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Table 4 Orthogonal factor loadings for owner attitudea

From: Quality of life and owner attitude to dog overweight and obesity in Thailand and the Netherlands

  Orthogonal factors
FCB
Scale/Subscale/Question number   OC    OE   AK   FP    OE
  ECB OC EB DB AK VE VE OC DC LK DB
Item Fac1 Fac2 Fac3 Fac4 Fac5 Fac6 Fac7 Fac8 Fac9 Fac10 Fac11
Eigenvalue   11.22 3.73 2.63 2.20 2.10 1.95 1.52 1.44 1.31 1.17 1.00
% of the total variance   26.7 8.9 6.3 5.2 5.0 4.6 3.6 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.4
Attitude in feeding
Ambivalence about knowledge (AK)
 Q35: I don’t know how much food to feed my dog. -0.144 0.127 0.139 0.227 0.691 0.191 -0.107 0.009 0.039 0.223 0.027
 Q36: I don’t know what type of food to feed my dog. -0.124 0.101 0.027 0.150 0.778 0.181 -0.101 0.077 0.045 0.174 -0.028
 Q37: I don’t know how many times a day I should feed my dog. -0.101 0.064 -0.018 0.101 0.807 0.026 -0.037 0.116 0.050 0.190 0.082
 Q38: It’s important that I feed my dog the appropriate type of food. 0.210 -0.078 -0.040 -0.077 -0.125 -0.839 -0.082 -0.112 -0.090 -0.114 -0.092
 Q39: It’s important that I feed my dog the appropriate number of times a day. 0.177 -0.138 -0.038 -0.161 -0.086 -0.840 -0.051 -0.139 -0.097 -0.105 -0.056
Feed to please (FP)
 Q40: It’s important that I feed my dog whenever he/she likes. -0.049 0.005 0.057 0.107 0.026 0.158 -0.070 0.778 0.088 0.140 0.094
 Q41: It’s important that I feed my dog whatever he/she likes. -0.069 0.068 0.081 0.318 0.160 0.021 -0.074 0.695 0.242 -0.017 -0.063
 Q42: It’s important that I feed my dog as much as he/she wants. -0.116 0.066 0.003 0.227 0.043 0.304 -0.001 0.690 0.240 0.066 -0.038
Owner-centred / External barrier (OE)
 Q43: My dog is overfed because he/she always wants food. -0.220 0.176 0.005 0.546 0.076 -0.004 -0.115 0.265 0.004 0.061 0.255
 Q44: My dog isn’t given the appropriate type of food because others feed the dog. -0.197 0.129 0.141 0.114 -0.014 0.108 -0.001 0.060 0.038 0.023 0.800
 Q45: I feed my dog inappropriate types of food because he/she likes that kind of food. -0.199 0.110 0.161 0.655 0.100 0.197 -0.054 -0.024 0.147 0.144 0.165
 Q46: My dog isn’t fed the appropriate number of times per day because others feed him/her. -0.040 0.076 0.334 0.240 0.048 0.079 -0.085 -0.054 0.101 0.086 0.690
Dog-centred barriers (DB)
 Q47: I feed my dog inappropriate food because I like to spoil him/her. -0.091 0.224 0.053 0.752 0.198 0.101 -0.005 0.142 0.008 0.067 0.079
 Q48: My dog is overfed because I indulge him/her. -0.229 0.175 0.050 0.718 0.182 0.040 -0.058 0.275 -0.014 0.147 0.041
 Q49: I feed my dog inappropriate food because appropriate food is too expensive. -0.018 0.270 -0.069 0.308 0.243 -0.133 -0.055 0.276 -0.028 0.023 0.371
Control belief (FCB)
 Q50: Overall, how much control do you feel you have over the amount you feed your dog. 0.615 0.004 -0.098 -0.307 -0.206 -0.146 0.186 -0.181 -0.078 -0.040 -0.163
 Q51: Overall, how much control do you feel you have over the type of food you feed your dog. 0.553 0.023 -0.118 -0.191 -0.244 -0.132 0.261 -0.173 -0.056 -0.106 -0.275
 Q52: Overall, how much control do you feel you have over the number of times you feed your dog during the day. 0.537 0.123 -0.084 -0.268 -0.281 -0.058 0.270 -0.096 0.002 -0.096 -0.292
Attitude in exercise
Value exercise (VE)
 Q53: It’s important that I exercise my dog the appropriate number of times a week. 0.166 -0.177 -0.002 -0.021 -0.028 0.036 0.822 0.045 0.076 -0.072 0.003
 Q54: It’s important that I give my dog the appropriate type of exercise. 0.102 -0.131 -0.066 -0.090 -0.066 -0.010 0.838 0.012 0.029 -0.143 -0.021
 Q55: It’s important to me that my dog is fit. -0.044 -0.068 0.040 0.024 -0.116 0.057 0.729 -0.120 0.136 0.058 -0.151
 Q56: My dog doesn’t need exercise. -0.200 -0.026 0.020 0.020 0.165 0.747 0.067 0.167 0.120 0.190 0.018
 Q57: It is important that I exercise my dog for the appropriate length of time. -0.045 -0.082 -0.069 -0.154 -0.001 0.218 0.485 -0.064 0.190 0.268 0.151
Lack of knowledge (LK)
 Q58: I don’t know how often I should exercise my dog. -0.235 0.163 0.103 0.136 0.348 0.184 -0.035 0.180 0.067 0.697 0.053
 Q59: I don’t know the appropriate length of time my dog should be exercised. -0.270 0.175 0.106 0.158 0.288 0.174 -0.054 0.129 0.056 0.762 0.067
 Q60: I don’t know what type of exercise to give my dog. -0.197 0.187 0.088 0.182 0.304 0.222 0.000 0.073 0.034 0.760 0.050
Dog centred (DC)
 Q61: It’s important that I exercise my dog as frequently as he/she wants. -0.125 0.011 0.009 0.050 -0.046 0.215 0.130 0.188 0.768 0.096 0.040
 Q62: It’s important that I exercise my dog for as long as he/she wants. -0.054 0.039 -0.038 -0.015 0.082 -0.014 0.079 0.105 0.880 0.082 0.010
 Q63: It’s important that I give my dog the type of exercise that he/she likes. -0.081 -0.048 0.058 0.067 0.063 0.099 0.117 0.068 0.793 -0.051 0.050
Owner centred (OC)
 Q64: I don’t exercise my dog frequently enough because I don’t like to. -0.121 0.834 0.043 0.139 0.155 0.057 -0.111 0.000 -0.014 0.064 0.075
 Q65: I don’t exercise my dog for long enough because I don’t like to. -0.107 0.848 0.098 0.154 0.174 0.065 -0.104 0.031 0.033 0.043 0.054
 Q66: I don’t give my dog the appropriate type of exercise because I don’t like to. -0.161 0.816 0.099 0.176 -0.008 0.028 -0.134 0.041 0.009 0.119 0.013
 Q67: I don’t give my dog the appropriate kind of exercise because he/she doesn’t like that type of exercise. -0.075 0.600 0.151 0.311 -0.103 0.061 -0.217 0.047 0.047 0.176 0.046
 Q68: I don’t exercise my dog as frequently as I should because he/she is badly behaved. -0.105 0.412 0.256 -0.147 0.245 0.030 0.006 0.237 -0.139 -0.288 0.219
 Q69: I don’t exercise my dog as frequently as I should because I don’t have time. -0.460 0.509 0.111 -0.109 0.030 0.027 0.008 0.238 -0.051 0.202 0.173
 Q70: I don’t give my dog the appropriate type of exercise because I don’t have access to appropriate areas. -0.428 0.299 0.015 -0.148 0.126 0.097 0.100 0.477 -0.113 0.141 0.209
External barrier (EB)
 Q71: My dog isn’t exercised frequently enough because other people exercise it. -0.126 0.123 0.918 0.034 0.027 0.044 0.001 0.042 -0.021 0.042 0.051
 Q72: My dog isn’t given the appropriate type of exercise because other people exercise it. -0.095 0.094 0.911 0.072 0.055 0.009 -0.041 0.032 0.045 0.072 0.166
 Q73: My dog isn’t exercised long enough because other people exercise it. -0.098 0.127 0.901 0.092 0.033 0.028 -0.028 0.048 0.009 0.058 0.117
Control belief (ECB)
 Q74: Overall, how much control do you feel you have over the type of exercise you give your dog. 0.820 -0.203 -0.075 -0.135 -0.033 -0.186 0.016 0.048 -0.088 -0.121 0.014
 Q75: Overall, how much control do you feel you have over how frequently you exercise your dog. 0.852 -0.236 -0.085 -0.134 -0.038 -0.156 -0.028 -0.058 -0.118 -0.114 -0.023
 Q76: Overall, how much control do you feel you have over the length of time you exercise your dog? 0.864 -0.190 -0.090 -0.091 -0.055 -0.149 -0.005 -0.046 -0.108 -0.141 0.017
  1. aThe data from the owner attitude (n = 349) were subject to factor analysis. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure is 0.872, indicating a high sampling adequacy for the factor analysis. Bartlett’s test of sphericity indicates that the factor model is appropriate (P < 0.0005). Factor Loadings > 0.4 are considered to be high and are indicated in bold. The eleven factors account for 72.0% of the total variance
  2. AK ambivalence about knowledge, FP feed to please, OE owner-centred / external barrier, DB dog-centred barriers, FCB control belief (part of: attitude of feeding), VE value exercise, LK lack of knowledge, DC dog centred, OC owner centred, EB external barrier, ECB control belief (part of: attitude in exercise).