Skip to main content

Table 2 The effect of TC (41 °C for 6 h; Post- Hatch Day 28) during 4 time terminals (at 0, 1, 3 and 5 h of TC) on relative mRNA expression of Hsp108, Hsp90, HSF-1 and HSF-2 in the Muscle of broiler chicks subjected to different TM protocols at ED 12–18 (n = 5)

From: Basal and dynamics mRNA expression of muscular HSP108, HSP90, HSF-1 and HSF-2 in thermally manipulated broilers during embryogenesis

Parameters Groups Treatments
  Control TM1 TM2 TM3 TM4
Hsp108 TN 1.00 ± 0.04aw 6.55 ± 0.70bw 2.15 ± 0.06cw 2.04 ± 0.14cw 2.89 ± 0.19dw
  TC 1 11.32 ± 0.50ax 8.11 ± 0.22bx 14.57 ± 0.13cx 11.37 ± 0.04ax 13.18 ± 0.16dx
  TC 3 15.74 ± 0.02ay 21.56 ± 0.06by 13.18 ± 0.25cy 13.77 ± 0.24cy 31.36 ± 0.62dy
  TC 5 14.81 ± 0.24az 7.96 ± 0.19bz 12.60 ± 0.05cz 14.39 ± 0.19az 9.15 ± 0.04dz
Hsp90 TN 1.00 ± 0.06aw 4.94 ± 0.36bw 2.35 ± 0.05cw 2.06 ± 0.04cw 2.83 ± 0.12dw
  TC 1 11.74 ± 0.60ax 7.68 ± 0.10bx 13.99 ± 0.07cx 11.18 ± 0.20ax 12.67 ± 0.20dx
  TC 3 17.35 ± 0.49ay 20.41 ± 0.59by 13.32 ± 0.29cx 13.52 ± 0.28cy 30.22 ± 0.92dy
  TC 5 15.47 ± 0.16az 7.54 ± 0.08bx 12.10 ± 0.14cy 13.22 ± 0.08dy 8.97 ± 0.25ez
HSF-1 TN 1.00 ± 0.08 aw 1.16 ± 0.08aw 1.95 ± 0.07bw 1.02 ± 0.05aw 1.40 ± 0.08cw
  TC 1 2.07 ± 0.04ax 2.52 ± 0.12bx 2.23 ± 0.02cx 1.83 ± 0.01dx 1.94 ± 0.06ax
  TC 3 3.93 ± 0.11ay 2.24 ± 0.03bx 1.82 ± 0.07cw 1.23 ± 0.01dw 3.09 ± 0.03ey
  TC 5 1.67 ± 0.04ax 1.68 ± 0.04ay 2.83 ± 0.02by 1.99 ± 0.04cx 3.45 ± 0.05dz
HSF-2 TN 1.00 ± 0.04aw 3.79 ± 0.33bw 1.57 ± 0.04cw 1.40 ± 0.07cw 2.23 ± 0.07dw
  TC 1 2.26 ± 0.06ax 2.72 ± 0.10bx 3.08 ± 0.02cx 1.43 ± 0.01dw 3.33 ± 0.07ex
  TC 3 3.14 ± 0.04ay 2.17 ± 0.01by 1.61 ± 0.02cw 2.70 ± 0.02dx 5.72 ± 0.09ey
  TC 5 3.01 ± 0.07ay 5.27 ± 0.25bz 2.93 ± 0.03ax 3.18 ± 0.15ay 3.99 ± 0.06cz
  1. TC Thermal challenged, TM thermal manipulation, TN Naїve (thermal-neutral). Control = 37.8°C; TM1 = Thermal manipulation at 38.5°C for 18 h; TM2 = Thermal manipulation at 39 °C for 18 h; TM3 = Thermal manipulation at 39.5°C for 18 h; TM4 = Thermal manipulation at 40 °C for 18 h
  2. a–ewithin rows, means ± SD with different superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  3. w-zBetween naïve and TC chicks within a parameter, means ± SD with different superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)