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Table 5 Rumen fermentation profiles (Least square means ± standard error of mean) in goats fed diets containing different parts of Andrographis paniculata

From: Effects of dietary supplementation of leaves and whole plant of Andrographis paniculata on rumen fermentation, fatty acid composition and microbiota in goats

  Dietary treatment  
Parameter Control APL APW P value
pH 6.10 ± 0.01 6.25+ ± 0.01 6.25+ ± 0.01 0.02
Ammonia (mg dL−1) 22.05 ± 0.01 19.25+ ± 0.42 19.10+ ± 0.05 0.02
Total VFA (mM) 63.09 ± 2.44 59.72 ± 1.49 57.99 ± 4.14 0.39
Acetate (mM) 48.84 ± 1.89 38.00+ ± 1.10 35.02+ ± 1.33 0.01
Propionate (mM) 11.46 ± 0.03 18.44+ ± 0.08 20.00+ ± 0.06 0.03
Butyrate (mM) 1.68 ± 0.01 1.48 ± 0.01 1.33 ± 0.01 0.09
Acetate/Propionate 4.26 ± 0.02 2.06+ ± 0.01 1.75+ ± 0.01 0.01
  1. Control basal diet, APL basal diet +1.5% (w/w) Andrographis paniculata leaf powder, APW basal diet +1.5% (w/w) whole plant of Andrographis paniculata powder
  2. +Differ from the control (P < 0.05)