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Table 4 Anesthesia and operative details of diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy in cats and dogs and associations with mortality

From: Prognostic indicators for perioperative survival after diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy in cats and dogs: 96 cases (2001-2013)

Characteristic Category Dogs (n = 79) Cats (n = 17) All cases (n = 96) OR (95% CI) P value
Anesthetic episodes during hospitalization Median (range) 1 (0–2) 1 (1) 1.0 (0–2) 0.2 (0.0–1.8) 0.15
Concurrent surgeries Median (range) 1 (1–4) 1 (1–3) 1 (1–4) 1.8 (0.9–3.7) 0.09
Number of injuries Median (range) 1 (1–5) 2 (1–4) 1 (1–5) 1.5 (1.0–2.4) 0.05
Concurrent orthopedic injuries Yes
No
30 (38.0%)
49 (62.0%)
7 (41.2%)
10 (58.8%)
37 (38.5%)
59 (61.5%)
1.8 (0.6–5.0)
Ref
0.27
Concurrent soft tissue injuries Yes
No
11 (13.9%)
68 (86.1%)
6 (35.3%)
11 (64.7%)
17 (17.7%)
79 (82.3%)
4.3 (1.4–13.8)
Ref
0.01*
Concurrent orthopedic and soft tissue injuries Yes
No
7 (8.9%)
72 (91.1%)
4 (23.5%)
13 (76.5%)
11 (11.5%)
85 (88.5%)
7.3 (1.9–27.7)
Ref
0.004*
Number of organs herniated Median (range) 3 (0–6) 3 (0–5) 3 (0–6) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.22
Organs herniated Liver
Small intestine
Gallbladder
Stomach
Spleen
Omentum
Colon
Pancreas
Kidney
Cecum
51 (64.6%)
43 (54.4%)
40 (50.6%)
34 (43.0%)
31 (39.2%)
17 (21.5%)
8 (10.1%)
3 (3.8%)
4 (5.1%)
3 (3.8%)
9 (52.9%)
8 (47.1%)
6 (37.5%)
9 (52.9%)
7 (41.2%)
1 (5.9%)
1 (5.9%)
1 (5.9%)
2 (12.5%)
0 (0.0%)
60 (62.5%)
51 (53.1%)
46 (48.4%)
43 (44.8%)
38 (39.6%)
18 (19.0%)
9 (9.4%)
4 (4.2%)
6 (6.3%)
3 (3.2%)
0.5 (0.2–1.5)
0.9 (0.3–2.4)
0.5 (0.2–1.4)
0.6 (0.2–1.6)
0.5 (0.2–1.6)
0.8 (0.2–3.2)
1.3 (0.2–6.7)
4.7 (0.6–35.8)
4.9 (0.9–26.8)
0.23
0.77
0.16
0.28
0.26
0.78
0.78
0.14
0.06
  1. Results are for univariable logistic regression analysis
  2. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, Ref Reference category
  3. *Indicates statistically significant difference