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  1. The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of contact heat thermal stimulation in horses at different body sites and under different environmental conditions and different test situations. Five warm-...

    Authors: Christin Poller, Klaus Hopster, Karl Rohn and Sabine BR Kästner
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:4
  2. Stereotypic behaviours, i.e. repetitive behaviours induced by frustration, repeated attempts to cope and/or brain dysfunction, are intriguing as they occur in a variety of domestic and captive species without any...

    Authors: Carole Fureix, Haïfa Benhajali, Séverine Henry, Anaelle Bruchet, Armelle Prunier, Mohammed Ezzaouia, Caroline Coste, Martine Hausberger, Rupert Palme and Patrick Jego
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:3
  3. Although feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) have similar risk factors and control measures, infection rates have been speculated to vary in geographic distribution over North ...

    Authors: Bimal K Chhetri, Olaf Berke, David L Pearl and Dorothee Bienzle
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:2
  4. Although several histopathological and clinical features of canine mammary gland tumours have been widely studied from a prognostic standpoint, considerable variations in tumour individual biologic behaviour d...

    Authors: Andreia A Santos, Célia C Lopes, Jorge R Ribeiro, Liliana R Martins, Joana C Santos, Irina F Amorim, Fátima Gärtner and Augusto J Matos
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:1
  5. The objective was to determine the effects of agility exercise on dogs of different skill levels with respect to urinary eicosanoids, urinary 15F2t-isoprostane (lipid peroxidation marker) and hematological/bioche...

    Authors: Wendy I Baltzer, Anna M Firshman, Bernadette Stang, Jennifer J Warnock, Elena Gorman and Erica C McKenzie
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:249
  6. Biomarkers for the early prediction of canine acute kidney injury (AKI) are clinically important. Recently, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was found to be a sensitive biomarker for the predi...

    Authors: Ya-Jane Lee, Yu-Yen Hu, Yi-Shan Lin, Chun-Ting Chang, Fong-Yuan Lin, Min-Liang Wong, Hsu Kuo-Hsuan and Wei-Li Hsu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:248

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:228

  7. There is increasing evidence that perioperative use of NSAIDs may compromise the integrity of intestinal anastomoses. This study aims to characterize the negative effects of carprofen on early anastomotic heal...

    Authors: Rozemarijn J van der Vijver, Cees JHM van Laarhoven, Roger MLM Lomme and Thijs Hendriks
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:247
  8. Seizures are a common problem in small animal neurology and it may be related to underlying diseases. Porencephaly is an extremely rare disorder, and in Veterinary Medicine it affects more often ruminants, wit...

    Authors: Gisele Fabrino Machado, Maria-Gisela Laranjeira, Augusto Schweigert and Guilherme Dias de Melo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:246
  9. The gastrointestinal tract is the first target for the potentially harmful effects of mycotoxins after intake of mycotoxin contaminated food or feed. With deoxynivalenol (DON), T-2 toxin (T-2), fumonisin B1 (F...

    Authors: Joline Goossens, Frank Pasmans, Elin Verbrugghe, Virginie Vandenbroucke, Siegrid De Baere, Evelyne Meyer, Freddy Haesebrouck, Patrick De Backer and Siska Croubels
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:245
  10. STAT3 [1] has been shown to be dysregulated in nearly every major cancer, including osteosarcoma (OS). Constitutive activation of STAT3, via aberrant phosphorylation, leads to proliferation, cell survival and ...

    Authors: Jason I Couto, Misty D Bear, Jiayuh Lin, Michael Pennel, Samuel K Kulp, William C Kisseberth and Cheryl A London
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:244
  11. The capacity for herpesvirus to cause disease in cetaceans is unclear and may be varied depending on the different conditions of individuals and between different species. Kidney pathology and intralesional vi...

    Authors: Manuel Arbelo, Edwige N Bellière, Eva Sierra, Simona Sacchinni, Fernando Esperón, Marisa Andrada, Miguel Rivero, Josue Diaz-Delgado and Antonio Fernández
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:243
  12. Bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5), frequently lethal in cattle, is associated with significant agricultural economic losses due to neurological disease. Cattle and rabbits are frequently used as models to stu...

    Authors: Tereza C Cardoso, Juliana B Novais, Talita F Antello, Camila Silva-Frade, Marina C Ferrarezi, Heitor F Ferrari, Roberto Gameiro and Eduardo F Flores
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:242
  13. Information on the genotypic diversity of Coxiella burnetii isolates from infected domestic ruminants in Spain is limited. The aim of this study was to identify the C. burnetii genotypes infecting livestock in No...

    Authors: Ianire Astobiza, Jeroen JHC Tilburg, Alvaro Piñero, Ana Hurtado, Ana L García-Pérez, Marrigje H Nabuurs-Franssen and Corné HW Klaassen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:241
  14. Nocardiosis is an unusual infection in companion animals characterized by suppurative to pyogranulomatous lesions, localized or disseminated. Cutaneous-subcutaneous, pulmonary and systemic signs are observed i...

    Authors: Marconi Rodrigues de Farias, Juliana Werner, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro, Sabrina Marin Rodigheri, Carolina Zaghi Cavalcante, Kung Darh Chi, Larissa Anuska Zeni Condas, Tohru Gonoi, Tetsuhiro Matsuzama and Katsukiyo Yazama
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:239
  15. The aim of the present prospective study was to investigate whether a decision tree based on basic clinical signs could be used to determine the treatment of metabolic acidosis in calves successfully without e...

    Authors: Florian M Trefz, Annette Lorch, Melanie Feist, Carola Sauter-Louis and Ingrid Lorenz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:238
  16. Sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) is a well-recognized digestive disorder found in particular in well-managed dairy herds. SARA can result in increased flow of fermentable substrates to the hindgut, which can ...

    Authors: Shengyong Mao, Ruiyang Zhang, Dongsheng Wang and Weiyun Zhu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:237
  17. Mass vaccinations of domestic dogs have been shown to effectively control canine rabies and hence human exposure to rabies. Knowledge of dog population demography is essential for planning effective rabies vac...

    Authors: Alena S Gsell, Darryn L Knobel, Sarah Cleaveland, Rudovick R Kazwala, Penelope Vounatsou and Jakob Zinsstag
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:236
  18. Stratified keratinizing squamous epithelium in the ovary has been associated with the diagnosis of ovarian teratoma in cows. Recently, the diagnosis of “epidermoid cyst” has been proposed. A case of squamous m...

    Authors: Renato Lima Santos, Dimitre Giancarlo de Medeiros Peixoto, Andréia Pereira Turchetti, Álan Maia Borges, Ernane Fagundes do Nascimento and Tatiane Alves Paixão
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:235
  19. Taenia solium is an important zoonosis in many developing countries. Cysticercosis poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to the pig production industry. Due to scarcity of data on the ep...

    Authors: Eric E Eshitera, Samuel M Githigia, Philip Kitala, Lian F Thomas, Eric M Fèvre, Leslie JS Harrison, Evalyn W Mwihia, Richard O Otieno, Fred Ojiambo and Ndichu Maingi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:234
  20. Psittacosis, an avian disease caused by Chlamydophila psittaci, can manifest as an acute, protracted, or chronic illness, but can also be asymptomatic. C. psittaci can persist in the host for months to years, oft...

    Authors: Tomasz Piasecki, Klaudia Chrząstek and Alina Wieliczko
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:233
  21. Inadequate nutrition in utero may retard foetal growth and alter physiological development of offspring. This study investigated the effects of low and high protein diets fed to primiparous German Landrace sows t...

    Authors: Margret Tuchscherer, Winfried Otten, Ellen Kanitz, Maria Gräbner, Armin Tuchscherer, Olaf Bellmann, Charlotte Rehfeldt and Cornelia C Metges
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:232
  22. The nutrition and health of horses is closely tied to their gastrointestinal microflora. Gut bacteria break down plant structural carbohydrates and produce volatile fatty acids, which are a major source of ene...

    Authors: Samantha M Steelman, Bhanu P Chowdhary, Scot Dowd, Jan Suchodolski and Jan E Janečka
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:231
  23. Adelmidrol is a semisynthetic derivative of azelaic acid and analogue of the anti-inflammatory compound palmitoylethanolamide (PEA). Based upon its physicochemical properties, adelmidrol is suitable for topica...

    Authors: Santiago Cerrato, Pilar Brazis, Maria Federica della Valle, Alda Miolo and Anna Puigdemont
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:230
  24. Orf is a zoonotic and epitheliotrophic contagious disease that mainly affects sheep, goats, wild ruminants, and humans with a worldwide distribution. To date, there is little information on the characterizatio...

    Authors: Wei Li, Zhangyong Ning, Wenbo Hao, Deguang Song, Feng Gao, Kui Zhao, Xiaoqing Liao, Ming Li, Daniel L Rock and Shuhong Luo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:229
  25. Piglet isosporosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases in modern pig production. To prevent clinical disease, prophylactic treatment of piglets with toltrazuril (BAYCOX® 5%, Bayer HealthCare, Animal H...

    Authors: Vasilis Skampardonis, Smaragda Sotiraki, Polychronis Kostoulas and Leonidas Leontides
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:228
  26. The recognition of functional muscular disorders, (e.g. channelopathies like Myotonia) is rising in veterinary neurology. Morphologic (e.g. histology) and even genetic based studies in these diseases are not a...

    Authors: Henning Christian Schenk, Klaus Krampfl, Wolfgang Baumgärtner and Andrea Tipold
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:227
  27. The EU Regulation No 2160/2003 imposes a reduction in the prevalence of Salmonella in pigs. The efficiency of control programmes for Salmonella in pigs, reported among the EU Member States, varies and definitive ...

    Authors: Carla Correia-Gomes, Theodoros Economou, Denisa Mendonça, Madalena Vieira-Pinto and João Niza-Ribeiro
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:226
  28. Surgical site infections (SSIs) caused by biofilm-forming methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) have emerged as the most common hospital-acquired infections in companion animals. No methods...

    Authors: Matthew DiCicco, Suresh Neethirajan, Ameet Singh and J Scott Weese
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:225
  29. This study aimed at determining the extent of tick infestations in extensively grazed cattle and assess the efficacy of Ecotix® acaricide (2.5% high cis cypermethrin) in Mvomero district in Tanzania. A total of 1...

    Authors: Nonga Hezron E, Muwonge Adrian and Mdegela Robinson H
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:224
  30. Protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) is a method that facilitates the detection of prions from many sources of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). Sheep scrapie represents a unique diversi...

    Authors: Leigh Thorne, Thomas Holder, Andrew Ramsay, Jane Edwards, Maged Mohamed Taema, Otto Windl, Ben Charles Maddison, Kevin Christopher Gough and Linda Ann Terry
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:223
  31. Vitamin A is essential for normal growth, development, reproduction, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, immune function and vision. Hypovitaminosis A can lead to a series of pathological damage in anima...

    Authors: Xiuyuan He, Yongtao Li, Meng Li, Guangmin Jia, Haiju Dong, Yanru Zhang, Cong He, Chuanqing Wang, Lixin Deng and Yurong Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:222
  32. In Zambia, the presence of bovine tuberculosis in both wild and domestic animals has long been acknowledged and mutual transmission between them has been predicted without any direct evidence. Elucidation of t...

    Authors: Mudenda B Hang’ombe, Musso Munyeme, Chie Nakajima, Yukari Fukushima, Haruka Suzuki, Wigganson Matandiko, Akihiro Ishii, Aaron S Mweene and Yasuhiko Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:221
  33. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the molecular phenotype of the primary mammary tumor and its related lymph node metastasis in the dog to develop prognostic-predictive models and targeted ...

    Authors: Germana Beha, Barbara Brunetti, Pietro Asproni, Luisa Vera Muscatello, Francesca Millanta, Alessandro Poli, Giuseppe Sarli and Cinzia Benazzi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:219
  34. Bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs) types 1 and 2 are the only known papillomaviruses able to jump the species. In fact, BPVs 1/2 induce neoplasia in their natural bovine host but infection is also associated to ne...

    Authors: Gennaro Altamura, Maria Strazzullo, Annunziata Corteggio, Romina Francioso, Franco Roperto, Maurizio D'Esposito and Giuseppe Borzacchiello
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:218
  35. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is of major concern to the swine industry; infection with the virus can lead to production losses, morbidity, and mortality within swine operations. Biosecu...

    Authors: Kate Bottoms, Zvonimir Poljak, Cate Dewey, Rob Deardon, Derald Holtkamp and Robert Friendship
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:217
  36. Chemokines play multiple roles in the development and progression in a variety of tumors. Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 7 (CXCL7) has been found associated with pro-inflammatory responses, but its role in can...

    Authors: Hsin-Chien Chiang, Yu-Shan Wang, Chung-Hsi Chou, Albert Taiching Liao, Rea-Min Chu and Chen-Si Lin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:216
  37. Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia is a neurological disease complex with high prevalence in cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCS). The natural progression of this disease with time has not been d...

    Authors: Colin J Driver, Luisa De Risio, Sarah Hamilton, Clare Rusbridge, Ruth Dennis, Imelda M McGonnell and Holger A Volk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:215
  38. Glanders is a contagious and fatal zoonotic disease of solipeds caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia (B.) mallei. Although regulations call for culling of diseased animals, certain situations e.g. w...

    Authors: Muhammad Saqib, Ghulam Muhammad, Abeera Naureen, Muhammad H Hussain, M Nadeem Asi, M Khalid Mansoor, Mehdi Toufeer, Iahtasham Khan, Heinrich Neubauer and Lisa D Sprague
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:214
  39. In Europe, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to the clonal complex (CC) 398 has become an important pathogen in horses, circulating in equine clinics and causing both colonization and i...

    Authors: Annelies Van den Eede, Ann Martens, Isabelle Feryn, Wannes Vanderhaeghen, Urszula Lipinska, Frank Gasthuys, Patrick Butaye, Freddy Haesebrouck and Katleen Hermans
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:213
  40. There are not reported regarding the protocols for obtaining platelet concentrates (PC) in cats for medical purposes. The objectives of this study were: 1) to describe a manual method for producing two kinds o...

    Authors: Raul F Silva, María E Álvarez, Diana L Ríos, Catalina López, Jorge U Carmona and Cleuza MF Rezende
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:212
  41. Hematologic and biochemical data are needed to characterize the health status of animal populations over time to determine the habitat quality and captivity conditions. Blood components and the chemical entiti...

    Authors: Julia Marchal, Olène Dorieux, Laurine Haro, Fabienne Aujard and Martine Perret
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:211
  42. The poultry industry due to intensive methods of farming is burdened with losses from numerous infectious agents, of which one is the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. In a preliminary study, the extracts of Loxostyl...

    Authors: Mohammed M Suleiman, Neil Duncan, Jacobus N Eloff and Vinny Naidoo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:210
  43. Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a recently described population of immune cells that significantly contribute to the immunosuppression seen in cancer patients. MDSCs are one of the most important ...

    Authors: Matthew Sherger, William Kisseberth, Cheryl London, Susan Olivo-Marston and Tracey L Papenfuss
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:209
  44. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a major pathogen of swine worldwide. Emergence in 2006 of a novel highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) isolate in China necessitated a comparative i...

    Authors: Laura C Miller, Damarius Fleming, Andrew Arbogast, Darrell O Bayles, Baoqing Guo, Kelly M Lager, Jamie N Henningson, Sarah N Schlink, Han-Chun Yang, Kay S Faaberg and Marcus E Kehrli Jr
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:208
  45. Erythrocyte pyruvate kinase deficiency (PK deficiency) is an inherited hemolytic anemia that has been documented in the Abyssinian and Somali breeds as well as random bred domestic shorthair cats. The disease ...

    Authors: Robert A Grahn, Jennifer C Grahn, Maria CT Penedo, Chris R Helps and Leslie A Lyons
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:207
  46. In this methodology article a thermal threshold testing device designed to test nociception in cats was assessed in six dogs. The purpose of this study was to investigate baseline reproducibility of thermal th...

    Authors: Marina Verena Hoffmann, Sabine Beate Rita Kästner, Manfred Kietzmann and Sabine Kramer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:206
  47. The use of growth-promoters in beef cattle, despite the EU ban, remains a frequent practice. The use of transcriptomic markers has already proposed to identify indirect evidence of anabolic hormone treatment. ...

    Authors: Sara Pegolo, Guglielmo Gallina, Clara Montesissa, Francesca Capolongo, Serena Ferraresso, Caterina Pellizzari, Lisa Poppi, Massimo Castagnaro and Luca Bargelloni
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:205
  48. In the frame of an eradication program for bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) in Swiss livestock, the question was raised whether free-ranging wildlife could threaten the success of this sanitary measure. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Hanspeter Stalder, Corinne Hug and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:204

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