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Table 2 Univariable model for risk factors for the occurrence of FMD outbreaks in herds raised in Eastern Rwanda

From: Risk factors for the incursion, spread and persistence of the foot and mouth disease virus in Eastern Rwanda

Parameter description Estimate Standard error Significance Odds ratio
Natural breeding 0.486 0.3876 0.21 1.626
Artificial insemination 0    
Vaccinate calves under 12 months − 0.347 0.1738 0.046 0.707
Not vaccinating calves under 12 months 0    
Presence of small ruminants 0.406 0.291 0.163 1.501
Absence of small ruminants 0    
Farm adjacent to another −0.257 0.583 0.659 0.773
Farm isolated 0    
Not zero-grazing −0.204 0.186 0.274 0.816
Zero-grazing 0    
Farm fenced −0.255 0.712 0.720 0.775
Farm not fenced 0    
Farm adjacent to the park −1.255 0.571 0.028 0.285
Farm not adjacent to the park 0