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Table 1 Average maximum, minimum, and range of motion kinematics during all three activities

From: Normal patellofemoral kinematic patterns during daily activities in dogs

  Flexion angle Proximal translation Cranial translation
Trot
 Maximum 51° (5) 7.8 mm (4.1) 32.4 mm (5.5)
 Minimum 6° (4) −11.3 mm (3.2) 17.6 mm (3.8)
 Range of Motion 45° (6) 19.1 mm (4.1) 14.8 mm (2.7)
 r 0.064 −0.029 0.008
 p 0.006 0.224 0.732
Walk
 Maximum 33° (11) 6.8 mm (3.6) 32.1 mm (4.6)
 Minimum 7° (4) −6.8 mm (4.1) 24.4 mm (5.4)
 Range of Motion 26° (9) 13.6 mm (2.6) 7.7 mm (3.4)
 r −0.86 0.858 0.672
 p 0 0 <0.001
Sit
 Maximum 92° (12) −13.0 mm (2.9) 23.7 mm (7.4)
 Minimum 41° (19) −7 mm (5.4) 1.7 mm (3.4)
 Range of Motion 51° (20) 6.0 mm (5.1) 22.0 mm (7.5)
 r −0.951 0.346 0.893
 p 0 <0.001 0
  1. Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and p values listed in relation to femorotibial flexion angle
  2. Data in parentheses indicate ± 1 standard deviation