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Table 2 Median and range of arterial (a) and venous (v) blood parameters (bicarbonate (HCO3), base excess (BE), sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca2+), chloride (Cl), and glucose) at 0, 60, 120, 180, and 240 min perfusion, p-values are reported if arterial and venous blood parameters are significantly different

From: Establishment of a model for equine small intestinal disease: effects of extracorporeal blood perfusion of equine ileum on metabolic variables and histological morphology – an experimental ex vivo study

time (min)060120180240
 median (range)Pmedian (range)Pmedian (range)Pmedian (range)Pmedian (range)P
HCO3- a (mmol/L)22.8 (19.3–24.5)0.00321.1 (20.3–25)0.01122.7 (19.7–25.5)0.02322.6 (20.7–25.2)0.03322.2 (19.9–27.1) 
HCO3- v (mmol/L)23.6 (21.4–24.7)24.2 (21–25.1)23.5 (21.4–26.6)22.4 (22.3–26.4)22.9 (21.4–29.9)
BE a (mmol/L)−2.3 (−7.6--0.9)<0.001−3.9 (−8.3--2.3) −3.5 (−9.3--2) −5 (−6.1--0.8) −2.7 (−8.2–0.1) 
BE v (mmol/L)−5.3 (−7.4--4.4)−3.8 (−8.4--2.9)−4.4 (−9--1.6)−4.9 (− 7.5--2.2)− 5.1 (− 7.3--1.3)
Na + a (mmol/L)135.3 (132–138.8)0.001138.9 (132.6–140.5)<0.001139 (131.6–141.7)<0.001140.65 (135.1–152)0.002138 (137.2–146)0.001
Na + v (mmol/L)140.6 (134.8–144)143.5 (138.7–144.3)143.6 (138.7–148.2)145.8 (137.2–154)146.5 (140–152)
K+ a (mmol/L)5.76 (4.66–6.8) 5.61 (4.91–6.43) 5.73 (4.46–6.19) 5.62 (4.47–6.95) 5.86 (4.71–6.89)0.049
K+ v (mmol/L)6.43 (5.05–9.6)5.49 (4.46–7.09)5.54 (4.46–6.55)5.76 (4.66–7.18)6.6 (4.91–7.6)
Ca2+ a (mmol/L)1.48 (1.4–1.62) 1.52 (1.41–1.59) 1.5 (1.41–1.62)0.031.53 (1.43–1.63)0.0171.53 (1.44–1.68)0.012
Ca2+ v (mmol/L)1.49 (1.42–1.59)1.51 (1.44–1.61)1.53 (1.44–1.63)1.55 (1.47–1.63)1.56 (1.46–1.68)
Cl- a (mmol/L)105.8 (102.2–108.8)0.001107.2 (101.7–110.3)0.001109.4 (101.6–114) 107.6 (101.3–113)0.006107.6 (101.9–111.5)0.003
Cl- v (mmol/L)110.4 (106.5–114.2)109.3 (102.6–112.6)109.9 (101.8–113.8)111.1 (102.1–114.1)110.9 (101.5–113.2)
glucose a (mmol/L)85 (76–105)0.005116 (93–141)<0.001112 (95–187)0.002121 (85–190)0.019105 (92–176)0.026
glucose v (mmol/L)162 (126–339)136 (117–178)142 (111–208)145 (107–219)121 (100–201)