Skip to main content

Table 8 The prevalence of Enterococcus-associated vancomycin resistance genes in healthy racing pigeons

From: Prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility and virulence factors of Enterococcus species in racing pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica)

Enterococcus spp.No. of isolatesNumber (%) of isolates harbouring the van gene
vanAvanBvanC1vanC2-C3
E. columbae5005 (10%)8 (16%)1 (2%)
E. hirae30004 (13.3%)6 (20%)*↑
E. faecium17002 (11.8%)0 (0%)
E. faecalis17002 (11.8%)0 (0%)
E. gallinarum13009 (69.2%)*↑0 (0%)
E. mundtii7000 (0%)0 (0%)
E. casseliflavus5000 (0%)5 (100%)*↑
E. cecorum3002 (66.7%)0 (0%)
E. durans3000 (0%)0 (0%)
Total14505 (3.4%)27 (18.6%)12 (8.3%)
  1. * significantly higher percentage of isolates with van gene at α = 0.05
\