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Table 3 Results of multivariable mixed-effects logistic regression analysis showing predictors found to be significantly associated with the seroprevalance of Brucella spp.

From: Incidence of Brucella infection in various livestock species raised under the pastoral production system in Isiolo County, Kenya

Variable Category Odds ratio (95% CI) P- value
Fixed effects
Sex
  Female 1 (Ref.)  
  Male 0.2 (0.1–0.7) 0.012
Species
  Cattle 1 (Ref.)  
  Sheep 0.1 (0.1–0.4) 0.002
  Goats 0.7 (0.3–1.9) 0.502
  Camel 1.1 (0.1–8.6) 0.945
  1. Ref reference category; CI lower and upper limits for 95% confidence intervals
  2. The estimated variance for the random effect variable (household ID) was 0.38 (SE = 0.03)