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  1. In the frame of an eradication program for bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) in Swiss livestock, the question was raised whether free-ranging wildlife could threaten the success of this sanitary measure. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Hanspeter Stalder, Corinne Hug and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:204
  2. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic lineages and the incidence of antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants of nasal Staphylococcus aureus isolates of healthy donkeys destined to food ...

    Authors: Haythem Gharsa, Rym Ben Sallem, Karim Ben Slama, Elena Gómez-Sanz, Carmen Lozano, Ahlem Jouini, Naouel Klibi, Myriam Zarazaga, Abdellatif Boudabous and Carmen Torres
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:203
  3. Congenital hereditary sensorineural deafness (CHSD) occurs in many dog breeds, including Australian Cattle Dogs. In some breeds, CHSD is associated with a lack of cochlear melanocytes in the stria vascularis, ...

    Authors: Susan F Sommerlad, John M Morton, Mekonnen Haile-Mariam, Isobel Johnstone, Jennifer M Seddon and Caroline A O’Leary
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:202
  4. Salmonellosis in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves is a widespread disease characterized by severe gastrointestinal lesions, profuse diarrhea and severe dehydration, occasionally exhibiting a systemic course...

    Authors: Giorgia Borriello, Maria G Lucibelli, Michele Pesciaroli, Maria R Carullo, Caterina Graziani, Serena Ammendola, Andrea Battistoni, Danilo Ercolini, Paolo Pasquali and Giorgio Galiero
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:201
  5. Comparatively little is known about the prevalence or the molecular characteristics of the zoonotic pathogen E. coli O157:H7 in the sheep reservoir. To investigate this and determine the host specificity of subcl...

    Authors: Robert Söderlund, Ingela Hedenström, Anna Nilsson, Erik Eriksson and Anna Aspán
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:200
  6. Milkability is a complex trait that is characterized by milk flow traits including average milk flow rate, maximum milk flow rate and total milking time. Milkability has long been recognized as an economically...

    Authors: Kent A Gray, Christian Maltecca, Alessandro Bagnato, Marlies Dolezal, Attilio Rossoni, Antonia B Samore and Joseph P Cassady
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:199
  7. The study was designed to investigate correlation between histological findings of Lawsonia intracellularis in porcine cases of diarrhoea and the quantitative detection of Lawsonia intracellularis in faeces. A to...

    Authors: Ken Steen Pedersen, Marie Ståhl, Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes, Øystein Angen, Jens Peter Nielsen and Tim K Jensen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:198
  8. While emerging diseases are affecting many populations of amphibians, some populations are resistant. Determining the relative contributions of factors influencing disease resistance is critical for effective ...

    Authors: Douglas C Woodhams, Laurent Bigler and Rachel Marschang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:197
  9. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is important to host recognition of invading gram-positive microbes. In goats, these microbes can cause serious mastitis, anthrax, tetanus, and other problems. Transgenic goats cons...

    Authors: Shoulong Deng, Kun Yu, Baolu Zhang, Yuchang Yao, Yufeng Liu, Haijuan He, Hongtao Zhang, Maosheng Cui, Juncai Fu, Zhengxing Lian and Ning Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:196
  10. Components of the extracellular matrix have been studied in an attempt to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the biological behaviour of tumours. The presence of the proteoglycan versican has been strongly a...

    Authors: Karine A Damasceno, Angélica C Bertagnolli, Alessandra Estrela-Lima, Lorena GR Ribeiro, Bruna S Rabelo, Cecília B Campos, André LB Barros and Geovanni D Cassali
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:195
  11. The objective of the present study was to elucidate the humoral and cellular immune response mechanisms by which a reformulated inactivated chimeric PCV1-2 vaccine reduces the PCV2 viremia. Forty PCV2 seronega...

    Authors: Hwi Won Seo, Yeonsu Oh, Kiwon Han, Changhoon Park and Chanhee Chae
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:194
  12. Sapoviruses are single stranded positive sense RNA viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae. The virus is detected in different species including the human and the porcine species as an enteric pathogen caus...

    Authors: Axel Mauroy, Wim H M Van der Poel, Renate Hakze-Van der Honing, Christine Thys and Etienne Thiry
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:193
  13. Animal disease monitoring and surveillance are crucial for ensuring the health of animals, humans and the environment. Many studies have investigated the utility of monitoring syndromes associated with data fr...

    Authors: Terri L O’Sullivan, Robert M Friendship, David L Pearl, Beverly McEwen and Catherine E Dewey
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:192
  14. Most countries carrying out campaigns of bovine tuberculosis (TB) eradication impose a ban on the use of mycobacterial vaccines in cattle. However, vaccination against paratuberculosis (PTB) in goats is often ...

    Authors: Bernat Pérez de Val, Miquel Nofrarías, Sergio López-Soria, Joseba M Garrido, H Martin Vordermeier, Bernardo Villarreal-Ramos, Maite Martín, Eugenia Puentes, Ramón A Juste and Mariano Domingo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:191
  15. Pulsed wave (PW) Doppler echocardiography has become a routine non invasive cardiac diagnostic tool in most species. However, evaluation of intracardiac blood flow requires reference values, which are poorly d...

    Authors: Aurélia A Leroux, Frédéric Farnir, Marie L Moonen, Charlotte F Sandersen, Stefan Deleuze and Hélène Amory
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:190
  16. Ebolaviruses induce lethal viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) in humans and non-human primates, with the exceptions of Reston virus (RESTV), which is not pathogenic for humans. In human VHF cases, extensive analy...

    Authors: Satoshi Taniguchi, Yusuke Sayama, Noriyo Nagata, Tetsuro Ikegami, Mary E Miranda, Shumpei Watanabe, Itoe Iizuka, Shuetsu Fukushi, Tetsuya Mizutani, Yoshiyuki Ishii, Masayuki Saijo, Hiroomi Akashi, Yasuhiro Yoshikawa, Shigeru Kyuwa and Shigeru Morikawa
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:189
  17. More and more countries hold databases on cattle movements. The primary purpose of the registration of cattle movements is to provide data for quick tracing of contagious animals in case of disease outbreaks a...

    Authors: Henriëtte Brouwer, Chris J M Bartels, Arjan Stegeman and Gerdien van Schaik
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:188
  18. Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is worldwide distributed and highly endemic in Argentina. Among the strategies to prevent BLV dissemination, a control plan based on the selective segregation of animals according t...

    Authors: Gerónimo Gutiérrez, Hugo Carignano, Irene Alvarez, Cecilia Martínez, Natalia Porta, Romina Politzki, Mariela Gammella, Marina Lomonaco, Norberto Fondevila, Mario Poli and Karina Trono
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:187
  19. Bovine congenital pseudomyotonia (PMT) is an impairment of muscle relaxation induced by exercise preventing animals from performing rapid movements. Forms of recessively inherited PMT have been described in di...

    Authors: Leonardo Murgiano, Roberta Sacchetto, Stefania Testoni, Tiziano Dorotea, Francesco Mascarello, Rocco Liguori, Arcangelo Gentile and Cord Drögemüller
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:186
  20. Pain and impaired mobility because of osteoarthritis (OA) is common in dogs and humans. Efficacy studies of analgesic drug treatment of dogs with naturally occurring OA may be challenging, as a caregiver place...

    Authors: Sarah Malek, Susannah J Sample, Zeev Schwartz, Brett Nemke, Peer B Jacobson, Elizabeth M Cozzi, Susan L Schaefer, Jason A Bleedorn, Gerianne Holzman and Peter Muir
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:185
  21. This study aimed to identify risk factors for active porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection at farm level and to assess the probability of an infected farm being detected through...

    Authors: Martina Velasova, Pablo Alarcon, Susanna Williamson and Barbara Wieland
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:184
  22. Epidemiologic data collected during epidemics in the western United States combined with limited experimental studies involving swine and cattle suggest that host predilection of epidemic vesicular stomatitis ...

    Authors: Paul F Smith, Elizabeth W Howerth, Deborah Carter, Elmer W Gray, Raymond Noblet, Roy D Berghaus, David E Stallknecht and Daniel G Mead
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:183
  23. The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a rapidly evolving pathogen of swine. At present, there is a high demand for safe and more effective vaccines that can be adapted regularly to...

    Authors: Marc F Geldhof, Merijn Vanhee, Wander Van Breedam, Jan Van Doorsselaere, Uladzimir U Karniychuk and Hans J Nauwynck
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:182
  24. Echocardiography is a non-invasive method for assessment of the ovine and caprine heart. Complete reference ranges for cardiac dimensions and time indices for both species are not currently available and relia...

    Authors: Gayle D Hallowell, Timothy J Potter and I Mark Bowen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:181
  25. For optimal individual performance within any equestrian discipline horses must be in peak physical condition and have the correct psychological state. This review discusses the psychological factors that affe...

    Authors: Sebastian D McBride and Daniel S Mills
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:180
  26. Equine laminitis is a devastating disease that causes severe pain in afflicted horses and places a major economic burden on the horse industry. In acute laminitis, the disintegration of the dermal-epidermal ju...

    Authors: Samantha M Steelman and Bhanu P Chowdhary
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:179
  27. Cattle shedding at least 104 CFU Escherichia coli O157:H7/g feces are described as super-shedders and have been shown to increase transmission of E. coli O157:H7 to other cattle in feedlots. This study investigat...

    Authors: Kim Stanford, Chelsey A Agopsowicz and Tim A McAllister
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:178
  28. Laser surgery is an attractive alternative to other means of section device in terms of tissue inflammation and interaction, which has been extensively used in human and veterinary medicine. Although accidenta...

    Authors: Tommaso Collarile, Nicola Di Girolamo, Giordano Nardini, Ivano Antonio Ciraci and Paolo Selleri
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:177
  29. Reports of neoplasms in Panthera species are increasing, but they are still an uncommon cause of disease and death in captive wild felids. The presence of two or more primary tumor in large felids is rarely repor...

    Authors: Didier Q Cagnini, Breno S Salgado, Juliana L Linardi, Fabrizio Grandi, Rafael M Rocha, Noeme S Rocha, Carlos R Teixeira, Fabio Del Piero and Julio L Sequeira
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:176
  30. The establishment of safe and effective protocols to treat chytridiomycosis in amphibians is urgently required. In this study, the usefulness of antibacterial agents to clear chytridiomycosis from infected amp...

    Authors: Mariska Muijsers, An Martel, Pascale Van Rooij, Kris Baert, Griet Vercauteren, Richard Ducatelle, Patrick De Backer, Francis Vercammen, Freddy Haesebrouck and Frank Pasmans
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:175
  31. Concurrent infection with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is known as one of the major causes for porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC). Du...

    Authors: Yi-Chieh Tsai, Hui-Wen Chang, Chian-Ren Jeng, Tsang-Long Lin, Chun-Ming Lin, Cho-Hua Wan and Victor Fei Pang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:174
  32. Recent studies reported on the very complex morphology of the pulp system in equine cheek teeth. The continuous production of secondary dentine leads to distinct age-related changes of the endodontic cavity. D...

    Authors: Susan Kopke, Nina Angrisani and Carsten Staszyk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:173
  33. Outbreaks of pancreas disease (PD) greatly contribute to economic losses due to high mortality, control measures, interrupted production cycles, reduced feed conversion and flesh quality in the aquaculture ind...

    Authors: Saraya Tavornpanich, Mathilde Paul, Hildegunn Viljugrein, David Abrial, Daniel Jimenez and Edgar Brun
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:172
  34. Contagious Agalactia (CA) is one of the major animal health problems in small ruminants because of its economic significance. Currently, four Mycoplasma spp. have been associated with this syndrome: M. agalactiae

    Authors: Jaime Ariza-Miguel, David Rodríguez-Lázaro and Marta Hernández
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:171
  35. Ghrelin is a natural ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). They are often co-expressed in multiple human tumors and related cancer cell lines what can indicate that the ghrelin/GHS-R axis...

    Authors: Kinga Majchrzak, Karol M Pawłowski, Emilia J Orzechowska, Izabella Dolka, Joanna Mucha, Tomasz Motyl and Magdalena Król
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:170
  36. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells with capacity to differentiate into several mesenchymal lineages. This quality makes MSCs good candidates for use in cell therapy. MSCs can be isolated ...

    Authors: Jaber Lyahyai, Diego R Mediano, Beatriz Ranera, Arianne Sanz, Ana Rosa Remacha, Rosa Bolea, Pilar Zaragoza, Clementina Rodellar and Inmaculada Martín-Burriel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:169
  37. Bovine tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis is primarily a disease of ruminants, particularly cattle (Bos primigenius) and buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and is endemic in most developing countries. To dat...

    Authors: Adrian Muwonge, Tone B Johansen, Edvardsen Vigdis, Jacques Godfroid, Francisco Olea-Popelka, Demelash Biffa, Eystein Skjerve and Berit Djønne
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:168
  38. Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is associated with enzootic bovine leukosis, which is the most common neoplastic disease of cattle. BLV infects cattle worldwide, imposing a severe economic impact on the dairy catt...

    Authors: Mayuko Jimba, Shin-nosuke Takeshima, Hironobu Murakami, Junko Kohara, Naohiko Kobayashi, Tamako Matsuhashi, Takashi Ohmori, Tetsuo Nunoya and Yoko Aida
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:167
  39. One of the purposes of treatment for dogs with mitral regurgitation (MR) is lowering left atrial pressure (LAP). There has been few study of the amlodipine in dogs with MR and amlodipine’s effect on LAP has no...

    Authors: Shuji Suzuki, Ryuji Fukushima, Taisuke Ishikawa, Yuta Yamamoto, Lina Hamabe, Soomin Kim, Rieko Yoshiyuki, Noboru Machida and Ryou Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:166
  40. The bacterium Coxiella burnetii has caused unprecedented outbreaks of Q fever in the Netherlands between 2007 and 2010. Since 2007, over 4000 human cases have been reported, with 2354 cases in 2009 alone. Dairy g...

    Authors: Arnout de Bruin, Pleunie TW van Alphen, Rozemarijn QJ van der Plaats, Lianne ND de Heer, Chantal BEM Reusken, Bart J van Rotterdam and Ingmar Janse
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:165
  41. Pregnancy testing in cattle is commonly invasive requiring manual rectal palpation of the reproductive tract that presents risks to the operator and pregnancy. Alternative non-invasive tests have been develope...

    Authors: Gaetano D Gargiulo, Richard W Shephard, Jonathan Tapson, Alistair L McEwan, Paolo Bifulco, Mario Cesarelli, Craig Jin, Ahmed Al-Ani, Ning Wang and André van Schaik
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:164
  42. The population of dogs and cats passing through rescue shelters may be subject to compromised welfare and increased susceptibility to disease. Little information exists to describe this population, its dynamic...

    Authors: Jenny Stavisky, Marnie L Brennan, Martin Downes and Rachel Dean
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:163
  43. The conceptual validity of kinetic gait analysis and disability outcome assessment methods has guided their use in the assessment of pain caused by osteoarthritis (OA). No consensus on the best clinical method...

    Authors: Pascale Rialland, Sylvain Bichot, Maxim Moreau, Martin Guillot, Bertrand Lussier, Dominique Gauvin, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Jean-Pierre Pelletier and Eric Troncy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:162
  44. Glucocorticoids have been proven to be effective in the therapy of recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) in horses via systemic as well as local (inhalative) administration. Elective analysis of the effects of th...

    Authors: Maria Fugazzola, Ann-Kristin Barton, Frank Niedorf, Manfred Kietzmann and Bernhard Ohnesorge
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:160
  45. A common approach to the application of epidemiological models is to determine a single (point estimate) parameterisation using the information available in the literature. However, in many cases there is cons...

    Authors: Ross S Davidson, Iain J McKendrick, Joanna C Wood, Glenn Marion, Alistair Greig, Karen Stevenson, Michael Sharp and Michael R Hutchings
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:159
  46. Understanding the pathogenesis of the chiari-like malformation in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) is incomplete, and current hypotheses do not fully explain the development of syringomyelia (SM) in th...

    Authors: Martin Jürgen Schmidt, Nele Ondreka, Maren Sauerbrey, Holger Andreas Volk, Christoph Rummel and Martin Kramer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:158
  47. An un-commissioned randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled clinical study was planned using a deep sea fish oil product for pets. Seventy-seven client-owned dogs with osteoarthritis were randomly assign...

    Authors: Anna Hielm-Björkman, Johanna Roine, Kari Elo, Anu Lappalainen, Jouni Junnila and Outi Laitinen-Vapaavuori
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:157
  48. There is poor understanding of most aspects of Clostridium perfringens type A as a possible cause of neonatal diarrhea in piglets, and the prevalence and types of C. perfringens present on Ontario swine farms is ...

    Authors: Gloria Chan, Abdolvahab Farzan, Glenn Soltes, Vivian M Nicholson, Yanlong Pei, Robert Friendship and John F Prescott
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:156
  49. Noroviruses (NoVs) are members of the family Caliciviridae and are emerging enteric pathogens of humans and animals. Some porcine NoVs are genetically similar to human strains and are classified into GII, like mo...

    Authors: Quan Shen, Wen Zhang, Shixing Yang, Zhibiao Yang, Yan Chen, Li Cui, Jianguo Zhu and Xiuguo Hua
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:155

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