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Table 1 Values (means ± standard error) of basal glucose, basal insulin, minimum glucose, maximum glucose, mean blood glucose and median values (minimum; maximum) of K, T½, and ΔI/ΔG of the experimental groups

From: Metabolic variables of obese dogs with insulin resistance supplemented with yeast beta-glucan

Variables OG Experimental groups SOG
LG
Basal glucose (mg/dL) 106.29 ± 5.74A 81.23 ± 3.71B 87.14 ± 3.83B
Basal insulin (mUI/mL) 25.85 ± 1.23A 7.85 ± 0.42C 21.70 ± 0.67B
Minimum glucose (mg/dL) 84.00 ± 8.88A 71.57 ± 2.32A 77.57 ± 5.48A
Maximum glucose (mg/dL) 335.43 ± 34.53A 299.29 ± 22.18A 282.14 ± 22.30A
Mean blood glucose (mg/dL) 207.81 ± 21.49A 146.92 ± 10.92B 188.00 ± 16.54B
K1 (%) 81.79 (72.40; 89.90)a 11.67 (4.20; 22.30)c 75.10 (68.00; 79.50)b
T½ (minutes)2 15.00 (5.00; 15.00)a 2.50 (2.50; 7.50)b 15.00 (2.50; 15.00)a
ΔI/ΔG3 0.38 (0.20; 0.49)a 0.04 (0.02; 0.08)b 0.35 (0.25; 0.71)a
  1. Reference ranges: Glucose = 65-118mg/dL; Insulin = 5-20mUI/mL [28]. 1K. percentage of glucose disappearance; 2T½. time for glucose to reduce to half; 3ΔI/ΔG. insulinogenic index; A, B, C – Averages followed by the same uppercase letters in the rows do not differ, as determined by Student’s t-test (p < 0.05); a, b, c – Medians followed by the same lowercase letters in the rows do not differ, as determined by the Wilcoxon test (p < 0.05). OG: obese group, LG: lean group, SOG: supplemented obese group.