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Table 1 High pathogenicity (HPAI) and low pathogenicity (LPAI) avian influenza virus outbreaks in commercial poultry across the Murray-Darling basin and close vicinity between 1976 and 2020

From: Rainfall driven and wild-bird mediated avian influenza virus outbreaks in Australian poultry

Year Month State Location Affected stock HPAI / LPAI
subtype
Reference
1976 January Victoria Keysborough
(outer suburbs of Melbourne)
chicken, duck HPAI, H7N7 [45]
1985 May Victoria Bendigo chicken HPAI, H7N7 [45]
1992 July Victoria West Victoria duck LPAI, H3N8 [51]
1992 July Victoria Bendigo chicken, duck HPAI, H7N3 [45, 49]
1994 December Queensland Lowood chicken HPAI, H7N3 [45]
1997 November New South
Wales
Tamworth chicken,
emu
HPAI, H7N4 [45, 50]
2006 October New South
Wales
Sydney Basin chicken, duck LPAI, H6N4 [45]
2010 March New South
Wales
Sydney basin chicken LPAI, H10N7 [46]
2012 January Victoria Melbourne duck LPAI, H5N3 [47, 48]
2012 April New South
Wales
Hunter Valley turkey LPAI, H9N2 [46]
2012 April New South
Wales
North Coast duck LPAI, H4N6 [46]
2012 November New South
Wales
Hunter Valley chicken HPAI, H7N7 [46]
2013 October New South
Wales
Young chicken HPAI, H7N2 [48]
2020 July Victoria Lethbridge chicken HPAI, H7N7 [48]
2020 August Victoria Lethbridge turkey LPAI, H5N2 [48]
2020 August Victoria Kerang emu LPAI, H7N6 [48]