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Table 1 Variables identified as significant (P < 0.15 in the univariate analysis) and included in the multivariate analysis

From: A serosurvey of selected cystogenic coccidia in Spanish equids: first detection of anti-Besnoitia spp. specific antibodies in Europe

    Besnoitia besnoiti Neospora hughesi
Variables Categories No. analyzed a Positive (%) P-value Positive (%) P-value
Species Horse 553 16 (2.9) <0.001   
Donkey 85 13 (15.3)    
Mule 83 22 (26.5)    
Breed Pure 370 18 (4.9) 0.005 30 (8.1) 0.021
Crossbred 298 31 (10.4)   12 (4.0)  
Sex Female 306 26 (8.5) 0.129   
Male 415 25 (6.0)    
Province Almeria 14 1 (7.1) <0.001   
Cadiz 320 40 (12.5)    
Córdoba 60 0 (0.0)    
Granada 38 3 (7.9)    
Huelva 60 1 (1.7)    
Jaen 30 0 (0.0)    
Malaga 98 5 (5.1)    
Seville 101 1 (1.0)    
Presence of shelters Yes 407 15 (3.7) <0.001 23 (5.7) 0.122
No 280 35 (12.5)   23 (8.2)  
Presence of wild birds Yes 403 40 (9.9) 0.001   
No 275 9 (3.3)    
Presence of cattle Yes 145 19 (13.1) 0.020 17 (11.7) 0.017
No 417 29 (7.0)   24 (5.8)  
Presence of wild ruminants Yes 41    8 (19.5) 0.006
No 521    33 (6.3)  
Presence of rodents Yes 388 35 (9.0) 0.001 34 (8.8) 0.002
No 261 8 (3.1)   15 (5.7)  
Rodent control program Yes 434 24 (5.5) 0.009   
No 226 25 (11.1)    
Cleaning protocol Yes 581 38 (6.5) 0.018 32 (5.5) 0.068
No 86 12 (14.0)   9 (10.5)  
Disinfection protocol Yes 536 32 (6.0) 0.006   
No 127 17 (13.4)    
  1. aMissing values were omitted