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Table 4 Biochemical profile in control group and Leishmania infantum infected equines and canines

From: Assessment of Leishmania infantum infection in equine populations in a canine visceral leishmaniosis transmission area

  Control Group Infected Group p- value Control Group Infected Group p- value
(X±SD) (X±SD)   (X±SD) (X±SD)  
Equine Samples Canine Samples
AST (Ul/L) 243.60 ± 129.49 218.64 ± 46.41 0.55b 7.83 ± 3.86 12.71 ± 9.19 0.28a
GGT (Ul/L) 20.77 ± 12.49 15.91 ± 4.94 0.30 b 5.57 ± 2.07 6.17 ± 3.06 0.68 a
Creatinine (mg/dL) 1.20 ± 0.26 1.22 ± 0.31 0.96 b 1.14 ± 0.25 1.15 ± 0.53 0.95 a
Urea (mg/dL) 48.31 ± 11.46 57.52 ± 13.61 0.01a* 24.00 ± 2.12 28.04 ± 19.90 0.96 a
Total Protein (g/dl) 9.82 ± 0.99 9.35 ± 0.97 0.14 a 6.55 ± 0.94 7.16 ± 0.99 0.22 a
CK (Ul/L) 387.85 ± 212.38 365.91 ± 171.44 0.87 b - -  
ALB (g/dl) 4.08 ± 0.49 4.06 ± 0.50 0.91a 2.55 ± 0.50 2.27 ± 0.37 0.23 a
Globulin (g/dl) 5.73 ± 1.21 5.29 ± 1.16 0.28 b 3.99 ± 1.31 4.98 ± 1.29 0.16 a
Gamma Globulin 18.81 ± 3.81 19.35 ± 4.89 0.67 a 1.15 ± 0.41 1.61 ± 0.92 0.31a
A/G 0.75 ± 0.22 0.63 ± 0.22 0.29 a 0.75 ± 0.42 0.49 ± 0.18 0.17 a
  1. X Mean, SD Standard Deviation; *The difference was considered significant when P value less than 0.05; a Student T test; b Wilcoxon test. Reference values for equine specie; AST: 120-480; GGT: 10-62; Creatinine: 0.96-1.3; Urea: 21.6-51; Total Protein: 5.8-8.7; CK: 40-280; ALB: 2.6 – 3.8; Globulin: 2.5 – 4.1; Gglobulin: No reference values were found in the literature. A/G: 0.5-1.7; Reference values for canine specie: AST: 23-66; GGT: 1.2-6.4; Creatinine: 0.5-1.5; Urea: 15-65; Total Protein: 5.4-7.1; ALB: 2.6 – 3.3; Globulin: 2.5 – 4.1; Gglobulin: 0.8-1.8; A/G: 0.5-1.7