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Table 4 Reported complications associated with surgery presented in major and minor subclasses

From: Investigation of short-term surgical complications in a low-resource, high-volume dog sterilisation clinic in India

  Group A 24 h
(N = 1998)
Group B 4-day
(N = 200)
Complication Number Percent Number Percent
a) Surgery related complications
Major complications
Postoperative mortality 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0)
Anaesthetic death 2 (0.1) 0 (0.0)
Scrotal ablation required 4 (0.2) 1 (0.5)
Surgical intervention 4 (0.2) 0 (0.0)
Anaesthetic intervention 10 (0.5) 0 (0.0)
Antibiotic treatment 10 (0.5) 0 (0.0)
Pyometra 11 (0.6) 0 (0.0)
Surgical wound flushing 17 (0.9) 2 (1.0)
Minor complications
Hypothermia 4 (0.2) 1 (0.5)
Incisional discharge 5 (0.3) 3 (1.5)
Incision wound swelling 6 (0.3) 0 (0.0)
Moderate blood loss 7 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
Moderate scrotal swelling 8 (0.4) 3 (1.5)
Diarrhoea 8 (0.4) 3 (1.5)
Cardiac rhythm abnormalities 8 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
Procedure related 10 (0.5) 1 (0.5)