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Table 3 Frequency of gastrointestinal parasite morphotypes in mammal faecal samples from Itatiaia National Park, Brazil

From: Non-invasive sampling in Itatiaia National Park, Brazil: wild mammal parasite detection

Morphotypes of helminth and protozoan structures Chrysocyon brachyurus (n = 97) Canis familiaris (n = 13) Cerdocyon thous (n = 2) Leopardus guttulus (n = 52) Puma yagouaroundi (n = 2) Leopardus pardalis (n = 1) Puma concolor (n = 1) Order Carnivora US (n = 45) Sus
scrofa (n = 12)
Order Artiodactyla US (n = 19) Total (n = 244)
Helminths
 Family Ascarididae 25 (25.8%) 4 (30.8%) 1 (50%) 20 (38.5%) 1 (50%) 21 (46.7%) 4 (33.3%) 75 (30.8%)
  Morphotype 1 - C: 92.5 ± 5.8 × 81.4 × 7.1; F: 92.5 ± 6 × 81.4 × 6.2; S: 88.8 ± 8.7 × 85.1 × 7.6 20 (20.6%) 2 (15.4%) 1 (50%) 19 (36.5%) 1 (50%) 15 (33.3%) 3 (25%) 61 (25%)
  Morphotype 2 - C: 111 ± 18.5 × 107.3 ± 23.2; F: 107.3 ± 8.9 × 83.2 ± 12.9 1 (8.3%) 1 (0.4%)
  Morphotype 3 - S: 114.7 ± 4.8 × 74 ± 1.6 11 (11.3%) 3 (23.1%) 10 (19.2%) 4 (8.9%) 29 (11.9%)
Trichuris sp. 19 (19.6%) 4 (7.7%) 2 (100%) 6 (13.3%) 31 (12.7%)
  Morphotype 1 - C: 88.8 ± 8 × 37 ± 2.8; F: 81.4 ± 4.5 × 40.7 ± 4.2 12 (12.4%) 1 (1.9%) 2 (100%) 5 (11.1%) 18 (7.4%)
  Morphotype 2 - C: 107.3 ± 7.3 × 40.7 ± 4.9; F: 107.3 ± 7.6 × 42.5 ± 3.7 10 (10.3%) 4 (7.7%) 2 (4.4%) 18 (7.4%)
Capillaria sp. 14 (14.4%) 11 (21.1%) 1 (50%) 1 (100%) 2 (4.4%) 29 (11.9%)
  Morphotype 1 - C: 85.1 ± 5.1 × 44.4 ± 4.9; F: 85.1 ± 6.4 × 44.4 ± 3.9 8 (8.2%) 6 (11.5%) 1 (50%) 1 (100%) 15 (6.1%)
  Morphotype 2 - C:99.9 ± 8.1 × 44.4 ± 6.1; F: 101.7 ± 5.6 × 51.8 ± 6.5 9 (9.3%) 10 (19.2%) 1 (100%) 2 (4.4%) 23 (9.4%)
 Nematode larvae 13 (13.4%) 5 (9.6%) 1 (100%) 6 (13.3%) 1 (8.3%) 5 (26.3%) 31 (12.7%)
 Thin-shelled nematode egg 9 (9.3%) 3 (23.1%) 1 (50%) 4 (7.7%) 4 (8.9%) 2 (16.7%) 1 (5.3%) 24 (9.8%)
  Morphotype 1 - C: 85.1 ± 4.2 × 55.5 ± 3.7; F: 96.2 × 40.7 7 (7.2%) 1 (7.7%) 1 (1.9%) 3 (6.7%) 12 (4.9%)
  Morphotype 2 - C: 107.3 ± 5.5 × 57.3 ± 4.8; F: 109.1 ± 2.6 × 85.1 ± 31.4; S: 172 ± 29.8 × 79.5 ± 10.6 2 (2.1%) 1 (7.7%) 1 (50%) 3 (5.8%) 1 (2.2%) 2 (16.7%) 10 (4.1%)
  Morphotype 3 - C: 92.5 ± 6.1 × 55.5 ± 5.6 1 (7.7%) 1 (5.3%) 2 (0.8%)
Physaloptera sp.- C: 70.3 ± 10 × 46.2 ± 9.7; F: 70.3 × 51.8 9 (9.3%) 1 (1.9%) 2 (4.4%) 12 (4.9%)
 Family Diphyllobothriidae - C:88.8 ± 9.3 × 48.1 ± 6.3; F: 85.1 ± 7.1 × 48.1 ± 4 31 (32%) 1 (50%) 10 (19.2%) 10 (22.2%) 52 (21.3%)
 Order Cyclophyllidea 4 (4.1%) 1 (7.7%) 1 (1.9%) 2 (4.4%) 8 (3.3%)
  Morphotype 1 - C: 83.2 ± 8.1 × 77.7 ± 12.3; F: 81.4 ± 15.7 × 75.8 ± 7.8 3 (3.1%) 1 (7.7%) 1 (1.9%) 2 (4.4%) 7 (2.9%)
  Morphotype 2 - C: 48.1 × 37 1 (1%) 1 (0.4%)
 Family Dicrocoeliidae - C: 55.5 ± 11.3 × 33.3 ± 3.7; F: 51.8 ± 1.5 × 33.3 ± 3.3 5 (5.1%) 3 (5.8%) 2 (4.4%) 10 (4.1%)
 Phylum Acanthocephala 1 (2.2%) 1 (0.4%)
  Morphotype 1–88.8 ± 9.5 × 74 ± 3.3 1 (2.2%) 1 (0.4%)
  Morphotype 2–85.1 × 66.7 1 (2.2%) 1 (0.4%)
 Helminths positive samples 72 (74.2%) 7 (53.8%) 1 (50%) 35 (67.3%) 2 (100%) 1 (100%) 1 (100%) 31 (68.9%) 5 (41.7%) 5 (26.3%) 161 (66%)
Protozoa
 Non-sporulated coccidian 9 (9.3%) 1 (2.2%) 10 (4.1%)
  Morphotype 1 - C: 25.9 ± 2.4 × 22.2 ± 2.5 7 (7.2%) 7 (2.9%)
  Morphotype 2 - C: 37 ± 6.9 × 33.3 ± 5.6 5 (5.1%) 5 (2%)
Eimeria sp. - S: 37 × 37 1 (8.3%) 1 (0.4%)
Balantioides coli - S: 48.1 ± 38.8 × 44.4 ± 35.5 2 (16.7%) 4 (21%) 6 (2.4%)
 Amoebae - C: 18.5 ± 5.8 × 18.5 ± 3.6; F: 18.5 ± 3.2 × 18.5 ± 2 2 (2.1%) 1 (1.9%) 3 (1.2%)
Cryptosporidium sp. coproantigens 13 (13.4%) 2 (15.4%) 2 (100%) 14 (26.9%) 1 (50%) 1 (100%) 9 (20%) 10 (83.3%) 15 (78.9%) 67 (27.4%)
 Protozoan positive samples 22 (22.7%) 2 (15.4%) 2 (100%) 15 (28.8%) 1 (50%) 1 (100%) 10 (22.2%) 10 (83.3%) 17 (89.5%) 81 (33.2%)
Total positive samples 79 (81.4%) 8 (61.5%) 2 (100%) 43 (82.7%) 2 (200%) 1 (100%) 1 (100%) 35 (77.8%) 10 (83.3%) 17 (89.5%) 198 (81.1%)