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Fig. 3 | BMC Veterinary Research

Fig. 3

From: Pro-inflammatory cytokines and structural biomarkers are effective to categorize osteoarthritis phenotype and progression in Standardbred racehorses over five years of racing career

Fig. 3

Values of inflammatory cytokines and structural biomarkers in synovial fluid and serum. Healthy controls (C group; n = 16) and racehorses with traumatic osteoarthritis at the fetlock joint (PTOA group; n = 25) are reported during the timeframes of the study (T0 to T4). Values in synovial fluid are shown in panels a, c, e, g, and i. Values in serum are shown in panels b, d, f, h, and l. Data are presented as median, and 25th to 75th percentiles (whiskers). P-values were determined by comparisons of the groups at any time point and in the groups at different time points with two-way ANOVA. Stars (*) represent significant differences between the 2 groups at the same time point (*:p < 0.05; **:p < 0.01; ***:p < 0.001). Symbols (§) represent significant differences with T0 in the same group (§:p < 0.05; §§:p < 0.01; §§§:p < 0.001)

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