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Table 3 Comparison of nutrient concentration per 1000 kcal in diets for dogs with or without supplementation

From: Influence of number of ingredients, use of supplement and vegetarian or vegan preparation on the composition of homemade diets for dogs and cats

  NRC
(/1000 kcal)
FEDIAF
(/1000 kcal)
Mineral supplementation
Diets without supplement (± SD) Diets with supplement (± SD) p
Crude protein (g) 25.00 52.10 93.05 ± 34.64 79.57 ± 26.18 0.0625
Ether extract (g) 13.80 13.75 26.57 ± 16.09 30.46 ± 16.03 0.2312
Crude fiber (g) 4.51 ± 4.19 4.19 ± 3.25 0.6322
Ash (g) 3.33 ± 1.13 5.80 ± 3.92 < 0.0001
Calcium (g) 1.00 1.45 0.31 ± 0.31 1.77 ± 1.52 < 0.0001
Phosphorus (g) 0.75 1.16 1.16 ± 0.77 1.09 ± 0.61 0.1737
Ca:P1 ratio 1.00 0.26 ± 0.22 1.78 ± 1.46 < 0.0001
Potassium (g) 1.00 1.45 0.77 ± 0.33 0.85 ± 0.46 0.2923
Magnesium (g) 0.15 0.20 0.25 ± 0.11 0.19 ± 0.11 0.0844
Sodium (g) 0.20 0.29 0.35 ± 0.29 0.51 ± 0.49 0.4390
Copper (mg) 1.50 2.08 7.30 ± 6.23 11.61 ± 12.37 0.1099
Iron (mg) 7.50 10.40 9.59 ± 5.02 15.34 ± 12.25 0.1228
Manganese (mg) 1.20 1.67 3.23 ± 2.69 3.96 ± 4.09 0.8873
Selenium (μg) 87.50 87.00 1.53 ± 7.02a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.5085
Zinc (mg) 15.00 20.80 11.13 ± 6.93 14.98 ± 10.93 0.2592
  1. Legend: NRC recommended intake according to Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats [16], FEDIAF recommended intake according to Fédération Européenne de l’Industrie des Aliments pour Animaux Familiers [15], SD standard deviation; 1Ca calcium, P phosphorus
  2. aAll diets had a deficiency of this nutrient