Skip to main content

Table 1 Management practices and veterinary delivery services in ruminants, Western Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia (2015–2016)

From: A preliminary survey of major diseases of ruminants and management practices in Western Tigray province, northern Ethiopia

Management characteristics and practices Agro ecology
Lowland count (%) Midland count (%) Highland count (%)
Housing (cattle)
 Open air at grazing areas 24 (42.9) 1 (2.6)
 Open air around home stead 20 (35.7) 21 (80.8) 29 (74.4)
 Fenced 11 (19.6) 3 (11.5) 7 (17.9)
 Corrugated iron with stone wall
 Thatched roof with mad wall 1 (1.8) 2 (7.7) 2 (5.1)
Housing (Shoats)
 Open air at grazing areas 6 (10.7)
 Open air around home stead 5 (8.9) 2 (7.7) 1 (2.6)
 Fenced 19 (33.9) 14 (53.8) 22 (56.4)
 Corrugated iron with stone wall
 Thatched roof with mad wall 6 (10.7) 2 (7.7) 1 (2.6)
 Sesame seed cake 2 (3.6)
Feeding system/supplementation 2 (3.6) 2 (7.7) 3 (7.7)
 Sesame seed cake 2 (3.6)
 Improved forage 2 (3.6) 2 (7.7) 3 (7.7)
 Free grazing 38 (67.9) 24 (92.3) 36 (92.3)
 Sorghum seed coat 12 (21.4)
 Sesame seed coat 2 (3.6)
Veterinary service for ruminants when get sick
 Take to clinic 25 (44.6) 12 (46.2) 12 (35.9)
 Treat personally with modern medicine 12 (21.4) 1 (3.8)
 Take to traditional healer 6 (10.7) 4 (15.4) 7 (17.9)
 Use personally traditional medicine 12 (21.4) 3 (11.5) 7 (17.9)
 Take to clinic & Use personally traditional medicine 1 (1.8) 4 (15.4) 5 (12.8)
 Take to clinic & Treat personally with modern medicine 2 (7.7) 6 (15.4)
 Slaughter
Access to veterinary service
 Governmental veterinary clinic 25 (44.6) 10 (38.5) 18 (46.2)
 Private veterinary clinic 7 (12.5) 1 (3.8)
 Shop or market 17 (30.4) 9 (34.6) 15 (38.5)
 Governmental and private 4 (7.1) 5 (19.2) 3 (7.7)
 Governmental and shop or market 2 (3.6) 1 (3.8) 3 (7.7)
 Governmental, private and shop or market 1 (1.8)
Distance to nearest veterinary service
  < 1 km 3 (5.6) 1 (3.8) 2 (5.1)
 1–5 km 23 (42.6) 8 (30.8) 7 (17.9)
 6–10 km 14 (25.9) 7 (26.9) 13 (33.3)
  > 10 km 14 (25.9) 10 (38.5) 17 (43.6)
Reasons for loss of ruminants
 Predators 5 (8.9) 1 (2.6)
 Disease incidents 39 (39.6) 15 (57.7) 20 (51.3)
 Poisoning 1 (3.8) 4 (10.3)
 Drought 4 (7.1) 1 (3.8)
 Disease and drought 5 (8.9) 7 (26.9) 13 (33.3)
 Disease and predator 2 (7.7) 1 (2.6)