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Table 4 Results of urinalysis in cattle with traumatic reticuloperitonitis

From: Clinical and laboratory findings in 503 cattle with traumatic reticuloperitonitis

Variable
Mean ± sd
Finding Number of cattle Percent
Transparency (n = 474) Transparent 463 98
Opaque 11 2
pH (n = 478)
7.9 ± 1.15
Normal (7.0–8.0) 203 42
Decreased (5.0–6.9) 73 16
Increased (8.1–9.0) 203 42
Specific gravity (n = 461)
1020.6 ± 11.18 g/l
Normal (1020–1040) 229 50
Decreased (1000–1019) 212 46
Increased (1021–1060) 20 4
Protein concentration (n = 478) Negative (<  30 mg/dl) 204 43
+ (approx. 30 mg/dl) 251 53
++ (approx. 100 mg/dl) 21 4
Erythrocytes (n = 478) Negative 348 73
+ (approx. 5–10) 61 13
++ (approx. 25) 29 6
+++ (approx. 50) 40 8
Glucose concentration (n = 478) Negative (<  50 mg/dl) 425 89
+ (approx. 50 mg/dl) 24 5
++ (approx. 100 mg/dl) 18 4
+++ (≥ 300 mg/dl) 12 2
Ketone bodies (n = 477) Negative (<  10 mg/dl) 438 91
+ (approx. 10 mg/dl) 19 4
++ (approx. 50 mg/dl) 12 3
+++ (≥ 150 mg/dl) 8 2
  1. + Mildly increased
  2. ++ Moderately increased
  3. +++ Severely increased