this protocol are not feasi...

    Authors: Sami Al-Nadaf, Robert B. Rebhun, Kaitlin M. Curran, Rachel O. Venable, Katherine A. Skorupski, Jennifer L. Willcox and Jenna H. Burton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:356

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  32. Content type: Methodology article

    Sensitivity analysis is an essential step in mathematical modeling because it identifies parameters with a strong influence on model output, due to natural variation or uncertainty in the parameter values. Rec...

    Authors: Casey L. Cazer, Victoriya V. Volkova and Yrjö T. Gröhn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:355

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an intractable autoimmune disease, relatively common in cats, with chronic vomiting and diarrhea. Previous studies have reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) alleviate...

    Authors: Ju-Hyun AN, Woo-Jin SONG, Qiang LI, Sang-Min KIM, Ji-In YANG, Min-Ok RYU, A Ryung NAM, Dong Ha BHANG, Yun-Chan JUNG and Hwa-Young YOUN

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:354

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This was a panel study of the prevalence of C. burnetii infection in does in an endemic dairy goat enterprise in Victoria, Australia. Our first objective was to determine the prevalence of does shedding C. burnet...

    Authors: José T. Canevari, Simon M. Firestone, Gemma Vincent, Angus Campbell, Tabita Tan, Michael Muleme, Alexander W. N. Cameron and Mark A. Stevenson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:353

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Senecavirus A, commonly known as Seneca Valley virus (SVV), is a picornavirus that has been infrequently associated with porcine idiopathic vesicular disease (PIVD). In late 2014 there were multiple PIVD outbreak...

    Authors: Alexandra Buckley, Nestor Montiel, Baoqing Guo, Vikas Kulshreshtha, Albert van Geelen, Hai Hoang, Christopher Rademacher, Kyoung-Jin Yoon and Kelly Lager

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:352

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In the field of diabetes research, many studies on cell therapy have been conducted using mesenchymal stem cells. This research was intended to shed light on the influence of canine adipose-tissue-derived mese...

    Authors: Hyeon-Jin Kim, Qiang Li, Woo-Jin Song, Hye-Mi Yang, Su-Yeon Kim, Sang-Chul Park, Jin-Ok Ahn and Hwa-Young Youn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:351

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Because of the influence of genetics on animal production and the risk of losing genetic diversity of naturally adapted breeds, this study evaluated the genetic diversity of sheep of the Morada Nova breed belo...

    Authors: Caroline Marçal Gomes David, Celia Raquel Quirino, Wilder Hernando Ortiz Vega, Aylton Bartholazzi Junior, Aparecida de Fátima Madella-Oliveira and Ricardo Lopes Dias Costa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:350

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Asian Openbills, Anastomus oscitans, have long been known to migrate from South to Southeast Asia for breeding and nesting. In Thailand, the first outbreak of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) infecti...

    Authors: Parntep Ratanakorn, Sarin Suwanpakdee, Witthawat Wiriyarat, Krairat Eiamampai, Kridsada Chaichoune, Anuwat Wiratsudakul, Ladawan Sariya and Pilaipan Puthavathana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:349

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) and Canine Parvovirus (CPV) lead to infections with high mortality rates in dogs. These viruses affect unvaccinated dogs or dogs with incomplete vaccination protocols. Vaccination ...

    Authors: Beatriz Vila Nova, Eva Cunha, Nuno Sepúlveda, Manuela Oliveira, Berta São Braz, Luis Tavares, Virgílio Almeida and Solange Gil

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:348

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Chicken anemia virus (CAV), avian reovirus (ARV), infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), Marek’s disease virus (MDV) and reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) all cause immunosuppressive disease in birds through ...

    Authors: Feng Cong, Yujun Zhu, Jing Wang, Yuexiao Lian, Xiangnan Liu, Li Xiao, Ren Huang, Yu Zhang, Meili Chen and Pengju Guo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:347

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Because antibiotic use in livestock is assumed to contribute to the emerging public health crisis of antibiotic resistance, alternatives are required. Phytogenic additives are extensively studied due to their ...

    Authors: Tobias Gräber, Holger Kluge, Sebastian Granica, Gert Horn, Jutta Kalbitz, Corinna Brandsch, Antje Breitenstein, Christine Brütting and Gabriele I. Stangl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:346

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Avoidance of antigenic stimuli was found to significantly reverse airway obstruction of horses with severe equine asthma (sEA). To date, no published study investigated the influence of steaming hay on lower a...

    Authors: Marie Orard, Erika Hue, Anne Couroucé, Céline Bizon-Mercier, Marie-Pierre Toquet, Meriel Moore-Colyer, Laurent Couëtil, Stéphane Pronost, Romain Paillot, Magali Demoor and Eric A. Richard

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:345

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The effects of the dietary oils with differing fatty acid profiles on rumen fermentation, microbial population, and digestibility in goats were investigated. In Experiment I, rumen microbial population and fer...

    Authors: I. Nur Atikah, A. R. Alimon, H. Yaakub, N. Abdullah, M. F. Jahromi, M. Ivan and A. A. Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:344

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Streptococcus agalactiae is pathogenic for both animals and humans. In dairy cattle it commonly causes mastitis, with great economic losses, and there is scientific evidence of mastitis, caseous lymphadenitis, co...

    Authors: Alexander Tavella, Astrid Bettini, Monia Cocchi, Ilda Idrizi, Stefano Colorio, Laura Viel, Claudia Zanardello and Patrik Zanolari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:343

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  45. Content type: Research article

    More information on brucellosis epidemiology in Bactrian camels is needed due to their growing economic and livelihood importance for herders and renewed efforts in Mongolia to eliminate brucellosis through ma...

    Authors: Chimedtseren Bayasgalan, Tungalag Chultemdorj, Felix Roth, Jakob Zinsstag, Jan Hattendorf, Battsetseg Badmaa, Bayanzul Argamjav and Esther Schelling

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:342

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Many reports describe the cutaneous signs of adverse food reactions (AFR) in the dog and cat. However, various non-cutaneous clinical signs are less well described. Our objective was to systematically evaluate...

    Authors: Ralf S. Mueller and Thierry Olivry

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:341

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Carriage of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens by food production animals is one of many contributors to treatment failure in health care settings, and it necessitates an integrated approach to investiga...

    Authors: Kuastros Mekonnen Belaynehe, Seung Won Shin and Han Sang Yoo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:340

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Border disease virus (BDV) is a pestivirus responsible for significant economic losses in sheep industry. The present study was conducted between 2015 and 2016 to determine the flock seroprevalence of the dise...

    Authors: Naouel Feknous, Jean-Baptiste Hanon, Marylène Tignon, Hamza Khaled, Abdallah Bouyoucef and Brigitte Cay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:339

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  49. Content type: Case report

    Paralytic form of rabies is frequent in cattle in Latin America, but it is uncommon in goats. There are few clinical reports on furious rabies affecting goats, and the sporadic cases of rabid goats from survei...

    Authors: Igor Louzada Moreira, Davi Emanuel Ribeiro de Sousa, Jair Alves Ferreira-Junior, Márcio Botelho de Castro, Tayná Cardim Morais Fino, José Renato Junqueira Borges, Benito Soto-Blanco and Antonio Carlos Lopes Câmara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:338

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Avian coccidiosis is often caused by co-infection with several species of Eimeria worldwide. Developing a multivalent vaccine with an antigen common to multiple Eimeria species is a promising strategy for control...

    Authors: Jianhua Liu, Lianrui Liu, Lingjuan Li, Di Tian, Wenyu Li, Lixin Xu, Ruofeng Yan, Xiangrui Li and Xiaokai Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:337

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