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Table 3 Results from multivariable logistic regression models of associations between reporting of health disorders and cat diet type, with confounders (age, breed type, sex, body condition score) controlled for

From: A cross-sectional study of owner-reported health in Canadian and American cats fed meat- and plant-based diets

Health Disorder Variable Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value
Cardiac Age 1.15 1.045–1.258 0.004
Breed type, DLH 3.58 1.006–12.700 0.003
Diet, PB 0.69 0.152–3.162 0.636
Diet, PB+MB/H
Dental Age 1.11 1.070–1.152 <  0.001
Diet, PB 0.84 0.495–1.434 0.528
Diet, PB+MB/H 0.51 0.287–0.891 0.018
Dermatological Age 1.08 1.038–1.129 <  0.001
Diet, PB 0.79 0.415–1.512 0.480
Diet, PB+MB/H 0.64 0.337 0 1.215 0.172
Endocrine Age 1.37 1.234–1.519 <  0.001
BCS, 3 0.13 0.030–0.561 <  0.001
BCS, 5 0.07 0.018–0.272 <  0.001
BCS, 7 0.07 0.015–0.315 0.001
BCS, 9 0.05 0.008–0.359 0.003
Diet, PB 0.57 0.156–2.113 0.248
Diet, PB+MB/H 0.47 0.131–0.356 0.404
GI and hepatic Age 1.09 1.049–1.140 <  0.001
Diet, PB 0.16 0.051–0.530 0.003
Diet, PB+MB/H 0.53 0.273–1.028 0.060
Lower urinary tract Age 1.10 1.057–1.152 <  0.001
Sex, male 2.88 1.836–4.518 <  0.001
Diet, PB 0.96 0.508–1.827 0.908
Diet, PB+MB/H 1.20 0.678–2.127 0.534
Neoplasia Age 1.32 1.180–1.487 <  0.001
Diet, PB 1.10 0.228–5.305 0.907
Diet, PB+MB/H 1.83 0.543–6.194 0.329
Neurological Diet, PB 1.14 0.326–4.014 0.834
Diet, PB+MB/H   
Obesity BCS, 9 8.50 1.064–67.940 0.041
Diet, PB 0.84 0.360–1.977 0.695
Diet, PB+MB/H 0.74 0.347–1.582 0.438
Ocular Breed type, mix 3.66 1.609–8.321 0.003
Diet, PB 0.64 0.218–1.849 0.406
Diet, PB+MB/H 0.11 0.015–0.923 0.027
Renal Age 1.30 1.196–1.411 <  0.001
Diet, PB 0.16 0.021–1.250 0.081
Diet, PB+MB/H 0.27 0.061–1.168 0.080
  1. Referent categories: Breed type = domestic shorthair, Diet = meat-based, BCS = 1, sex = female
  2. DLH domestic longhair, PB plant-based, PB+MB/H plant-based with animal-derived treats/snacks/supplements and/or ability to hunt, BCS body condition score. Odds ratios for categories with insufficient numbers could not be computed (−)