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  1. Many dairy cows experience a state of energy deficit as they transition from late gestation to early lactation. The aims of this study were to 1) determine if the development of hyperketonemia in early lactati...

    Authors: Asha M. Miles, Jessica A. A. McArt, Svetlana F. Lima, Rafael C. Neves and Erika Ganda
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:411
  2. The holin-endolysin lysis system plays an essential role in the phage life cycle. Endolysins are promising alternatives to antibiotics, and have been successfully used against Gram-positive bacteria. However, ...

    Authors: Xinrui Wang, Lili Han, Jiaqing Rong, Huiying Ren, Wenhua Liu and Can Zhang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:410
  3. Gram-negative bacterial infections are a serious problem in beef and dairy cattle. Bacterial outer membrane proteins (OMPs) play a pivotal role in cellular survival and the host-bacterium interaction. Histophilus...

    Authors: Joanna Bajzert, Katarzyna Szydłowska, Paulina Jawor, Adrianna Wawrzyniak, Maciej Pisarek and Tadeusz Stefaniak
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:409
  4. This study evaluated the effect of co-administration of vitamin C and Arabic gum (AG) supplements on the response of vaccinated (VAC) and challenged laying Japanese quails with avian influenza virus (AIV) H9N2.

    Authors: Abdelfattah H. Eladl, Verginia M. Farag, Reham A. El-Shafei, Abeer E. Aziza, Walaa F. Awadin and Nagah Arafat
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:408
  5. Compared with the stomach of ruminant cattle, the stomach of horse is small and mainly for chemical digestion, but the microorganisms in the stomach play an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of the...

    Authors: Xiao Bin Li, Xin Xin Huang, Qian Li, Xuan Yue Li, Jia Hao Li, Chao Li, Lin Jiao He, Hong Xin Jing and Kai Lun Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:407
  6. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the major causes of bovine mastitis with significant economic losses around the worldwide. The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR), methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Mohammadian, Hamideh Kalateh Rahmani, Behnam Bidarian and Babak Khoramian
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:406
  7. Uncertain effects of probiotics and/or prebiotics have been reported in experimental and clinical colitis. This study aims to examine the effects of a synbiotic combination comprising Bacillus licheniformis DSM 1...

    Authors: Gamal A. Salem, Amany Abdel-Rahman Mohamed, Wael A. M. Ghonimi, H. M. Abdallah, Nasreddin R. Rhouma and Reem I. Ali
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:405
  8. This study aimed to correlate the pulsed wave spectral indices of the middle uterine artery at both sides with placental development in jenny within mid-late pregnancies, and establish umbilical Doppler values...

    Authors: Elshymaa A. Abdelnaby, Ibrahim A. Emam, Hossam R. El-Sherbiny and Aya M. Fadl
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:404
  9. This study aimed to determine the effects of melatonin administration on testicular vascular perfusion in relation to steroid hormones and semen characteristics in dogs. The study included 12 normospermic Germ...

    Authors: Ali Salama, Elshymaa A. Abdelnaby, Ibrahim A. Emam and Mohamed Fathi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:403
  10. In Ethiopia, several studies have reported the occurrence of Cryptosporidium infection in young calves, lambs, and HIV positive patients. However, research on cattle and sheep of all ages, as well as humans, has ...

    Authors: Kassahun Berhanu, Dinka Ayana, Bekele Megersa, Hagos Ashenafi and Hika Waktole
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:402
  11. African swine fever (ASF) has been present in Lithuania since 2014. The disease affects mainly the wild boar population. Thus, hunters play a key role in the performance of disease surveillance and control mea...

    Authors: Evelina Stončiūtė, Alvydas Malakauskas, Franz J. Conraths, Marius Masiulis, Carola Sauter-Louis and Katja Schulz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:401
  12. The purpose of this study was to perform a histological and biochemical evaluation of the influence of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) on muscle regeneration process after a surgically induced grade II mu...

    Authors: Daniel Aguilar-García, J. Andrés Fernández-Sarmiento, María del Mar Granados Machuca, Juan Morgaz Rodríguez, Pilar Muñoz Rascón, Rocío Navarrete Calvo, Yolanda Millán Ruiz, José María Carrillo Poveda, Juan Muñoz Castañeda, Ramón Cugat Bertomeu and Juan Manuel Domínguez Pérez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:400
  13. Urinary tract infestation by Capillaria spp. in domestic cats is rather rare, but can cause clinical symptoms and affect behaviour. To our knowledge, this report is the first to describe a case of urinary capilla...

    Authors: Marta Miszczak, Oliwia Wyleżoł, Paulina Prorok and Karolina Bierowiec
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:399
  14. One of the contributing factors to ocular surface health is a stable precorneal tear film. Considering the increasing interest in rabbits as pets and the limited literature available on domestic rabbit tearing...

    Authors: Francesca Corsi, Kevin Arteaga, Flavia Corsi, Marco Masi, Alexia Cattaneo, Paolo Selleri, Manuela Crasta, Claudio Peruccio and Adolfo Guandalini
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:398
  15. Pituitary-dependent hypercortisolism (PDH) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in veterinary medicine. However, there are few reports on pituitary tumor apoplexy (PTA) in dogs and no reports on its s...

    Authors: Sachiyo Tanaka, Shuji Suzuki, Mana Oishi, Satoshi Soeta, Ryosuke Namiki and Yasushi Hara
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:397
  16. Different fertility control methods are investigated as a tool for population control of free-roaming animals. Chemical castration using calcium chloride has been widely studied over the years in males, but th...

    Authors: Etiele Maldonado Gomes, Endreo Alan Pail dos Santos, Maria Elisa Trost, Gabrielle Christine de Souza Campos, Roberto Thiesen, João Paulo da Exaltação Pascon, Ingrid Rios Lima Machado and Maria Ligia de Arruda Mestieri
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:396
  17. Streptococcus canis causes deep pyoderma in canines, which raises concerns about the risk of isolates from lesions acquiring an antibiotic-resistant phenotype. It is necessary to identify effective antibiotics an...

    Authors: Ichiro Imanishi, Keita Iyori, Akira Také, Ryota Asahina, Manami Tsunoi, Ryuji Hirano, Jumpei Uchiyama, Yoichi Toyoda, Yoshihiko Sakaguchi and Shunji Hayashi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:395
  18. Bluetongue (BT) is a disease of concern to animal breeders, so the question on their minds is whether they can predict the risk of the disease before it occurs. The main objective of this study is to enhance t...

    Authors: Hagar F. Gouda, Fardos A. M. Hassan, Eman E. El-Araby and Sherif A. Moawed
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:394
  19. Influenza A virus (IAV) is an important respiratory pathogen of pigs that affects pig health, well-being and productivity, has zoonotic potential, and has significant economic impact for producers. The ultimat...

    Authors: Gustavo Lopez-Moreno, Cameron Schmitt, Taylor Spronk, Marie Culhane and Montserrat Torremorell
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:393
  20. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), an enteric coronavirus, has become the major causative agent of acute gastroenteritis in piglets since 2010 in China.

    Authors: Hong Zhuang, Leilei Sun, Xiaobo Wang, Min Xiao, Long Zeng, Haoran Wang, Hongfu Yang, Feng Lin, Chuang Wang, Liting Qin and Chengbao Wang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:392
  21. Tendon and ligament injuries are significant causes of loss of use and early retirement in performance horses. Amniotic fluid and tissue are excellent sources of growth factors and cytokines important in tendo...

    Authors: Hugh. R. Duddy, Mike. J. Schoonover and Brent. A. Hague
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:391
  22. The Importance of the appendicular skeleton in the conformation, shape and physiology of wild animals especially carnivores for adaptation and survival cannot be overemphasized, as limited and obsolete informa...

    Authors: Kenechukwu Tobechukwu Onwuama, Esther Solomon Kigir, Alhaji Zubair Jaji and Suleiman Olawoye Salami
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:390
  23. In humans, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) is a biomarker of acute kidney injury that can be quantified in urine. Preliminary investigation in cats with experimentally induced acute kidney injury showed that ...

    Authors: Aleksandra Milaszewska, Alice Defarges, Michelle Oblak, Brigitte Brisson, Gabrielle Monteith and Dorothee Bienzle
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:389
  24. Bone marrow (BM)- and adipose tissue (AT)-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have shown potential as cell-based therapies for cartilage and bone injuries and are used increasingly in human and veterinary...

    Authors: Jasmin Bagge, Lise Charlotte Berg, Jennifer Janes and James N. MacLeod
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:388
  25. Montmorillonite clay modified by organosulfur surfactants possesses high cation exchange capacity (CEC) and adsorption capacity than their unmodified form (UM), therefore they may elevate the adverse impact of...

    Authors: Yosra A. Soltan, Amr S. Morsy, Nesrein M. Hashem, Mahmoud A. I. Elazab, Mohamed A. Sultan, Amr El-Nile, Haneen N. Marey, Gomaa Abo El Lail, Nagwa El-Desoky, Nourhan S. Hosny, Ahmed M. Mahdy, Elsayed E. Hafez and Sobhy M. A. Sallam
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:387
  26. Salmonella infection in livestock and poultry causes salmonellosis, and is mainly treated using antibiotics. However, the misuse use of antibiotics often triggers the emergence of multi-drug-resistant Salmonella ...

    Authors: Shengliang Cao, Wenwen Yang, Xihui Zhu, Cheng Liu, Jianbiao Lu, Zhenshu Si, Lanying Pei, Leilei Zhang, Wensi Hu, Yanlan Li, Zhiwei Wang, Zheyu Pang, Xijuan Xue and Yubao Li
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:386
  27. Maternal gut microbiota and metabolites are associated with their offspring’s health. Our previous study showed that maternal body fat percentage increased from days 45 to 110 of gestation in a Huanjiang mini-...

    Authors: Peifeng Xie, Chengjun Hu, Md. Abul Kalam Azad, Qinghua He, Qian Zhu and Xiangfeng Kong
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:385
  28. Multiple myeloma (MM) is an uncommon neoplasm in cats. There is no established standard of treatment due to the rare occurrence of this disease in cats. Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor that serves as the ...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Tani, Ryo Miyamoto, Teruki Miyazaki, Shingo Oniki, Kyoichi Tamura and Makoto Bonkobara
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:384
  29. Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare clinical syndrome characterised by fibrosis and thickening of the peritoneum with massive adhesions of the abdominal organs. In humans, abdominal tumours, s...

    Authors: Yusuke Tsukada, Young Tae Park, Ikki Mitsui, Masahiro Murakami and Atsushi Tsukamoto
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:383
  30. Host genotype is important for enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) susceptibility. We conducted two trials to evaluate the effect of CHCF1 genotype on incidence of ETEC diarrhea. In trial 1 (n = 15 pigs), pigs were in...

    Authors: Martin Peter Rydal, Michela Gambino, Claus Bøttcher Jørgensen, Louise Ladefoged Poulsen, Lone Brøndsted and Jens Peter Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:382
  31. Natural service breeding is common in U.S. cow-calf operations. Diseases impacting bull reproductive performance have significant economic consequences for producers. Anaplasmosis may be an underappreciated ca...

    Authors: Anne C. Lovett, Emily J. Reppert, John R. Jaeger, Qing Kang, Macy R. Flowers, Naemi P. Bickmeier, Tippawan Anantatat, Shannon C. O’Day, Chance L. Armstrong and Kathryn E. Reif
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:381
  32. This study determined plasma protein electrophoresis (PPE) reference intervals in two elasmobranch species: the undulate skate (Raja undulata) and the nursehound shark (Scyliorhinus stellaris), using a reference ...

    Authors: Pablo Morón-Elorza, Carlos Rojo-Solís, Christine Steyrer, Teresa Álvaro-Álvarez, Mónica Valls-Torres, Javier Ortega, Teresa Encinas and Daniel García-Párraga
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:380
  33. Feline calicivirus (FCV), Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), and Feline herpesvirus type I (FHV-1) are the three most common pathogens in cats, and also are the main pathogens leading to the death of kittens. H...

    Authors: Jingfei Ye, Zhijie Li, Fei Yan Sun, Li Guo, Erkai Feng, Xue Bai and Yuening Cheng
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:379
  34. Due to the complexity of ruminant digestion, cannulation of organs of the digestive tract has been carried out in order to advance the understanding of digestive physiology, nutrient degradability, gastrointes...

    Authors: Heytor Jales Gurgel, Francisco Décio de Oliveira Monteiro, João Pedro Monteiro Barroso, Loise Araújo de Sousa, Gabriela Melo Alves dos Santos, Kayan da Cunha Rossy, Verena Siqueira da Silva, Camila do Espirito Santo Fernandes, Carla Rozilene Guimarães Silva, Rodrigo dos Santos Albuquerque, Luisa Pucci Bueno Borges, Luiz Henrique Vilela Araújo, Daniele Lira dos Santos, Felipe Farias Pereira da Câmara Barros and Pedro Paulo Maia Teixeira
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:378
  35. The present study evaluated the frequency of supinator sesamoid bones (SSB) on radiography and computed tomography (CT). Interobserver agreement was evaluated in the detection of the SSBs in both methods. A co...

    Authors: Yasamin Vali, Aquilino Villamonte-Chevalier, Manon Dorny, Eberhard Ludewig, Henri van Bree and Ingrid Gielen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:377
  36. This study aimed to evaluate the ameliorative effects of dietary supplementation of local bentonite clay (BN) and distillery sludge (DS) alone and in combination on ochratoxin-A (OTA) induced toxicity in broil...

    Authors: Mian Muhammad Awais, Ujala Mehtab, Muhammad Irfan Anwar, Muhammad Raza Hameed, Masood Akhtar, Ahmad Raza, Riffat Aisha, Faqir Muhammad, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi and Ahad Fayyaz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:375
  37. Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) is clinically applied to intraoperatively identify hepatic masses in humans. In addition, it is reported to be effective for assessing complete ...

    Authors: Naoki Sakurai, Kumiko Ishigaki, Kazuyuki Terai, Tatsuya Heishima, Kazuki Okada, Orie Yoshida, Yumiko Kagawa and Kazushi Asano
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:374
  38. The existing detection methods for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) specific antibodies in serum cannot determine the infection status, thus it is necessary to establish a method for detecting PCV2 antigen. Th...

    Authors: Haojie Ding, Yu Shen, Yafan Gao, Songrui Wu, ChengZuo Xie, Hao Sun, Hongli Zhang, Hongchao Sun, Ying Shan, Jianzu Ding, Bin Zheng, Shaohong Lu and Xunhui Zhuo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:373
  39. Animal diseases that are endemic like tsetse transmitted trypanosomosis cause the continuous expenditure of financial resources of livestock farmers and loss of productivity of livestock. Estimating the cost o...

    Authors: Daniel Kizza, Michael Ocaido, Anthony Mugisha, Rose Azuba, Sylvia Nalubwama, Sarah Nalule, Howard Onyuth, Simon Peter Musinguzi and Charles Waiswa
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:372
  40. Abnormal or stereotyped behaviours in dairy cows are common in large-scale indoor farms and are usually accompanied by high physiological stress levels. Feed tossing is an abnormal behaviour commonly seen in c...

    Authors: Fuyu Sun, Qingyao Zhao, Xiaoyang Chen, Guangyong Zhao and Xianhong Gu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:371
  41. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of COVID-19, has infected several animal species, including dogs, presumably via human-to-animal transmission. Most infected do...

    Authors: Miguel Padilla-Blanco, Santiago Vega, Luis Enjuanes, Alfonso Morey, Teresa Lorenzo, Clara Marín, Carmen Ivorra, Elisa Maiques, Vicente Rubio and Consuelo Rubio-Guerri
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:370
  42. Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) causes acute vomiting and diarrhea in piglets, leading to significant financial losses for the pig industry. Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is a...

    Authors: Xiao Cong, Yujun Zhu, Xinchao Liu, Yuexiao Lian, Bihong Huang, Yinzhu Luo, Youfang Gu, Miaoli Wu and Yue Shi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:369
  43. The current diagnosis of feline carpal injuries is based on radiographic examination including stress views and computed tomography; however, these techniques do not allow for direct evaluation of the carpal l...

    Authors: Rachel M. Basa, Kenneth A. Johnson and Juan M. Podadera
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:368
  44. Infectious necrotic hepatitis (INH) is typically a disease of ruminants caused by Clostridium novyi type B. Growth of the causative agent is supported by development of an anaerobic environment within the liver. ...

    Authors: Brie Trusiano, S. Michelle Todd, Sarah Barrett, Michael Ciepluch, Alexandra Fox, Diamond McClendon, Kevin K. Lahmers, Vanessa J. Oakes, Francisco Carvallo, Virginia Corrigan and Tessa E. LeCuyer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:366
  45. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are a powerful disinfectant, but little information is available on their potential use as a growth promoter and the safety margin of this. In this study, 480 1-day-old Cobb chicks...

    Authors: Asmaa F. Khafaga, Moustafa M. G. Fouda, Ali B. Alwan, Nader R. Abdelsalam, Ayman E. Taha, Mustafa S. Atta and Waleed M. Dosoky
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:365
  46. Selecting American mink (Neovison vison) for tolerance to Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) has gained popularity in recent years, but data on the outcomes of this activity are scant. The objectives of this stud...

    Authors: A. Hossain Farid, Irshad Hussain, Priyanka P. Rupasinghe, Jancy Stephen and Irin Arju
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:364
  47. It has been proposed that childhood vaccines in high-mortality populations may have substantial impacts on mortality rates that are not explained by the prevention of targeted diseases, nor conversely by typic...

    Authors: Darryn L. Knobel, Anne Conan, Felix N. Toka, Sintayehu M. Arega, Charles Byaruhanga, Eric Ogola, Erick M. O. Muok, Jan E. Crafford, Andrew L. Leisewitz, Melvyn Quan and Mary Anna Thrall
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:363
  48. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) is a major animal health hazard in many countries throughout the world, caused by bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1). The study’s goal was to evaluate the prevalence of BoHV-1 s...

    Authors: Abdelfattah Selim, Salma Shoulah, Roua A. Alsubki, Fatima M. Albohairy, Kotb A. Attia and Itoh Kimiko
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:362

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