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Table 3 Urinalysis results of Bernese Mountain dogs and control dogs

From: Changes in renal parameters and their association with subclinical vector-borne infections in Bernese Mountain dogs

Variable Bernese mountain dogs
(n = 197)
Control dogs
(n = 57)
p-value
USGa, (median, range) 1.030 (1.004–1.050) 1.029 (1.008–1.048) 0.684
Proteinb (median, range) + (neg - +++) Neg (neg - ++) 0.108
pHb (median, range) 6 (5–9) 6 (5–8) 0.277
Bilirubin b (median, range) Neg (neg – ++) Neg (neg – +) 0.204
Glucoseb (median, range) Neg (neg – 2) Neg (neg – 2) 0.566
Bloodb Neg (neg – ++++) Neg (neg – +++) 0.163
WBCs/ hpf (median, range) Neg (neg – 22) Neg (neg – 22) 0.906
UPC mean +/− SD (n = 189) (n = 56)  
0.32 +/− 0.853 0.08 +/−  0.127 < 0.001
  1. bold = significant difference
  2. neg negative, SD standard deviation
  3. a Urine specific gravity was determined by a hand refractometer
  4. b Protein, bilirubin, pH, glucose, blood were analysed by dipstick analysis
  5. c Urine protein and creatinine were measured with an automated analyser