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Retraction Note: detection and differentiation of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in ticks collected from sheep and cattle in China

  • Qingli Niu1Email author,
  • Guiquan Guan1,
  • Jifei Yang1,
  • Yuguang Fu1,
  • Zongke Xu1,
  • Youquan Li1,
  • Miling Ma1,
  • Zhijie Liu1,
  • Junlong Liu1,
  • Aihong Liu1,
  • Qiaoyun Ren1,
  • Wayne Jorgensen2,
  • Jianxun Luo1 and
  • Hong Yin1
BMC Veterinary Research20117:56

Received: 8 September 2011

Accepted: 20 September 2011

Published: 20 September 2011

The original article was published in BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:17


This article [1] has been regretfully retracted due to plagiarism by the authors. The method for the identification of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species in ticks presented in the article was originally developed and published by Sjoerd Rijpkema and colleagues [2]. The authors apologise to all affected parties for the inconvenience caused.


Authors’ Affiliations

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Key Laboratory of Grazing Animal Diseases MOA, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, China
Centre of Animal Science, QAAFI, University of Queensland, Australia


  1. Niu Q, Guan G, Yang J, Fu Y, Xu Z, Li Y, Miling Ma1, Liu Z, Liu J, Liu A, Ren Q, Jorgensen W, Luo J, Yin H: Detection and differentiation of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in ticks collected from sheep and cattle in China. BMC Veterinary Research. 2011, 7: 17-10.1186/1746-6148-7-17.PubMed CentralPubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Rijpkema SG, Molkenboer MJ, Schouls LM, Jongejan F, Schellekens JF: Simultaneous Detection and Genotyping of Three Genomic Groups of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato in Dutch Ixodes ricinus Ticks by Characterization of the Amplified Intergenic Spacer Region between 5S and 23S rRNA Genes. J Clin Microbiol. 1995, 33 (12): 3091-5.PubMed CentralPubMedGoogle Scholar


© Niu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.