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Table 6 Statistical analysis (multinomial logistic regression) of the results obtained from the online questionnaire using the unvaccinated cats as the reference category

From: A survey of Italian cat owners’ attitudes towards cat vaccination through a web-based questionnaire

Question Response optiona Cat not recently vaccinated Cat recently vaccinated
p-value OR (Cl 95%) p-value OR (Cl 95%)
Origin of the cat Breeder/shop 0.196 0.303 (0.050–1.850) 0.764 1.269 (0.267–6.025)
Animal Shelter/charity/stray 0.982 0.989 (0.393–2.489) 0.628 0.819 (0.366–1.833)
Internet 0.587 0.533 (0.055–5.149) 0.602 0.651 (0.130–3.263)
Relatives/friends   1   1
Number of cats owned by respondent 1 0.302 0.644 (0.279–1.485) 0.511 0.788 (0.386–1.605)
≥ 2   1   1
Age of the cat 8 weeks – 1 year 0.001 0.020 (0.002–0.198) 0.090 2.521 (0.865–7.349)
2–4 years 0.006 0.151 (0.039–0.585) < 0.001 7.789 (2.650–22.897)
5–9 years 0.584 1.307 (0.500–3.416) 0.055 2.567 (0.980–6.727)
≥ 10 years   1   1
Indoor/outdoor access Indoor only 0.063 2.229 (0.956–5.194) 0.138 1.756 (0.834–3.697)
Indoor and outdoor   1   1
Previous cat’s experience Cattery/cat shows 0.133 6.376 (0.568–71.585) 0.092 7.656 (0.716–81.821)
Travel 0.575 1.347 (0.476–3.811) 0.284 1.670 (0.654–4.265)
None   1   1
Importance of factors influencing the vaccinated cats’ owners Cost Important 0.447 0.702 (0.282–1.748) 0.042 0.441 (0200–0.971)
Unimportant   1   1
Veterinarian’s advice Important 0.666 1.357 (0.339–5.433) 0.128 2.729 (0.748–9.957)
Unimportant   1   1
Time necessary to vaccinate the cat Important 0.781 0.860 (0.296–2.496) 0.124 0.463 (0.173–1.235)
Unimportant   1   1
Cat’s lifestyle Important 0.362 1.645 (0.564–4.795) 0.242 0.587 (0.241–1.433)
Unimportant   1   1
Infectious diseases’ level of risk Important 0.396 0.507 (0.106–2.433) 0.816 1.182 (0.290–4.813)
Unimportant   1   1
Duration Of Immunity (DOI) test knowledge Yes 0.348 1.566 (0.614–3.993) 0.295 1.554 (0.681–3.550)
No   1   1
Possible use of DOI test Yes 0.822 0.899 (0.356–2.271) 0.226 1.679 (0.725–3.890)
No   1   1
Age of respondent 17–20 years 0.304 3.184 (0.351–28.925) 0.244 2.938 (0.479–18.029)
21–49 years 0.424 1.557 (0.526–4.605) 0.072 2.429 (0.925–6.378)
≥ 50 years   1   1
Level of education of respondent Primary/middle school certificate 0.632 0.460 (0.019–10.966) 0.739 1.657 (0.085–32.292)
High school certificate 0.377 0.691 (0.304–1.570) 0.193 0.621 (0.303–1.272)
Bachelor/Master/PhD   1   1
Job of respondent Other 0.018 0.293 (0.106–0.810) 0.257 0.590 (0.237–1.469)
Student 0.883 0.834 (0.075–9.245) 0.876 0.830 (0.080–8.606)
Healthcare   1   1
Annual household income of respondent ≤ 9000 € 0.628 0.651 (0.114–3.702) 0.032 0.199 (0.045–0.868)
10–29,000 € 0.556 1.473 (0.406–5.345) 0.121 0.409 (0.132–1.265)
30–49,000 € 0.094 3.459 (0.810–14.780) 0.405 1.715 (0.481–6.109)
≥ 50,000 €   1   1
Children (≤ 13 years old) in the household of respondent Yes 0.533 0.723 (0.260–2.008) 0.693 0.843 (0.361–1.968)
No   1   1
  1. Significant results (p < 0.05) are reported in bold
  2. Cl Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio
  3. aThe word “Unimportant” combines the answers “not important” and “not very important” - The word “Important” combines the answers “important” and “very important”