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Table 3 Results of analysis on potential risk factors for Salmonella shedding by dogs in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia

From: Isolation, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and risk factors assessment of non-typhoidal Salmonella from apparently healthy and diarrheic dogs

Variables No. of Animals examined No. of Animals with Salmonella (%) χ2 value (p-value) Univariable LG analysis
Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Female 139 14 (10.1) 5.158 (0.023) 2.5 (1.1–5.5) 0.027
 Male 276 12 (4.3) *
Breed
 Local 306 20 (6.5) 0.146 (0.732) 1.2 (0.5–3.1) 0.703
 Cross 109 6 (5.5) *
Age
 Young 189 11 (5.8) 0.117 (0.732) *  
 Old 226 15 (6.6) 1.2 (0.5–2.6) 0.732
BSC
 Medium 284 14 (4.9) 3.600 (0.135) *  
 Fat 97 8 (8.2) 1.5 (0.4–5.3) 0.543
 Thin 34 4 (11.8) 2.8 (0.8–8.3) 0.115
Feeding
 Leftover 288 15 (5.2) 2.596 (0.262) *  
 Offal’s 27 3 (11.1) 1.6 (0.6–4) 0.312
 Both 100 8 (8) 1.4 (0.4–5.8) 0.612
Feed Rx
 Uncooked 31 1 (3.2) 0.527 (0.404) 2.0 (0.3–1.6) 0.478
 Mixed 384 25 (6.5) *  
Diarrheic
 No 382 21 (5.5) 4.821 (0.045)
 Yes 33 5 (15.2)
Educational status:
 Below high school 251 17 (6.8) 0.279 (0.597) 1.3 (0.5–2.9) 0.598
 High school and above 164 9 (5.5) *  
  1. No. Number, LG Logistic regression, CI Confidence Interval, BCS Body condition score, Rx Treatment
  2. *Explanatory variables