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Table 7 Mean fatty acid composition (g/100 g of FAME) of LTL muscle in control (C) and polyphenols extract (PE) group (mean values ± SEM)

From: Effects of dietary supplementation with polyphenols on meat quality in Saanen goat kids

  Groups Significance
Fatty Acids C PE P
< C12:0 2.93 ± 0.50 B 0.35 ± 0.40 A 0.001
C12:0 0.45 ± 0.36 0.20 ± 0.07 0.06
C14:0 4.00 ± 0.58 b 2.28 ± 0.47 a 0.04
C14:1 0.46 ± 0.06 B 0.23 ± 0.05 A 0.01
C15:0 0.58 ± 0.06 b 0.41 ± 0.05 a 0.04
C16:0 23.81 ± 0.85B 20.22 ± 0.70A 0.01
C16:1 3.05 ± 0.41 b 1.63 ± 0.33 a 0.02
C17:0 1.12 ± 0.17 1.17 ± 0.14 0.79
C17:1 1.33 ± 0.17 0.91 ± 0.14 0.08
C18:0 15.60 ± 1.25 14.31 ± 1.02 0.43
C18:1 cis 27.16 ± 3.15 a 36.01 ± 2.57 b 0.05
C18:1 trans 0.08 ± 0.73 1.64 ± 0.60 0.12
C18:2 cis 12.22 ± 1.07 13.64 ± 0.88 0.32
C18:2 trans n6 0.48 ± 0.05 0.37 ± 0.04 0.09
C18:3 n6 γ-linolenic 0.10 ± 0.03 0.07 ± 0.02 0.43
C20:0 0.05 ± 0.04 0.03 ± 0.03 0.74
C20:1 1.62 ± 0.15 1.59 ± 0.12 0.89
C20:2 n6 0.10 ± 0.03 0.05 ± 0.02 0.31
CLA cis 9–trans 11 1.22 ± 0.12 1.02 ± 0.10 0.24
C20:3 n3 1.00 ± 0.40 1.22 ± 0.33 0.67
C20:4 n6 0.72 ± 0.75 1.63 ± 0.61 0.36
C22:0 0.32 ± 0.12 0.27 ± 0.10 0.76
C22:6 n3 0.63 ± 0.40 0.24 ± 0.33 0.47
C24:0 0.33 ± 0.20 0.26 ± 0.16 0.77
C24:1 0.63 ± 0.38 0.20 ± 0.31 0.39
PUFA n6 13.62 ± 0.96 15.77 ± 1.30 0.31
PUFA n3 1.63 ± 0.75 1.47 ± 0.61 0.86
n6/n3 8.36 ± 0.86 10.73 ± 0.91 0.41
ΣSFA 49.22 ± 2.39B 39.51 ± 1.95A 0.01
ΣMUFA 34.35 ± 2.84a 42.22 ± 2.32b 0.05
ΣPUFA 16.47 ± 2.02 18.26 ± 1.65 0.51
UFA:SFA 1.08 ± 0.13 A 1.55 ± 0.07 B 0.01
PUFA:SFA 0.34 ± 0.04 0.47 ± 0.05 0.09
AI 1.28 ± 0.19 b 0.69 ± 0.16 a 0.03
TI 2.13 ± 0.32B 1.38 ± 0.26 A 0.01
  1. Different superscript letters within the same row indicate significant differences (a.,b.: P < 0.05; A.,B.: P < 0.01)
  2. Note: Σ SFA = (<C12:0 + C12:0 + C14:0 + C15:0 + C16:0 + C17:0 + C18:0 + C20:0 + C22:0 + C24:0), Σ MUFA = (C14:1 + C16:1 + C17:1 + C18:1cis + C18:1trans + C20:1 + C24:1), Σ PUFA = (ΣCLA+Σn3 + Σn6),
  3. UFA:SFA = [(ΣMUFA+ΣPUFA)/ΣSFA],
  4. PUFA:SFA = (ΣPUFA/ΣSFA),
  5. AI: [(4 x C14:0) + C16:0 + C18:0] / [ΣMUFA +ΣPUFA-n6 + ΣPUFA-n3],
  6. TI: [(C14:0 + C16:0 + C18:0) / (0.5xMUFA) + (0.5xPUFA-n6) + (3xPUFA-n3) + (PUFA-n3 / PUFA-n6)]