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Table 3 Descriptive statistics, differences between groups and estimated reference intervals for clinical chemistry. Data are expressed as mean ± SD or median (minimum-maximum)

From: The biomedical piglet: establishing reference intervals for haematology and clinical chemistry parameters of two age groups with and without iron supplementation

Variable P5 P5 P5 P30 P30 P30 P-value
Descriptive data Reference Interval n Descriptive data Reference Interval n  
Glucose (mg/dL) 124 (69–200) 71–196 49 111 ± 26 34–159 62 0.0016
Urea (mg/dL) 12.4 (4.9–31.7) 5.0–30.8 55 17 (4–40) 4–39 59 0.0002
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.65 (0.30–0.88) 0.38–0.85 56 1.09 (0.31–1.41) 0.51–1.39 62 <0.0001
AST (U/L) 29 ± 7 10–47 56 31 (11–68) 13–65 62 0.9915
ALT (U/L) 23 ± 6 5–38 56 30 (11–58) 14–54 60 <0.0001
ALP (U/L) 3773 ± 1017 1324–6031 56 770 ± 270 110–1292 61 <0.0001
TP (g/dL) 5.0 ± 0.5 3.7–6.2 54 4.8 (1.2–6.7) 2.5–6.6 59 0.4464
Albumin (g/dL) 1.8 ± 0.3 1.0–2.6 55 3.0 (1.8–4.0) 1.9–4.0 59 <0.0001
A/G 0.56 (0.36–0.99) 0.37–0.98 53 1.5 ± 0.3 0.7–2.2 60 <0.0001
TI (μg/dL) 15 (9–31) 9–30 49 34 (7–157) 7–151 60 <0.0001
UIBC (μg/dL) 338 ± 72 218–524 44 326 (40–1058) 63–980 62 0.2031
TIBC (μg/dL) 354 ± 72 230–542 44 397 (128–882) 142–877 60 0.0031
TSAT (%) 4.2 ± 1.2 1.3–6.7 42 8.6 (0.8–55.6) 0.9–54 61 0.0058
Potassium (mEq/L) 4 ± 0.5 2.8–5.1 54 3.7 ± 0.4 2.9–4.6 63 0.0252
Sodium (mEq/L) 135 (126–140) 126–140 53 136 ± 4.7 125–147 63 0.2448